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Namibia Tourism Concessions Peter John Massyn


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This presentation by Peter John Massyn was delivered at the 'Concessioning tourism opportunities in conservation areas and maximising rural development' workshop, held in Maputo between 19-22 March 2012 (Day 1, Session 2, Legal frameworks)

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Namibia Tourism Concessions Peter John Massyn

  1. 1. Protected Areas Network Tourism Concessionsin Namibia’s Protected Areas ✓ Line ministry responsible for environment and tourism (MET) ✓ Extensive network of PAs & conservancies with considerable tourism potential ✓ 20 national parks covering 13% of country Peter John Massyn ✓ 71 communal conservancies covering 20% of Maputo country 19 March 2012 ✓ 3 ‘state concessions’ destined to become ‘Kunene Peoples Park’ ( including 6,000km2 Palmwag Concession) Institutional Framework ✓ Concessions policy approved by Cabinet in 2007 ✓ Operates within existing & draft legal frameworks (Nature Conservation Ordinance & Parks & Wildlife Bill) ✓ Replaces ad hoc approach of the past ✓ Establishes “standard & robust procedure” for award & management of tourism concessions on state land ✓ Institutional structure: − Minister is responsible authority with wide discretion − Concessions Committee appointed by Minister provides advice & oversight − Concessions Unit in the Directorate of Tourism does day-to- day implementation ✓ Integrated with national CBNRM/conservancy programme ✓ Strong donor & NGO support (EU, World Bank, UNDP, KfW, MCA, NACSO, etc.) Policy Objectives Award Process Balances conservation, commerce & rural development “The process for awarding concessions will be transparent, objective and fair, but with the empowerment of formerly disadvantaged Namibians as a priority, and preference given to rural communities…” ✓ To enhance biodiversity conservation through regulation of commercial operations in PAs ✓ To improve management & control of PAs ✓ To increase revenue generation from PAs Direct award ✓ To increase economic contribution of PAs Auction ✓ To advance the ‘economic empowerment’ of park neighbours and all ‘formerly Tender disadvantaged Namibians’ ✓ To promote sustainable rural development, poverty alleviation & job creation
  2. 2. Direct Award Progress to Date✓ At the discretion of the Minister (after consultation & guided by policy) ✓ Concessions Committee and Concessions Unit established & operational (with donor & NGO support)✓ Preference to ‘communities’ resident in or near protected areas ✓ Standardized procedures & templates adopted & routinely used✓ Objective is to ‘mitigate costs’, build incentives & stimulate rural development ✓ Several competitive tenders awarding concessions in parks to private firms✓ Community concessionaires must be legally incorporated, “representative, successfully concluded accountable and stable” ✓ Direct award of ‘head concessions’ to communities✓ MET’s role is to: at Palmwag/Skeleton Coast, Etendeka, Hobatere/Etosha State & Bwabwata (more to follow) ‘Head Concession Contract’ − award ‘head concessions’ to qualifying communities (mostly conservancies) ✓ Some community concessionaires opted for competitive tenders to select operating partners (Hobatere, Conservancy − standardize subaward procedures & oversee ‘Concession Operator Contract’ selection of operating partners White Sands, Bwabwata) − ensure that communities act in terms of ✓ Others used structured negotiation (RFP, evaluation, Operator their mandates & are ‘not exploited’ negotiations, closure) with trusted incumbents to reappoint operating partners (Etendeka & Palmwag) Balance Sheet ✓ Extensive & under-developed resource base ✓ Well-developed institutional environment: − Enabling legislation & policy in place Thank You! − MET concessions unit operational − Standardized procedures & documents in use − Well-developed CBNRM programme − Established network of support NGOs − Fairly large domestic tourism sector ✓ Track record of success ✗ Uneven political support ✗ Competition from state resort company (NWR) ✗ Competition from mining (trumps all) ✗ Sustainability beyond donor support? ✗ Recession in tourism source markets