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Sustainable tourism in protected areas

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Presentation to HNE Eberswalde, University for Sustainable Development, Berlin, Germany

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Sustainable tourism in protected areas

  1. 1. Sustainable tourism in protected areas Dr Anna Spenceley annaspenceley@gmail.com HNE Eberswalde, University for Sustainable Development, 24 Sept 2015
  2. 2. • Part 1: Sustainable and nature-based tourism in Southern Africa • Part 2: Tourism and the World Parks Congress: Comparing 2003 (Durban) and 2014 (Sydney) Outline
  3. 3. • Part 1: Sustainable and nature-based tourism in Southern Africa • Part 2: Tourism and the World Parks Congress: Comparing 2003 (Durban) and 2014 (Sydney) Outline
  4. 4. http://www.gpstourism.org/UNEP_Southern%20Africa_Situation%20Analysis_EN_2013.pdf
  5. 5. Key questions: • What is happening in sustainable tourism in southern Africa? • What are the challenges to mainstreaming sustainable tourism?
  6. 6. Source: http://www.actsa.org/page-1003-TheFacts.html Methods: • Literature review • Online survey: Sent to 199 people. (29% participation) • Stakeholder review & virtual meeting
  7. 7. Agencies working on sustainable tourism in Southern Africa
  8. 8. Sustainable tourism initiatives in Southern Africa
  9. 9. Barriers to mainstreaming sustainable tourism
  10. 10. Public sector capacity building needs
  11. 11. Private sector needs to develop sustainable tourism
  12. 12. RECOMMENDATIONS 1. Improve the enabling environment for sustainable tourism • regional tourism strategies & frameworks – review and fill gaps • participatory processes & improve linkages & coordination Nosy Be, Madagascar Watamu, Kenya 1
  13. 13. 2. Conserve biodiversity – improved capacity for protected area managers of tourism • Training on sustainable tourism • Technical assistance for sustainable tourism protected area management plans Masaai mara, KenyaMida Creek, Watamu, Kenya
  14. 14. 3. Increase supply of sustainable tourism products: • Access to funds for products: Pilot grant fund (capital, TA, loans) • Improved capacity and knowledge of products  Research on business case for sustainable tourism  Training and tools for products Makasutu Cultural Forest, The Gambia Singita Lebombo, South Africa
  15. 15. 4. Increase demand for sustainable tourism • Awareness raising campaign: trigger change in behaviour • Promote sustainable destinations and products  Celebrity ‘face’, certification,  Media: social media, documentaries, e-bookings Drakensberg Mountains, South Africa Yield > Numbers
  16. 16. • Part 1: Sustainable and nature-based tourism in Southern Africa • Part 2: Tourism and the World Parks Congress: Comparing 2003 (Durban) and 2014 (Sydney) Outline
  17. 17. • World Parks Congress held every 10 years. – Biggest global meeting on protected areas • Organised by IUCN and its WCPA – 2003 – Durban • 3000 delegates – 2014 – Sydney • 6000 delegates Part 2: Tourism & the WPC © Eagles, 2014
  18. 18. The IUCN TAPAS Group Anna Spenceley (Chair) Knowledge development •Megan Epler Wood Communities •Susan Snyman (Vice Chair) Capacity Building •Dan Paleczny Heritage •Robyn Bushell Communications •Ron Mader Membership •Elena Nikolaeva IUCN Secretariat •Giulia Carbone
  19. 19. What we do traditionally PARKS The I n t er n ational Jo urnal of        Protected Areas and Co nser vation                                Issue 18.2: December 2012 Developing capacity for a pr otected pl anet Develop knowledge Build capacity Network
  20. 20. New working group on communities Online review and commentWebinars on key themes What we doing more of
