Energy and environment quiz 28th feb 2012

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Science Quiz on the theme of Energy and Environment conducted by Mind Ripple for the PDPU SCIENCE FORUM as part of the celebrations of National Science Day, 2012

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Energy and environment quiz 28th feb 2012

  1. 1. Energy and Environment QuizNational Science Day Celebration, Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University,Gandhinagar CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 1
  2. 2. CONTENT TEAM ANMOL GARG ROHAN DESAISOURAB PANCHANAN CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 2
  3. 3. Rules• 15 questions, 1 mark for each question, no negatives• 4 questions are starred(*) ,they carry more weightage and would be considered in case of a tie.• 6 teams would qualify for the finals• Quizmaster’s discretion would be final.• Use of mobile phones and internet (Googling etc.) during the prelims is strictly prohibited and will lead to disqualification.• Participants are expected to quiz in the spirit of quizzing• Audience is requested not to litter the auditorium• No food/drinks are allowed inside the venue• Smoking and consumption of Alcohol/Tobacco/Illegal Drugs is strictly prohibited in the campus/auditorium/canteen/buses• ALL THE BEST TO EVERYONE!• Happy Quizzing! CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 3
  4. 4. 1. Which phenomenon was discovered on Feb 28, 1927 whichresulted in a Nobel Prize in 1930 for the scientist who discovered it? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 4
  5. 5. 2. Who is the Minister forEnvironments and Forests of India? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 5
  6. 6. 3. What is the name given to avehicle which uses two or more power sources to run? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 6
  7. 7. 4. If a 3 star appliance and a 5 star electrical appliance is available tome at the same price with the samespecifications, then which appliance should I buy to have a lower electricity bill? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 7
  8. 8. *5. To mark the birthday of whichscientist did Google come up with this doodle? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 8
  9. 9. 6. Proximate analysis of fuel is determination of percentage ofa. Carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, sulphur, moistureb. Fixed carbon, ash, volatile matter, moisturec. Higher calorific valued. Lower calorific value CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 9
  10. 10. 7. The nodal agency for coordinating the energy conservation activities under EC act in India isa) Bureau of Indian Standardsb) Bureau of Energy Efficiencyc) Bureau of Energy Educationd) Bureau of Energy and Environment CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 10
  11. 11. 8. What minerals are found in the run-off from agricultural land and treated and untreatedsewage effluents, which are highly responsible for eutrophication of water bodies? a. Phosphorous and carbon b. Nitrogen and phosphorus c. Potassium and arsenic d. Iron and manganese CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 11
  12. 12. 9. This method of farming reduces soil erosion in hilly regions. It also creates hundreds of small dams, slows down water flow, and increases infiltration, which reduces erosion and promotes better water quality. What is this beneficial method known as?a. Contour farmingb. Multiple croppingc. Crop rotationd. Jhum cultivation CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 12
  13. 13. 10. Following a nuclear holocaust whatseason do scientists believe will engulfthe earth and have even coined a term for it? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 13
  14. 14. *11. In which unit is the ozone layer thickness measured? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 14
  15. 15. *12. What is the difference between thecountries in brown and blue in relation to ahistoric climate agreement change treaty? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 15
  16. 16. 13. Who gave the following slogan for the Chipko movement‘Ecology is permanent economy’? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 16
  17. 17. 14. What is the name given to a nuclear reactor capable of generating more fissile material than it consumes? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 17
  18. 18. *15. X refers to a structure and using process that is environmentally responsible and resource-efficientthroughout a buildings life-cycle: from sitting to design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation, and demolition. What is X? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 18
  19. 19. ANSWERS
  20. 20. Energy and Environment Quiz National Science Day Celebration, Pandit Deendayal Petroleum University,Gandhinagar CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 20
  21. 21. 1. Which phenomenon was discovered on Feb 28, 1927 whichresulted in a Nobel Prize in 1930 for the scientist who discovered it? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 21
  22. 22. Raman effect CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 22
  23. 23. 2. Who is the Minister forEnvironments and Forests of India? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 23
  24. 24. Jayanthi Natarajan CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 24
  25. 25. 3. What is the name given to avehicle which uses two or more power sources to run? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 25
  26. 26. Hybrid vehicle CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 26
  27. 27. 4. If a 3 star appliance and a 5 star electrical appliance is available tome at the same price with the samespecifications, then which appliance should I buy to have a lower electricity bill? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 27
  28. 28. A 5 star appliance CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 28
  29. 29. 5. To mark the birthday of whichscientist did Google come up with this doodle? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 29
  30. 30. Heinrich Hertz CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 30
  31. 31. 6. Proximate analysis of fuel is determination of percentage ofa. Carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, sulphur, moistureb. Fixed carbon, ash, volatile matter, moisturec. Higher calorific valued. Lower calorific value CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 31
