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GV September-October '16 - mail

  1. 1. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 1 Careersu Scholarshipsu Admissionsu Opportunitiesu September 15 - October 14, 2016 Vol 7 Issue 9 Rs. 100 The Complete Magazine for Teens and Youth RNI Reg. No. DELENG /2010/38083 Life in the age of Wearables
  2. 2. | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 20162
  3. 3. From the Editor T he last two years’ trend indicates the complete shift of students’ interest from Engineering to the Arts stream. As per the HRD Ministry, the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) has seen a dip in the application of students to 12,07,057 (in the year 2016) from 12,34,760 (in the year 2015) and 12,90,028 (in the year 2014). The drop in the number of candidates for engineering clearly depicts that Arts stream is becoming a popular choice for more and more students. The fall in the number of JEE candidates also shows that popular unconventional studies have attracted millions of students these days to humanities and arts. According to the reports, there is a significant rise in the number of students opting for arts at 10+2 level all over India in the academic year 2014-15. Also, over 50 lakh students opted for arts stream as compared to 39.89 lakh in the previous year. There was a 16% rise in the number of students choosing the science stream. Around 32.34 lakh students opted for the stream compared to 27.96 lakh in 2013-14. The decreasing interest in science and engineering course clearly shows that the students are not happy with the teaching of science subjects at the school level. Perhaps that is the reason why they are inclining towards arts courses or any other unconventional subjects. Academicians also believe that students these days are more willing to study economics and mathematics, which are available in humanities too. Also, appearing in JEE is the reason for the drop in students opting out of science subjects as it is considered one of the toughest all India level entrance exam to get admissions in the engineering colleges. However, for admissions in arts/ humanities colleges, students do not have to appear for any competitive/ entrance exam. Admissions are done simply on merit basis. Another reason for students opting arts courses is the myriad career options available, other than becoming a doctor or an engineer. Also, the past cases of recession which led to chucking out of the engineers have discouraged many students to opt for pure science stream. The drop in the number of engineering candidates is a matter of great concern among all IITs and other engineering colleges. Let’s keep our fingers crossed and wait for the government and the IIT council to take imperative measures to attract a lot more applications of engineering aspirants in the next year JEE to become at par with humanities stream. At all levels of competition, the most successful ones have one characteristic in common; mental strength and mental toughness. An individual who has average talent and yet has mental toughness will be more successful than an individual who has natural talent but who is not mentally tough. This is because the mind is stronger than the body. Winners are not always determined by physical skill alone. Mental toughness is difficult to define! H. Shaju Editor: H. Shaju editor.gyanvitaranam@gmail.com Deputy Editor: S. Sumi Executive Editor: S. S. Pillai Consultant Editor: R. Vijayaraghavan Address: Editor Gyanvitaranam, A-23 Kanaka Nagar, Near Vellayambalam, Kowdiar P.o, Thiruvananthapuram 695 003. Tel: 0471-2720196 E-mail: gyanvenglish06@gmail.com Gyan Vitaranam Media Private Ltd. B 105, 2nd Floor, Lajpat Nagar, Part I, New Delhi - 110 024 FOR SUBSCRIPTION AND ADVERTISEMENTS, CONTACT: B 105, 2nd Floor, Lajpat Nagar, Part I, New Delhi - 110 024 Phone: 011-29824541,011-29824542 The Publisher makes every effort to ensure that the magazine’s contents are correct. However, he can accept no responsibility for any effects from errors or omissions. All material published in GYAN VITARANAM is copyrighted and unauthorised reproduction is forbidden. PRINTED AND PUBLISHED BY H. Shaju for Gyan Vitaranam Media Private Limited, from B 105, 2nd Floor, Lajpat Nagar, Part I, New Delhi – 110 024 PRINTED AT Priyanka Printers B-84, Kasturba Nagar, Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh The Executive Editor is completely responsible for selection of contents under the PRB Act. The view and opinions expressed in the articles in Gyan Vitaranam are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views or opinions of Gyan Vitaranam Media Private Limited, the Editors and the publisher. Advertisements of various products and services carried in Gyan Vitaranam reflect the views of the Advertisers, and not necessarily that of the publication. Director: S. Sumi Legal Advisor: Adv. I. K. Raju GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016, Vol 7 Issue 9 RNI Reg. No. DELENG /2010/38083
  4. 4. | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 20164 t CONTENTS Cover Story 41 Life in the age of Wearables 7 From waiter to Olympian 32 Rajput School of Chopasani 65 Indian Women make us proud 72 The Startup trend in India 15 How to increase your Mental Strength 56 Corruption – a worldwide malady 67 Buttermilk 76 The Sun
  5. 5. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 5| |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 1 Careers u Scholarships u Admissions u Opportunities u September 15 - October 14, 2016 Vol 7 Issue 9 Rs. 100 The Complete Magazine for Teens and Youth RNI Reg. No. DELENG /2010/38083 Life in the age of Wearables
  6. 6. | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 20166
  7. 7. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 7 INSPIRATION | Sanchari Pal | R io Olympics 2016 gave India new sport- ing icons in Dipa Kar- makar, Sakshi Malik and P.V.Sindhu, but there were also several heartening sto- ries of Indian players that went unnoticed in the race for medals. Few people know that India was represented by a part-time waiter at the racewalking event at the Rio Olympics. Fewer still know that he bested previous Olympic Medal winners in the competition and narrow- ly missed the bronze medal by less than a minute’s differ- ence. In 2002, when his father passed away, 10-year-old Rawat saw his mother toil in the fields to make ends meet for the family of four chil- dren, including him. Rawat would work with his mother on the farm in the morn- ing before heading to school about seven kms away by foot. In 2006, he took up a part-time job as a waiter at a small eatery near his home- town, Sattar, in the Cham- oli district of Uttarakhand. With two sisters and a young brother at home, Rawat had This is the inspiring story of Manish Singh Rawat who went from selling tea and working in the fields to fulfilling his dream of taking part in the Olympics. From waiter to Olympian | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 7
  8. 8. | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 20168 a hard time sustaining his family on his meagre income as a waiter. Knowing that excelling in athletics could help him get a government job, Rawat decided to pursue racewalking. Race walking is a long- distance discipline within the sport of athletics. Although it is a foot race, it is different from running in that one foot must be in contact with the ground at all times (over the course of 20 km, at no point can both your feet be in the mid-air). This is why, apart from the inherent stamina, technique and fitness re- quired in any long distance race, race walking also tests mental focus. Ungainly and painful, race walking requires an unusual posture that people some- times find funny, Rawat says, “I won’t mind admitting this, but race walking has a rather funny posture. So peo- ple do end-up laughing. But the funny posture exists for a reason because the feet have to be planted on the ground. So when I used to race in my village, people used to laugh at me.” But Rawat refused to be put off by the lack of world class equipment and a | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 20168
  9. 9. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 9 stream of naysayers at Badri- nath who would make fun of his walking practice. He pur- sued his Olympic dream with utmost devotion. Training on the hilly terrain in torn shoes, Rawat continued to juggle several jobs to make ends meet for his family and also support his training. From working as a house help and tourist guide to labouring on farms and driving tractors, the Ut- tarakhand lad did everything. All through his struggle, peo- ple continued to make fun of him, not knowing that the young man was on his way to taking part in the greatest sports show on earth. In 2010, Rawat tried to get a job with the police through the sports quota. He was desperate to improve the financial situation of his family. This job would give him a salary of Rs. 10,000 and all his training and par- ticipation at events would be sponsored. However, he was rejected. This was finan- cially the most difficult time for him and Rawat consid- ered quitting the sport in or- der to fend for his family. It was his coach who convinced Rawat that he was making progress and that he had a future in the sport. After struggling through more hardships, Manish fi- nally made the mark in the 20 km event after finishing with a time of 1:20:50 at the IAAF Race-walking Challenge in April last year. His 3:57:11 effort at the World Champi- onship in Beijing also earned him a Rio berth for the 50 km race-walking event. For the Rio Olympics, 25-year- old Rawat trained under the Russian coach Alexander Artsybashev in the national camp in Ooty with other race- walkers. Having reached the finals of the 20 km event at Rio, Rawat finished 13th, ahead of some of the best race-walk- ers in the world – including 4 former world champions, 3 Asian champions, 2 European champions and even 2 Olym- pic medallists. He registered a final timing of 1:21:21, less than a minute behind the bronze medallist. This incredible achieve- ment against the best in the world was missed