plural of count nouns

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rules in forming the plural of count nouns

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plural of count nouns

  1. 1.  Most nouns form the plural by adding ‘s’ to the singular. *office --- offices *idea --- ideas *room --- rooms  Nouns which end in ‘s’, ‘sh’, ‘ch’, ‘x’ or ‘z’ form the plural by adding ‘es’. *match --- matches *box --- boxes *dish --- dishes
  2. 2. Nouns ending in ‘y’ preceded by a consonant form the plural by changing ‘y’ to ‘i’ and adding ‘es’. *baby --- babies *city --- cities *dormitory -dormitories  Nouns ending in ‘y’ preceded by a vowel form the plural merely by adding ‘s’. *bay --- bays *toy --- toys *key --- keys 
  3. 3. Some nouns ending in ‘f’ or ‘fe’ form the plural by changing ‘f’ or ‘fe’ to ‘v’ before adding ‘s’ or ‘es’. *half --- halves *life --- lives *self --- selves  Some nouns retain the ‘f’ in the plural form. *chief --- chiefs *proof --- proofs *belief --- beliefs 
  4. 4. Nouns ending in ‘o’ preceded by a vowel form the plural by adding ‘s’. *radio --- radios *bamboo --- bamboos *folio --- folios  Nouns ending in ‘o’ preceded by a consonant form the plural by adding ‘es’. *potato --- potatoes *hero --- heroes *motto --- mottoes 
  5. 5. Nouns pertaining to music that end in ‘o’ form their plural by adding ‘s’. *piano --- pianos *solo --- solos *soprano --- sopranos  Some nouns show plural inflection by changes in form. *foot --- feet *child --- children 8ox --- oxen 
  6. 6. Nouns ending in ‘is’ change ‘i’ to ‘e’ in the plural. *crisis --- crises *hypothesis --- hypotheses *parenthesis --- parentheses  Foreign nouns ending in ‘us’ form the plural by changing the ending to ‘i’. *cactus --- cacti *syllabus --- syllabi *alumnus --- alumni 
  7. 7. Nouns ending in ‘um’ or ‘on’ form the plural by changing the ending to ‘a’. *datum --- data *phenomenon --- phenomena *memorandum --- memoranda  Compound nouns form the plural in different ways. In general, ‘s’ or ‘es’ is added to the more important word. *sister-in-law --- sisters-in-law *editor-in-chief --- editors-in-chief *spoonful --- spoonfuls 
  8. 8. Some nouns have the same singular and plural form. *sheep --- sheep *deer --- deer *Chinese --- Chinese  Some nouns are always plural. *scissors *pants *eyeglasses *shorts  Plurals of numerals and letters are formed by adding ‘s’. *t’s *10’s *5’s *m’s 
  9. 9. Bagel  Basis  Syllabus  Datum  Furniture 
  10. 10. ANGELICA B. ENRIQUEZ Bachelor of Secondary Education II

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