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Journal Entry #12: Thesis Statement
A still-living human body and a newly dead body should be treated with the same
degree of respect and dignity.
Dead bodies and newly dead bodies should be given the respect and dignity they
deserve as the living humans, as their remains symbolizes a transition to the after-life,
with the family and friends making funeral arrangements is a sign that they will always
remember the dead body by the graveside. The grave or epitaph serves a reminder of
the life and memories of the deceased, so are the anniversaries and memorials.
Removing organs from a dead body from the fact that is lifeless, is disrespecting
to the deceased, our moral wisdom understand this very well, this explains why the
family and relatives of the deceased hold onto the body until burial, for they pay respect
to the life and memories of the deceased. Our moral wisdom will object to any efforts
aiming at organ donation from the dead body unless if there is a clear consent from the
Human life is divine in its essence and its inherent intrinsic value is one of those
things money cannot buy. The same respect and dignity given to still-living humans
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should be given to the dead; this can be done by not removing any of their vital organs
without their consent before death, as it goes against their wishes. They deserve the
same respect and dignity given to them while alive. We should always uphold moral
wisdom and respect for human life whether living or dead.
Journal Entry # 12: Preserving Moral and Human Dignity
Legalizing the sale of human organs in this case, kidney is morally degrading the
human life. Kidney like any other human organ is not a commodity to be sold, as its
intrinsic value is not monetary. Gottlieb argues that selling of kidneys will translate into
saving life whereas at the same time he understands that it will affect the life
expectancy of the donor. The current system of accepting kidneys only cadavers and
good Samaritan is morally acceptable as it upholds moral and human dignity. Human
life cannot be valued in terms of worth, as its intrinsic value is infinite; therefore
Gottlieb’s argument of allowing sale of kidneys is undermining the very intrinsic value of
The government has failed in terms of creating altruistic environment which
encourages good Samaritans and well-wishers to come forth and donate their kidney.
“Harvesting” kidneys from the dead is lack of respect and honor for the dead, as despite
the dead body being lifeless and mortal, it does not mean that it does not dignity.
Gottlieb tries to justify by explaining that kidneys from cadavers have a 50 percent lower
life span and function compared to a kidney from a live donor. However, this does not
serve to justify the sale of kidney or any other human organ. It demeans human life and
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Journal Entry # 12: Commercialization of Kidney and Human Dignity
Gottlieb supports the sale of kidney by capitalizing on the egoism of the
bureaucrats’ legislations and institutions. Gottlieb using institutions such as Medicare to
support the sale of kidney is demeaning to human life. Selling of human organ has been
a subject which has faced moral repugnancies. Gottlieb uses the willingness and ability
of the insurers and federal government to perpetuate commercializing of kidney and
human organs in a free market economy. Calculating the amount of money saved per
year for 17 years in an established system where a kidney can be accepted from dead
patients and good Samaritans is morally apprehensive. The federal law instituted in
1984 punishing anyone who sells any organ knew the weaknesses and selfish aspects
of the human ego.
Without law we would abuse our liberties thus laws were created to maintain
order and productivity in our civilization. Donating kidney either voluntary or involuntary
has certain sets of ramifications on the health and life of the donor thus a donor is also
sacrificing his or her own life, which can be a worthy cause towards saving the life of a
loved one. The government through Medicare has contributed to the profit seeking
aspect of kidney donation which encourages businesses to capitalize and flourish from
the live kidney donation in exchange for handsome payouts. Commercialization of
kidneys and human organs is moral bankruptcy of the highest degree, as it promotes
rise in black market trade where people are killed and their organs ripped off for sale.
