Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

IUCN TAPAS group introduction to concessions workshop


Published on

This presentation by Jim Barborak, Anna Spenceley and Rita Casimiro provided the context for the 'Concessioning tourism opportunities in conservation areas and maximising rural development' workshop, held in Maputo between 19-22 March 2012 (Day 1, Session 1, Introduction)

Published in: Travel, Technology, Business

IUCN TAPAS group introduction to concessions workshop

  1. 1. Values of Partnerships are Recognized! Partnerships in PA management was a key theme as long ago as the 1992 World Parks Congress (Venezuela) Introduction to the meeting: The Tourism Sessions at the last World Parks Congress Concessioning tourism opportunities in conservation agreed that more work on the subject is warranted areas and maximising rural development Major donors (IFC in Mozambique, Indonesia), IDB in Brazil, World Bank, GEF, USAID, interested in topic CBD specific has more equitable distribution of costs and benefits of biodiversity conservation as a goal and Jim Barborak, Anna Spenceley & Rita Casimiro poverty alleviation is a global development priority Tourism to PAs is growing in many parts of the world 19 March 2012, Girassol Indy, Maputo Demand for PAs to generate revenue for their own budgets and to produce more tangible economic benefits locally and nationally is growing USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo PA Governance and Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve, Institutional Aspects Costa Rica Traditional view Current View Owned/managed by NGO PAs can be owned or managed by all levels of Nearly 100K visitors/yr government, NGOs, private land owners, Endowment and robust businessPAs are government plan, science/monitoring programowned, government communities and tribes Now 1 of over 100 private reservesmanaged, and Good management of any PA requires a in CR network, cover over 1% ofgovernment designated range of actors from the public and private country sectors Building corridors to coast Planning and management should be Spawned other private, public participatory and adaptive reserves that nearly ring it Benefits from environmental service Privatization, devolution of control, local payments system empowerment, and decentralization Generates surplus used to create becoming more common and manage other reserves Gift shop generates much revenue USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logoThe California Concessions Workshop Recommendations from Workshop Organized in 2011 by US National Park Recommended publication of best practices Service and Colorado State University with manual, replication of similar workshops support from World Commission on Protected regionally to promote public private Areas and UNESCO World Heritage Centre partnerships Brought together 40 concessionaires, Representatives from Asia, Africa, Latin government and NGO reps and academics to America, Europe and North America discuss best practices in public private Consensus that the field of public private partnerships for tourism management in parks partnerships for managing tourism in PAs merits increased attention and funding USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo 1
  2. 2. Background to the meeting - regional African Safari Lodges workshop on nature- tourism and poverty reduction - Ford Foundation – 2008 IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA) Tourism and Protected Areas Specialist group - initiative on Tourism Concessions USAID-SPEED initiative on concessions manual for Mozambique USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo Objectives of the meeting Presentations and working sessions Concessions models – how these can contribute to Review best practices and challenges from achieving national conservation objectives southern Africa Concessions processes (i.e. tenders, applications, concession contrat management) Build capacity regionally on tourism Legal and institutional frameworks concessions Sustainable tourism and rural development Strengthen networks and communication Guidance for planning and implementing between interested stakeholders concessions Field trip to Maputo Special Reserve (cancelled) Review of draft concessions manual for Mozambique USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo Agenda Outputs Finalisation of Mozambican concessions manual Report reviewing status of concessions Contributions to: IUCN Best Practice guidelines on sustainable tourism (2nd edition) PARKS special edition World Conservation Congress (WCC) (2012) World Parks Congress (WPC) (2014)Thursday 22 March- Day 4 : Working group review of Mozambique Manual - 8.30-12.30 USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo 2
  3. 3. Concessions 101 Concessions 101“Concessioning tourism opportunities” “in conservation areas” Tourism Concessions - granting of Protected Areas – (IUCN) area of land and/or (delegation) rights to develop tourism sea especially dedicated to the protection activities and infrastructures in PA and and maintenance of biodiversity, and of natural and associated cultural resources, subject to (conservation) public interest: and managed through legal or other effective Unilaterally, in the form of a (Special) License means. In a mutually agreed manner, in the form of a Totally Protected Zones, part of the State public Concession Contract domain Part of a National management System USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logoConcessions 101 Concessions 101 Concessions regime – ownership of tourism Concessions models: development rights in PA Licensing of activities in PA State (own right) Contractual assignment of rights: Communities (devolved by State or co- Over the whole PA, a Co-management contract ownership) with the private sector, involving or not a SPV Over specific areas/sites, a Concession Community (Lessor) contract: Private Sector (service provider, investor or Directly with the Private Sector shareholder) Directly with Local Communities (or other appointed entity) requiring private sector subsequent involvement USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logoConcessions 101 Concessions 101 Tourism Users Fees - market-based funding mechanisms: Entrance Fees Concession contracts: Concession or Franchise Fees Public-Private-Partnerships Licenses and Permits (activities) Fees Concession - BOT, DBOT, BOOT, DBOOT, ROT and Tourism-based taxes ROOT In Mozambique: Lease or Affermage Entrance Fees Management Recreational and Other activities Fees Area Occupation Fees Community-Public-Private-Partnerships (together, the Legal Fees) Sub-concession Tourism-based taxes (licensing and permits) Lease or Affermage Contractual contributions: Management Community / social responsibility Services provisions Conservation / environmental responsibility USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo 3
  4. 4. Concessions 101 Tourism concessions development processes: Legal Framework Planning Procurement Contracting Management Monitoring Enforcement USAID/SPEED logo Technoserve logo 4