Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Tourism in Russia, Elena Nikolaeva


Published on

This presentation was made at a IUCN WCPA Tourism and Protected Areas Specialist Group side event at the World Parks Congress, Sydney, on 13 November 2014

Published in: Travel

Tourism in Russia, Elena Nikolaeva

  1. 1. Tourism as a nature-based solution in Russian Protected Areas Elena Nikolaeva, 13/11/2014 IUCN WCPA Vice Chair, North Eurasia IUCN WCPA TAPAS Group
  2. 2. Presentation Outline  Background - Russian system of Protected areas  Implications for tourism  Case study: Polistovsky reserve, the North-West of Russia • uniqueness of the area • organization of tourism in general • excursions • cooperation with local community
  3. 3. Background – Russian system of Protected Areas  103 Zapovedniks  47 National parks  68 Federal sanctuaries
  4. 4. Background – Russian system of Protected Areas Federal level protected areas: Zapovedniks = strict nature reserves. Category I IUCN. • main purpose – biodiversity protection • any type of economic activity is prohibited • special permit is needed to enter the area National parks – category II IUCN • main purpose – biodiversity protection and recreation • hunting, fishing, logging, mining are prohibited Sanctuaries – category IV IUCN • often were created to protect certain species • regime of many sanctuaries is similar to zapovedniks Managed by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Ecology Regional and local level protected areas: Nature parks, nature monuments, regional reserves Managed by regional and local authorities. In total 11% of the country area are protected
  5. 5. Background – Russian system of Protected Areas For many years protected areas developed in isolation from the society; the main focus was on biodiversity protection, scientific research and law enforcement Good for biodiversity, but exclusion of the society from decision-making process brought about such problems as: • lack of environmental awareness • negative attitude towards PA activities • indifference of general public and other stakeholders Zapovednik - category 1 IUCN PA Management categories – “wilderness area; set aside to protect biodiversity, where human visitation, use and impacts are strictly controlled and limited to ensure protection of the conservation values”. Protected Areas Conservation of biodiversity Local communities
  6. 6. Ecotourism – responsible travel to nature areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people (TIES, 2012) Alternative sustainable livelihoods Possible benefits to local communities: • Accommodation and meals • Working as guides • Working in visitor centers and guest house • Providing their own tourist products Contribution to environmental education But ecotourism in wilderness areas can be tricky as it puts into question some important values associated with this type of Protected Areas, and potentially can change their specificiality and uniqueness. How to develop? Implications for tourism
  7. 7. Case study – Polistovsky Reserve (Zapovednik) Polistovsky Reserve
  8. 8. How does it look like? 15 cm above the surface
  9. 9. How does it look like? 2 m above the surface
  10. 10. Case study – Polistovsky Reserve Opportunities for educational tourism! - intact wilderness; - high biodiversity, rare species of birds; - the largest raised bog system of Europe; - unique functions of ecosystems that are important on a global scale; - Interesting local cultural heritage
  11. 11. Case study - Polistovsky Reserve Visitor Center Educational Excursions Transport Organization of tourism: combination of natural and cultural values Accommodation Establish dialogue with local communities Show opportunities that exist because of PA Encourage locals to come up with their own tourist products
  12. 12. Case study - Polistovsky zapovednik Excursions: • Bog trail – 4 km. All about bog’s ecosystems. • Forest trail – 5 km. Story about natural recovery of European primary forest. • Boat excursion – 20 km. Role of wetlands, birdwatching. • Winter routes – snowshoeing on the bog • Beaver watching Main emphasis - education Min impact on the environment
  13. 13. Case study - Polistovsky zapovednik Cooperation with local communities: • Historical excursion in the village • Excursion in the Soviet classroom • Rail trolley excursion • Cooking master classes for tourists • Traditional Russian meals in the stove; story telling • Souvenirs (herbal teas, cranberries)
  14. 14. Case study – Lessons Learnt Educational tourism Minimum impact on the environment Benefits for local community Tourism as a nature based solution: Engaging local community
  15. 15. Thank you for attention! QUESTIONS??