Journal Entries 1
Name
Course
Tutor
Date
Journal Entries
Journal Entry #12: Thesis Statement
A still-living human body and...
Journal Entries 2
should be given to the dead; this can be done by not removing any of their vital organs
without their co...
Journal Entries 3
Journal Entry # 12: Commercialization of Kidney and Human Dignity
Gottlieb supports the sale of kidney b...
Journal Entries 4
Journal Entry # 12: Economic Disenfranchisement and Empowerment
Gottlieb rallying behind the poor by exp...
Journal Entries 5
also within an individual’s choice to rise above the challenges to make it in America,
despite the obsta...
Journal Entries 6
Journal Entry #12: “Weakness” associated with Transplanting Technology
Gilbert Meilaender claims that tr...
Journal Entries 7
Meilaender also claims that we must view the human body as a natural object
which is available for use; ...
Journal Entries 8
commodities for human organs which degrade their dignity. Meilander uses the
language of catastrophe to ...
Journal Entries 9
Journal Entry # 13: Website Evaluation
Thesis Statement
A website is an information hub and should be hi...
Journal Entries 10
The design and features in www.Careerbuilder .com make it easier for a reader
to scroll through, as it ...
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Journal entries part iii

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Journal entries part iii

  1. 1. Journal Entries 1 Name Course Tutor Date Journal Entries Journal Entry #12: Thesis Statement A still-living human body and a newly dead body should be treated with the same degree of respect and dignity. Dead bodies and newly dead bodies should be given the respect and dignity they deserve as the living humans, as their remains symbolizes a transition to the after-life, with the family and friends making funeral arrangements is a sign that they will always remember the dead body by the graveside. The grave or epitaph serves a reminder of the life and memories of the deceased, so are the anniversaries and memorials. Removing organs from a dead body from the fact that is lifeless, is disrespecting to the deceased, our moral wisdom understand this very well, this explains why the family and relatives of the deceased hold onto the body until burial, for they pay respect to the life and memories of the deceased. Our moral wisdom will object to any efforts aiming at organ donation from the dead body unless if there is a clear consent from the deceased. Human life is divine in its essence and its inherent intrinsic value is one of those things money cannot buy. The same respect and dignity given to still-living humans
  2. 2. Journal Entries 2 should be given to the dead; this can be done by not removing any of their vital organs without their consent before death, as it goes against their wishes. They deserve the same respect and dignity given to them while alive. We should always uphold moral wisdom and respect for human life whether living or dead. Journal Entry # 12: Preserving Moral and Human Dignity Legalizing the sale of human organs in this case, kidney is morally degrading the human life. Kidney like any other human organ is not a commodity to be sold, as its intrinsic value is not monetary. Gottlieb argues that selling of kidneys will translate into saving life whereas at the same time he understands that it will affect the life expectancy of the donor. The current system of accepting kidneys only cadavers and good Samaritan is morally acceptable as it upholds moral and human dignity. Human life cannot be valued in terms of worth, as its intrinsic value is infinite; therefore Gottlieb’s argument of allowing sale of kidneys is undermining the very intrinsic value of human life. The government has failed in terms of creating altruistic environment which encourages good Samaritans and well-wishers to come forth and donate their kidney. “Harvesting” kidneys from the dead is lack of respect and honor for the dead, as despite the dead body being lifeless and mortal, it does not mean that it does not dignity. Gottlieb tries to justify by explaining that kidneys from cadavers have a 50 percent lower life span and function compared to a kidney from a live donor. However, this does not serve to justify the sale of kidney or any other human organ. It demeans human life and dignity.
  3. 3. Journal Entries 3 Journal Entry # 12: Commercialization of Kidney and Human Dignity Gottlieb supports the sale of kidney by capitalizing on the egoism of the bureaucrats’ legislations and institutions. Gottlieb using institutions such as Medicare to support the sale of kidney is demeaning to human life. Selling of human organ has been a subject which has faced moral repugnancies. Gottlieb uses the willingness and ability of the insurers and federal government to perpetuate commercializing of kidney and human organs in a free market economy. Calculating the amount of money saved per year for 17 years in an established system where a kidney can be accepted from dead patients and good Samaritans is morally apprehensive. The federal law instituted in 1984 punishing anyone who sells any organ knew the weaknesses and selfish aspects of the human ego. Without law we would abuse our liberties thus laws were created to maintain order and productivity in our civilization. Donating kidney either voluntary or involuntary has certain sets of ramifications on the health and life of the donor thus a donor is also sacrificing his or her own life, which can be a worthy cause towards saving the life of a loved one. The government through Medicare has contributed to the profit seeking aspect of kidney donation which encourages businesses to capitalize and flourish from the live kidney donation in exchange for handsome payouts. Commercialization of kidneys and human organs is moral bankruptcy of the highest degree, as it promotes rise in black market trade where people are killed and their organs ripped off for sale.
