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Tourism and the
World Parks
Congress
Lessons learned, key
trends and future directions
Dr Anna Spenceley
annaspenceley@gma...
• World Parks Congress held every 10
years.
– Biggest global meeting on protected areas
• Organised by IUCN and its WCPA
–...
• Not a main stream or cross-cutting issue
• Despite this . . .
– 125 tourism and visitation presentations:
covering all s...
Who presented tourism?
WPC 2003 and 2014
Financing PAs,
33%
Sustainable use of
nature/ culture,
61%
Conventions and
guidelines, 21%
Heritage link...
WPC 2003 and 2014
Financing PAs,
33%
Sustainable use of
nature/ culture,
61%
Conventions and
guidelines, 21%
Heritage link...
• Case studies
• Certification and
standards (ISO18065:
2015; European Charter;
GSTC; IUCN Green List)
• Sustainability in...
ii.Collaboration & poverty reduction
• Quantify $ benefits to
local people
• Long-term technical &
capacity support for
co...
ii.Collaboration & poverty reduction
Snyman, 2014
Sinclair, 2014
Wilderness Safaris paid USD 1.1 m in
community lease fees...
iii.Financing protected areas
• Partnerships with NGOs
managing PAs /
collecting fees
• Tourism concession
tools: UNDP, IF...
iii.Financing protected areas
Eagles and Kajala, 2014 Sinclair, 2014
• Visitor number monitoring
• Shift from state fundin...
Inspiring solutions
Sinclair, 2014
• Health treatment
• Building new markets
Fauteux, 2014
Chong-Chun, 2014
Fauteux, 2014
What makes it work?
Sinclair, 2014
Chong-Chun, 2014
Formal outputs
Sinclair, 2014
Chong-Chun, 2014
2003
Recommendation V12: Tourism
as a Vehicle for Conservation &
Support fo...
Informal outputs
Sinclair, 2014
Chong-Chun, 2014
https://www.facebook.com/pages/Tourism-and-Protected-Areas-
Specialist-Gr...
Implications?
Sinclair, 2014
Chong-Chun, 2014
• UN Resolution
A/RES/69/233 on
Sustainable tourism
• Decision XII/11 on
Bio...
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Tourism and the World Parks Congress: Lessons learned, key trends and future directions

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Presentation at the International Conference on Contemporary Perspectives in Tourism and Hospitality Research: Policy, Practice and Performance, University of Brighton, UK

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Tourism and the World Parks Congress: Lessons learned, key trends and future directions

  1. 1. Tourism and the World Parks Congress Lessons learned, key trends and future directions Dr Anna Spenceley annaspenceley@gmail.com TPPP Conference, July 2015, Brighton, UK
  2. 2. • World Parks Congress held every 10 years. – Biggest global meeting on protected areas • Organised by IUCN and its WCPA – 2003 – Durban • 3000 delegates – 2014 – Sydney • 6000 delegates Tourism & the WPC © Eagles, 2014
  3. 3. • Not a main stream or cross-cutting issue • Despite this . . . – 125 tourism and visitation presentations: covering all streams – Tourism events at WPC: e.g. SADC/TAPAS Group/GiZ, UNDP, University of Waterloo, GSTC, TAPAS Group – Parallel meetings: Global Eco, Wildlife Tourism Australia – Tourism Journey: a guide through the complex program, from the TAPAS Group Tourism at WPC 2014
  4. 4. Who presented tourism?
  5. 5. WPC 2003 and 2014 Financing PAs, 33% Sustainable use of nature/ culture, 61% Conventions and guidelines, 21% Heritage links, 3% Stewardship by public, 12% Working with local people and industry, 46% Supporting community development and poverty reduction, 29% Co-management, 21% Contributing to Civil-society, 21%
  6. 6. WPC 2003 and 2014 Financing PAs, 33% Sustainable use of nature/ culture, 61% Conventions and guidelines, 21% Heritage links, 3% Stewardship by public, 12% Working with local people and industry, 46% Supporting community development and poverty reduction, 29% Co-management, 21% Contributing to Civil-society, 21%
  7. 7. • Case studies • Certification and standards (ISO18065: 2015; European Charter; GSTC; IUCN Green List) • Sustainability indicators • Best Practice Guidelines Sustainability & diversity
  8. 8. ii.Collaboration & poverty reduction • Quantify $ benefits to local people • Long-term technical & capacity support for communities • Generate enough $ to change behaviour that damages biodiversity Maluleke, 2014 Sinclair, 2014Sinclair, 2014 Maluleke, 2014
  9. 9. ii.Collaboration & poverty reduction Snyman, 2014 Sinclair, 2014 Wilderness Safaris paid USD 1.1 m in community lease fees in 2013
  10. 10. iii.Financing protected areas • Partnerships with NGOs managing PAs / collecting fees • Tourism concession tools: UNDP, IFC, SADC (TFCAs) • TFCA tourism (SADC): Tour de Tuli Vorhland, 2014
  11. 11. iii.Financing protected areas Eagles and Kajala, 2014 Sinclair, 2014 • Visitor number monitoring • Shift from state funding to tourism fees
  12. 12. Inspiring solutions Sinclair, 2014 • Health treatment • Building new markets Fauteux, 2014 Chong-Chun, 2014 Fauteux, 2014
  13. 13. What makes it work? Sinclair, 2014 Chong-Chun, 2014
  14. 14. Formal outputs Sinclair, 2014 Chong-Chun, 2014 2003 Recommendation V12: Tourism as a Vehicle for Conservation & Support for PAs 2014 Tourism mentioned 5 x in Vision & Stream outputs. No tourism recommendation.
  15. 15. Informal outputs Sinclair, 2014 Chong-Chun, 2014 https://www.facebook.com/pages/Tourism-and-Protected-Areas- Specialist-Group/122961127797095 http://www.slideshare.net/planeta/tapasgroup http://planeta.wikispaces.com/tapas UNDP Park Talks: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC- KOkIyprmsuavAE5BMDp2A
  16. 16. Implications? Sinclair, 2014 Chong-Chun, 2014 • UN Resolution A/RES/69/233 on Sustainable tourism • Decision XII/11 on Biodiversity and Tourism Development

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