This is up from 17 sites generating 92.9 mW in 2010. Some sites have multiple uses.
Muskegon County is proposing a wind turbine at the closed ash landfill. Eaton Rapids has proposed a solar array to be constructed at their closed landfill. The City of Ypsilanti is proposing a solar array at former City Landfill, and has
Michigan Energy Forum - Renewable Energy on Brownfields and Landfills - June 6, 2013
Michigan Energy Forum:Renewable Energy onBrownfields + LandfillsJune 6, 2013
2Michigan Energy ForumAlternative Energy On Brownfields + Landfills
3Overview Brownfield: real property, theexpansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which maybe complicated by the presence or potentialpresence of hazardous substance, pollutant, orcontaminant.
4Today’s Focus Alternative energy development on contaminatedsites……taking underutilized land or buildings andcreating a more productive use.
5altenerg.comSteel winds, Lake Eriethegreeneconomy.com
6Why? Liabilities into Assets Higher + better use of land Economic development Existing infrastructure Tackles three challenges: Urban revitalization Toxic waste cleanup Climate change
Michigan Energy ForumJune 6, 2013Landfill Gas UtilizationPresenter: Margie Ring, DEQ
Landfill Gas Usage in Michigan• Currently 37 of 48 active Municipal SolidWaste Landfills have active gas collectionsystems• Three closed landfills also utilize gas• 24 sites generate a total of 156.7 megawattsof electricity• 9 provide methane directly to off-site users• 3 use gas to power leachate evaporators• 6 collect and flare methane
Direct Use• Direct uses of landfill gas include piping gasdirectly to off-site users for power generation.Users include auto manufacturing plants,foundries and municipal governments• Three landfills operate High BTU Plants, whichtreat landfill gas and sell directly to gassuppliers
Landfill Gas Plant Owners andOperators in Michigan• Granger Energy• North American Natural Resources• Fortistar Methane Group• DTE Biomass Energy• WM Renewable Energy• EQ Energy Recovery• Landfill Energy Systems
Landfill Gas Plant Owners andOperators (cont.)• Ameresco• Shaw Environmental• Horizon LFG• City of Midland• Muskegon County
Brownfield Projects• DEQ is not aware of any active brownfieldredevelopment projects with a renewableenergy component.• However, three projects have been proposedat closed landfills – two solar arrays and onewind turbine
About Granger• Waste Services– Hauling—Est. 1966– Landfills (two)—Est. 1973 & 1984– Recycle—Est. 1989– Compost—Est. 1992• Energy Services– Electric—Est. 1990– Energy—Est. 1996• 220 Associates– Headquarters and main operationslocated in Lansing, Michigan
Granger collects tomorrow’senergy. We provide waste hauling,disposal and recycling servicesand produce renewable energyfrom landfill gas.
Landfill gas has ½ theBtu value of natural gas.It is a worthyenergy RESOURCE.
About Landfill Gas• Landfill gas is created from thedecomposition of material in landfills• The quantity and quality is influencedby; types and age of waste, theamount and types of organicwaste, and moisture content• Comprised of about 50% methane(CH4) and 50% carbon dioxide (CO2)and small amount of non-methaneorganic compounds (NMOC)
Production Benefits• 24/7/365 base load capacity• Reliable and available• Immediate source with no reservecapacity requirements• Long-term source – landfillsproduce gas at least 20-30 yearspost-closure
Community Benefits• Landfill gas use can create jobs associatedwith the design, construction and operation ofenergy recovery systems.– 70 FTE jobs created per each 3 megawattproject• Landfill gas projects involveengineers, construction firms, equipmentvendors and utilities or end-users of the powerproduced.• Businesses are also realizing the cost savingsassociated with using landfill gas as areplacement for fossil fuels, such as naturalgas.• Economic development opportunities andinvestment in community.– $1.7 million per megawatt to developSource: EPA
Jeremy McCallion Regional DirectorRenewable Energy: Brownfield SitesRegional DirectorJeremy McCallion
Jeremy McCallion Regional DirectorRe-Powering America Results• Since 2008, a compound annual growth of 40%• Portion of RE is small, shows mark growthSource: EPA
Jeremy McCallion Regional DirectorRe-Powering America Results• Majority of installations PV• Variety of ownership types• No installations in MISource: EPA
Jeremy McCallion Regional DirectorLocal Examples• Match RE-Powering America’s findings• Building specific Renewable Energy• Buildings also include variety of energyefficiency and sustainability features• Maximize federal and local tools
Jeremy McCallion Regional DirectorPiquette Square, Detroit, MI• 2011 Phoenix Award for NationalCommunity Impact• 4 Story, 150 unit apartment complex inNew Center• Provide homeless veterans withpermanent housing• Previous Studebaker Plant with over 80year of manufacturing and industrial use• Developed and managed by SouthwestSolutions. Built by O’Brien Construction• Variety of partners• Grants, loans, tax credits, bond funding ..
Jeremy McCallion Regional DirectorPiquette Square, Detroit, MI• Energy Efficiency• Windows with insulated glass• PVC membrane roofing• Super insulated walls and ceilings• Electrical fixtures and lightingcontrol system• Geothermal System• ―Hybrid‖ system• 4 pipe distribution system• Provide simultaneous heating andcooling water giving each residentability to control apartment settings• Other Features• Low VOC paints and products• Recycled content carpet• Within walking distance to publicamenities
Jeremy McCallion Regional DirectorFounders Landing, Marquette, MI• 29 acres with 3,600 linear feet of LakeSuperior Shoreline in downtownMarquette• Heavy industrial use for over 150 years• Mixed-Use Development• 2 to 3 story condos up to 5 stories• Suite Hotel• Commercial office and retail• Waterfront boardwalk• Walking/biking trails• Variety of partners• Local bonds, general fund andsupport, state and federal grants and taxincrement financing
Jeremy McCallion Regional Director• Energy Efficiency• Windows with insulated glass• Natural lighting• Natural ventilation• Hot air rise and exhausted and cool airredistributed• Super insulated walls and ceilings• Electrical fixtures and lightingcontrol system• Storm water infiltration and greywater reuse• Renewable Energy• Utilize natural ventilation from LakeSuperior• Passive Solar for pool• Passive solar collection / winterreflectance• PV on roofFounders Landing, Marquette, MI
Jeremy McCallion Regional DirectorSummary• New construction energy efficiency andrenewable energy is a viable option onbrownfield sites• Enables access to a variety of redevelopmentand energy incentives• Increases Return on Investment over life cycleof building ownership• Local support critically important
Jeremy McCallion Regional DirectorQuestions and AnswersJeremy McCallion, Regional DirectorAKT Peerless157 E. HooverAnn Arbor, MI email@example.com
Next Michigan Energy ForumEvent:September 12, 2013Energy Management Technologies