  4. 4. Journal Entries 4 Journal Entry # 12: Economic Disenfranchisement and Empowerment Gottlieb rallying behind the poor by explaining that poverty is the result of imbalances in economic opportunity is in to some extent misleading. While it is true that black and Hispanics comprises of the minorities who are economically disadvantaged, it does not justify that selling kidneys or human organs is the only option for these minorities to participate in the distribution of wealth. Minorities’ selling their kidney to level the distribution of wealth playfield does not solve their economic and social problem which is rooted in historical and economic disenfranchisement as a result of racism. Minimum wage poses economic and social challenges to whites, blacks and Hispanics. It is a problem that cuts across the racial divide, however, underpinning the blacks and Hispanics economic disempowerment by explaining how selling the organs would help the blacks and Hispanics who are disadvantaged is misleading argument which Gottlieb uses to support his argument. It is the responsibility of the government to uphold the Thomas Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence, where he sums up that every American is equal and must be provided with the same opportunities to practice his or her liberty. In his argument, Gottlieb fails to understand that poverty among blacks and Hispanics is a multifaceted problem which is historical, racial, institutional, economical and individual in scopes. The economic principles of the American economy are capitalistic and free market economy, in which every American is free to partake or indulge in commerce or enterprise to uplift his or her life. As much as poverty is a multifaceted problem which the government must exercise commitment to combat, it is
  5. 5. Journal Entries 5 also within an individual’s choice to rise above the challenges to make it in America, despite the obstacles. Journal Entry #12: Moral and Economic Corruption Critics argue that kidney sales will eventually lead to a slippery slope towards selling other, essential organs. This is true as the legalizing of kidney sales will eventually lead to sale of other essential organs which would lead to corruption of economic and moral proportions as people will indulge in vicious illegal activities such as murder to rip off innocent lives of vital organs in order to earn a living. Gottlieb justifies the slippery slope argument when he tries to convince the reader for example, by legalizing abortion when a condom breaks means people be less careful about birth control, thereby increasing abortions. This argument is hypothetical and does not serve to cover the glaring reality and implications if kidney sales are allowed. The fact that legislators would pass into bill selling of kidney and forbids the sale of other essential organs is implausible. Allocating kidney using the free market system would brew economic and moral disasters, as people will be willing to go under the knife for reasons such down payment for a new house, paying for college fees among other reasons this does not justify the sale of kidney as a means to an end, while saving lives is a worthy cause there has to be a better way of “enticing” people to donate their kidneys. Financial incentive provided by Medicare or any other insurer will perpetuate moral and economic corruption.
  6. 6. Journal Entries 6 Journal Entry #12: “Weakness” associated with Transplanting Technology Gilbert Meilaender claims that transplant technology despite its advancement conceals a great deal of suffering for donor patients donating their kidneys. He claims that donors are usually misinformed or unaware of the repercussions that results from kidney transplants. Meilaender claims that since people are hesitant towards kidney donation, legislation should be put in place to authorize medical professionals to routinely salvage organs from cadavers for transplant. While this is feasible, it also shows lack of respect and honor for the dead unless the deceased has given his or her full permission for organ removal upon his or her death. Journal Entry #12: Public Policy and Moral Codes Meilaender claims that public policies should change to allow transplantation of organs to meet the demand of organs needed by patients. He makes his claims from a business point of view which insinuates that organs are commodities to be traded; buying and selling for profit, however, our moral sentiments cannot accept such type of business to flourish, as it is morally unsound to buy and sell organs for profit. Profiteering from human organs is lack of respect for human dignity; it is for such reason that the National Organ Transplant Act of 1984 was implemented to prevent such manner of economic cannibalism. Meilaender does not acknowledge the fact that our inherent moral code as human being is rooted in our fundamental human responses, which means that there are things that we view as commercially viable for business or financial incentives and other whose intrinsic value cannot be pegged financial incentives and kidney or organ transplant is one of them.