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Journal Entry # 12: Economic Disenfranchisement and Empowerment
Gottlieb rallying behind the poor by explaining that poverty is the result of
imbalances in economic opportunity is in to some extent misleading. While it is true that
black and Hispanics comprises of the minorities who are economically disadvantaged, it
does not justify that selling kidneys or human organs is the only option for these
minorities to participate in the distribution of wealth. Minorities’ selling their kidney to
level the distribution of wealth playfield does not solve their economic and social
problem which is rooted in historical and economic disenfranchisement as a result of
racism. Minimum wage poses economic and social challenges to whites, blacks and
Hispanics. It is a problem that cuts across the racial divide, however, underpinning the
blacks and Hispanics economic disempowerment by explaining how selling the organs
would help the blacks and Hispanics who are disadvantaged is misleading argument
which Gottlieb uses to support his argument. It is the responsibility of the government to
uphold the Thomas Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence, where he sums up that
every American is equal and must be provided with the same opportunities to practice
his or her liberty.
In his argument, Gottlieb fails to understand that poverty among blacks and
Hispanics is a multifaceted problem which is historical, racial, institutional, economical
and individual in scopes. The economic principles of the American economy are
capitalistic and free market economy, in which every American is free to partake or
indulge in commerce or enterprise to uplift his or her life. As much as poverty is a
multifaceted problem which the government must exercise commitment to combat, it is
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also within an individual’s choice to rise above the challenges to make it in America,
despite the obstacles.
Journal Entry #12: Moral and Economic Corruption
Critics argue that kidney sales will eventually lead to a slippery slope towards
selling other, essential organs. This is true as the legalizing of kidney sales will
eventually lead to sale of other essential organs which would lead to corruption of
economic and moral proportions as people will indulge in vicious illegal activities such
as murder to rip off innocent lives of vital organs in order to earn a living. Gottlieb
justifies the slippery slope argument when he tries to convince the reader for example,
by legalizing abortion when a condom breaks means people be less careful about birth
control, thereby increasing abortions. This argument is hypothetical and does not serve
to cover the glaring reality and implications if kidney sales are allowed. The fact that
legislators would pass into bill selling of kidney and forbids the sale of other essential
organs is implausible. Allocating kidney using the free market system would brew
economic and moral disasters, as people will be willing to go under the knife for reasons
such down payment for a new house, paying for college fees among other reasons this
does not justify the sale of kidney as a means to an end, while saving lives is a worthy
cause there has to be a better way of “enticing” people to donate their kidneys.
Financial incentive provided by Medicare or any other insurer will perpetuate moral and
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Journal Entry #12: “Weakness” associated with Transplanting Technology
Gilbert Meilaender claims that transplant technology despite its advancement
conceals a great deal of suffering for donor patients donating their kidneys. He claims
that donors are usually misinformed or unaware of the repercussions that results from
kidney transplants. Meilaender claims that since people are hesitant towards kidney
donation, legislation should be put in place to authorize medical professionals to
routinely salvage organs from cadavers for transplant. While this is feasible, it also
shows lack of respect and honor for the dead unless the deceased has given his or her
full permission for organ removal upon his or her death.
Journal Entry #12: Public Policy and Moral Codes
Meilaender claims that public policies should change to allow transplantation of
organs to meet the demand of organs needed by patients. He makes his claims from a
business point of view which insinuates that organs are commodities to be traded;
buying and selling for profit, however, our moral sentiments cannot accept such type of
business to flourish, as it is morally unsound to buy and sell organs for profit.
Profiteering from human organs is lack of respect for human dignity; it is for such reason
that the National Organ Transplant Act of 1984 was implemented to prevent such
manner of economic cannibalism. Meilaender does not acknowledge the fact that our
inherent moral code as human being is rooted in our fundamental human responses,
which means that there are things that we view as commercially viable for business or
financial incentives and other whose intrinsic value cannot be pegged financial
incentives and kidney or organ transplant is one of them.
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Meilaender also claims that we must view the human body as a natural object
which is available for use; he uses this claim to justify the use of cadavers for organ
transplant. A human body is not a natural object to be used with anyone at his or her
disposal; its value is divine and should be respected. He claims that organs should be
sold rather than given freely, which goes against the current system where a donor is
free to give without any financial inducement. He also claims that financial inducement
will increase the number of organs available for transplantation, which is plausible but
the cost benefits risk ratio will be profoundly high. Our moral and ethics does not view
human organs as commodities to be traded, but as a altruistic duty and responsibility for
each and every one of us to donate with a goal for saving live and not for financial profit.