  32. 32. b. Fixed carbon, ash, volatile matter, moisture CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 32
  33. 33. 7. The nodal agency for coordinating the energy conservation activities under EC act in India isa) Bureau of Indian Standardsb) Bureau of Energy Efficiencyc) Bureau of Energy Educationd) Bureau of Energy and Environment CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 33
  34. 34. Bureau of Energy Efficiency CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 34
  35. 35. 8. What minerals are found in the run-off from agricultural land and treated and untreatedsewage effluents, which are highly responsible for eutrophication of water bodies? a. Phosphorous and carbon b. Nitrogen and phosphorus c. Potassium and arsenic d. Iron and manganese CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 35
  36. 36. Nitrogen and Phosphorus CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 36
  37. 37. 9. This method of farming reduces soil erosion in hilly regions. It also creates hundreds of small dams, slows down water flow, and increases infiltration, which reduces erosion and promotes better water quality. What is this beneficial method known as?a. Contour farmingb. Multiple croppingc. Crop rotationd. Jhum cultivation CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 37
  38. 38. Contour farming CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 38
  39. 39. 10. Following a nuclear holocaust whatseason do scientists believe will engulfthe earth and have even coined a term for it? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 39
  40. 40. Nuclear winter CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 40
  41. 41. 11. In which unit is the ozone layer thickness measured? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 41
  42. 42. DobsonCONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 42
  43. 43. 12. What is the difference between thecountries in brown and blue in relation to a historic climate change agreement? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 43
  44. 44. Countries in blue have not ratified the Kyoto Protocol while the countries inbrown have ratified the Kyoto Protocol CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 44
  45. 45. 13. Who gave the following slogan for the Chipko movement‘Ecology is permanent economy’? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 45
  46. 46. Sunderlal Bahuguna CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 46
  47. 47. 14. What is the name given to a nuclear reactor capable of generating more fissile material than it consumes? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 47
  48. 48. Fast breeder reactor CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 48
  49. 49. 15. X refers to a structure and using process that is environmentally responsible and resource-efficientthroughout a buildings life-cycle: from sitting to design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation, and demolition. What is X? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 49
  50. 50. Green Building CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 50
  51. 51. FINALS
  52. 52. Famous Indian Scientists 52
  53. 53. Rules• 6 Questions, 1 direct question per team• +10 for direct,+5 for a pass• No negatives, feel free to guess• If no team is able to answer then question would pass on to the audience• Audience is requested not to prompt• Quizmaster’s decision would be final and binding• Good Luck to all Teams! Happy Quizzing! 53
  54. 54. 1.• X was knighted in 1941 by the British Government and his research area included emulsions, colloids and industrial chemistry.• He became the first director general of CSIR and is known as ‘The Father of Research Laboratories’• An annual award for recognition of outstanding scientists has been institutes by CSIR in his honour 54
  55. 55. 55
  56. 56. 56
  57. 57. 2.• X was an Indian polymath: a physicist, biologist, botanist, archaeologist, as well as an early writer of science fiction.• He is hailed for the introduction of experimental science in the Indian subcontinent and is also considered the father of Bengali science fiction.• He was the first person from the Indian subcontinent to receive a US patent, in 1904. 57
  58. 58. 58
  59. 59. 59
  60. 60. 3.• X was the founding director of India’s two well known research institutions including TIFR.• He gained prominence for deriving the correct expression for the probability of scattering positrons by electrons and his major contributions are in the field of Compton scattering and nuclear physics• He died in a plane crash near Mont Blanc in 1966. 60
  61. 61. 61
  62. 62. 62
  63. 63. 4.• X was an Indian astronomer and mathematician and his works on calculus predates those of Newton and Leibnitz by nearly 500 years• His contributions include principles of quadratic equations, proof of Pythagorean theorem, concepts of differential calculus and Rolle’s theorem among many others• Legend has it that his book on arithmetic was written for his daughter Lilavati 63
  64. 64. 64
  65. 65. 65
  66. 66. 5.• X’s work on particle statistics clarified the behaviour of photons and created a new field in quantum mechanics which has resulted in multiple Nobel Prize winners• He worked with the likes of Einstein and Bohr and has given his name to a sub atomic particle• He could speak several languages, play esraj and was awarded the Padma Vibhushan in 1954 66
  67. 67. 67
  68. 68. 68
  69. 69. 6.• X is widely regarded as the father of experimental fluid dynamics research in India• He was one of the most eminent researchers in the field of turbulence and boundary layers and is credited for setting up the first supersonic wind tunnel in India• X succeeded Dr Vikram Sarabhai as the chairman of ISRO and was instrumental in the development of PSLV and INSAT 69
  70. 70. 70
  71. 71. 71
  72. 72. Audience question• X is remembered for his contributions in the field of number theory, infinite series, continued fractions and mathematical analysis.• Although he had no formal education, he compiled 3900 results and English mathematician G H Hardy reveres him in the same league as Euler and Gauss• In recognition of his contributions, the GOI has decided to celebrate his birthday 22nd Dec as ‘National Mathematics Day’ 72
  73. 73. 73
  74. 74. 74
  75. 75. Mixed Bag
  76. 76. 1. Initially discovered by the chemists FrankRowland and Mario Molina in 1973, thishypothesis was strongly opposed by theaerosol industries. Rowland, Molina andCrutzen were awarded the 1995 Nobel Prizein Chemistry for this work. Which famoustheory did they propose?
