AbdelLatif on Promoting Accountability

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AbdelLatif on Promoting Accountability

  1. 1. Lobna M. AbdelLatifFEPS, Cairo UniversityLobna.abdellatif@feps.edu.eg
  2. 2. Recent DevelopmentsPositioning & Assessing IPositioning & Assessing IIConclusion & Way ForwardContents
  3. 3. Recent DevelopmentsBudget Law: amending budget law no. 53 for theyear 1973 by law no. 87 of the year 2005Constitution 1971: articles no. 115 and 116 in 2007Actions: MoF , MoP
  4. 4. Budget Law: more transparency(2005)Budget presentation : functionalBudget structure: classificationBudget components: programsBudget comprehensiveness: energy subsidyBudget discipline: caps, conditions on amendmentsConstitution : openings(2007)Discussion: more time, 3monthsRight to amend: with hard budget constraintAudit results: 6months after execution max.
  5. 5. Actions(2007/08…)Monthly: The MOF Monthly Financial ReportsMid Year: The MoF’s Egyptian Economic Monitor(Mid-Year Review)End Year: Egypt’s Final Account (Year-End Report)Yearly: Citizen Budget, First (only, partial) issue 2010Actions(in progress)Presentation: Spatial, Chapter 6 (MoP)Presentation: Programs, Chapter 6 (MoP)Presentation: Central/Local, Decentralization (MoF&MoP)
  6. 6. Positioning& Assessing IIMF, OECDTransparency Framework
  7. 7. Positioning& Assessing IReference Systems of Responsibility Comprehensiveness ofBudget Presentation Fiscal Risks Disclosure Integrity andaccountability Assurance Publication of all budgetdocumentation and fiscalinformationAssessing Quasi Fiscal Activities Whole GovernmentFramework, pre budgetstatement Financial management&fiscal gimmicks Cash/accrual CAO role
  8. 8. Positioning& Assessing IITransparency:WhyWhomHow
  9. 9.  Informing citizensAnswerability Improve resource allocationResponsiveness Holding the government accountableAccountability Voicing the opinion of citizensDemocracyWhy Transparency
  10. 10. Government EffectivenessStatistical Table: Government Effectiveness, Comparison across selected countriesCountry Sources Year Percentile Rank(0-100)Governance Score(-2.5 to +2.5)Standard ErrorEGYPT, ARAB REP.10 2011 32.2 -0.60 0.1810 2010 40.7 -0.43 0.1810 2009 45.0 -0.34 0.1810 2008 41.3 -0.44 0.1810 2007 39.8 -0.45 0.1810 2006 34.6 -0.55 0.178 2005 41.0 -0.39 0.178 2004 48.3 -0.23 0.177 2003 44.9 -0.30 0.177 2002 40.0 -0.40 0.176 2000 49.8 -0.16 0.196 1998 48.8 -0.17 0.194 1996 47.8 -0.21 0.2490th-100th Percentile 50th-75th Percentile 10th-25th Percentile75th-90th Percentile 25th-50th Percentile 0th-10th PercentileSource : Kaufmann D., A. Kraay, and M. Mastruzzi(2010), The Worldwide Governance Indicators:Methodology and Analytical Issues ,
  11. 11. Voice and AccountabilityCountry Sources Year Percentile Rank(0-100)Governance Score(-2.5 to +2.5)Standard ErrorEGYPT, ARAB REP.15 2011 16.0 -1.13 0.1116 2010 13.7 -1.18 0.1116 2009 14.2 -1.16 0.1115 2008 13.9 -1.21 0.1115 2007 15.4 -1.16 0.1115 2006 14.4 -1.20 0.1113 2005 22.1 -0.95 0.1412 2004 21.2 -0.95 0.149 2003 19.2 -1.08 0.169 2002 18.8 -1.08 0.167 2000 24.5 -0.79 0.215 1998 24.0 -0.82 0.235 1996 24.0 -0.76 0.2290th-100th Percentile 50th-75th Percentile 10th-25th Percentile75th-90th Percentile 25th-50th Percentile 0th-10th PercentileSource : Kaufmann D., A. Kraay, and M. Mastruzzi(2010), The Worldwide Governance Indicators:Methodology and Analytical Issues ,
  12. 12. Egypt 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010Total Outlays32.1 29.2 34.5 36.1 30.3General Public Services 7.8 7.3 8.8 8.5 8.7Defence 2.8 2.6 2.5 2.3 2.0Public Order and Safety 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.5Economic Affairs 2.0 2.0 2.3 2.4 2.2Environmental Protection 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1Housing and Community Amenities 1.0 1.3 1.7 1.9 1.7Health 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.4Recreation, Culture, and Religion 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.2Education 4.5 4.0 4.1 4.1 3.7Social ProtectionSource: (IMF, GFS)9.8 7.9 10.5 12.1 7.8Outlays by Function%GDP
  13. 13. Transparency For WhomFiscal StanceFacilitateGovernmentworkSupply SideDemocracyFacilitatecitizenengagementDemand Side
  14. 14. How: Mechanism for engagement Creating a substance for dialogue Data vs. information Line items vs. programs MTF Creating an opening for dialogue Widening the room for dialogue Empowering legally the dialogueTransparency(content)Budget cycle(way)
  15. 15. How: Mechanism for engagement….. Support system: Information Freedom of information Culture of archiving/ requesting/ using information Capacity to communicate with information CAO role to assess the quality of public spending CSOs: economic&social rights, communitydevelopment
  16. 16. Conclusion &Way ForwardTransparency works for DemocracyComplete reform agendaPerformance based budgetingFreedom of Information lawNGOs LawBudget cycleFinancial managementCAO
  17. 17. Thank You

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