March 2011 - Michigan Energy Forum - Kristin B. Zimmerman


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Have you ever considered purchasing an electric vehicle? Want to find out what all the hype is about? Join us for an evening of information and updates on the rollout of electric vehicles in Michigan and the United States.

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March 2011 - Michigan Energy Forum - Kristin B. Zimmerman

  1. 1. TECHNOLOGY - INFRASTRUCTURE March 3, 2011 Ann Arbor Spark Michigan Energy Forum Kristin ZimmermanManager, Advanced Technology Infrastructure – Chevy Volt Program General Motors
  2. 2. AUTOMOTIVE EXCELLENCE Breakthrough Technology Award TOP 10 VEHICLES AWARD TECHNOLOGY OnStar MyLink Volt Mobile App Consumer Electronics Show “TOP PRODUCTS” AwardEDITOR’S CHOICE AWARD
  3. 3. Technology Highlights• How it Works–– Volt is an electric vehicle with extended-range capability, powered by a propulsion system that primarily uses electricity–– When the Volt runs out of battery charge, it uses a small amount of gas in its onboard generator to create enough electricity to keep going for hundreds of miles• Battery Mode (25-50 miles)–– In Battery mode, Volt will not use gasoline or produce tailpipe emissions–– During this primary mode, Volt is powered by electrical energy stored in its lithium-ion battery.• Extended-Range Mode (~300 miles)–– Once the initial electric charge is depleted, the range-extending gas engine will turn on to seamlessly generate enough energy to continue to power the car for hundreds additional miles–– The engine-generator eliminates “range anxiety,” giving peace of mind that the driver will not be stranded by a depleted battery 3
  4. 4. Technology Highlights (cond.)Battery• Battery (16 kwh)–– The Volt is powered by a lithium-ion battery pack; the Li-ion battery holds its charge efficiently and has no memory effect (it doesn’t have to be run down completely before recharging)• Charging (levels 1 and 2)–– Volt can be plugged into a standard 120-volt household outlet or a 240- volt charging station can be installed–– Most efficient when plugged in regularly, but will operate fine without being plugged in for days, weeks or even months• Performance (no compromise)–– Functional, efficient and fun to drive with quick acceleration–– 0-60 in under 9 seconds–– Delivers 273 lb-ft of torque, the equivalent of 150 hp and a top speed of 100 mph 4
  5. 5. Description and OperationPropulsion In Vehicle: Regenerative Braking Fuel Tank 5 5
  6. 6. Touch Screen Center Stack / LCD DisplayLeaf Button The Power Flow screens show the power flow between the propulsion battery, electric drive unit and engine. Each component is highlighted when it is activeThe Charging screens show thecharge mode status. Threeprogrammable charge modes: •Immediately upon plug-in •Delayed based on departure time •Delayed based on electric rates and departure timeThe Energy Information screensshow the energy efficiency for the lasttime the vehicle was driven, energyhistory since the last charge, andefficiency tips to improve energy use.
  7. 7. Engine Maintenance Mode• Limited engine run time can result in component degradation and combustion by-product (water / fuel) accumulation in engine oil• Engine Maintenance Mode (EMM) is automated and does not require dealer service• This mode is necessary to evacuate contaminants from the oil and lubricate / exercise components every six weeks• Engine oil life could be up to 2 years – required oil filter inspection at 12 months - engine will cycle only onceFuel Maintenance Mode• If a refuel event has not occurred within a specific time (approximately 1 year) and the fuel is determined to be stale, fuel maintenance mode is activated• Identifies the amount of time the fuel has been in tank• Forces engine On until fuel is 1/3 full; forcing a refueling event• Engine will cycle on and off (will run as efficiently as possible)
  8. 8. Smart Charging FunctionalityVolt charging options move customers away from peakcharging, result in a “stagger” that prevents a new eveningpeak, and includes manual programmable features thatanticipate the more automatic "smart grid" features to come.
  9. 9. MPGe: The EPA Sticker