by the mainstream media that was focusing on India’s inabil- ity to win a medal. But, the fact that someone like Man- ish Rawat who had to juggle several part-time jobs a day and make do with extremely inadequate training facili- ties, finished 13th was a vic- tory in itself. Overlooking the hard work that went into this success and focusing on his failure to win a medal would mean ignoring Rawat’s tre- mendous talent, which, if correctly nurtured, can count among the world’s finest, one day. Race-walking is a highly ignored performing sport in India, with racewalkers fac- ing more struggles than other sportsmen and women in the country. But, ever since Ker- ala’s KT Irfan finished  10th in the London Olympics, the country has produced four Asian champions. For the Rio Olympics, as many as nine racewalkers qualified and three had to be dropped because India didn’t have enough spots! India’s national race- walking team coach, Alex- ander Artsybashev believes that the sport has great pos- sibilities in the country if the Indian authorities take it more seriously. He also be- lieves that Indian race-walk- ers can win not one but sev- eral medals; having a proper dietician and a sports science centre to help in recovery can help the team’s timing im- prove a lot. Top medal-winning coun- tries at the Olympics burn a few million dollars to pro- duce one champion – UK re- cently declared that it spent 5.5 million pounds on each medal winner. On the other hand, in India, champions in the making fight unenvi- able battles all the time just like Rawat who spent what he earned on the road to Rio. And yet, their raw talent and determination to defy all odds to fight their way to the top and surface on the international stage is no less than amazing. It’s time that athletes like Rawat, who will soon start training again to participate in the 2020 Tokyo Olympics in the hope of win- ning a medal, get the backing and respect they deserve. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 9 u
  10. 10. | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201610 K hudiram Bose, a young political ac- tivist from Bengal, was not only one of the most prominent figures in India’s fight for freedom from British rule, but also the youngest revolutionary that the Indian independence movement had witnessed. Khudiram Bose led a life of risk and adven- ture, never for once flinch- ing from his goal of acquir- ing freedom for his country. Apart from possessing the spirit of a fighter, Khudiram Bose was also known for his leadership qualities and his services to the society. How- ever, the revolutionary died an unfortunate early death, leaving India bereft of one of the greatest freedom strug- glers that the country had ever seen. Khudiram Bose will always be remembered in the history of Indian indepen- dence as the proponent of the ‘Agni Yuga’ or the fiery age, an era which was character- ized by young people getting involved in the fight against the British without thinking twice about their own lives. Khudiram Bose was the first martyr of the early twentieth century. Childhood Khudiram Bose was born on December 3, 1889 in the small village of Habibpur situated close to the town of Khudiram Bose Martyrs | iloveindia.com| | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201610
  11. 11. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 11 Tamluk in Midnapore dis- trict of Bengal. Khudiram Bose was the fourth child in a family of three daughters. His parents, Trailokyanath Bose and Lakshmipriya Devi had two sons before the birth of Khudiram but both of them died prematurely. Fol- lowing the tradition of the yesteryear superstitious so- ciety, his mother decided to give up possession of a male child to avoid further deaths in the family. According to re- ports, her baby boy was sold to her eldest daughter Apa- rupa in exchange of a mea- sure of foodgrain, also known as ‘khud’ in Midnapore. After selling her son to her daugh- ter, the mother abandoned all rights to take care of her son. He was thus named Khudiram as he was bought in exchange of ‘khud’ and henceforth was taken care of only by his sister. Thus, it was right from his birth that Khudiram Bose lost all con- tact with his mother and fa- ther. Inspiration on the path to revolution Khudiram Bose showed a revolutionary spirit even when he was a mere child. As a child Khudiram Bose loved adventure and was widely known for his courage and bravery in the face of danger. Quite naturally, he also made a very good leader in political groups. It was in the years 1902 - 1903 that Khudiram Bose was inspired to plunge into active freedom struggle. During this time Sri Aurobin- do and Sister Nivedita were in Medinipur to deliver a lec- ture inspiring people to join the freedom struggle against the British. Khudiram Bose was a teenager at that point of time and was bubbling with energy. He was part of student revolutionary groups in Tamluk. Inspired by the speeches of Sri Aurobindo, Khudiram Bose took part in the secret planning sessions that were held by Sri Aurobindo and Sister Nivedita. Shortly after, in the year 1904, Khudiram Bose shifted from Tamluk to the main town of Medinipur, not only to enroll at the Medinipur Collegiate School but also to take part in the martyr activities that were then a common occurrence in principal towns across India. Khudiram Bose became an active member of a martyrs’ club in Medinipur and soon won the attention of even his seniors at the club through his adventurous leadership qualities, his dedication and his services to the society. Apart from Sri Aurobindo and Sister Nivedita, Khudiram Bose also derived inspiration from verses in the Bhagavad Gita and the words of his teacher Satyendranath Bose. In the year 1905, Khudiram Bose became involved with the political party Jugantar to show his disobedience to the British gov- ernment following the Partition of Bengal the same year. A | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 11
  12. 12. | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201612 few months later Khudiram Bose planted bombs close to a police outpost in Medinipur. Though he was not arrested in 1905, police arrested him three years later and an- nounced a death sentence for a similar incident involving killing by bomb. The Muzaffarpur incident Khudiram Bose and Pra- fulla Chaki from Jugantar were sent to the town of Mu- zaffarpur in Bihar to carry out the killing of Kingsford, the magistrate of Calcutta Presidency. The two revolu- tionaries went to Muzaffar- pur, adopted the code names of Haren Sarkar and Dinesh Roy respectively, and took shelter in the ‘dharmashala’ of Kishorimohan Bandopad- hyay. Though they wanted Kingsford dead, Khudiram Bose and Prafulla Chaki did not want the bloodshed of innocent people crowded around a court during the daytime. Therefore they de- cided to shoot him when he was on his way from the European Club to his home or vice versa. On April 30, 1908, Khudiram Bose and Prafulla Chaki took position outside the European Club and targeted the carriage of Kingsford as it moved out of the club at around 8:30 in the evening. The bombs and the pistol shots hit the carriage. Khudiram Bose and Prafulla Chaki immediately fled the place of crime thinking that their task was complete, only to be informed later that it was the wife and daughter of barrister Pringle Kennedy who were traveling inside Kingsford’s carriage. Both Khudiram and Prafulla were filled with remorse for their act of killing two innocent women. The duo were then constantly on the move to escape the eyes of the police. However, the police caught them soon after the incident took place. Death of Prafulla Chaki After the failed attempt to kill magistrate Kingsford in Muzaffarpur, Prafulla Chaki and Khudiram Bose had tak- en two separate routes to flee the police. On May 1 when his companion Khudiram Bose was arrested, Prafulla Chaki was received in the house of a local in Muzaffar- pur who did his best to save his life by providing food, rest and also a train ticket to Kolkata. Prafulla Chaki had to change trains on his way from Muzaffarpur to Howrah and it was in the train that misfortune met him in the form of Nandalal Bannerjee, a sub inspector in the British police. Immediately suspect- ing the young Prafulla Chaki, Nandalal Bannerjee was suc- cessful in tracing information which led him to believe that it was Prafulla Chaki who was involved in the Muzaf- farpur incident. As soon as Prafulla Chaki left his first train to board the next which would drop him at Howrah, Nandalal Bannerjee was pre- pared with other police per- sonnel to arrest him. While Prafulla Chaki tried to kill Nandalal Bannerjee by shoot- ing at him, his attempt was unsuccessful, after which he fired the gun at himself. Pra- fulla Chaki took his own life unable to bear the humilia- tion of submitting himself to the British authorities. Incidents leading to the arrest of Khudiram Bose The Muzaffarpur inci- dent took place at 8:30 in the evening. People were made aware of the killing on the same night and security consisting of armed police constables was stationed at all crucial positions around the country, especially the railway stations. In addi- tion, the British government had also announced Rs. 1000 cash prize for the person who could trace the attackers or assist the police in doing so. Knowing that the police would be after him, Khudi- ram Bose decided to walk his way to Medinipur rather than board a train. However, ill fate was waiting for him in Oyaini, where he stopped for a glass of water. A couple of constables were immediately on his side when Khudiram Bose stopped by at a tea stall to ask for a glass of water and were curious to know the reason which made him walk such a long way as to make him so tired and dusty. A search which ensued re- vealed that Khudiram Bose was armed with two revolv- ers and 37 rounds of ammu- nition. It is to be remembered that Khudiram Bose was a mere 18 year old kid at the time of the incident and was no match to the strength of the much older constables. On May 1, 1908, Khudi- ram Bose was taken under arrest for his involvement in the Muzaffarpur killings, but the arrest failed to under- mine his nationalistic spirit, | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201612