  21. 21. Membership application: http://tinyurl.com/tapasmembership Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Tourism-and- Protected-Areas-Specialist-Group/122961127797095 LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/groups?home=&gid=4735342 Slideshare: http://www.slideshare.net/planeta/tapasgroup Wiki: http://planeta.wikispaces.com/tapas Google+: https://plus.google.com/u/0/117973343043881234019/posts IUCN Website: http://www.iucn.org/about/work/programmes/gpap_home/gpap_c apacity2/gpap_wcpacap/gpap_tourism/ Social media / online channels
  22. 22. • Not a stream or cross-cutting issue • Despite this . . . – 125 tourism and visitation presentations: covering all streams – Tourism events at WPC: e.g. SADC/TAPAS Group/GiZ, UNDP, University of Waterloo, GSTC, TAPAS Group – Parallel meetings: Global Eco, Wildlife Tourism Australia – Tourism Journey: a guide through the complex program, from the TAPAS Group (informal stream) Tourism at WPC 2014
  23. 23. Who presented tourism?
  24. 24. Tourism + WPC streams WPC 2014 Streams % of papers Reconciling development challenges 66% Reaching conservation goals 51% Respecting indigenous and traditional knowledge and culture 37% Supporting human life 21% Enhancing diversity and quality of governance 19% Improving health and well-being 18% Inspiring a new generation 15% Responding to climate change 1%
  25. 25. WPC 2003 and 2014 Financing PAs, 33% Sustainable use of nature/ culture, 61% Conventions and guidelines, 21% Heritage links, 3% Stewardship by public, 12% Working with local people and industry, 46% Supporting community development and poverty reduction, 29% Co-management, 21% Contributing to Civil-society, 21%
  26. 26. WPC 2003 and 2014 Financing PAs, 33% Sustainable use of nature/ culture, 61% Conventions and guidelines, 21% Heritage links, 3% Stewardship by public, 12% Working with local people and industry, 46% Supporting community development and poverty reduction, 29% Co-management, 21% Contributing to Civil-society, 21%
  27. 27. • Case studies • Certification and standards (ISO18065: 2015; European Charter; GSTC; IUCN Green List) • Sustainability indicators • Best Practice Guidelines i. Sustainability & diversity
  28. 28. ii.Collaboration & poverty reduction • Quantify $ benefits to local people • Long-term technical & capacity support for communities • Generate enough $ to change behaviour that damages biodiversity Maluleke, 2014 Sinclair, 2014Sinclair, 2014 Maluleke, 2014
  29. 29. ii.Collaboration & poverty reduction Snyman, 2014 Sinclair, 2014 Wilderness Safaris paid USD 1.1 m in community lease fees in 2013
  30. 30. iii.Financing protected areas • Partnerships with NGOs managing PAs / collecting fees • Tourism concession tools: UNDP, IFC, SADC (TFCAs) • TFCA tourism (SADC): Tour de Tuli, Desert Knights, Tour de Pafuri Vorhland, 2014
  31. 31. iii.Financing protected areas Eagles and Kajala, 2014 Sinclair, 2014 • Visitor number monitoring • Shift from state funding to tourism fees
  32. 32. Inspiring solutions Sinclair, 2014 • Health treatment • Building new markets Fauteux, 2014 Chong-Chun, 2014 Fauteux, 2014
  33. 33. What makes it work? Sinclair, 2014 Chong-Chun, 2014
  34. 34. Formal outputs Sinclair, 2014 Chong-Chun, 2014 2003 Recommendation V12: Tourism as a Vehicle for Conservation & Support for PAs 2014 Tourism mentioned 5 x in Vision & Stream outputs. No tourism recommendation.
  35. 35. Informal outputs Sinclair, 2014 Chong-Chun, 2014 https://www.facebook.com/pages/Tourism-and-Protected-Areas- Specialist-Group/122961127797095 http://www.slideshare.net/planeta/tapasgroup http://planeta.wikispaces.com/tapas UNDP Park Talks: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC- KOkIyprmsuavAE5BMDp2A Tourism and the IUCN World Parks Congress 2014 JOST, 23 (7), 1114-1116 Sustainable and inspirational: A decade of progress in protected area tourism
  36. 36. Implications for the next 10 yrs? Sinclair, 2014 Chong-Chun, 2014 • UN Resolution A/RES/69/233 on Sustainable tourism • Decision XII/11 on Biodiversity and Tourism Development
  37. 37. • Tourism concession session - SADC (TFCAs)

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