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Tree Installation     andEstablishment
Select Tree Species to Fit Site             •Function or use              •Adaptability           •Soil characteristics   ...
Nursery Stock TypesContainer            Balled grown                and                   burlapped            Grow       ...
Container Grown Trees                        Advantages                        • Ease of handling                        •...
Distorted Roots                              1Spiraling and other                          2deformities can cause 3girdlin...
Standards for Container Grown Trees                   Minimum        Minimum tree      Minimum tree Trunk caliper         ...
Small Container Standards
Balled and Burlapped Trees                     Advantages                     • Traditional method                     • N...
Tree Ball Methods
High/Low Profile Baskets
Standards for Balled and Burlapped Trees                  Minimum ball                                    Minimum tree    ...
Tree Ball Standards---1-1/4 Inch Caliper
Tree Ball Standards---2 Inch Caliper
Tree Ball Standards---3 Inch Caliper
Bare Root Trees                  Advantages                  • Reduced weight                  • Less costly              ...
Standards for Bare Root TreesCaliper (inches)   Average height range (feet)   Minimum root spread (inches)       .5       ...
Other Tree Growing Systems             RPM SYSTEM    Forrest Keeling Nursery, Elsberry, MO
Fibrous Roots   RPM roots      Conventional                  seedling                                 FibrousRPM and other...
Desirable Tree Characteristics                       • Pleasing proportions 1-1/2                 • Vigorous growth Inch C...
Protect Trees During Transport
TreePlanting
Use Correct Technique                        • Tree planting                          knowledge is not                    ...
What’s Wrong With This Picture?                          • Hole Too                            Small                      ...
Outmoded Planting Practices                         • Routine stakes,                           trunk wrap, soil          ...
Recommended Planting Technique
Check Rootball or Container for Excess Soilover Root System
Remove soil from ball top if needed
Recommended Planting Technique
Recommended Planting Technique
AFA Tree Planting Method
Planted Tree, No Stakes
Standard Planting with Stakes                         • For windy                           locations or                  ...
Optional Berm Planting                     • For compacted or                       shallow soils                     • Ma...
Root Development in Berm
Subsurface Planting Drain                            • For poorly                              drained soils              ...
Low Berm After Planting     Powell Gardens
Extra Large Berm With Groundcover   Powell Gardens
PlantingAftercare
Watering                                  From HydrantTruck Mounted TankApply equivalent of 1” rain perweek               ...
Re-mulching                   No “volcano” mulchingReplace organicmulch every 1-2years, 2-3” deep
Remove Stakes and Wrap                     •Stakes no                     longer than                     one year        ...
Additional Trunk Protection May BeRequired
Prune planted trees minimally                                Begin                                routine                 ...
•Select trees to fit site•Purchase vigorous trees with well-formed branches and roots•Determine correct planting technique...
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Tree installation and establishment ppt

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Tree installation and establishment ppt