  13. 13. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 13 the young boy crying the slo- gan ‘Vandemataram’ even after the entire town of Mu- zaffarpur gathered in front of the railway station to take a look at the boy who could commit such a heinous crime. After being taken to the mag- istrate’s office in Muzaffar- pur, Khudiram Bose took the blame for the incident which led to the killings and deaths in Muzaffarpur just a day ago wholly upon himself. No attempts would make him reveal the name of either his partner Prafulla Chaki or his revolutionary group in Medi- nipur. However, police pro- duced before him the body of Prafulla Chaki who had tak- en his own life by then. The shock was elaborately writ- ten upon his face and Khudi- ram Bose came to know that there was no point in hid- ing the identity of his group from the police, who would soon trace the revolutionary group under Barindra Ku- mar Ghosh, which Khudiram Bose and Prafulla Chaki had been working for. The police authorities working under the instructions of the Brit- ish proved how inhuman they could be when they chopped off the head of the dead Pra- fulla Chaki and sent it to Kol- kata for further confirmation of his and Khudiram Bose’s revolutionary links. Court trial and martyr- dom Khudiram Bose was put behind bars on May 2, 1908 and the court trial began on the 21st of May. Binodbihari Majumdar and Mr. Mannuk were the prosecutors for the British government, while Upendranath Sen, Kalidas Basu and Kshetranath Bando- padhyay fought in Khudiram Bose’s defense. Narendranath Lahiri, Satishchandra Chakraborty and Kulkamal Sen also joined the team of defense lawyers for Khudiram Bose as the trial progressed, the entire team fighting the case for free. On May 23, 1908, Khudiram Bose had to give his first statement in court. Following the advice of his lawyers, Khudiram Bose denied any involvement in the shootings and bombings that led to the death of the two British women in Muzaffarpur. The trial progressed slowly with the judge announcing that the final verdict would be delivered on June 13. It was on the date of the verdict that the prosecutors in the Khudiram Bose case received an anonymous letter warning that bombings would soon take place in Kolkata and this time it would be the Biharis rather than the Bengalis who would be behind the attack. The defense board was now sure that the letter would convince the judge that people other than Khudi- ram Bose can be involved in the killings in Muzaffarpur. The chief intention of the defense board in the case was to prevent the pronouncement of a death sentence for Khudiram Bose. However, the British Raj was not prepared to let go of an In- dian who had already been declared as a revolutionary. The death sentence was awarded to Khudiram Bose. Khudiram | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 13
  14. 14. | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201614 Bose embraced the sentence with dignity. In fact he also refused to appeal to the High Court, a practice which ex- isted during those times, say- ing that he was destined to be hanged to death. It was his defense law- yers who convinced Khudi- ram Bose to make the appeal to the High Court arguing with him that a life sentence instead of a death sentence would mean that Khudiram Bose could live on to serve his motherland. The hearing in the High Court took place on July 8, 1908. It was Narendr- akumar Basu who fought on behalf of Khudiram Bose in the July High Court trial pre- senting several arguments which would avert the pos- sibility of a death sentence for a revolutionary who had become an overnight hero for young nationalists in India after the Muzaffarpur inci- dent. The judge in the High Court said that July 13 would be the date for the ultimate verdict on the matter. The arguments put for- ward to the High Court by Narendrakumar Basu would have put the case in favor of Khudiram Bose and could have saved his life, but the British government had al- ready decided that they would GYAN Vitaranam (August 15 - September 14, 2016) Thanks a lot! Very illustrative, informative and elegant-looking issue, very well brought out sir! S. Mahalingam E-mail: smali4619@yahoo.co.in Dear Sri Pillai: Thank you for the latest issue of GV. I feel the short piece on Sandip Gund deserves greater publicity. I understand that even in a socially advanced state like Kerala, attendance in Govt. primary schools is falling. This trend can perhaps be reversed if the “Gund Model” is adopted. Best regards, Manoranjan Rao E-mail: rao.manoranjan@gmail.com Hello Sir, GYAN Vitaranam is always a great read. Thank you so much for updates. Hope you are doing fine. Thanks. Sagarika Ranjan E-mail: sagarikasinha28@gmail.com Thank you for the prompt reply. I read a couple of them from this issue and they are very good articles. Ankita Biswas Ahuja E-mail: biswasankita@gmail.com Dear Sir, Thank you for this edition of GYAN Vitaranam. I eagerly look forward to GYAN Vitaranam monthly edition. I have found that this edition was an Independence Day special! Very well presented articles; “Take responsibility” and on Pingali Venkayya Garu, a freedom fighter. Best regards. R. Raghunandan E-mail: raghunandan28@gmail.com FEEDBACK award the death sentence to Khudiram Bose. An attempt of appeal made to the Gover- nor General was also turned down and the death sentence for Khudiram Bose was made public on August 11, 1908. The sentence led to a huge uproar among people, young and old, who gathered in front of the courthouse to shout slogans of protest against the sentence. The local press was vociferous in making the sentiments of the Indians heard. But it was Khudiram Bose who surprised many by embracing his death gracefully by going to the gal- lows on August 11, 1908 with a smile on his face. u
  15. 15. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 15 Personality Development | Raghunandan Ramachandran| A t all levels of com- petition, the most successful ones have one characteristic in common: mental strength and mental toughness. An individual who has av- erage talent and yet has mental toughness will be more successful than an individual who has natu- ral talent but who is not mentally tough. This is because the mind is stron- ger than the body. Win- ners are not always de- termined by physical skill alone. Mental toughness is difficult to define. It is not just one thing, but it con- sists of many factors. For example, think of a fruit salad. It would not be fruit salad with just fruits; there needs to be nuts, cherries, jelly, custard and all the other ingredients. They combine to make a com- plete fruit salad. Mental toughness in- cludes: ŠŠ Continued effort - working toward goals and never giving up! ŠŠ Self-discipline - everything (training, sleep, diet, etc.) How to increase your Mental Strength | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 15
  16. 16. | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201616 should contribute to health and performance. ŠŠ Confidence - knowing that with effort you can accomplish anything. ŠŠ Focus on the present - forget about past mistakes and performance errors. ŠŠ Successful stress management - keep anxiety levels low for better performances. ŠŠ Controlled thoughts - do not allow the mind to generate negative self-talk/thoughts. Mental strength is not reflected in what you do. It is usually seen in what you do Soldiers possess extraordinary mental toughness and constantly train themselves for mental strength Rise to the occasion and challenge! Do not waste time feeling sorry for yourself! | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201616
  17. 17. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 17 not do. How can we develop mental strength? We will look at a “three-pronged approach” and things that mentally strong people do not do. It is about control- ling your thoughts, behav- iours, and emotions. 1. They do not waste time feeling sorry for them- selves. Indulging in self-pity hinders living a full life. It wastes time, creates nega- tive emotions, and hurts your relationships. The key is to affirm the good in the world, and you will begin to appreci- ate what you have. The goal is to replace the self-pity with gratitude. 2. They do not give away their power. People give away their power when they lack physi- cal and emotional boundar- ies. You need to stand up for yourself and draw the line when necessary. If other people are in control of your actions, they define your success and self- worth. It’s important that you keep track of your goals and work towards them. 3. They donot shy away from change. There are five stages of change, Morin writes: pre- contemplation, contempla- tion, preparation, action and maintenance. Following through with each of the five steps is cru- cial. Making changes can be frightening, but shying away from them prevents growth. 4. They do not focus on things they can’t control. It feels so safe to have ev- erything under control, but thinking we have the power to always pull the strings can become problematic. Trying to be in control of everything is a likely re- sponse to anxiety. Rather than focusing on managing your anxiety, you try control- ling your environment. Shifting your focus off the things you cannot control can create increased happiness, less stress, better relation- ships, new opportunities, and more success, Morin writes. 5. They don’t worry about pleasing everyone. Oftentimes, we judge our- selves by considering what other people think of us, which is the opposite of men- tal toughness. Stop trying to be a peo- ple-pleaser: It’s a waste of time; people-pleasers are eas- ily manipulated; it is OK for others to feel angry or dis- appointed; and you cannot please everyone. Dropping your people- pleasing mind-set will make you stronger and more self- Keep moving – Do not focus on things you cannot control | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 17
