Determining Wikipedia
Credibility
Presented by Ann Westrick
Funded by a grant from the Jerome Library
Bowling Green State ...
What is Wikipedia?
• Collaboratively written, electronic encyclopedia
(Wikipedia, 2013).
Pros: Multiple viewpoints
Constan...
Why use Wikipedia?
“Wikipedia is an excellent starting point for student
inquiries and is particularly useful when investi...
Wikipedia = Encyclopedia
You should use Wikipedia if you would:
– Use an encyclopedia to get background
information on a p...
Since Wikipedia is susceptible
to vandalism, use CARS for
evaluation
• C = Credibility
• A = Accuracy
• R = Reasonableness...
C = Credibility
All Wikipedia articles are supposed to contain reliable
sources to support what’s being said (Wikipedia, 2...
Credible or not-so-credible?
http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=109th_Signals_Squadron&oldid=559713131
Since there
...
A = Accuracy
You can see when a Wikipedia page was last edited by
clicking on the “View History” tab at the top of each
pa...
A = Accuracy
Additionally, Wikipedia regularly flags pages which may
need improvement. If you run across an article like
t...
R = Reasonableness
• Wikipedia articles are intended to be neutral and not take a
side on any issue (Wikipedia, 2013).
– W...
S = Support
Since Wikipedia is written collaboratively by
(sometimes) anonymous authors, verifying who is
writing can be a...
S = Support
You can get some sense of whether or not other
Wikipedians trust a particular page by looking at “What
links h...
Protected Pages
Another way to judge the credibility of a
Wikipedia page is to click on “View Source”
at the top of the pa...
Remember
• All research sources should be evaluated – not
just Wikipedia.
• Wikipedia is a good place to start your
resear...
References
Badke, W. (2009). Stepping beyond wikipedia.
Educational Leadership, 66(6), 54-58.
Klotter, J. (2009). Wikipedi...
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Wiki credibility

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Wiki credibility

  1. 1. Determining Wikipedia Credibility Presented by Ann Westrick Funded by a grant from the Jerome Library Bowling Green State University Bowling Green, Ohio, USA
  2. 2. What is Wikipedia? • Collaboratively written, electronic encyclopedia (Wikipedia, 2013). Pros: Multiple viewpoints Constant updates Lots of links to related material Con: Susceptible to vandalism so evaluation of information is important
  3. 3. Why use Wikipedia? “Wikipedia is an excellent starting point for student inquiries and is particularly useful when investigating emerging topics not covered through other sources” (Lamb, 2013, p. 69). “The prestigious journal Nature reported that Wikipedia’s accuracy for science-based articles nearly equaled the highly regarded Encyclopedia Britannica” (Klotter, 2009, p. 38).
  4. 4. Wikipedia = Encyclopedia You should use Wikipedia if you would: – Use an encyclopedia to get background information on a particular topic – Look in an encyclopedia to get a general answer to a general question – Refer to an encyclopedia to help you get the “big picture” of a concept or idea
  5. 5. Since Wikipedia is susceptible to vandalism, use CARS for evaluation • C = Credibility • A = Accuracy • R = Reasonableness • S = Support – (Badke, 2009, p.56)
  6. 6. C = Credibility All Wikipedia articles are supposed to contain reliable sources to support what’s being said (Wikipedia, 2013). – If there are few or no links to an article, it may not be credible. – Wikipedia regularly flags articles which need citations.
  7. 7. Credible or not-so-credible? http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=109th_Signals_Squadron&oldid=559713131 Since there are no references cited for this article, we cannot judge its credibility . Since there are numerous references cited for this article, we can more accurately assess its credibility. http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Assassination_of_John_F._Kennedy&oldid=563653804
  8. 8. A = Accuracy You can see when a Wikipedia page was last edited by clicking on the “View History” tab at the top of each page. This page was last edited just hours before this video was made. http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Artificial_intelligence&action=history View History
  9. 9. A = Accuracy Additionally, Wikipedia regularly flags pages which may need improvement. If you run across an article like this, you should question its accuracy. http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gerard_Musante&oldid=517227566 This article has multiple issues.
  10. 10. R = Reasonableness • Wikipedia articles are intended to be neutral and not take a side on any issue (Wikipedia, 2013). – Wikipedia regularly flags pages which may which may be biased. If you run across an article like this, you should question its credibility. http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Syrian_civil_war&oldid=563650903 A warning about an article lending “undue weight” to one side of an issue may indicate that it is unreasonable.
  11. 11. S = Support Since Wikipedia is written collaboratively by (sometimes) anonymous authors, verifying who is writing can be almost impossible. http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Convention_to_propose_amendments_to_the_United_States_Constitution&action=history The “View History” tab will show you who has authored each page (though you will probably never know who they really are). Who are 198.109.0.13 and DeLear 12? Two of he authors of this page!
  12. 12. S = Support You can get some sense of whether or not other Wikipedians trust a particular page by looking at “What links here” to the left of each page. If a lot of other pages link to the article you’re looking at, it’s a sign that other people trust its information. The article “Convention to propose amendments to the United States Constitution” links to over 500 other pages. http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Special%3AWhatLinksHere&limit=500&target=Convention+to+propose+amendments+to+the+United+States +Constitution&namespace=
  13. 13. Protected Pages Another way to judge the credibility of a Wikipedia page is to click on “View Source” at the top of the page. If a page is prone to vandalism (like the one seen below) only certain people are allowed to edit it. If you find a “protected page,” it is watched more closely and is more likely to be credible.
  14. 14. Remember • All research sources should be evaluated – not just Wikipedia. • Wikipedia is a good place to start your research, but it’s a poor place to end. Always refer to the sources Wikipedia cites to get the full picture.
  15. 15. References Badke, W. (2009). Stepping beyond wikipedia. Educational Leadership, 66(6), 54-58. Klotter, J. (2009). Wikipedia reliability. Townsend Letter, (306), 38. Lamb, A. (2013). Wicked or wonderful: revisiting wikipedia. Teacher Librarian, 40(4), 68-73. Wikipedia:about. (2013). Retrieved from: http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:About

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