Identifying neurocorrelates in psychological type ap ti tc 2011

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The Neuroscience of Personality presented at the Association for Psychological Type International Twin Cities chapter. 11-11-11.

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  • Thanks for your comment, Khendra. There are definite links between type and neuroscience and they are just beginning to unfold. We are a mix of our 'prewiring' and our personal experiences. What I like about Nardi's work is that he acknowledges this and he is also careful to use a specific population (right-handed college students who know their type). Sometimes if we mix our sample populations too much, the conclusions are potentially too broad. Stay tuned to see what happens next!
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  • Thanks for this! Much of what is written here supports some of Niednagel's contentions, the only other proponent of the 16 type system I know of who attempts to link type with neuroscience. According to him, I am an ENTP, though I mis-identified as an INFJ for years (the only other possibilities suggested were INTP and INTJ, but they think ENTP is the most likely). To avoid bias, I once sent descriptions of INFJ, INTJ, INTP, and ENTP to close associates who were otherwise unfamiliar with Myers-Briggs. They all chose either ENTP or INTP. I am told I appear more like an ENTP online and more like an INTP in person. I'm best known for being academic, philosophical, and a highly detailed and thorough writer. I work a job where contact with people is limited and where written documentation is extensive. I excel at it. I did not excel in jobs where multi-tasking and heavy interpersonal interaction was required. Were I to be subject to some of your tests, it wouldn't surprise me if I fell in the 50% range for my type, or even the 20% who are atypical. Typical ENTPs seem to thrive on more variety and less introspection. Niednagel's associates said I was one of their most difficult reads.
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  • Thanks for sharing this presentation, Xavier!
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  • In two slides, I didn't mention the psychological type with the dominant function listed. I corrected this on my files. However, on these slides, please note that Extraverted Sensing corresponds to ESFP and ESTP types and Introverted Sensing corresponds to ISTJ and ISFJ types. The rest is ok.
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Identifying neurocorrelates in psychological type ap ti tc 2011

