Learning English Pronunciation word stress2

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Learning English Pronunciation word stress2

  1. 1. Learning Beyond the Classroom By Anna http://skype-englishschool.com http://eikaiwa-skype.com
  2. 2. <ul><ul><li>Today we are going to work on pronunciation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In particular we are going to focus on word stress </li></ul></ul>http://skype-englishschool.com http://eikaiwa-skype.com
  3. 3. In English, we do not say each syllable with the same force or strength. In one word, we accentuate ONE syllable. We say one syllable very loudly (big, strong, important) and all the other syllables very quietly . http://skype-englishschool.com http://eikaiwa-skype.com
  4. 4. <ul><ul><li>Here are some more, rather complicated, rules that can help you understand where to put the stress. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But do not rely on them too much, because there are many exceptions. It is better to try to &quot;feel&quot; the music of the language and to add the stress naturally. </li></ul></ul>http://skype-englishschool.com http://eikaiwa-skype.com
  5. 5. http://skype-englishschool.com http://eikaiwa-skype.com Rule Example Most 2-syllable nouns PRESent, EXport, CHIna, TAble Most 2-syllable adjectives PRESent, SLENder, CLEVer, HAPpy
  6. 6. http://skype-englishschool.com http://eikaiwa-skype.com Rule Example Most 2-syllable verbs to preSENT, to exPORT, to deCIDE, to beGIN
  7. 7. <ul><ul><li>There are many two-syllable words in English whose meaning and class change with a change in stress. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The word present , for example is a two-syllable word. If we stress the first syllable, it is a noun (gift) or an adjective (opposite of absent). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>But if we stress the second syllable, it becomes a verb (to offer). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More examples: the words export , import , contract and object can all be nouns or verbs depending on whether the stress is on the first or second syllable. </li></ul></ul>http://skype-englishschool.com http://eikaiwa-skype.com
  8. 8. http://skype-englishschool.com http://eikaiwa-skype.com Rule Example Words ending in –ic GRAPHic, geoGRAPHic, geoLOGic Words ending in -sion and -tion teleVIsion, reveLAtion
  9. 9. <ul><ul><li>For a few words, native English speakers don't always&quot;agree&quot; on where to put the stress. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>For example, </li></ul><ul><ul><li>some people say teleVIsion and others say TELevision . </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Another example is: CONtroversy and conTROversy . </li></ul></ul>http://skype-englishschool.com http://eikaiwa-skype.com
  10. 10. http://skype-englishschool.com http://eikaiwa-skype.com Rule Example Words ending in -cy , -ty , -phy and -gy deMOcracy, dependaBIlity, phoTOgraphy, geOLogy Words ending in -al CRItical, geoLOGical
  11. 11. http://skype-englishschool.com http://eikaiwa-skype.com Rule Example For compound nouns , the stress is on the first part BLACKbird, GREENhouse For compound adjectives , the stress is on the second part bad-TEMpered, old-FASHioned For compound verbs , the stress is on the second part to underSTAND, to overFLOW
  12. 12. <ul><ul><li>Word stress is not used in all languages. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some languages, Japanese or French for example, pronounce each syllable with </li></ul></ul><ul><li>eq-ual em-pha-sis. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Other languages, English for example, use word stress. </li></ul></ul>http://skype-englishschool.com http://eikaiwa-skype.com

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