  18. 18. | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201618 confident. 6. They do not fear taking calculated risks. People are often afraid to take risks, whether it’s finan- cial, physical, emotional, so- cial, or business-related, Mo- rin writes. But it comes down to knowledge. A lack of knowledge about how to calculate risk leads to increased fear. To better analyze a risk, ask yourself the following questions: What are the potential costs? What are the potential benefits? How will this help me achieve my goal? What are the alterna- tives? How good would it be if the best-case scenario came true? What is the worst thing that could happen and how could I reduce the risk that will occur? How bad would it be if the worst-case scenario did come true? How much will this deci- sion matter in five years? 7. They do not dwell on the past. The past is in the past. There’s no way to change what happened, and “dwell- ing can be self-destructive, preventing you from enjoying the present and planning for the future,” Morin writes. It doesn’t solve anything and can lead to depression, she writes. There can be a benefit to thinking about the past, though. Reflecting on the les- sons learned, considering the facts rather than the emo- tions, and looking at a situ- ation from a new perspective can be helpful, she says. 8. They do not make the same mistakes over and over. Reflecting can ensure you don’t repeat your mistakes. It’s important to study what went wrong, what you could have done better, and how to do it differently next time, Morin writes. Mentally strong people accept responsibility for the mistake and create a thoughtful, written plan to Do not fear taking calculated risks | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201618
  19. 19. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 19 avoid making the same mis- take in the future. 9. They do not resent oth- er people’s success. Resentment is like anger that remains hidden and bot- tled up, Morin writes. Focusing on another per- son’s success will not pave the way to your own, since it distracts you from your path, Morin writes. Even if you become successful, you may never be content if you’re al- ways focusing on others. You may also overlook your tal- ents and abandon your val- ues and relationships, she says. 10. They do not give up af- ter the first failure. Success is not instant, and failure is almost always an obstacle you will have to overcome. Take, for example, Theodor Giesel — also known as Dr. Seuss — whose first book was rejected by more than 20 publishers. And now Dr. Seuss is a household name. Thinking that failure is unacceptable or that it means you are not good enough does not reflect mental strength. In fact, bouncing back after failure will make you stron- ger. 11. They do not fear alone time. “Creating time to be alone with your thoughts can be a powerful experience, instru- mental in helping you reach your goals,” Morin writes. Becoming mentally strong “requires you to take time out from the busyness of daily life to focus on growth.” Here are some of the ben- efits of solitude Morin lists in her book: • Solitude at the office can in- crease productivity. • Alone time may increase Do not expect instant or immediate results | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 19
  20. 20. | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201620 your empathy. • Spending time alone sparks creativity. • Solitary skills are good for mental health. • Solitude offers restoration. 12. They donot feel the world owes them any- thing. It is easy to get angry at the world for your failures or lack of success, but the truth is no one is entitled to any- thing. It must be earned. The key is to focus on your efforts, accept criticism, acknowledge your flaws, and do not keep score. Comparing yourself to others will only set you up for disappointment if you do not receive what you think you are owed. 13. They do not expect im- mediate results. A willingness to develop realistic expectations and an understanding that success doesn’t happen overnight is necessary if you want to reach your full potential. Mentally weak people are often impatient. They overes- timate their abilities and un- derestimate how long change takes, she says, so they ex- pect immediate results. It’s important to keep your eyes on the prize and re- lentlessly work towards your long-term goals. There will be failures along the way, but if you measure your progress and look at the big picture, success will become attain- able. Follow these simple steps for developing men- tal strength and mental toughness 1) Look at mental tough- ness as an on-going process, not as an end product. You must work at it consistently. 2) Choose a role model -- copy the attitude of a successful person whom you admire. 3) Lighten up -- engage in positive self-talk; allow yourself downtime; and, don’t expect to be perfect. 4) Control your emotions -- you will be able to stay focused on your goals if you control your re- actions to stressful sit- uations. 5) Use Routines - use a pre- game routine; use a pre- execution routine. Choose your role model | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201620 u
  21. 21. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 21 D o you think that life has become too mundane and the same chores are being repeat- ed every day! At work, there is less enthusiasm to do the things that once excited you! These maybe signs that you need a job change. There are small signs that present them- selves to us making us under- stand that we need to change our job or even our profile. You may not always be happy do- ing things you have been doing for a long time and you may think that it is time for you to explore other talents or career options or anything but what you are currently doing. There are 10 signs that you need to watch out for that indicate you need to change your job: 1. Waiting too long: When you spend a consid- erable time in one organiza- tion, at times it does become a little monotonous to go back to the same environment. Unless you have a highly engaging job profile and are completely sat- isfiedwithyourprofileandyour employer or you have simply become complacent, then prob- ably thinking of a job change may not seem like your cup of tea. However, if you have been thinking about a change of job and you have waited too long for this to happen, then it is an indication that you should get up and look for a new job! An occasional bad-day happens to everyone but if the feeling of not doing what you are doing now continues for a long time then please start looking out. 2. Remuneration: If you think you have been giving too much of your time and not being compensated accordingly, then maybe you need to explore new avenues. Sometimes you tend to wait for a while to get the right remu- neration however if this does not come across as expected, you would soon tend to lose interest in your job and may want to move out. “If it no longer works for you, then leave” 10 signs you need to change your job Careers | Ankita Biswas| | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 21
  22. 22. | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201622 3. Lamenting: You may not be the type of person to lament about work in front of anyone but suddenly you find yourself talking too much about work pressure, then it is an indica- tion that you have to look out. You will see yourself lament- ing about your work in front of family and friends, then you surely are not enjoying what you are doing and it is time to change. It is important to take note that talking about your work with your peer group is healthy, however if this talk- ing suddenly turns into wail- ing then it is best to look for a change. 4. Sleep pattern: Sleep in the most impor- tant aspect of your daily well- being and if you are not get- ting adequate sleep daily then it is not a good sign for your body. Sleep pattern getting disturbed can be caused by a variety of things but when work is the foremost thing playing on your mind, then it is surely not doing any good for you. You go to sleep wor- rying about work and get up worrying about your job then it is time to change. Thinking about your schedule is good, but sleeping on your schedule is not. 5. Mental and physical stress: For many individuals go- ing to work is a sort of stress buster, but if this same situ- ation reverses, then it is time for a change. Work stress can lead to frequent headaches, feeling physically unfit, feeling lethargic to go to work, indicat- ing that maybe you need to sit back and think about your de- cision to continue or quit. 6. Lack Passion: If you are checking your Facebook or Whatsapp or oth- er social networking sites a lit- tle often rather than complet- ing the work assigned, then it is an indication you need to change. You no longer feel the same passion for your work as you used to. The triggers to feel less passionate about your work can be innumerable. You need to do introspection and list down the points that make you feel so. 7. Irrelevant Excuses: If you are looking at triv- ial excuses to stay away from work, then it is time to change. An occasional day-off is abso- lutely fine, but if the pattern endures then it is definitely time to change. 8. Increase in alcohol con- sumption: You are a social drinker and enjoy a drink or two with friends over a weekend or holidays; but if this goes on to become a daily binge then it could be that you are under stress. Stress caused due to work inducing you to drink or smoke more, are indications that you have to start looking out. Everyone faces stress in some form or the other, how- ever if this same stress climbs up the ladder and starts con- trolling you by changing your health habits, then it is time to move out. 9. Going to work anxiety: If you dread getting up every morning to get on with the day, then it may be time to think about your job. All of us experience a very coined phe- nomena of Monday Morning Blues but if this continuous the entire week making you feel less motivated, then prob- ably its best to start looking around. Weekends are some- thing that individuals relish however if you have a stomach crunching feeling to go to work the next day, then do start ex- ploring new avenues. 10. Not challenging enough: All these factors above also contribute to the fact that your job is not challenging enough for you to stay. You have been there, done that and now need something extra in your role, but if it does not come through, you start getting anxious. These are also signs that you need to change. Job change is not easy in today’s time and age. With changing market avenues and a dynamically changing econ- omy, it is even more impera- tive for one to think hard be- fore moving out. Although the above mentioned points can act as markers for a change in job, however it is best to con- sider all options together be- fore looking out. It is good to know and study the market but becoming openly available for employers in the market, is another story. Job security and remuneration are very important and hence it is best to tread carefully before mov- ing to the next job rather than taking up the first opportunity that comes your way. “And the only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven’t found it yet, KEEP LOOKING. DON’T SETTLE. As with all mat- ters of the heart, you’ll know when you find it.” - Steve Jobs | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201622 u