  10. 10. Infrastructure Residential/Workplace/Public Charging and Customer Outreach10
  11. 11. Charging Infrastructure■ Public ■ 1 station per 1,000 plus vehicles ■ High Visibility ■ Commercial/Retail Public ■ Public Education and Outreach Public: ~ $20,000■ Workplace ■ 1 station per 10-1,000 vehicles ■ Corporate, Municipal Parking Lots Workplace ~$10,000-$20,000■ Residential (majority) ■ 1 station per residence ■ Satisfying consumer-driven home installation process ■ Permits, electrical Residential contractors, inspectors, Infrastructure: ~ $1,500 meters, rates (22-38 days?)11
  12. 12. Charging Power Levels120V (1.2 kW) Charging (20 amp rec) ■ Plugs into standard household outlet ■ Full charge in about 8-10 hours ■ No additional equipment or installation typically required ■ Charge cord standard with the vehicle in NA 120V Cordset240V (3.3 kW) Charging (30 amp rec) ■ Full charge in about 3-4 hours ■ Efficient and enables more opportunity to drive electrically ■ Requires a one-time investment to upgrade garage with dedicated 240V circuit J1772 Connector 240V Charge Station and Vehicle12 Plug
  13. 13. Vehicle Plug | Design OverviewLatch• Provides retention to Main Housingvehicle charge port • Resistant to vehicle drive over• Prevents “hotdisconnects”SAE J1772 Soft touch overmoldInterface • Human factors consideration• Standard pinprotocol for EVs Flashlight Strain relief • Ultra-bright LED for • Per electrical code night-time convenience requirements Latch Release/Trigger • Releases vehicle plug latch • Activates flashlight • Terminates charge
  14. 14. Coordinated Customer OutreachOutreach/Training: Infrastructure• Utility (Customer, Dealers)• Electrical Contractors/Inspectors (NECA/IBEW)• Resources: ( •EDTA/NPVI : •MPSC PEV Preparedness Taskforce: •DTE Energy - Infrastructure Incentive / EV Electricity Rate Program: vRates.html •Consumers Energy - Infrastructure Incentive / EV Electricity Rate Program:
  15. 15. Volt Customer Support for Home Charging Installation Volt Customer Advisors Many consumer-facing responsibilities Home Installation SPX - Home Infrastructure Installations • GM Dealers will recommend Volt buyers contact SPX • SPX will have national overview of all Volt home installations SPX to • SPX will integrate utility programs (large potential variation) incorporate • SPX will offer GM charging hardware and approved 3rd-party units 4,400 Coulomb BC Hydro and ECOtality Snohomish County PUD No. 1 Manitoba Hydro Seattle City Light Avista Hydro-Québec home chargers Portland General Electric Great River Energy Hydro One NY ISO Northeast Utilities PacifiCorp Madison G&E Central Hudson G&E (DOE Awards) We Energies Consumers Rochester G&E United Illuminating Dairyland Power DTE NYPA ConEd Nebraska Public Power EnWin LIPA PJM SMUD Exelon FirstEnergyPSEG Constellation Energy Lincoln Electric Hoosier Hetch Hetchy W&P AEP Pepco Holdings, Inc. Great Plains Energy • Applies to specific PG&E SCE Tri-State G&T Ameren Dominion Resources Duke Energy Progress Energy Salt River Project TVA geographies Arizona Public Service San Diego Gas & Electric Ark. Electric Coop • Charger H/W costs are Austin Energy Southern Company covered, installation cost Golden Valley Electric Assn. CenterPoint Energy CPS Energy reimbursement is location Hawaiian Electric Co. specific Ensure consistent positive consumer experience nationwide
  16. 16. Chevrolet Volts are here! Public Education Dealer Preparation First Responder and Outreach and Training Training Michigan: 20 sessions, about 12 Cities National Safety Training 100 dealers 6,300 Participants 1,200+ attendees Program with NFPA Began November 2010 By Q3 2011 – National • GM First Responder• Customer driven events at GM All markets Website Tech Centers in Los Angeles • Stakeholder outreach to • Technology to SPX execution support decision making on • How will new infrastructure • GM and NFPA partnership infrastructure impact customer’s experience for training/education
  17. 17. THANK YOU!
  18. 18. Secondary Battery Use – An Emerging Market• Community Energy Storage (CES)• Distribution Grid Management• Renewable Energy Storage• B2G/V2G/V2H – Power Quality, Reliability, Frequency Reg.• Interoperability Standards – The roles of NIST, EEI, EPRI, SAE