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Tourism, Health & PAs
Dr. Robyn Bushell
Institute for Culture & Society,
University of Western Sydney
IUCN Tourism and Pro...
PAs are becoming better recognised
as a fundamental health resource.
• The health benefits are many, particularly
for life...
• Green exercise has important public health
consequences
• Physical activity is a recognised co-
determinant of health
• ...
A summary of contributions of parks to human
health and well-being
Physical
Provide a variety of settings and infrastructu...
Spiritual
Preserve the natural environment for quiet contemplation;
reflection, inspiration, prayer; invoking a sense of p...
Healthy Parks Healthy People
seeks to encourage the connections between a healthy
environment and a healthy society
• The ...
Stream 3: HPHP @ WPC
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Tourism, health and protected areas

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This presentation was made at a IUCN WCPA Tourism and Protected Areas Specialist Group side event at the World Parks Congress, Sydney, on 13 November 2014

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Tourism, health and protected areas

  1. 1. Tourism, Health & PAs Dr. Robyn Bushell Institute for Culture & Society, University of Western Sydney IUCN Tourism and Protected Areas Specialist Group
  2. 2. PAs are becoming better recognised as a fundamental health resource. • The health benefits are many, particularly for lifestyle-related health problems: – obesity, cardiovascular and pulmonary disease, diabetes, stroke, cancers, musculo- skeletal disease, depression, osteoporosis, anxiety and sleep problems, behavioural conditions and degenerative conditions
  3. 3. • Green exercise has important public health consequences • Physical activity is a recognised co- determinant of health • A conceptual shift recognises health promotion and illness prevention through social and environmental aspects of public health far more effective than the treatment of illness with expensive drugs, with inherent undesirable side effects
  4. 4. A summary of contributions of parks to human health and well-being Physical Provide a variety of settings and infrastructure for various levels of formal and informal sport and recreation, for all ages, levels of skill and ability. eg picnics, walking, running, cycling, ball games, sailing, swimming; assisting with weight loss, improved balance, improved bone density, fresh air, improved circulation, uptake of oxygen, healthy muscles, lungs and heart. Mental Making nature accessible for restoration from mental stress and fatigue; mood improvement, solitude, peace and quiet; enjoyment of the great outdoors; inspiration; creative expression; educational development
  5. 5. Spiritual Preserve the natural environment for quiet contemplation; reflection, inspiration, prayer; invoking a sense of place, of awe; feeling a connection beyond the human. Social Provide settings to enhance social networks, personal relationships for couples, families and friends; social and recreation clubs; ranger led tours, shared activities; volunteering; educational opportunities. Environmental Preserve ecosystems and biodiversity; provision of clean air and water; conservation of natural resources and open space; climate change adaption; foster attachment to and awareness of nature and a conservation ethic.
  6. 6. Healthy Parks Healthy People seeks to encourage the connections between a healthy environment and a healthy society • The UK Countryside Agency (now Natural England) fostered a interest in the health benefits of green exercise. • In 2000 Parks Victoria, Australian created the Healthy Parks Healthy People (HPHP) brand – commissioned a literature review of all existing published work – ran the first HPHP congress in 2010 • Since numerous other park agencies worldwide have developed similar programs. – HPHP has been adopted as an IUCN – The approach encourages those from the health, environment, parks, tourism, community development and education sectors to work together to provide better outcomes for all.
  7. 7. Stream 3: HPHP @ WPC

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