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Mendel on Access to Information

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Mendel on Access to Information

  1. 1. Relevance of Transparency, Accountability and Participation Sincethe Arab Spring7-9 April 2013: CairoThe Role of Access to Information In Promoting GovernanceToby Mendel
  2. 2. Orientation Access to information held by publicauthorities Public authorities do not own the informationthey hold Presumption of openness vs. presumption ofsecrecy
  3. 3. Key Elements Access to information law Shift of presumption Proactive disclosure: reaching out South Africa: notice boards Pakistan: barber shops Open data Recent development
  4. 4. Global Trends Laws: 13-95 Jordan, Tunisia, Yemen Human right Constitutions (1990s) International law: seek and receive
  5. 5. Participation Generational change: elections to participation My home http://maps.google.com/maps?q=b3m+3s7&hl=en&ll=44.666284,-63.651786&spn=0.001881,0.004066&sll=37.0625,-95.677068&sspn=34.313287,66.621094&hnear=Halifax,+Nova+Scotia+B3M+3S7,+Canada&t=h&z=18
  6. 6. Accountability/Service Delivery Key benefit: good decisions and ownership Examples F35s South Africa: housing
  7. 7. Corruption Most high-profile benefit Examples from India: Bribery vs. RTI MKSS
  8. 8. Economic Benefits Stability Competitiveness Direct value of information (open data)
  9. 9. Getting to There Political will Different players: Government Civil society Business Public International community Actual drafting
  10. 10. Law Just a Start: Implementation Institutional structure Public authorities Information officers Oversight body Courts Central nodal body Key tasks Capacity building Systems: reactive, proactive, record management, reporting Public awareness
  11. 11. ConclusionThe current developments in the MENA regionare very excitingIt is my great honour to be involved in themToby@law-democracy.orgwww.law-democracy.org

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