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  • Pg 18Objective 1-1.1.5This is a new sub-objective that has been added to the exam objectives and targets this pointing device. If possible, have a notebook available in the classroom that students can use to try the touchpad even if they aren’t using it on a regular basis. As notebooks are so popular, this pointing device now needs to be addressed.Take note that the Mac has only one button associated with the touchpad and you need to use that button to select and activate items; there is no matching option to tap the touchpad to select something, you must press the button to actually select or activate the item.
  • Pg 18Objective 1-1.1.5This was an addition to exam objectives as many new notebooks have the capability to record audio. Some computers will still need a microphone to be purchased but the ability to capture and edit sound is much easier than in earlier years.Be prepared to discuss how much microphones may cost and the different styles, especially with a Mac versus PC.
  • Pg 20Objective 1-1.1.6Give examples of how the devices can be used.If you have access to a biometric device such as a thumb device or a card that can be shown as to how security is restricted. Most common place biometric devices are cards or keypads, e.g., swiping a card before you can enter a building. You may want to include other types of devices that exist which are not readily available as yet, e.g., retina scanners.
  • Pg 20Objective 1-1.1.6Have a discussion with the class in regards to devices that are now more readily available for those with physical challenges. This is an example of how technology has enhanced the lives of those who previously had no access or limited ability to share information with others.
  • Pg 21Objective 1-1.1.7Discuss these specific output devices, with examples of when or how they can be used, especially the last point dealing with devices for physically challenged users.
  • Pg 23Objective 1-1.1.8This objective discusses what a device driver is and why it is important to consider these, especially if updating software for different operating systems. Device drivers provide a translation function between the operating system and the device itself – they basically speak different languages and cannot understand each other without something to translate the commands and instructions into the native languages of the two. That’s why the same USB printer can be used on a Mac, Windows, and a Linux system – it uses different drivers for each operating system. You may want to give an example of upgrading to the new Windows 7 operating system. This new version enables you to work with Windows as if it was the XP version but with the Vista back engine. This can cause some issues for devices that may have been created specifically for Windows and new device drivers are not readily available, nor a previous device that matches what you have, e.g., printer purchased recently was released specifically to work with Vista systems.
  • L04 slides

    1. 1. Lesson 4: Using Input/Output Devices • input/output devices • common input devices • common output devices • specialized devices • how a device connects • what a port is • what a device driver is© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 1
    2. 2. What are Input/Output Devices? • Enables communication between user and computer • Three classifications of Input/Output devices: − Send information to computer − Display or transmit information from computer − Communicate between computers • Input device − Anything used to enter data into computer • Output device − Anything used to display data on or from computer© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 2
    3. 3. Using the Keyboard • Input device used to send information to computer • Input alphanumeric data or instruct computer via series of keystrokes Escape Key Function Keys Ctrl Key Alt Key Numeric Keypad Windows Key Cursor Movement Keys© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 3
    4. 4. Using the Keyboard • Some keyboards ergonomically designed to reduce or prevent stress on wrists • Some keyboards contain buttons to enhance multimedia experience • Regardless of keyboard type, same keys are available for document processing • Special keyboards can be purchased for game enthusiasts or for people with disabilities© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 4
    5. 5. Using the Keyboard Executes typed command, performs selected option, marks end of line, or creates blank line. Deletes one character to left of flashing cursor; may show as left arrow (). Also on numeric keypad as ; deletes character above or to right of flashing cursor. Inserts blank space between words or sentences. Cancels current selection, or generates special code for computer; called Escape key. Advances cursor to right by specified number of spaces in word processing program, or to next cell in spreadsheet program. Selects uppercase letters for typewriter keys and punctuation symbols on number keys. Can use with other keys to perform function or task.© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 5
    6. 6. Using the Keyboard Locks letter keys to produce only uppercase characters. Provides secondary meaning or function for specific keys. Displays Start menu. Displays shortcut menu similar to right-clicking item. Options in menu depend on where mouse pointer was when key pressed. Provides secondary meaning or function for specific keys. Move cursor up, down, left or right. Located between typewriter keys and numeric keypad. Captures information on screen and sends to Windows Clipboard. Toggle (start and stop) scrolling display of data on screen. + Stop or freeze computer, then continues when any key pressed; sends Break code to computer to unfreeze or unhang computer.© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 6
    7. 7. Using the Keyboard Function Keys • Located along top row • Labeled through to − Each key assigned special meaning or function in application programs − Primary purpose to provide shortcut for commonly used commands Cursor and Numeric Keypad • Can toggle on and off by pressing key − When on, pad becomes calculator or numeric pad − When off, pad becomes arrow or cursor movement pad© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 7
    8. 8. Using Pointing Devices • Enables you to select or activate items on screen by placing pointer arrow on item and performing required action • Traditional pointer device is a mouse − Move mouse on flat surface causes mouse to initiate movement reflected by pointer on monitor − Traditional mouse uses ball that rotates to initiate movement as you move mouse device − Trackball has ball on side where your thumb rests; rotate ball to move pointer − Newer mouse models use optical light or diode technology to move pointer on screen© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 8
