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Conservation and community support through tourism in protected areas

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Keynote presentation at the International Workshop on Economic Impacts of Tourism in Protected Areas, 21-25 September 2015

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Conservation and community support through tourism in protected areas

  1. 1. Conservation and community support through tourism in protected areas Dr Anna Spenceley, annaspenceley@gmail.com International Workshop on Economic Impacts of Tourism in Protected Areas, 21-25 September 2015
  2. 2. • Part 1: TAPAS Group and the IUCN Best Practice Guidelines • Part 2: A decade of progress on tourism and economic impacts: Comparing the IUCN WPC 2003 (Durban) and 2014 (Sydney) Outline
  3. 3. • Part 1: TAPAS Group and the IUCN Best Practice Guidelines • Part 2: A decade of progress on tourism and economic impacts: Comparing the IUCN WPC 2003 (Durban) and 2014 (Sydney) Outline
  4. 4. Part 1: IUCN WCPA TAPAS Anna Spenceley (Chair) Knowledge development •Megan Epler Wood Communities •Susan Snyman (Vice Chair) Capacity Building •Dan Paleczny Heritage •Robyn Bushell Communications •Ron Mader Membership •Elena Nikolaeva IUCN Secretariat •Giulia Carbone
  5. 5. Membership application: http://tinyurl.com/tapasmembership Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Tourism-and- Protected-Areas-Specialist-Group/122961127797095 LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/groups?home=&gid=4735342 Slideshare: http://www.slideshare.net/planeta/tapasgroup Wiki: http://planeta.wikispaces.com/tapas Google+: https://plus.google.com/u/0/117973343043881234019/posts IUCN Website: http://www.iucn.org/about/work/programmes/gpap_home/gpap_c apacity2/gpap_wcpacap/gpap_tourism/ Social media / online channels
  6. 6. What we do traditionally PARKS The I n t er n ational Jo urnal of        Protected Areas and Co nser vation                                Issue 18.2: December 2012 Developing capacity for a pr otected pl anet Build capacity Network Develop knowledge
  7. 7. Online review and comment Webinars on key themes What we doing more of Engagement with international tourism groups
  8. 8. IUCN Best Practice Guidelines • 58 contributors from 23 countries • Chapters on “Tools for sustainable financing of protected areas through tourism” • user fees (recreation, entrance, licenses etc) • concessions (PPPs) Tourism and Visitor Management in Protected Areas (3rd Edn)
  9. 9. IUCN Best Practice Guidelines • Case studies on 45 countries & territories  Diversity of examples: Governance types; IUCN categories; Ecosystem types
  10. 10. IUCN Best Practice Guidelines http://iucn.oscar.ncsu.edu/
  11. 11. • Part 1: TAPAS Group and the IUCN Best Practice Guidelines • Part 2: A decade of progress on tourism and economic impacts: Comparing the IUCN WPC 2003 (Durban) and 2014 (Sydney) Outline
  12. 12. • World Parks Congress – once a decade – Biggest global meeting on protected areas • Organised by IUCN and WCPA – 2003 – Durban • 3000 delegates – 2014 – Sydney • 6000 delegates Part 2: Tourism & the WPC © Eagles, 2014
  13. 13. WPC 2003 and 2014 Financing PAs, 33% Sustainable use of nature/ culture, 61% Conventions and guidelines, 21% Heritage links, 3% Stewardship by public, 12% Working with local people and industry, 46% Supporting community development and poverty reduction, 29% Co-management, 21% Contributing to Civil-society, 21%
  14. 14. Eagles and Kajala, 2014Sinclair, 2014 • Visitor number monitoring • Shift from state funding to tourism fees Financing protected areas
  15. 15. Financing protected areas • Tourism concession tools: UNDP, IFC, SADC (TFCAs) • TFCA tourism (SADC): – Tour de Tuli, – Desert Knights – Tour de Pafuri
  16. 16. Partnerships to: • Manage PAs • Strengthen constituencies • Reduce operational costs • Collect fees Vorhland, 2014 Financing protected areas
  17. 17. Community development and poverty reduction • Generate enough $ to change behaviour that damages biodiversity • Good governance of revenue-sharing • Long-term technical & capacity support for communities Sinclair, 2014Sinclair, 2014 Maluleke, 2014
  18. 18. Community development and poverty reduction Snyman, 2014 Sinclair, 2014 Wilderness Safaris paid USD 1.1 m in community lease fees in 2013
  19. 19. Formal outputs of WPC Sinclair, 2014 Chong-Chun, 2014 2003 Recommendation V12: Tourism as a Vehicle for Conservation & Support for PAs 2014 Tourism mentioned 5 x in Vision & Stream outputs. No tourism recommendation.
  20. 20. Other outputs Sinclair, 2014 Chong-Chun, 2014 https://www.facebook.com/pages/Tourism-and-Protected-Areas- Specialist-Group/122961127797095 http://www.slideshare.net/planeta/tapasgroup http://planeta.wikispaces.com/tapas UNDP Park Talks: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC- KOkIyprmsuavAE5BMDp2A Tourism and the IUCN World Parks Congress 2014 JOST, 23 (7), 1114-1116 Sustainable and inspirational: A decade of progress in protected area tourism
  21. 21. And for the next decade? Sinclair, 2014 Chong-Chun, 2014 UN Resolution A/RES/69/233 on sustainable tourism Decision XII/11 on Biodiversity and Tourism Development
  22. 22. What’s next for TAPAS Group? • New working group: Economics of Tourism in Protected Areas. Nominations Oct-Dec 2015; Elections early 2016 • Knowledge Development: • Develop data models/simulations for analysis of revenue generation for tourism & research agreements with Universities/Business Schools • Special journal edition on benefit sharing from tourism and protected areas • IUCN BP Guide for (1) engaging with communities in tourism / (2) maximizing financial benefits of tourism in protected areas • Fundraising: Proposal to 10YFP for Flagship project in Southern Africa: Component on visitor monitoring • Projects by TAPAS Group members: eg Tanzania

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