  23. 23. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 23 Admissions Important Dates Last date for online sub- mission of application: 15th September 2016. Written Test: 8th De- cember 2016. Date of interviews (only for selected candidates): 8th and 9th December 2016. Applications are invited from highly motivated stu- dents for a research schol- arship to do a Ph.D. at the Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astro- physics (IUCAA), Pune (an autonomous institution of the university grants com- mission) or the National Centre for Radio Astro- physics (NCRA), Pune (a centre of the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR), a Deemed Univer- sity), which has built, and operated by the Giant Me- treware Radio Telescope (GMRT). IUCAA and NCRA: IUCAA offers challeng- ing opportunities to young researchers in theory, obser- vation, and instrumentation in Astronomy and Astro- physics. Recently, IUCAA has acquired a share in the 10 m Southern African Large Telescope (SALT), and operates the IUCAA Gi- rawali Observatory (IGO) with 2 m optical telescope. Both the telescopes are with imaging, spectroscopic and polarimetric capabilities. IUCAA has a high perfor- mance computational facil- ity, and a good library. NCRA offers exciting op- portunities for research in Astronomy and Astrophys- ics, as well as instrumenta- tion, with an emphasis on Radio Astronomy. NCRA has built and operates the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope, which is located near Pune, and is the big- gest and most powerful ra- dio telescope in the world at low radio frequencies. It has been used internationally and has led to several signif- icant discoveries. NCRA has modern computing facilities and a well-stocked library. Eligibility: Applications are invited from students who expect to complete their M.Sc., In- tegrated M.Sc., or B.E./B. Tech./M.E./M.Tech. degrees by July 2017 with 55% marks or more. Students in any branch of the B.E., B.Tech., M.E. or M.Tech. degrees, or in the Phys- ics, Electronics, Astronomy or Applied Mathematics branches of the B.Sc., or M.Sc., degrees, are eligible to apply for INAT-2016. Students who have already completed any of the above degrees are also eligible. In addition, talented final-year B.Sc., 1st year M.Sc., 4th year Integrated M.Sc. and 2nd/3rd year B.E./B.Tech. students may also apply to be pre-selected for the Ph.D. programme at IUCAA. Students who complete their M.Sc./Integrated, M.Sc./M.E./M.Tech. degrees by July 2017 will be eligible for selection to the Ph.D. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 23
  24. 24. | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201624 programme of both IUCAA and NCRA-TIFR. Students who complete their B.E./B. Tech. degrees by July 2017 are eligible for selection to the Ph.D. programme at IUCAA and to the Inte- grated Ph.D. programme at NCRA-TIFR (except for En- gineering Physics students, who will be eligible for selec- tion to the Ph.D. programme at NCRA-TIFR). Students who complete their B.Sc. degrees by July 2017 will be eligible for selection to the Integrated Ph.D. pro- gramme at NCRA-TIFR and for pre-selection to the Ph.D. programme at IUCAA. Selection Procedure: We are looking for high- ly motivated students with a consistently good academ- ic record. While we strongly encourage students from engineering backgrounds to apply for INAT-2016, we emphasize that we are look- ing for students who are in- terested in carrying out doc- toral research in Physics, or Astronomy and Astrophys- ics. We hence expect pro- spective candidates to have a good understanding of ba- sic Physics. Based on the applica- tions and referee assess- ments, a subset of the can- didates will be short-listed and invited to take the writ- ten test, to be held in Pune on Thursday, December 8, 2016. Candidates with 55% or more marks in the qualifying examination may walk-in for the written test by producing valid photo identification and a copy of their most recent mark sheet. They should report at the Chandrasekhar Au- ditorium, IUCAA by 9:00 a.m. for verification of these documents, to ensure that there are no logistical problems. The final selec- tion to the research schol- arship will be based on the results of the written test (on Thursday, December 8, 2016) and two interviews (on Thursday, December 8, and/or Friday, December 9, 2016), both to be held in Pune. Note that, for both IUCAA and NCRA-TIFR, the selection through INAT is in addition to the se- lection through the Joint Entrance Screening Test (JEST). Nature of the Written Test: The test will be of two hours duration. The ques- tion paper will have two parts, A and B. Part A will contain twenty objective- type questions on basic Mathematics, Physics and Electronics. Part B will contain another twenty ob- jective-type questions from advanced Physics, Math- ematics and Electronics/ Engineering. For each ques- tion, candidates will have to identify and mark the cor- rect answer from the given four answers. For a correct answer, there will be +3 (plus three) marks, and for a wrong answer, there will be -1 (minus one) mark. Based on their perfor- mance in the written test, a limited number of candi- dates will be invited for two interviews, which will be conducted on December 8 and/or 9, 2016. The final selection will be based on the scores in the written test and interviews. Candidates selected by ei- ther IUCAA or NCRA are expected to join in August 2017 (except for pre-select- ed candidates), after satis- factory completion of their qualifying examination. How to apply: Candidates should fill an online Application Form available at www.ncra.tifr. res.in/ For more details refer website. Contact Details: Address: The Admin- istrative Officer (Core Pro- grammes), Inter-University Centre for Astronomy and Astrophysics (IUCAA), Pune University Campus, Post Bag 4, Ganeshkhind, Pune - 411 007, Maharashtra. Phone: (020) 25604100 / 25691414 Fax: (020) 2 5604699 E-mail: Contact I Website: www.iucaa.ernet. in, www.ncra.tifr.res.in/ | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201624
  25. 25. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 25 Important Dates Last date for receipt of application form (without late fee): 17th September 2016. University of Mumbai invites online application for admission to UG/PG Programs through Distance and Open Learning mode for 2016. Programmes offered: B.A. (History‚ Political Science‚ Sociology‚ Economics‚ Education‚ Psychology‚ Commerce‚ Rural Development‚ English‚ Hindi and Marathi) B.Com (Accounts/ Management Group) B.Sc. (Information Technology) B.Sc. (Computer Science) B.Sc. (Nautical Technology) M.A. (History‚ Sociology‚ Economics‚ Marathi‚ English‚ Hindi‚ Gujarati and Politics) M.A. (Education) M.Com (Accounts / Management) MA/M.Sc. (Mathematics) M.Sc. (Information Technology) M.Sc. (Computer Science) MCA *(Master of Computer Application) 2nd and 3rd Year PGDFM (PG Diploma in Financial Management) PGDORM (PG Diploma in Operations Research for Management) Eligibility: The students from CBSE‚ NIOS‚ HSC Boards other than Maharashtra State‚ Dip Ed and Degree from other than University of Mumbai will have to obtain the Eligibility Certificate which will be issued online after approval from Eligibility Unit‚ Room No. 108 (A), Institute of Distance and Open Learning‚ Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma Bhavan‚ Vidyanagari‚ Santacruz (E), Mumbai-98. The students should download their Eligibility Form online after application for admission and submit the same and show all original certificates in Room no 108 first floor‚ IDOL‚ University of Mumbai, Kalina Campus. Documents Required: 1) HSC and onwards all examination (F.Y.‚ S.Y. and T.Y.) 2) Proof of Date of Birth. 3) Migration / Transference Certificate. 4) Passing/Convocation / Degree Certificate. 5) Marriage Certificate/ Gazette Notification (For female married students). Fees for eligibility case: Document Verification fees of Rs.400/- will be charged from UG programme students who have passed their Board/University Examinations from other than Maharashtra State Higher Secondary Board and University of Mumbai (Only for Eligibility Case). Eligibility fees of Rs.220/- for the students who have passed their examination from Maharashtra state Universities/ HSC board‚ Rs. 320/- out of Maharashtra State University / HSC Board. How to Apply: Application forms will be available on institute website www.mu.ac.in, which can be submitted online. Applicant can proceed for payment through online payment through Credit/Debit Cards‚ Net Banking and Bank Challan from any branch of Bank of Maharashtra. Students of other than University of Mumbai/ CBSE/ NIOS / other State Boards should obtain Eligibility Certificate through online from this website www. mahaonline.gov.in More Details can be available from the institute website. Contact Details: Address: University of Mumbai, Institute of Dis- tance and open Learning (IDOL), Dr. Shankar Day- al Sharma Bhavan, Vidy- anagari, Kalina, Santacruz (E), Mumbai-400 098. Phone: 022-26523048 / 26527086 Fax: 022-26527083 E-mail: Contact I Website: www.mu.ac.in | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 25