    9. 9. Using the Mouse Click Point mouse cursor at item, then press left mouse button once and release button to select item. Double-Click Point mouse cursor at item and then click left mouse button twice quickly to initiate programs or open files. Right-Click Point mouse cursor at item and then click right mouse button to display shortcut menu. Left Drag Press and hold left mouse button while moving mouse moves items or selects multiple items. Right Drag Press and hold right mouse button while moving mouse moves or copies items. When button released, shortcut menu appears for further command selection. Middle Wheel Customize to perform certain actions, e.g., use wheel to scroll or Button up or down. Thumb Buttons Customize buttons where thumb rests for specific tasks.© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 9
    10. 10. Using Pointing Devices • To select items, grasp mouse with palm down and index finger gently resting on left button − Slide mouse flat along desk and mouse pointer moves in same direction on screen − If run out of space on desk, lift mouse and place in new position on desk, and continue moving • To cancel any option, click left button anywhere on screen away from option being selected • Available in traditional style or as wireless devices • Can work with PC or Mac© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 10
    11. 11. Using Pointing Devices • Touchpad enables you to use finger to move pointer − Has two buttons that work as left and right mouse buttons • To move pointer around on screen, place finger on touchpad and glide in direction for pointer to move • To select item, position pointer over item and then tap touchpad once or click left button • To activate item, position pointer over item and then tap touchpad twice in quick succession or double-click left button • To drag item, position pointer over item, press , and glide finger on touchpad to required location • To display shortcut menu, position pointer over item and then click right button • Can work with PC or Mac© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 11
    12. 12. Using Microphones • Record sounds and convert into digital format for use on computer • Specialized software recognizes voice and converts what you say into text characters on screen − Very beneficial for users with special needs • Not usually included with computer − Large variety and quality of microphones available for purchase© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 12
    13. 13. Looking at the Monitor • Output device that enables you to view information computer displays • All have power switch, brightness and contrast controls to adjust screen image • Come in variety of sizes, resolutions, and types • Resolution, or monitor’s ability to display images − Measurement based on particular mathematical levels of sharpness and clarity − Factor in price • Flat screen monitors popular due to size as well for touch screen technology© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 13
    14. 14. Using Printers • Printers convert what is on screen into print using variety of print options • Many home users have inkjet-type printers for printing simple documents − Printers, ink cartridges, and paper lower in cost − Print quality quite good and they can print several pages per minute • For large amount of printing, laser printer set up on network for multiple users to share − Can choose from black-and-white or color laser printers − May contain several trays of varying paper sizes • Specific types of printers include plotter, photo printer, or all-in- one printer© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 14
    15. 15. Using Speakers • Play sounds saved as digital files • Different forms of sound files − Can be specific to music programs or generic for any player device − File format used to save sound file determines quality of audio file • Set of speakers may be included with computer as separate device to plug in, or may be incorporated into computer • Can purchase variety of speakers of different qualities© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 15
    16. 16. Looking at Input/Output Devices • Scanners − “Takes picture” of original and then converts to digital format − Software included with scanner determines degree of detail • Bar Code Reader − Scanner designed to reduce amount of data entry for routine transactions or verification of product − Scans or reads thin and thick lines and bar codes • Game Controllers or Joysticks − Designed to use with games − Variety of joysticks© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 16
    17. 17. Looking at Specialized Devices • Touch Screens − Use pen or stylus to select or activate items • Digital Cameras − Captures pictures and transfer directly to computer − View pictures using special cable on computer or television, or print using photo printer − Use flash cards to store more files • Webcam − Type of digital camera connected to take pictures and video to share live with others − Requires Internet connection and specialized software program − Some notebooks have built-in Webcam or can purchase separately© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 17
    18. 18. Looking at Specialized Devices • Remote Control − Can use to activate commands on projector or while running slideshow − Improve accessibility for people with impairments • Specialized Input Devices − Certain industries use specialized software − Work similar to other input devices to analyze data • Security Devices − Biometrics handle security issues for logon process and to maintain integrity of data on computer − Require unique identifier before can access computer© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 18
    19. 19. Looking at Specialized Devices • Accessibility Devices − Numerous devices available for people with physical challenges to improve ability to use computers − Voice recognition software − Specialized keyboards with overlays for tasks − Labels with Braille characters − Wireless devices activated using head or mouth© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 19
    20. 20. Looking at Specialized Devices • Projector − Connect to display presentation on screen only, surface such as wall-mounted screen, or both • Photo Printer − Print photographs on special photographic paper • Plotters − Specialized printers designed to print onto very large pieces of paper • Specialized Output Devices − Control devices to manage or control tasks • Voice Synthesizer − Assist people with physical challenges© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 20
    21. 21. Connecting Ports • Parallel • Network • Serial • Midi (musical instrument digitized interface) • SCSI (Small Computer System Interface) • Wireless devices • USB (Universal Serial Bus) • Adapters • Hubs© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 21
    22. 22. Using Software • Device driver − Mini-program tells operating system what kind of device it is, what make or brand it is, and its purpose − Main purpose is to enable communication between operating system and device • Plug-and-play − Automatically identifies new device connected so it looks for and installs device automatically − If cannot find right driver, will need to use software that came with device or search for driver on Internet • Important to have correct driver for device to work properly − If special features included with device, correct driver ensures features will be available© CCI Learning Solutions Inc. 22