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A decade of progress in sustainable tourism in protected areas

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Keynote address to the BEST-EN Think Tank XV, Kruger National Park, South Africa, 17-21 June 2015

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A decade of progress in sustainable tourism in protected areas

  1. 1. A decade of progress in sustainable tourism in protected areas Dr Anna Spenceley annaspenceley@gmail.com BEST Think Tank XV, Kruger National Park, 17-21 June 2015
  2. 2. • Part 1: Tourism and the World Parks Congress: Comparing 2003 (Durban) and 2014 (Sydney) • Part 2: Global programs on sustainable tourism: changes and opportunities Outline
  3. 3. • Part 1: Tourism and the World Parks Congress: Comparing 2003 (Durban) and 2014 (Sydney) • Part 2: Global programs on sustainable tourism: changes and opportunities Outline
  4. 4. • World Parks Congress held every 10 years. – Biggest global meeting on protected areas • Organised by IUCN and its WCPA – 2003 – Durban • 3000 delegates – 2014 – Sydney • 6000 delegates Part 1: Tourism & the WPC © Eagles, 2014
  5. 5. • Not a stream or cross-cutting issue • Despite this . . . – 125 tourism and visitation presentations: covering all streams – Tourism events at WPC: e.g. SADC/TAPAS Group/GiZ, UNDP, University of Waterloo, GSTC, TAPAS Group – Parallel meetings: Global Eco, Wildlife Tourism Australia – Tourism Journey: a guide through the complex program, from the TAPAS Group (informal stream) Tourism at WPC 2014
  6. 6. Who presented tourism?
  7. 7. Tourism + WPC streams WPC 2014 Streams % of papers Reconciling development challenges 66% Reaching conservation goals 51% Respecting indigenous and traditional knowledge and culture 37% Supporting human life 21% Enhancing diversity and quality of governance 19% Improving health and well-being 18% Inspiring a new generation 15% Responding to climate change 1%
  8. 8. WPC 2003 and 2014 Financing PAs, 33% Sustainable use of nature/ culture, 61% Conventions and guidelines, 21% Heritage links, 3% Stewardship by public, 12% Working with local people and industry, 46% Supporting community development and poverty reduction, 29% Co-management, 21% Contributing to Civil-society, 21%
  9. 9. WPC 2003 and 2014 Financing PAs, 33% Sustainable use of nature/ culture, 61% Conventions and guidelines, 21% Heritage links, 3% Stewardship by public, 12% Working with local people and industry, 46% Supporting community development and poverty reduction, 29% Co-management, 21% Contributing to Civil-society, 21%
  10. 10. • Case studies • Certification and standards (ISO18065: 2015; European Charter; GSTC; IUCN Green List) • Sustainability indicators • Best Practice Guidelines i. Sustainability & diversity
  11. 11. ii.Collaboration & poverty reduction • Quantify $ benefits to local people • Long-term technical & capacity support for communities • Generate enough $ to change behaviour that damages biodiversity Maluleke, 2014 Sinclair, 2014Sinclair, 2014 Maluleke, 2014
  12. 12. ii.Collaboration & poverty reduction Snyman, 2014 Sinclair, 2014 Wilderness Safaris paid USD 1.1 m in community lease fees in 2013
  13. 13. iii.Financing protected areas • Partnerships with NGOs managing PAs / collecting fees • Tourism concession tools: UNDP, IFC, SADC (TFCAs) • TFCA tourism (SADC): Tour de Tuli Vorhland, 2014
  14. 14. iii.Financing protected areas Eagles and Kajala, 2014 Sinclair, 2014 • Visitor number monitoring • Shift from state funding to tourism fees
  15. 15. Inspiring solutions Sinclair, 2014 • Health treatment • Building new markets Fauteux, 2014 Chong-Chun, 2014 Fauteux, 2014
  16. 16. What makes it work? Sinclair, 2014 Chong-Chun, 2014
  17. 17. Formal outputs Sinclair, 2014 Chong-Chun, 2014 2003 Recommendation V12: Tourism as a Vehicle for Conservation & Support for PAs 2014 Tourism mentioned 5 x in Vision & Stream outputs. No tourism recommendation.
  18. 18. Informal outputs Sinclair, 2014 Chong-Chun, 2014 https://www.facebook.com/pages/Tourism-and-Protected-Areas- Specialist-Group/122961127797095 http://www.slideshare.net/planeta/tapasgroup http://planeta.wikispaces.com/tapas UNDP Park Talks: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC- KOkIyprmsuavAE5BMDp2A
  19. 19. • Part 1: Tourism and the World Parks Congress: Comparing 2003 (Durban) and 2014 (Sydney) • Part 2: Global programs on sustainable tourism: changes and opportunities Outline
  20. 20. 1. 10 Year Framework on Planning (YFP) 2. Global Sustainable Tourism Council 1. IUCN WCPA Tourism and Protected Areas Specialist Group Part 2: Global programs
  21. 21. 1. 10 Year Framework on Planning (YFP) 2. Global Sustainable Tourism Council 1. IUCN WCPA Tourism and Protected Areas Specialist Group Part 2: Global programs
  22. 22. A global framework adopted by Heads of State at Rio+20 for international cooperation to shift towards sustainable consumption and production (SCP) patterns 10YFP - A GLOBAL MANDATE Agenda 21, Rio de Janeiro, 1992 World Summit on Sustainable Development, 2002 Marrakech Process, 2003-2011 Rio+20, 2012 “The major cause of the continued deterioration of the global environment are the unsustainable patterns of consumption and production…” “SCP…an overarching objective of, and essential requirement for, sustainable development.” “Develop “a 10-year framework of programmes on sustainable consumption and production…. (10YFP) 10YFP adopted Implement
  23. 23. Consumer information Sustainable buildings and construction Sustainable food systems Sustainable lifestyles and education Sustainable public procurement Sustainable tourism 10YFP - Programmes