However, the modern society is corrupt and has expanded the moral boundaries for
selling organs for money.
Meilaender claims that there are limits to money being used as a medium of
exchange; he also compares Michael Walzer recounts to illustrate his claim, which
makes sense, as there is limits to what money can be used as a medium of exchange.
Kidney sales or sale of human fits perfectly to those things which money should not be
used as a medium of exchange. Despite sale of human organs is acceptable in other
countries, which is as a result of institutional failures or illegal business cannot be used
as grounds for supporting the sale of human organ.
Journal Entry #12: Human dignity and Organs from Cadavers
In his essay, Charles Krauthammer asserts the view that selling human organs of
the dead is violating and degrading human dignity. This insinuates that the dead are
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commodities for human organs which degrade their dignity. Meilander uses the
language of catastrophe to claim to justify how severe the shortage of human organs is.
The plan by the State of Pennsylvania to compensate family of the deceased organ
donor by covering the funeral expenses is weak and does little to avert the problem.
Pennsylvania intends to incorporate the compensation plan into its organ-donation
program. The challenge to this program is the moral sentiments of many who will be
reluctant to be persuaded by this incentive. “Strip-mining” dead bodies will not be
successful endeavors, as families of deceased cannot abide to selfish actions of
procuring of organs through this means. Our society is filled with families which are
morally repugnance towards such plans. Meilanders claims that by assigning firms the
job of “strip-mining” dead bodies this will help to avert the shortage of organ donors. The
idea is far-fetched as our morals cannot allow us to deprive dead bodies, who are our
loved ones, the decency and dignity even if they are dead. Meilaender point of view
capitalizes on the dead and view them as commodities whose only values is the human
organs. Our moral wisdom is against organ donation from deceased whether for sale or
merely giving; unless if the deceased wishes to do so through granting his or her
consent to the family. The case of a patient grant consent for organ donation near death
is accepted and morally sound as well, as Meilaender ascertains it in the example
where he explains that Robert Arnold and Stuart Youngner are of the case in point,
where a patient in ventilator-dependent life support machine can request that a life
support be removed and his or her organs removed for donation.
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Journal Entry # 13: Website Evaluation
A website is an information hub and should be highly intuitive, sleek design and
features and rich in vital information.
As I was evaluating my job prospects at www.careerbuilders.com I found the
website very resourceful in terms of the accuracy of what I was looking for. I just
graduated from John Hopkins University with a Bachelors’ Degree in Information
Systems and after comparing the two website among others; www. Careerbuilders.com
and www.rileyguide.com, I found the website; www.careerbuilders.com to be more
resourceful. Www.Careerbuilder.com is a commercial website which allowed employers
to post their jobs as well as advertisements.
Www.Careerbuilder.com is an up-to-date website. The information on job
opportunities is current. The timeline at the bottom of the website indicates that it is a
website which constantly updated with new information on latest job opportunities. It is
also a pool for employers to search for high quality in human resource. All the links on
the website are functionally well without any hitches whatsoever.
Careebuilder.com is optimized for all learning styles. It was easy for me to
navigate through the menus. The menus are designed in such a way that it is easier for
a reader to look and identify what is relevant and specific for him or her. It is also highly
intuitive and a pragmatic learner can easily search around systematically. It is also good
for a spatial learner who is concerned and captivated by graphics.
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The design and features in www.Careerbuilder .com make it easier for a reader
to scroll through, as it is organized intuitively and in a systematic manner. The first
screen provides substantial information on the latest job opportunities available as well
as narrowing the job searching by audience, company and job titles which makes it
intuitive and simple for a reader to wade through the website.
The design and feature of the website also makes it hassle free to focus on the
subject or topic of interest or purpose. Www.Careerbuilder.com enhances a reader
focus and research time, as every information is arranged in a easy to navigate menu
and links which are full of substantial information thus saves time looking around the
internet for more information, as it is all available at your disposal.