  77. 77. Depletion of ozone layer by CFCs
  78. 78. 2. Known as danti in hindi and Ratanjyot inGujarati, this plant is resistant to a highdegree of aridity and its oil is used for energypurposes after treatment with ethanol andNaOH. Identify this energy plant.
  79. 79. Jatropha
  80. 80. 3. The second Earth summit washeld in Johanessburg in 2002. It was held 10 years after the first EarthSummit was held at X. The first EarthSummit resulted in an agreement on Climate Change Convention and Agenda 21. Id X
  81. 81. Rio de Janeiro. The summit at Jo’burg was also known as ‘Rio+10’
  82. 82. 4. Which international standard for energy efficient consumer products was created in the early 1990s by the United States Environmental Protection Agency to reducegreenhouse gas emission and energy consumption?
  83. 83. 5. Ratified by 196 countries and theEuropean Union, it has been hailed by Kofi Annan as “perhaps the single most successful international agreement to date”. Identify thislandmark agreement which celebrates 25 years this year.
  84. 84. Montreal Protocol
  85. 85. 6. This proposed project has been innews for protests after the Fukushima disaster. If built it would become theworld’s largest nuclear power plant by net electrical power rating. Which power plant is being discussed?
  86. 86. Jaitapur Nuclear Power Plant
  87. 87. Audience Question
  88. 88. Ocean Thermal Energy
  89. 89. Mixed Bag -2 CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 96
  90. 90. Rules• 6 Questions, 1 direct question per team• +10 for direct,+5 for a pass• No negatives, feel free to guess• If no team is able to answer then question would pass on to the audience• Audience is requested not to prompt• Quizmaster’s decision would be final and binding• Good Luck to all Teams! Happy Quizzing! CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 97
  91. 91. 1.• The earliest known form of X was invented in the late 1890s by Peter Cooper Hewitt. The Cooper Hewitt lamps were used for photographic studios and industries. The helical (three-dimensional spiral) form of X was invented in 1976 by Edward Hammer, an engineer with General Electric• Because of their higher efficiency, X uses between one-quarter to one-third of the power of an equivalent incandescent lamp. Id X CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 98
  92. 92. CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 99
  93. 93. Compact fluorescent lamp(CFL) CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 100
  94. 94. 2. What is the significance of this car? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 101
  95. 95. CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 102
  96. 96. REVA,India’s first electric powered car CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 103
  97. 97. 3.Name the theory which is explained using the graph as shown below CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 104
  98. 98. CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 105
  99. 99. Hubbert’s Peak Oil Theory CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 106
  100. 100. 4. Connect CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 107
  101. 101. CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 108
  102. 102. Bhopal Gas Tragedy CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 109
  103. 103. 5.• Which manmade disaster in the 1991 accounted for 2% global CO2 emissions, daily emissions of SO2 which was 57 % that of those in USA and 3400 metric tons of soot per day? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 110
  104. 104. CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 111
  105. 105. Kuwaiti Oil Fires(1991) CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 112
  106. 106. 6.• After seven years of extensive research work TERI developed an easy and cost-effective bioremediation process. Providing great significance to bioremediation in the worldwide effort to tackle incidents of oil spills, TERI has developed X– a consortium of crude oil and oily sludge degrading bacteria – deriving from various bacterial cultures existing in the natural environment. X is multiplied under laboratory conditions, mixed with carrier materials, and packed into reusable polybags for convenient transportation .Id X CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 113
  107. 107. CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 114
  108. 108. Oil Zapper(Bioremediation of Oil spills, oily sludge and cuttings) CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 115
  109. 109. Audience Question• A measure of the total amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) emissions of a defined population, system or activity, considering all relevant sources, sinks and storage within the spatial and temporal boundary of the population, system or activity of interest. Calculated as carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e) using the relevant 100-year global warming potential (GWP100). Definition of what? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 116
  110. 110. CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 117
  111. 111. Carbon Footprint CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 118
  112. 112. VisualsCONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 119
  113. 113. Rules• 6 Questions, 1 direct question per team• +10 for direct,+5 for a pass• No negatives, feel free to guess• If no team is able to answer then question would pass on to the audience• Audience is requested not to prompt• Quizmaster’s decision would be final and binding• Good Luck to all Teams! Happy Quizzing! CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 120
  114. 114. 1.CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 121
  115. 115. CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 122
  116. 116. CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 123
  117. 117. 2.CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 124
