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Ethical issues-in-accounting-and-finance

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Ethical issues-in-accounting-and-finance

  1. 1. Ethical issues in Accounting & Finance
  2. 2. Ethical issues in Accounting Provides fair and accurate reporting of the financial position of a business Ethical issues Reporting income, falsifying documents, allowing or taking questionable deductions, illegally evading income taxes, engaging in frauds etc
  3. 3. Fraud in financial statement can be committed in 5 ways: Fictitious revenue-revenues not actually earned Fraudulent Timing differences Concealed liabilities and expenses Fraudulent disclosures or Omissions Fraudulent asset valuation-false statement of the inventory available
  4. 4. Types of Accounts Financial Accounts>company uses to report to their shareholders Internal Management Accounts>shows the internal operations of the business and its financial activities
  5. 5. Role of Accountants To provide information to the new investors 2 types of accountants Accountants employed by the orgn >takes care of the internal management accounts of various depts
  6. 6.  2 types>Management accountant- formulating policies planning and controlling the activities of the employees decision making disclosure to shareholders etc>Financial accountant Economic information to the investors, employers, suppliers, outside people involved in the business etc
  7. 7.  Accountants in professional practice provides 2 types of accounting service1. The auditor- Appointed by shareholders to to audit a particular company- Duties include: to give an accurate statement about the state of affairs to meet the objectives of the Companies Act to be reasonably skillful and careful in identifying the true nature of accounts
  8. 8. 2. Accountants in related services- Offer services in different fields like: Tax services Management consultancies Insolvency services Environmental audits
  9. 9. The Ethical AuditMain purpose- check the actions of a firmObjectives Assess the bus. structure and procedures, systems and policies Whether busi. Activities comply with the standards To identify the way in which it does business Evaluate whether mgmt has relevent infor. in running the busi.
  10. 10.  To help busi. undergo major alterations like restructuring To identify the training necessary for the employees Establishing ethical conduct of business to attract valuable investments Establish code of conduct Helps the shareholders to evaluate the performance of the directors and vice versa
  11. 11. Ethical issues in FinanceImportance of Financial Statement Steps to be taken by the management for true, fair and reliable mgmt accounts: Determining the key elements of the business like the objectives and see how they are defined and measured Making sure that the funds are allocated to different activities on the basis of their importance Frame rules that have a positive effect on business activities

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