  26. 26. | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201626 Important Dates Commencement of Online application submission: Sep- tember 1st, 2016. Last Date for Submission of Online Application through Website: October 4th, 2016. Last Date for Request for Change in the Choice of Exami- nation City via GOAPS login: November 16, 2016. Availability of Admit Card on the Online Application Inter- face for printing: January 5th, 2017. GATE 2017 Online Exami- nation4th - 5thFebruary and 11th -12th February, 2017. Announcement of Results on the Online Application Web- site: March 27th, 2017. Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an all India examination admin- istered and conducted jointly by the Indian Institute of Sci- ence and seven Indian Insti- tutes of Technology on behalf of the National Coordination Board - GATE, Department of Higher Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India. The GATE committee, which comprises of representa- tives from the administering in- stitutes, is the sole authority for regulating the examination and declaring the results. GATE is conducted through the constitution of eight zones. The zones and the correspond- ing administrative institutes are: Zone-1: Indian Institute of Science Bengaluru. Zone-2: Indian Institute of Technology Bombay. Zone-3: Indian Institute of Technology Delhi. Zone-4: Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati. Zone-5: Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur. Zone-6: Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur. Zone-7: Indian Institute of Technology Madras. Zone-8: Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee. The choice of the paper is the responsibility of the candi- date. GATE Qualification: Admission to Postgraduate Courses (Master’s and Doctor- al) in the country, with MHRD and other Government Scholar- ships/ Assistantships in Engi- neering/ Technology/ Architec- ture/ Science, is open to those who qualify in GATE. Validity of GATE 2017 score will be for a period of 3 (THREE) YEARS ONLY from the date of announcement of results. For all the papers, GATE 2017 exami- nation will be conducted in only ONLINE mode. For some of the papers the examination will be conducted in multiple sessions. For details, please visit GATE 2017 website. Eligibility: Candidates in the following categories ONLY are eligible to appear for GATE: (a) Bachelor’s degree holders in Engineer- ing/ Technology/Architecture (4 years after 10+2/Post-Diploma) and those who are in the final year of such programs, (b) Can- didates in the final year of the Four-year Bachelor’s degree program in Science (B.S.). (c) Master’s degree holders in any branch of Science/Mathematics/ Statistics/Computer Applica- tions or equivalent and those who are in the final year of such programs, (d) Candidates in the second or higher year of the Four-year Integrated Mas- ter’s degree program (Post-B. Sc.) in Engineering/ Technol- ogy, (e) Candidates in the fourth or higher year of Five-year In- tegrated Master’s degree pro- gram or Dual Degree program in Engineering/Technology, (f) Candidates in the final year of Five-year integrated M.Sc. or Five year integrated B.Sc./M. Sc. program and (g) Candidates with qualifications obtained through examinations conduct- ed by professional societies rec- ognized by UPSC/AICTE (e.g. AMIE by IE(I), AMICE(I) by the Institute of Civil Engineers (India)-ICE(I)) as equivalent to B.E./B.Tech. Those who have completed section A or equiva- lent of such professional courses are also eligible. Candidates have to apply only ONLINE. The application fee is 1500 for General/OBC male candidates, 750 for female candidates and 750 for the SC/ ST/PwD category candidates. The application fee can be paid either online or through e-chal- lan via State Bank of India or Axis Bank (additional bank (GATE 2017) Organising Institute - IIT Kanpur | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201626
  27. 27. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 27 charges may apply). The appli- cation fee is non-refundable. How to Apply: Submission of Online Ap- plication Forms may be made by accessing the website of the zonal GATE office of the exami- nation city where the candidate wishes to appear. For details on filling up of online application form and the application pro- cess, please refer to the websites of IISc or any of the IITs as list- ed below. Zonal GATE Office T e n t a - tive List of Examination Cit- ies: Chairperson, GATE, IISc Bangalore, Benga- luru - 560 012 Website: gate.iisc.ernet.in Alappuzha, Aluva, Ananthapur, Attingal, Bagalkot, Bangalore, Belgaum, Bellary, Bidar, Chen- gannur, Davengere, Gulbarga, Hassan, Hubli, Idukki, Kannur, Kanjirapally, Kasaragod, Ko- lar, Kollam, Kothamangalam, Kottayam, Kozhikode, Kurnool, Malappuram, Mangalore, Ma- nipal, Muvattupuzha, Mysore, Nedumangad, Pala, Palakkad, Payyannur, Port Blair, Pu- nalur, Shimoga, Thrissur, Tum- kur and Vadakara. Chairperson, GATE, IIT Bombay, Powai, Mumbai - 400 076 Website: www.gate.iitb. ac.in Ahmedabad, Ahmed- nagar, Amravati, Anand, Au- rangabad, Bhavnagar, Bhuj, Gandhinagar, Goa, Hyderabad, Jalgaon, Kolhapur, Lonawala, Mehsana, Mumbai, Nagpur, Nanded, Nashik, Navi Mumbai, Pune, Rajkot, Ratnagiri, Sangli, Satara, Secunderabad, Solapur, Surat, Thane and Vadodara. Chairperson, GATE, IIT Delhi, Hauz Khas, New Delhi - 110016 Website: gate.iitd.ac.in Ajmer, Alwar, Bahadurgarh, Bikaner, New Delhi, Delhi- NCR, Faridabad, Gurgaon, Hisar-Rohtak, Indore, Jammu, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Karnal, Kota, Mathura, Palwal, Sikar, Udai- pur-Chittorgarh and Ujjain. Chairperson, GATE, IIT Guwahati, Guwahati - 781039 Website: www.iitg.er- net.in/gate A g a r t a l a , Asansol,Dhanbad, Durgapur, Gangtok, Guwahati, Imphal, Jorhat, Kalyani, Patna, Silchar, Siliguri, Shillong and Tezpur. Chairperson, GATE, IIT Kanpur, Kanpur - 208016 Website: www.iitk.ac.in/ gate Agra, Aligarh, Alla- habad, Bareilly, Bhopal, Gwali- or, Jabalpur, Kanpur, Lucknow and Varanasi. Chairperson, GATE, IIT Kharagpur, Kharag- pur - 721302 Website: gate.iitkgp. ac.in Balasore, Berhampur (Odisha), Bhilai, Bhimavaram, Bhubaneswar, Bilaspur (CG), Cuttack, Eluru, Hooghly, Jam- shedpur, Kakinada, Kharagpur, Kolkata, Raipur, Rajahmundry, Ranchi, Rourkela, Sambalpur, Tadepalligudem, Vijayawada and Visakhapatnam. Chairperson, GATE, IIT Madras, Chennai - 600036 Website: gate.iitm.ac.in Angamaly , Bapatla, Chennai North, Chennai South, Chit- toor, Coimbatore, Cuddalore, Dindigul, Ernakulam, Erode, Gudur, Guntur, Kadapa, Kan- yakumari, Karimnagar, Karur, Khammam, Madurai, Nager- coil, Nalgonda, Namakkal, Nellore, Ongole, Puducherry (Pondicherry), Salem, Thanja- vur, Thiruchengode, Thiruvan- namalai, Thiruvananthapuram, Tiruchirapalli, Tirunelveli, Tir- upati, Tuticorin, Vellore, Villu- puram, Virudhunagar and Wa- rangal. Chairperson, GATE, IIT Roorkee,Roorkee-247667 Website: www.iitr.ac.in/ gate Ambala, Amritsar, Bathinda, Chandigarh-Mohali- Fatehgarh Sahib, Dehradun, Ghaziabad, Haldwani-Bhimtal, Hamirpur (HP)-Una, Jaland- har-Phagwara, Kurukshetra, Ludhiana-Moga, Meerut, Mo- radabad, Noida, Panchkula, Pa- nipat, Pathankot, Patiala-San- grur, Roorkee-Muzaffarnagar, Saharanpur, Sirmaur, Solan- Shimla, Sonepat and Yamu- nanagar. * List of cities may change. Please consult corresponding zonal GATE office websites for complete list of cities. The application fee GATE 2017: Male Candidates (General/ OBC) - Rs. 1500/- Women Candidates of any category - Rs. 750/- Other Candidates (General/ OBC) - Rs. 1500/- SC / ST / PwD* Category Candidates - Rs. 750/- The application fee is non- refundable. For GATE 2017 payments would have to be made through online by select- ing either SBI I-collect or Axis Bank I-Connect, or using any bank Debit Card/Credit Card, Net Banking and e-challan fa- cilities ONLY. Additional charg- es will be applicable as per the rule of the bank from where the money is being transferred. Ta- ble 4.5 gives the charges as ap- plicable for State Bank of India (SBI) I-Collect and Axis Bank I- Connect where the GATE 2017 account is and where the money is to be transferred. More details can be avail- able from the institute website. Contact Details: Address: GATE Office, Indian Institute of Technology- Kanpur, Kanpur - 208 016 Phone: 0512 2597412 Fax: 0512 2590932 E-mail: Contact I Website: gate.iitk.ac.in | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 27
  28. 28. | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201628 Scholarships Applications are invited for Chevening Cyber Se- curity Fellowship which is funded by the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office. This is a 12-week fully fund- ed residential programme de- livered at Cranfield Univer- sity at the Defence Academy of the United Kingdom. The Chevening Cyber Se- curity Fellowship is aimed at mid-career professionals with demonstrable leader- ship potential in the field of cyber security or cyber policy in India. Chevening is the UK government’s international awards scheme aimed at de- veloping global leaders since 1983. Funded by the Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) and partner organisa- tions, Chevening offers two types of award – Chevening Scholarships and Chevening Fellowships – the recipients of which are personally se- lected by British Embas- sies and High Commissions throughout the world. In order to receive a Chevening Award, all ap- plicants must demonstrate that they have fulfilled the Chevening English language requirement by 13 July 2017. Course Level: This is a 12-week fully funded residential programme. Study Subject: Fellow- ship is awarded in the field of cyber security or cyber policy. Scholarship Award: Each fellowship includes: • Full programme fees. • Living expenses for the du- ration of the fellowship. • Return economy flight from India to the UK. Scholarship can be taken in the UK Eligibility: To be eligible for a Chevening Cyber Secu- rity Fellowship, you must: • Be a citizen of India and currently live in the coun- try. Students must not hold British nationality. • Have at least seven years’ relevant work experience prior to applying. • Have significant work ex- perience in cyber security or cyber policy issues, ei- ther as a policy formulator, commentator, or academic. • Have an excellent academic background in science, en- gineering or technology, or considerable experience of working in such fields and good working knowledge of English to be assessed by the qualified English lan- guage assessor. • Have a postgraduate level qualification (or equivalent professional training or ex- perience in a relevant area) Cyber Security Fellowship for Indian students in UK, 2017