  118. 118. CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 125
  119. 119. 2010 Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 126
  120. 120. 3.CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 127
  121. 121. CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 128
  122. 122. CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 129
  123. 123. 4.CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 130
  124. 124. CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 131
  125. 125. CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 132
  126. 126. 5.CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 133
  127. 127. CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 134
  128. 128. On the occasion of Earth Hour in 2008 CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 135
  129. 129. 6.CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 136
  130. 130. CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 137
  131. 131. Meeting of the Cabinet of Maldives toraise awareness about climate change CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 138
  132. 132. 7.CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 139
  133. 133. Sunderlal Bahuguna CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 140
  134. 134. Rapidfire CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 141
  135. 135. RULES• Last round of the Quiz!!!• 4 questions to each team• 60 seconds• +10 for a correct ans, -5 for a wrong ans,0 for pass• Bonus 20 points if all 4 questions are correctly answered• The first answer given by the team will be accepted by the Quizmaster• Quizmaster’s decision is final and binding CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 142
  136. 136. CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 143
  137. 137. 1.• What is the energy obtained by using heat from Earth’s interior known as?• With which environmental activist would you associate The Green Belt Movement?• With which natural phenomenon would you associate the change in frequency of siren of an approaching vehicle ?• ‘For a Living Planet’ is the motto of which very famous international conservation organisation? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 144
  138. 138. CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 145
  139. 139. • Geothermal energy• Wangari Mathai• Doppler effect• World Wide Fund for Nature CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 146
  140. 140. 2.• What is the name given to the natural light display in sky in the high latitude regions caused by the collision of the energetic charged particles with atoms in the thermosphere?• India’s 63 % energy needs are met from which fossil fuel?• With which former American Vice President would you associate the 2006 documentary An Inconvenient Truth?• Which World Heritage Site in India is home to two thirds of the world’s one horned rhinoceros? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 147
  141. 141. CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 148
  142. 142. • Aurora• Coal• Al Gore• Kaziranga National Park CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 149
  143. 143. 3.• Which commonly observed natural phenomenon is exploited in the study of size and density of particles in aerosols and colloids?• On the vehicle of which Indian wildlife conservationist would you find the words ‘Snakes are not as poisonous as human beings’?• ‘Animals are not ours to eat, wear, experiment on, or use for entertainment’ is the motto of which organisation?• Athabasca deposit in Canada is the world’s largest source of which unconventional energy resource? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 150
  144. 144. CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 151
  145. 145. • Tyndall effect• Snake Shyam• PETA• Oil tar/tar sands/ CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 152
  146. 146. 4.• Which movement began in September 1983 when people led by Panduranga Hegde hugged the trees in Kalase forest?• The optical fibers used in telecommunication utilise which optical phenomenon?• Which Indian politician started the organisation ‘People for Animals’ in 1992, the largest organisation for animal welfare in India?• What is the general name given to fuels derived from vegetable oils, biomass, corn, soyabean etc? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 153
  147. 147. CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 154
  148. 148. • Appiko Movement• Total internal reflection• Maneka Gandhi• Biofuels CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 155
  149. 149. 5.• Which Australian television personality and wildlife expert was nicknamed The Crocodile Hunter?• What is the global sum of ecosystems known as ?• Which term refers to methane adsorbed in the solid matrix of coal?• Which natural phenomenon causes ionisation of air leading to the formation of nitric oxide? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 156
  150. 150. CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 157
  151. 151. • Steve Irwin• Biosphere• Coal bed methane• Lightning CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 158
  152. 152. 6.• Who is the Chief of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and shared the Nobel Peace Prize with Al Gore in 2007?• Which phenomenon first observed by Hertz results due to the absorption of energy from EM radiation of very short wavelength?• The degree of variation of life within a given ecosystem , biome or planet is known as ________• With which unconventional energy source would you associate methane clathrate? CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 159
  153. 153. CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 160
  154. 154. • RK Pachauri• Photoelectric effect• Biodiversity• Gas hydrates CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 161
  155. 155. CONDUCTED BY MIND RIPPLE 162

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