  1. 1. Tree Installation andEstablishment
  2. 2. Select Tree Species to Fit Site •Function or use •Adaptability •Soil characteristics •Pest susceptibility •Maintenance requirements
  3. 3. Nursery Stock TypesContainer Balled grown and burlapped Grow Bare Potted bags root
  4. 4. Container Grown Trees Advantages • Ease of handling • Extends planting time • Lightweight soil • Many species, sizes available • Normally under 2” caliper Disadvantages • May distort roots
  5. 5. Distorted Roots 1Spiraling and other 2deformities can cause 3girdling roots, treeinstability, and otherfuture problems!
  6. 6. Standards for Container Grown Trees Minimum Minimum tree Minimum tree Trunk caliper Maximum tree container size height on height on slower (inches)1 height (gallons) standard trees grown trees 1 5 6 5 10 2 20 10 8 14 3 45 12 9.5 16 4 95 14 10.5 18 5 951 Trunk diameter (caliper) is measured 6 inches from the ground unlesstrunk is more than 4 inches caliper. If so, measure trunk caliper 12 inchesabove ground. Source: American Standard for Nursery Stock ANSI 60.1,and Florida Grades and Standards for Nursery Stock
  7. 7. Small Container Standards
  8. 8. Balled and Burlapped Trees Advantages • Traditional method • No bound roots • Over 2” caliper Disadvantages • Heavy • Limited time for lifting • 90%+ roots lost • Establishment time • May have extra soil over roots
  9. 9. Tree Ball Methods
  10. 10. High/Low Profile Baskets
  11. 11. Standards for Balled and Burlapped Trees Minimum ball Minimum tree Minimum treeTrunk caliper diameter on field Maximum tree height on height on slower (inches)1 grown shade height standard trees grown trees trees 1 16 6 5 10 2 24 10 8 14 3 32 12 9.5 16 4 42 14 10.5 18 5 541 Trunk diameter (caliper) is measured 6 inches from the ground unlesstrunk is more than 4 inches caliper. If so, measure trunk caliper 12 inchesabove ground. Source: American Standard for Nursery Stock ANSI 60.1,and Florida Grades and Standards for Nursery Stock.
  12. 12. Tree Ball Standards---1-1/4 Inch Caliper
  13. 13. Tree Ball Standards---2 Inch Caliper
  14. 14. Tree Ball Standards---3 Inch Caliper
  15. 15. Bare Root Trees Advantages • Reduced weight • Less costly • Permits full examination of roots Disadvantages • Limited planting time • Specialized handling • Usually wholesale only
  16. 16. Standards for Bare Root TreesCaliper (inches) Average height range (feet) Minimum root spread (inches) .5 5-6 12 .75 6-8 16 1 8-10 18 1.25 8-10 20 1.5 10-12 22 1.75 10-12 24 2 12-14 28 2.5 12-14 32 3 14-16 38Source: American Standard for Nursery Stock, ANSI Z60.1 published byAmerican Association of Nurserymen, Washington D.C.
  17. 17. Other Tree Growing Systems RPM SYSTEM Forrest Keeling Nursery, Elsberry, MO
  18. 18. Fibrous Roots RPM roots Conventional seedling FibrousRPM and other systems container rootspromote manybranched, fibrous roots
  19. 19. Desirable Tree Characteristics • Pleasing proportions 1-1/2 • Vigorous growth Inch Caliper, • Bright green cambium B&B • Evenly spaced branches • No narrow branch angles • Straight trunk • No wounds • Well formed roots, kept moist
  20. 20. Protect Trees During Transport
  21. 21. TreePlanting
  22. 22. Use Correct Technique • Tree planting knowledge is not innate • More than one way to plant
  23. 23. What’s Wrong With This Picture? • Hole Too Small • Roots Too Deep
  24. 24. Outmoded Planting Practices • Routine stakes, trunk wrap, soil berm • Narrow hole • Underdug hole • Soil amendments • Cut back branches
  25. 25. Recommended Planting Technique
  26. 26. Check Rootball or Container for Excess Soilover Root System
  27. 27. Remove soil from ball top if needed
  28. 28. Recommended Planting Technique
  29. 29. Recommended Planting Technique
  30. 30. AFA Tree Planting Method
  31. 31. Planted Tree, No Stakes
  32. 32. Standard Planting with Stakes • For windy locations or small root system • To protect stem • Use non-abrasive ties, low on stem • Allow tree to flex • Remove ties, stakes ASAP
  33. 33. Optional Berm Planting • For compacted or shallow soils • May be used in lieu of standard planting • Stakes, ties, optional
  34. 34. Root Development in Berm
  35. 35. Subsurface Planting Drain • For poorly drained soils • Run drain to daylight
  36. 36. Low Berm After Planting Powell Gardens
  37. 37. Extra Large Berm With Groundcover Powell Gardens
  38. 38. PlantingAftercare
  39. 39. Watering From HydrantTruck Mounted TankApply equivalent of 1” rain perweek Watering Bag
  40. 40. Re-mulching No “volcano” mulchingReplace organicmulch every 1-2years, 2-3” deep
  41. 41. Remove Stakes and Wrap •Stakes no longer than one year •Remove wrap before first growing season
  42. 42. Additional Trunk Protection May BeRequired
  43. 43. Prune planted trees minimally Begin routine pruning 3 years after planting
  44. 44. •Select trees to fit site•Purchase vigorous trees with well-formed branches and roots•Determine correct planting techniquefor site•Follow-up with good maintenance

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