  29. 29. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 29 at the time of application. Agree to adhere to all rel- evant guidelines and expec- tations for the programme. Nationality: Citizens of India can apply for this fellowship programme. College Admission Re- quirement Entrance Requirement: Applicant must have a post- graduate level qualification (or equivalent professional training or experience in a relevant area) at the time of application. Test Requirement: No English Language Require- ment: Chevening accepts English language tests from five providers: • Academic IELTS • Pearson PTE Academic • TOEFL Ibt • Cambridge English: Ad- vanced (CEA) • Trinity ISE II (B2) How to Apply: Applications for Chevening Fellowships can be submitted using the Chevening online applica- tion system. Prior to start application for a Chevening Fellowship please ensure applicants have the follow- ing ready: Essential: • Two references to be pro- vided in a letter format and written in English • Valid passport/national ID 13th Manthan Awards South Asia, 2016 card • University transcripts (un- dergraduate, postgraduate) • Please note that only docu- ments in PDF format can be uploaded and documents cannot be over 5MB in size. Optional: English lan- guage (if already met the re- quirements) Applicants can submit an initial application without the optional document and upload them to their applica- tion at a later date. Application Dead- line: Applications for this fellowship award will open from 15 August to 30 Sep- tember 2016. The Manthan Award is an annual award for South Asia given in recognition of exceptional digital content creation. Nominations are accepted from the public and multiple awards are given in many categories. Manthan Award South Asia and its aim: Manthan Award South Asia is a first of its kind ini- tiative to discover, recognise and honour the best use of ICT and digital tools for de- velopmental purposes. The Award is less about technolo- gy and digital media but more about the right use of digital and technological tools to em- power people. The specific objective of the Award is to bring to the attention of all stakehold- ers such as governments, business and industry and civil society organisations engaged in the development sector significant ICTD ini- tiatives and valuable digital content that are successfully serving underserved com- munities especially in rural areas and urban slums. Most of these success stories go un- heralded in the mainstream media as these ICT interven- tions often operate in media- blind areas and sectors. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 29
  30. 30. | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201630 Consequently, there is lit- tle knowledge-sharing among the progenitors of these ini- tiatives which in turn hin- ders the emergence of an ecosystem that feeds on this knowledge and enables scal- ing up of these initiatives and coordination among them for much larger impact. The Manthan Award South Asia seeks to bridge this gap and create a platform that will not only highlight such ICTD initiatives but also help to create a network and data- base of such players that will enable all stakeholders to contribute in a way that will enhance the overall impact of such ICT interventions. The online process of ac- cepting nominations for the 13th  Manthan Award SOUTH ASIA starts from August 18, 2016. Every nomination is required to submit a ‘Product Demo’ presentation as well as a ‘How to use’ Video. The Manthan Award South Asia brings together the best ICT for Development experts from South Asia region as jurors, to deliberate and decide upon the award-winning digital in- terventions and e-content in the region. Each nomination will be assessed according to the following criteria: • Award nominations sub- mitted by individuals on behalf of public or private sector organizations, uni- versity, or research and de- velopment institutions and non-government organiza- tions will be considered. • Any nominated project has to complete at least 4 months on-ground by Au- gust 2016. Start-ups can send their new launched projects started after 1st July 2016 in our new cat- egory called Early Stage. • Award Nominations only from South Asia region will be considered. • Award nominations from past year winners for the same project will not be considered. • Award nominations must provide clear and concrete information about your ini- tiative, organization, the team involved. • Any single entry of nomina- tion will not be considered under multiple categories. • Irrespective of the product/ project language, all pro- ducer, and project informa- tion must be in English. • No direct entries from Ban- gladesh for the Manthan Awards South Asia will be entertained from this year. All entries from the coun- try will only be allowed through BRAC Manthan Digital Innovation Award (BMDIA), a collaborative initiative of BRAC and DEF. NOMINATION GUIDE- LINES • There are no charges appli- cable for nominating any project in Manthan Award South Asia Nomination processes. • There are no limitation on submitted number of Nom- ination from any organisa- tion i.e. one can submit’n’ number of nominations for different projects from one organisation. • Manthan Award South Asia, being applicable across South Asia region invites Best Practioners from all 8 South Asia coun- tries to nominate for the best ICT innovations from their countries. • The Manthan Awards are open to any of the follow- ing in the SOUTH ASIA region. 1. Governments 2. Individuals/Students 3. Entrepreneurs 4. Industry (Private Sector Companies/Corporate) 5. Academician and Academ- ic institutions 6. NGOs/NPOs • Winning Nominees of past years cannot submit the same project again at Man- than Award South Asia 2016. • The same project can be applied again if it was not a winning entry of any of the past 12 editions. • Any partner to Manthan Award South Asia is eligi- ble to apply for the Nomi- nation process of any of their project as Jury is completely an indepen- dent process, irrespective of Manthan Award South Asia stakeholders. • Any false information sub- mitted about the project will immediately lead to | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201630
  31. 31. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 31 permanent disqualification of the Nominee. • Irrespective of the prod- uct/project language, all producer and project infor- mation must be in English only. • Any nomination form re- ceived after the last date of registration will not be en- tertained. • Any partially filled/not filled registration form will be rejected. • Nomination form shall be submitted either online or offline (via email), how- ever we recommend you to choose online method to take the advantage of up- date/editing filled informa- tion. • Please note that either a PPT or a small video about the project is a mandatory requirement of the Nomi- nation form. • Any applicant may edit/ modify the details in the Nomination form till the last date of accepting the Nomination form using their credentials. • The fields marked manda- tory in nomination forms are necessary to be filled by the nominee. • Any Nomination entry without Video or the PPT shall be considered as an incomplete entry & will not be counted for the final stage of Jury evaluation. • The entry will not be con- sidered if any nominee fails to submit the entire details of the nomination forms till the last date of Nomination. • A Nominee shall consider the following documents to send with the completed nomination form- 1. Presentation (covering in- formation about the proj- ect they have applied for) [Mandatory] 2. Logo of the project [Manda- tory] 3. Video on the project [Man- datory] 4. Letter of Acknowledge- ment/Letter of apprecia- tion [if any] by any recog- nized entity or any publica- tions Online/Offline of the Nominated project being submitted. 5. Brief profile of Producer[optional] 6. Screenshots of website, im- ages, real site photos. • All materials received dur- ing the judging process will remain confidential and will not be shared with any external entity without the consent of the concerned person(s). • All the materials received [PPTs, Videos, Screen- shots, Photos etc.] dur- ing the nomination can be used by Manthan Award SOUTH ASIA Secretariat to produce any internal or winning project informa- tion/knowledge videos. • Jury Evaluation shall be organized in October 2016. • All shortlisted Nominees shall get information about their nomination in the last week of October 2016. • Online Registration and Exhibition booking will be open from October 2016. • Manthan Award South Asia 2016 event is sched- uled to take place on 02nd December, 2016 at Sura- jkund Mela venue, Sura- jkund, Haryana, (not very far from New Delhi, India). Evaluation Criteria: • Content and services Quan- tify the quality of content and services delivery, the relevance of content and its utility value. • Impact, accessibility, and sustainability: Quantify and qualify the social im- pact and the commercial viability of the application. Accessibility of the system, technology, interface and its inclusive nature for all kinds of users. • Functionality/navigation: Please highlight the user- friendliness and interac- tive nature of the applica- tion. • USP and strategic value: Please focus on the unique- ness of the idea and easi- ness of strategy replica- tion. • Benefit and utility: Please describe the real benefit to last mile users. • Overall Experience: The overall experience of the user about the project or service or content delivery Applicants can submit the applications using on- line application mode. Nomination closing date: 15 September 2016. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 31
