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Charismatic Leadership

description, examples and personalities with charismatic leadership

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Charismatic Leadership

  1. 1. A 5-Minute (hopefully!) Report by Tr. A
  2. 2. Charism (grace)  Greek χάρισμα (khárisma)  "gift of grace“  plural χαρίσματα (charismata)  similar meanings to modern sense of personality charisma: a. "filled with attractiveness or charm" b. "kindness" c. "to bestow a favor or service" d. "to be favored or blessed"
  3. 3. Max Weber’s classic definition  introduced personality charisma sense  Charisma is a certain quality of an individual personality by virtue of which he is set apart from ordinary men and treated as endowed with supernatural, superhuman, or at least specifically exceptional powers or qualities. These as such are not accessible to the ordinary person, but are regarded as of divine origin or as exemplary, and on the basis of them the individual concerned is treated as a leader.
  4. 4. Identification  fantastic at articulating his vision to others  sensitive to their surroundings  often risk-takers  gathers followers through dint of charm and personality
  5. 5. Style  great at observing others and discerning their moods, needs and concerns  interaction with people  observing the needs  they may change their attitude and presentation  very persuasive  effective use of subtle (body language) and overt (verbal language) tactics
  6. 6. Effects  social skills and personal appeal gains the followers  focus strongly on making the group very clear and distinct  may instill confidence in the group and challenge group members to meet his expectations  build the image of the group, may elevate and transform the group  makes the group a strong and unified force  Leader will typically attach firmly to the identity of the group  joining the group is to become one with the leader
  7. 7. Musser (1987)  notes that charismatic leaders seek to instill: a. commitment to ideological goals b. devotion to themselves  The extent to which either of these two goals is dominant depends on the underlying motivations and needs of the leader.
  8. 8. “Be Like Jesus”
  9. 9. Key Concepts  Charisma in leadership occurs when a leader's authority is based upon what his followers believe are extraordinary personal traits and qualities of the leader rather than any formal authority sanctioned by law or office.  A charismatic leader's authority and legitimacy is based solely on his personal traits, such as heroism, religious sacredness, extraordinary character, or demagogy. The followers' belief in the cause or mission of the charismatic leader often reinforces the leader's authority.  Charismatic leadership is a rather unstable form of leadership. Remember, it depends on the followers' devotion to a specific individual rather than a particular office or organization. If the leader dies, leaves, or is discredited, the organization is likely to fall apart unless there are other bases of authority.