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CORRUPTION
CORRUPTION
 What is corruption ?
 What are the types of corruption?
 What are the common characteristics of corruption?
 Has globalisation increase the risk of corruption ?
 What role can the media play in tackling corruption ?
 What should government do to make anticorruption agencies effective ?
 Impact of corruption.
 How to remove corruption.
What is corruption?
 Corruption is wrongdoing on the part of an authority or powerful party
through means that are illegitimate, immoral, or incompatible with
ethical standards. Corruption often from patronage and is associated with
bribery.
What are the types of
corruption?
1. Petty corruption
2. State corruption
Petty corruption
 Petty corruption refers to everyday abuse of entrusted power by low and
mid-level public officials in their interactions with ordinary citizens, who
often are trying to access basic goods or services in places like hospitals,
schools, police departments and other agencies.
State corruption
 Political Corruption Law and Legal Definition. ... Political corruption can be of
two forms. The first one is which includes both accumulation and extraction
and where government officials use and abuse their hold on power to extract
from the private sector, from government revenues, and from the economy
at large.
The following are the most common forms of
corruption, as described in the United Nation
Anticorruption Toolkit:
 Bribery
 Embezzlement, theft and fraud
 Extortion
 Abuse of discretion
 Favouritism, nepotism and clientelism
 Conduct creating or exploiting conflicting interests
 Improper political contributions
What are the common characteristics of corruption?
 Gap between group and individual interest
 Two or more parties since one can hardly be corrupt with one’s own self
 Consenting adults that have a common understanding
 Benefit furtherance
 Existence of power that could be grabbed, usurped, entrusted or otherwise
available
 Misuse of the power that often drives a wedge between intended and stated
positions, for unintended benefits.
Has globalization increased the risk of corruption?
 Globalization has increased the risk of corruption but has also increased the
opportunities to curb it.
What role can the media play in tackling corruption?
 The media can serve many important functions, not just exposing corruption
but also sustaining an open and transparent flow of information and fostering
a climate of opinion that is increasingly intolerant of corruption.
What should governments do to make anticorruption
agencies effective?
 An important factor is where the anti-corruption agency (ACA) or KPK
(Indonesian: Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi) is located in government; if it
reports to the office of the prime minister, for example, it can be used as a
weapon against political opponents. Ideally the KPK should be a completely
independent body.
There are a number of common options from the
Reports seven-point agenda which can make anti-
corruption agencies more effective:
 Join with international efforts
 Establish benchmarks of quality
 Strengthen the civil service
 Encourage codes of conduct in the private sector
 Establish the right to information
 Exploit new technology
 Support citizen action
Impact Of Corruption
 Hinders social and economic development and increases poverty by diverting
domestic and foreign investment away from where it are most needed.
 Weakens education and health systems, depriving people of the basic
building blocks of a decent life.
 Undermines democracy by distorting electoral processes and undermining
government institutions, which can lead to political instability.
 Exacerbates inequality and injustice by perverting the rule of law and
punishing victims of crime through corrupt rulings.
How to remove corruption
 Laws fixing accountability and encouraging transparency combined with
efficient judiciary and free press provide ideal atmosphere to tackle the
menace of corruption
Conclusion
 Corruption, as we know is the criminal thing that do by a person in a certain
capacity especially with negative connotation, they do the illegal thing to
make a benefit for them self.
 We can difference corruption into 2 classes. First is Petty corruption, its a
kind of corruption where did by some people in a little capacity, they do a
little corruption, but they do that many times. The other cases of corruption
is State capture refers to a situation in which private interest has effectively
taken over certain state functions, a type of corruption generally less
understood by the public or by the media.
Conclusion
 So, corruption is an illegal thing that we couldn’t do, because, with out
corruption we can be a good generation for our country. And then we can
make our country clear from corruption and make our country better.
Types and Effects of Corruption Explored

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Types and Effects of Corruption Explored

  • 2. CORRUPTION  What is corruption ?  What are the types of corruption?  What are the common characteristics of corruption?  Has globalisation increase the risk of corruption ?  What role can the media play in tackling corruption ?  What should government do to make anticorruption agencies effective ?  Impact of corruption.  How to remove corruption.
  • 3. What is corruption?  Corruption is wrongdoing on the part of an authority or powerful party through means that are illegitimate, immoral, or incompatible with ethical standards. Corruption often from patronage and is associated with bribery.
  • 4. What are the types of corruption? 1. Petty corruption 2. State corruption
  • 5. Petty corruption  Petty corruption refers to everyday abuse of entrusted power by low and mid-level public officials in their interactions with ordinary citizens, who often are trying to access basic goods or services in places like hospitals, schools, police departments and other agencies.
  • 6. State corruption  Political Corruption Law and Legal Definition. ... Political corruption can be of two forms. The first one is which includes both accumulation and extraction and where government officials use and abuse their hold on power to extract from the private sector, from government revenues, and from the economy at large.
  • 7. The following are the most common forms of corruption, as described in the United Nation Anticorruption Toolkit:  Bribery  Embezzlement, theft and fraud  Extortion  Abuse of discretion  Favouritism, nepotism and clientelism  Conduct creating or exploiting conflicting interests  Improper political contributions
  • 8. What are the common characteristics of corruption?  Gap between group and individual interest  Two or more parties since one can hardly be corrupt with one’s own self  Consenting adults that have a common understanding  Benefit furtherance  Existence of power that could be grabbed, usurped, entrusted or otherwise available  Misuse of the power that often drives a wedge between intended and stated positions, for unintended benefits.
  • 9. Has globalization increased the risk of corruption?  Globalization has increased the risk of corruption but has also increased the opportunities to curb it.
  • 10. What role can the media play in tackling corruption?  The media can serve many important functions, not just exposing corruption but also sustaining an open and transparent flow of information and fostering a climate of opinion that is increasingly intolerant of corruption.
  • 11. What should governments do to make anticorruption agencies effective?  An important factor is where the anti-corruption agency (ACA) or KPK (Indonesian: Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi) is located in government; if it reports to the office of the prime minister, for example, it can be used as a weapon against political opponents. Ideally the KPK should be a completely independent body.
  • 12. There are a number of common options from the Reports seven-point agenda which can make anti- corruption agencies more effective:  Join with international efforts  Establish benchmarks of quality  Strengthen the civil service  Encourage codes of conduct in the private sector  Establish the right to information  Exploit new technology  Support citizen action
  • 13. Impact Of Corruption  Hinders social and economic development and increases poverty by diverting domestic and foreign investment away from where it are most needed.  Weakens education and health systems, depriving people of the basic building blocks of a decent life.  Undermines democracy by distorting electoral processes and undermining government institutions, which can lead to political instability.  Exacerbates inequality and injustice by perverting the rule of law and punishing victims of crime through corrupt rulings.
  • 14. How to remove corruption  Laws fixing accountability and encouraging transparency combined with efficient judiciary and free press provide ideal atmosphere to tackle the menace of corruption
  • 15. Conclusion  Corruption, as we know is the criminal thing that do by a person in a certain capacity especially with negative connotation, they do the illegal thing to make a benefit for them self.  We can difference corruption into 2 classes. First is Petty corruption, its a kind of corruption where did by some people in a little capacity, they do a little corruption, but they do that many times. The other cases of corruption is State capture refers to a situation in which private interest has effectively taken over certain state functions, a type of corruption generally less understood by the public or by the media.
  • 16. Conclusion  So, corruption is an illegal thing that we couldn’t do, because, with out corruption we can be a good generation for our country. And then we can make our country clear from corruption and make our country better.