  24. 24. ECOSOC 10YFP Board 10YFP Secretariat Trust Fund Lead & Co-Leads Multistakeholder Advisory Committee Partners COORDINATIONDESK 10YFP STP - Governance
  25. 25. Multistakeholder Advisory Committee
  26. 26. The 10YFP STP Partners Organizations or experts (legal entities) agreeing with the goals and objectives of the 10YFP STP and committing to its activities, including scaling-up, implementation and replication, dissemination and use of materials and tools, are invited to join as a Partner. Admission as a Partner is subject to evaluation of the Partner Application Form by Lead, Co-Leads and MAC Contact the 10YFP Sustainable Tourism Programme Coordination Desk : c/o World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) Capitán Haya 42, 28020 Madrid, Spain Email: stp10yfp@unwto.org 65
  27. 27. 10YFP STP Flagship Projects • Led by Lead, Co-Lead, MAC member or Partner • Large scale (approx + USD 1million/ +2years) • Support the PoW • Regional (transnational) approach /National character when high significance • Accelerate the shift towards SCP • Trigger change beyond project area • Endorsed by the MAC A multistakeholder joint effort for the formulation and fundraising in collaboration with the 10YFP Secretariat and the 10YFP STP
  28. 28. 10YFP STP Catalytic Projects • Mainly aimed to be funded by the Trust Fund (administered by UNEP) • Small scale (approx USD 125,000/ 18 months) • Requirements to access the Trust Fund will be described in a call for proposals • MAC and Partners can apply (MAC need recusation) • Regional, national or destination approach • Hands on and innovative; tackle critical issues in a short time and replicable A call for sustainable tourism proposals to the Trust Fund will be launched mid-June 2015 for a total amount of USD 500,000 10YFP STP Coordination Desk Email: stp10yfp@unwto.org Tel: +34 91 567 8225 http://sdt.unwto.org/content/10yfp- sustainable-tourism-programme
  29. 29. 1. 10 Year Framework on Planning (YFP) 2. Global Sustainable Tourism Council 1. IUCN WCPA Tourism and Protected Areas Specialist Group Part 2: Global programs
  30. 30. The Global Sustainable Tourism Council (GSTC) i. Fostering increased knowledge and understanding of sustainable tourism practices ii. Promoting the adoption of universal sustainable tourism principles and iii. Building demand for sustainable travel The Council was created in 2010 when two similar organizations merged, with the mission of promoting sustainability in tourism by: Registered as a not-for-profit organization
  31. 31. GSTC’s Core Activities: 1. Criteria for Sustainability for everyone to use, available in many languages 2. Integrity Program: Recognition, Approval & Accreditation of standards 3. Destination Program for destination management 4. Market Access – increasing demand and access for sustainable product 5. Sustainability Training for all managers and workers in travel & tourism GSTC Core Activities
  32. 32. Each set has 41 Criteria in 4 pillars: Social & Economic Cultural Environmental Sustainability Management GSTC Criteria Criteria for Destinations (Nov 2013) Criteria for Hotels & Tour Operators (2008, revised 2012) To date, two sets of GSTC Criteria have been developed: GSTC Criteria
  33. 33. 1. 10 Year Framework on Planning (YFP) 2. Global Sustainable Tourism Council 1. IUCN WCPA Tourism and Protected Areas Specialist Group Part 2: Global programs
  34. 34. Tourism and Protected Areas Specialist Group connecting experience with idealism to produce protected areas that matter, transforming visitor experiences & developing more resilient communities
  35. 35. Our structure Anna Spenceley (Chair) Knowledge development •Megan Epler Wood Communities •Susan Snyman (Vice Chair) Capacity Building •Dan Paleczny Heritage •Robyn Bushell Communications •Ron Mader Membership •Elena Nikolaeva IUCN Secretariat •Giulia Carbone
  36. 36. Our members & youth 18.1% 6.7% 29.9%17.7% 14.2% 10.6% 2.8% North America Central and South America Europe Africa Asia Australia and New Zealand Undefined 14.7% 12.8% 12.2% 17.8% 21.7% 16.9% 3.9% Government Protected area authority Private sector tourism NGO Academia/research Consultant Student
  37. 37. What we do traditionally PARKS The I n t er n ational Jo urnal of        Protected Areas and Co nser vation                                Issue 18.2: December 2012 Developing capacity for a pr otected pl anet Develop knowledge Build capacity Network
  38. 38. New working group on communities Online review and commentWebinars on key themes What we doing more of
  39. 39. Membership application: http://tinyurl.com/tapasmembership Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/pages/Tourism-and- Protected-Areas-Specialist-Group/122961127797095 LinkedIn: https://www.linkedin.com/groups?home=&gid=4735342 Slideshare: http://www.slideshare.net/planeta/tapasgroup Wiki: http://planeta.wikispaces.com/tapas Google+: https://plus.google.com/u/0/117973343043881234019/posts IUCN Website: http://www.iucn.org/about/work/programmes/gpap_home/gpap_c apacity2/gpap_wcpacap/gpap_tourism/ Social media / online channels
  40. 40. • Part 1: Tourism and the World Parks Congress: Comparing 2003 (Durban) and 2014 (Sydney) • Part 2: Global programs on sustainable tourism: changes and opportunities Outline
  41. 41. Implications for the next 10 yrs? Sinclair, 2014 Chong-Chun, 2014 • UN Resolution A/RES/69/233 on Sustainable tourism • Decision XII/11 on Biodiversity and Tourism Development
  42. 42. • Tourism concession session - SADC (TFCAs)

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