<ul><li>Cover the planting area with 3 inches of mulch. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not pile mulch against the trunk! </li></ul>
<ul><li>Remove all ties and any stakes that came with the tree! </li></ul>
Staking & Guying <ul><li>Staking may be needed to protect the tree from equipment and people. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not guy...
 
Staking <ul><li>Staking should be avoided if possible </li></ul><ul><li>Staking may help protect the tree from vandalism <...
Watering <ul><li>Water is the single most important need of newly planted trees. </li></ul><ul><li>Moist but not wet </li>...
Mulch <ul><li>Conserves moisture </li></ul><ul><li>Retards grass and weeds </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces soil temperature </li...
Not enough mulch
Too much mulch
The best case scenario
Other important points <ul><li>Fertilization is often not recommended at the time of planting </li></ul><ul><li>Pruning im...
More points <ul><li>Tree guards maybe useful but need to be lose fitting and allow for air circulation </li></ul><ul><li>A...
Transplanting <ul><li>In general the best time to transplant is in the early spring or late fall when the tree is dormant ...
Transplanting <ul><li>1 st  cuts made with sharp axe- clean cuts, avoid tearing or breaking roots </li></ul><ul><li>If dug...
Tree Spade <ul><li>Mechanical tree digger that comes in various sizes </li></ul><ul><li>If a spade is used to dig the plan...
Transplanting <ul><li>After trees are dug from the field they are </li></ul><ul><li>sometimes  Hardened off  in a protecte...
Transplanting Size <ul><li>Measure 12” above the root flare (hopefully ground level) to determine diameter </li></ul><ul><...
Wrong tree for your driveway
Wrong site for any tree
Wrong tree for a small site
Wrong site
Too close to van
Wrong species for the tree lawn
What wrong with this planting?
 
Planting space too small
Root Girdled Tree
Twine not removed at planting
Girdling root
Key Terms <ul><li>Balled and Burlapped </li></ul><ul><li>Bare root </li></ul><ul><li>Container grown </li></ul><ul><li>Con...
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Isa tree planting second half

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Isa tree planting second half

  1. 1. <ul><li>Cover the planting area with 3 inches of mulch. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not pile mulch against the trunk! </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Remove all ties and any stakes that came with the tree! </li></ul>
  3. 3. Staking & Guying <ul><li>Staking may be needed to protect the tree from equipment and people. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not guy a tree if it is not needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Try to select trees that do not need guying. </li></ul><ul><li>Remove the guy wire as soon as not needed </li></ul>
  4. 5. Staking <ul><li>Staking should be avoided if possible </li></ul><ul><li>Staking may help protect the tree from vandalism </li></ul><ul><li>Do not drive stake through the root ball </li></ul><ul><li>Allow for flexibility, it is important for the trees growth for it to be able to move some </li></ul><ul><li>Trees greater then 4” are often supported by guying </li></ul><ul><li>Sakes and guys should be removed after one growing season whenever possible </li></ul>
  5. 6. Watering <ul><li>Water is the single most important need of newly planted trees. </li></ul><ul><li>Moist but not wet </li></ul><ul><li>Water about once a week = to one inch of rain. </li></ul><ul><li>When it rains enough, don’t water </li></ul>
  6. 7. Mulch <ul><li>Conserves moisture </li></ul><ul><li>Retards grass and weeds </li></ul><ul><li>Reduces soil temperature </li></ul><ul><li>Adds organic matter </li></ul><ul><li>Keeps your mower away from the tree!!!! </li></ul>
  7. 8. Not enough mulch
  8. 9. Too much mulch
  9. 10. The best case scenario
  10. 11. Other important points <ul><li>Fertilization is often not recommended at the time of planting </li></ul><ul><li>Pruning immediately after planting should only be done to remove diseased, dying or damaged limbs </li></ul><ul><li>Trunk wrap is generally not recommended and if used should be removed after one year </li></ul>
  11. 12. More points <ul><li>Tree guards maybe useful but need to be lose fitting and allow for air circulation </li></ul><ul><li>A rule of thumb for re-establishment after transplanting is one year for each inch of caliper (it sometimes possible for smaller trees to recover more quickly then larger ones) </li></ul>
  12. 13. Transplanting <ul><li>In general the best time to transplant is in the early spring or late fall when the tree is dormant </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes very large trees are dug in the winter when the ground is frozen, this does less damage to the root ball and surrounding area </li></ul><ul><li>Root pruning can greatly increase the amount of absorbing roots in the ball when it is dug (digging around in a radius smaller then root ball will produce new root growth within the ball for future harvest) </li></ul>
  13. 14. Transplanting <ul><li>1 st cuts made with sharp axe- clean cuts, avoid tearing or breaking roots </li></ul><ul><li>If dug with machinery, dig the ball several inches larger then needed so final cuts can be made by hand </li></ul><ul><li>Ball should taper, wider at the top then the base </li></ul><ul><li>Burlap is held together by nails and large balls are ‘drum laced’ with rope to hold them together </li></ul>
  14. 15. Tree Spade <ul><li>Mechanical tree digger that comes in various sizes </li></ul><ul><li>If a spade is used to dig the planting hole, the whole should be widened and roughened to prevent glazing and encourage new root growth </li></ul><ul><li>Digging and planting trees on a slope can be a problem with a tree spade </li></ul>
  15. 16. Transplanting <ul><li>After trees are dug from the field they are </li></ul><ul><li>sometimes Hardened off in a protected </li></ul><ul><li>holding area </li></ul>
  16. 17. Transplanting Size <ul><li>Measure 12” above the root flare (hopefully ground level) to determine diameter </li></ul><ul><li>10” of ball for each 1” of trunk a rule of thumb (for MINIMUM ball size) </li></ul><ul><li>In general a root ball depth 30-36” is enough </li></ul>
  17. 18. Wrong tree for your driveway
  18. 19. Wrong site for any tree
  19. 20. Wrong tree for a small site
  20. 21. Wrong site
  21. 22. Too close to van
  22. 23. Wrong species for the tree lawn
  23. 24. What wrong with this planting?
  24. 26. Planting space too small
  25. 27. Root Girdled Tree
  26. 28. Twine not removed at planting
  27. 29. Girdling root
  28. 30. Key Terms <ul><li>Balled and Burlapped </li></ul><ul><li>Bare root </li></ul><ul><li>Container grown </li></ul><ul><li>Containerized </li></ul><ul><li>Drum laced </li></ul><ul><li>Girdling root </li></ul><ul><li>Guying </li></ul><ul><li>Hardened off </li></ul><ul><li>Perched water table </li></ul><ul><li>Planting specifications </li></ul><ul><li>Root ball </li></ul><ul><li>Root pruning </li></ul><ul><li>Staking </li></ul><ul><li>Transplant shock </li></ul><ul><li>Tree spade </li></ul><ul><li>Tree wrap </li></ul><ul><li>Wire basket </li></ul>

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