  7. 7. Journal Entries 7 Meilaender also claims that we must view the human body as a natural object which is available for use; he uses this claim to justify the use of cadavers for organ transplant. A human body is not a natural object to be used with anyone at his or her disposal; its value is divine and should be respected. He claims that organs should be sold rather than given freely, which goes against the current system where a donor is free to give without any financial inducement. He also claims that financial inducement will increase the number of organs available for transplantation, which is plausible but the cost benefits risk ratio will be profoundly high. Our moral and ethics does not view human organs as commodities to be traded, but as a altruistic duty and responsibility for each and every one of us to donate with a goal for saving live and not for financial profit. However, the modern society is corrupt and has expanded the moral boundaries for selling organs for money. Meilaender claims that there are limits to money being used as a medium of exchange; he also compares Michael Walzer recounts to illustrate his claim, which makes sense, as there is limits to what money can be used as a medium of exchange. Kidney sales or sale of human fits perfectly to those things which money should not be used as a medium of exchange. Despite sale of human organs is acceptable in other countries, which is as a result of institutional failures or illegal business cannot be used as grounds for supporting the sale of human organ. Journal Entry #12: Human dignity and Organs from Cadavers In his essay, Charles Krauthammer asserts the view that selling human organs of the dead is violating and degrading human dignity. This insinuates that the dead are
  8. 8. Journal Entries 8 commodities for human organs which degrade their dignity. Meilander uses the language of catastrophe to claim to justify how severe the shortage of human organs is. The plan by the State of Pennsylvania to compensate family of the deceased organ donor by covering the funeral expenses is weak and does little to avert the problem. Pennsylvania intends to incorporate the compensation plan into its organ-donation program. The challenge to this program is the moral sentiments of many who will be reluctant to be persuaded by this incentive. “Strip-mining” dead bodies will not be successful endeavors, as families of deceased cannot abide to selfish actions of procuring of organs through this means. Our society is filled with families which are morally repugnance towards such plans. Meilanders claims that by assigning firms the job of “strip-mining” dead bodies this will help to avert the shortage of organ donors. The idea is far-fetched as our morals cannot allow us to deprive dead bodies, who are our loved ones, the decency and dignity even if they are dead. Meilaender point of view capitalizes on the dead and view them as commodities whose only values is the human organs. Our moral wisdom is against organ donation from deceased whether for sale or merely giving; unless if the deceased wishes to do so through granting his or her consent to the family. The case of a patient grant consent for organ donation near death is accepted and morally sound as well, as Meilaender ascertains it in the example where he explains that Robert Arnold and Stuart Youngner are of the case in point, where a patient in ventilator-dependent life support machine can request that a life support be removed and his or her organs removed for donation.
  9. 9. Journal Entries 9 Journal Entry # 13: Website Evaluation Thesis Statement A website is an information hub and should be highly intuitive, sleek design and features and rich in vital information. As I was evaluating my job prospects at www.careerbuilders.com I found the website very resourceful in terms of the accuracy of what I was looking for. I just graduated from John Hopkins University with a Bachelors’ Degree in Information Systems and after comparing the two website among others; www. Careerbuilders.com and www.rileyguide.com, I found the website; www.careerbuilders.com to be more resourceful. Www.Careerbuilder.com is a commercial website which allowed employers to post their jobs as well as advertisements. Www.Careerbuilder.com is an up-to-date website. The information on job opportunities is current. The timeline at the bottom of the website indicates that it is a website which constantly updated with new information on latest job opportunities. It is also a pool for employers to search for high quality in human resource. All the links on the website are functionally well without any hitches whatsoever. Careebuilder.com is optimized for all learning styles. It was easy for me to navigate through the menus. The menus are designed in such a way that it is easier for a reader to look and identify what is relevant and specific for him or her. It is also highly intuitive and a pragmatic learner can easily search around systematically. It is also good for a spatial learner who is concerned and captivated by graphics.
  10. 10. Journal Entries 10 The design and features in www.Careerbuilder .com make it easier for a reader to scroll through, as it is organized intuitively and in a systematic manner. The first screen provides substantial information on the latest job opportunities available as well as narrowing the job searching by audience, company and job titles which makes it intuitive and simple for a reader to wade through the website. The design and feature of the website also makes it hassle free to focus on the subject or topic of interest or purpose. Www.Careerbuilder.com enhances a reader focus and research time, as every information is arranged in a easy to navigate menu and links which are full of substantial information thus saves time looking around the internet for more information, as it is all available at your disposal.

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