  1. 1. Your Brain and You:Indentifying Neural Correlates in Psychological Type Implications for Uncovering Personal Potential and Coaching
  2. 2. What will my brain get out of this?1. How does psychological type fit into the broader context of brain science?2. A review of some of the findings of Dr. Dario Nardi from the 2011 APTi conference.3. How to use the neuroscience of personality to uncover personal potential and in individual coaching
  3. 3. The Brain is Hip! Discoveries made in the 1990’s and 2000’s have revealed more about the brain than was known for the past several centuries combined!Everyone wants to know about me…
  4. 4. Prior to the advent offunctional neuroimaging,many theories about brainand behavior were basedon examining braindamaged individuals.
  5. 5. Today’s Challenge for Psychologists•Neuroimaging techniques such as fMRI, PET scan,SPECT scan, MEG scan etc… have made it possibleto attach neurological data points to cognitivetheories about how the normal brain works•Without such data, it is difficult to remain relevantbecause this is an emerging trend that is likely tocontinue!
  6. 6. New research from Dr. Dario Nardi, a professor at UCLA suggests there is certain types of EEG brain activity associated with psychological type.One advantage of using EEG is that thesubject can move around and engage in avariety of activities.
  7. 7. •EEG’s measure neocortical electrical activity along thescalp•Dario Nardi used 16 sites of attachment for his research
  8. 8. Brain activity associated with ENTP/ENFP personality typesleading to creativity but also burn-out and poor follow-thru.
  9. 9. Dario Nardi’s KeyFindings for Each ofthe Eight JungianCognitiveProcesses:(Dominant process listed in the following slides)
  10. 10. COGNITIVE SKILL SETS EEG REGIONS (DARIO NARDI, THE NEUROSCIENCE OF PERSONALITY)Left side of brain Right Side of BrainFp1 Chief Judge Fp2 Process ManagerF7 Imaginative Mimic F8 Grounded BelieverF3 Deductive Analyst F4 Expert ClassifierT3 Precise Speaker T4 Intuitive ListenerC3 Factual Storekeeper C4 Flowing ArtistT5 Sensitive Mediator T6 Powerful FuturistP3 Tactical Navigator P4 Strategic GamerO1 Visual Engineer O2 Abstract ImpressionistFp=Pre-Frontal LobeF= Frontal Lobe T=Temporal Lobe C/P=Parietal Lobes O= Occipital Lobe
  11. 11. Extraverted Sensing•Whole brain pattern is “tennis hop”: a lowlevel of overall cognitive activity to allow forquick response in the moment•Easily go into the Zone (all over blue EEGpattern) in a crisis situation•Are frequently bored. Show more brainactivity when looking out the window thandoing desk work.
  12. 12. Introverted Sensing•Brain activity reflects their background, trainingand expertise•They have high levels of activity in T5 area:attend to social feedback (note Si has respectfor protocol and social order)•Active in T6 area “Consider the Future”. Thisarea corresponds to planning
  13. 13. Extraverted Intuiting (ENTP, ENFP)•Show the transcontextual brain activity or“Christmas Tree Brain”•Least likely of all types to have an overallblue/zen or “flow state” unless activity is due toexpertise•Regions that support imagination such as F7“The Imaginative Mimic” area are seem in ENFP
  14. 14. Introverted Intuiting (INFJ,INTJ)•Often show a zen-like pattern. Overall blueEEG.•They show this state when asked a singlequestion or to envision the future•Strong activity in the visual areas O1 and O2
  15. 15. Extraverted Thinking (ESTJ, ENTJ)•Show efficient use of mental energy•Rely on 4 key regions: T3, O1, C3, and Fp1, allin the left brain and focusing on hearing, seeing,recalling, and deciding•Female Te tend to show more diverse brainactivity and respond more to social feedback thanmale Te
  16. 16. Introverted Thinking (ISTP, INTP)•Show high use of 4 regions that afford complexlogical reasoning: F3, F4, P3, and P4•These 4 regions are nestled deep inside theneocortex away from visual, auditory, orkinesthetic distractions. Therefore able to“detach”•Sometimes show the tennis hop pattern (ISTP)
  17. 17. Extraverted Feeling (ESFJ, ENFJ)•Increased brain activity that focus on socialresponsibility: Fp1 and T5•Active in T3 which handle diction and grammar•Show the least activity of all types in O1 and O2,the visual areas•ESFJ’s are more left-brained, ENFJ’s are moreright-brained
  18. 18. Introverted Feeling (ISFP, INFP)•Listen in an active, holistic way. When listening,the EEG shows a solid bright blue colorsuggesting that all areas of the neocortex are insync•INFPs listen(and maintain this color on EEG) fora longer period than ISFPs•INFPs listen for connections and can show“Christmas Tree Brain.”•ISFP’s are attentive when others withhold info
  19. 19. How alike is the brain activity of 2 randomly selected people? •There is a great chance that randomly selected people will share very little of the same brain activity •Overall randomly selected people share 33% the same but as little as 5%
  20. 20. How alike are two individuals of the same type? •When personality type is the same, half the subjects shared 70-90% of the brain regions. •The other half skew to the middle range.
  21. 21. However... 20% will be atypical of their type! Possible reasons include: context, gender, physiology, education, upbringing and influences from deeper brain regions.We are reminded people are more than their personality type!
  22. 22. Hypothetical Case Study: ENFP•Likely that EEG indicatestranscontextual thinking or“Christmas Tree Brain”•May be able to get “in the zone”doing a rehearsed activity or doinga task with expertise
  23. 23. Brain activity associated with ENTP/ENFP personality typesleading to creativity but also burn-out and poor follow-thru.
  24. 24. ENTP/ENFP is not likely to achieve this “flow” unlessengaged in a highly developed and practiced skill
  25. 25. •The Brain has a finite amount ofenergy in the form of glucose•Certain brain structures use moreenergy than others•There are ways to use energy moreefficiently
  26. 26. The PFC is heavily involved inmaking decisions, prioritizingand problem solving.Due to the complexity of it’srole, it uses a tremendousamount of Energy.However, the moredeveloped it is, the moreefficient it is.
  27. 27. Meditation is brain training The brain is active! Increases focus, mindfulness, and cognitive flexibility Can create awareness around tendencies to be fearful, anxious,“Just in case you’re wondering, I am not relaxing…” or worried. Meditation is often recommended for ENFP/ENTP types! Now we know why it works!
  28. 28. The MORE information you can take out of workingmemory and physically place on cards, idea boards,notes etc… the more brain energy you have to work theproblem.
  29. 29. Ways to work with a “Christmas TreeBrain”:•Meditation (Builds awareness)•Set daily objectives at the start of yourday•Eliminate distractions•Have a colleague help you stay ontask!
  30. 30. Know Your Brain! •Familiarize yourself with the type-related EEG patterns that might be occurring in your own brain •As with all type-related concepts, remember that these are tendencies and not absolutes. But remember….
  31. 31. •The brain is neuroplastic and can change and adapt to experiences. •The pre-frontal cortex plays a critical role in modulating behavior by directing energy toward different parts of the brainType is just one very important influence onyour personality!
  32. 32. To deepen your learning, Julius the Dog suggests:
  33. 33. The Neuroscience of Personality By Dario NardiNewly released book discussing Dr. Nardi’s findingsas well as offering practical applications and coachingtips.
  34. 34. Authors@Google: Dario Nardi - Neuroscience of Personality August 2011. Link: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MG fhQTbcqmAView Dr. Nardi discuss his findings. This presentation is similarto the one given at the APTi 2011 conference
  35. 35. Neuroscience of Personality Certification CourseJanuary 18-20, 2012Dallas, Texas.
  36. 36. Contact Information:Email: Annholm@Annholm.netWebsites: Annholm.net QueenAnntics.net Annholm.net AnnholmNet Ann Czajka Holm

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