  32. 32. | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201632 GENERAL KNOWLEDGE |Harpreet Kaur | R ajasthan is filled with legends of Rajputs and one would love to see where it all begins in this day and age.  In 1914 His Excellency Lord Hardinge of Penshurst, Viceroy and Governor Gen- eral of India on 8/2/1914 in- augurated the institution. Maharaja Sir Pratap Singhji, Regent, Jodhpur State and Lady Hardinge, were present at the inauguration. The new elegant red sandstone build- ing in Rajput Style is having an enormous façade. A red sandstone inscription reads: “This building was opened by Baron Hardinge of Penshurst, Viceroy and Governor General on 8th February, 1914.” Begun in 1875 by Maharaja Prat- ap Singhji, this school was started for the wards of the Thakurs of Jodhpur state. This school was begun in the same year as Mayo College. The school was originally named Powlett Nobles Elgin Rajput School. A carved mar- ble monogram displays this name at the top of the main school building façade and aboveitisinscribed“RanBan- ka Rathore” in Hindi. Four Boarding Houses were built and are called  ”Hardinge Rajput School of Chopasani at Jodhpur | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201632
  33. 33. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 33 House”,  ”Elgine House”,  “Powlett House” and the last “Pratap House”. What makes this school special is that it has two very important institutes within. These include Rajasthani Sabd Kosh that was begun by Sita Ram Lalas who has been compiling a dictionary and has given 40 years of service to this institute. The Rajast- hani Sodh Sansthan is a re- search institute for scholars and researchers who want to discover anything about Raj- asthan. The walls of the hall are filled with pictures of stu- dents of yesteryears many of whom joined the First Rajput Regiment. Although not a new institute this school still makes an impression in the mind and heart when men- tioned.   Rajasthani Shabdkosh Rajasthani is a rich lan- guage and the need of a com- prehensive Dictionary was desperately felt. This would facilitate not only the study in Rajasthani language but also of several languages in the Indo-European languag- es. Renowned linguist and lexicographer Sita Ram Lalas devoted 40 years of yeoman service in the compilation of this glorious work. His efforts were supported by Shri Uday Raj Ujjwal and Pt. Nitya Nand Dadheech. The task of publication of the Rajasthani Sabad-Kosh was taken up by Rajasthani Shodh Sans- than with the inspiration of the then chairperson of the Education Committee Shri Bheron Singh ji Khejadla and Secretary Shri Vijay Singh ji Siriyari. The first volume of the Shabdkosh with a long preface by Sansthan’s Direc- tor Dr. Narayan Singh Bhati was published in 1962. The volume was acclaimed as a significant academic work by Indian as well as foreign scholars. The volume includ- ed two hundred thousand (2 lakh) words. Rajasthan Government and the Gov- ernment of India generously funded this project of Cho- pasni Shiksha Samiti and the sub-committee appointed by it utilized all resources available and the contribu- tion of former secretary Late Col. Thakur Shyam Singhji has to be recorded. The shab- dkosh was published in nine volumes. This Shabdkosh merits distinction in including thou- sands of words with examples from literature, dialects, sub- dialects, religion, philosophy, vedic-wisdom, astrology and agriculture. Etymologies of each entry and its formations have been traced. An im- proved version of the Shabd- kosh has been revised, edited and published. Besides this, Dr. Saddique Mohammad has edited Muhavra-Kosh (An encyclopedia of prov- erbs) Sankshipta Rajasthani, Hindi Shabdkosh (A concise Dictionary of Rajasthani) and Rajasthani-Hindi Arthik and Vyaparik Shabdkosh (A Rjasthani Hindi Dictionary of Economic and commer- cial terms). These have been published. Presently the Ra- jasthani sabadkosh bureau is preparing the Rajasthani Sanskriti-kosh (A dictionary of Rajasthani Culture) which is expected to be ready for publication soon. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 33
  34. 34. | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201634 Rajasthani Shodh Sanst- han Rajasthan has been the “heart-land” of India. There are many glorious legends of sacrifice, virility, devotion and they glorified Indian his- tory on one hand and fasci- nated audiences world over through differing aspects of cultural and performing arts. Although much of its literary treasure was destroyed and plundered during different invasions, some of the price- lessly valuable manuscripts have been salvaged and pre- served. Intensive research, procurement, classification and editing have gone into making this significant heri- tage available for posterity and prospective scholars. The Manuscripts are available for specific pur- pose of research. Rajasthani Shodh Sansthan was estab- lished in 1955. Dr. Narain Singh Bhati (1955-1993) was assigned the task of its es- tablishment and structuring it. He gave it the present sta- tus and led research from the front. As on date this institute has a national reputation and is a research centre (recog- nized by Jai Narain Vyas Uni- versity, Jodhpur) for doctoral and post doctoral research in Rajasthani Language, Litera- ture and Medieval History. Since 1957, the Govern- ment of Rajasthan has been matching 90% grant-in-aid available to this research in- stitute of quality research. Rajasthan Sahitya Academy (Rajasthan Academy of Let- ters) and Government of In- dia have been funding special programmes and projects of the institute. Rajasthani Shodh Sansthan has a rich collection of 16,734 rare manuscripts. Besides these several standard publications have attracted a number of scholars from various Indian Univer- sities and overseas. They frequently visit this institute. Over 600 of them have been benefited by the invaluable research material by now. Today it is headed by Dr. Vikram Singh Bhati. ‘Parampara’ (‘the tradition’) is the research journal pub- lished quarterly by Rajasthani Shodh Sansthan. 147 special issues of the journal have been published by now. The institute has a collection of 16743 rare manuscripts, about 300 paint- ings of Rajput school of painting, speeches of learned speak- ers and research papers. The Institute guides and assists re- search scholars by providing catalogues of manuscripts, pub- lications of the anthologies of the works of Rajasthani poets, compilation of Rajasthani Sabad Kosh by organizing seminars and symposia on Rajasthani Literature and History. Parampara, a journal This is a quarterly publication concentrating on Rajas- thani culture. There are special issues many of them col- lectibles like the one on Dingalkosh, Rajasthani Sahitya ka Aadi kaal (Ancient period of Rajasthani), Rajasthani sahitya ka Madhya Kaal (Medieval period of Rajasthani Literature), Lokgeet (Folk songs), Etihasik Baate (Historical Legends) that find a place in the University syllabus as reference books. The series have been published uninterrupted. The issues contain articles on history, literature, folk liter- ature and culture. An authenticate version has several genres like Baat, khyat, vachanika, [prosody, lexicography, grammer, interpretation, transcriptions, historical perspective, analyti- cal study of folk literature, criticism, songs, couplets etc. Some issues have been devoted to modern Rajasthani Literature. | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201634 u
  35. 35. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 35 Events yy The floods in Assam sweep away at least 13 of Kaziran- ga National Park’s Rhinos. The park has an estimated population of about 2,400 one-horned Great Indian Rhinoceros. yy Five people on board a mili- tary helicopter are killed when it was shot down over Syria, in the single dead- liest incident for Moscow since it intervened in the war. yy A Syrian rescue service op- erating in rebel-held ter- ritory says a helicopter dropped containers of toxic gas overnight on a town close to where a Russian military helicopter had been shot down some hours earlier. 04/08/2016 yy After being subject to months of haggling, the Goods and Services Tax fi- nally has its historic day in the Rajya Sabha, with the passage of the Bill to amend the constitution, paving the way for the “One Nation, One Tax” concept. 01/08/2016 yy One person is killed and four others are injured in a shooting in Austin, Texas. The incident began in a busy downtown area filled with bars and night clubs. The Police warn the people on Twitter to steer clear of the area because of an “ac- tive shooter”. yy Turkey’s Government dis- misses nearly 1,400 military personnel, including a top aide to President Recep- Tayyip Erdogan in the latest round of a sweeping purge following a failed coup. 02/08/2016 03/08/2016 yy The Government confirms that the number of Indian workers “affected” by finan- cial crisis in the Saudi King- dom is 7,700. The Minister of State for external affairs Gen.V.K.Singh leaves for Saudi Arabia to ascertain the situation. yy Maoist Chief Prachanda is elected by law makers as Nepal’s Prime Minister for a second time. He promises to work as a bridge between communities. 05/08/2016 yy Peepti Live Co-director- Mohmood Farooqui is sen- tenced to seven years in jail | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 35
  36. 36. | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201636 | |GYAN VitaranamAugust 15 - September 14, 2016 36 yy A fast-moving fire that ap- peared to be accidental sweeps through a birthday party in a basement bar in the north west French city of Roven, killing at least 13 people and injuring six oth- ers, according to authorities. 08/08/2016 yy A 53-year old man falls to his death from a height of around 100 feet barely 53 seconds after he took to parasailing on CODISSIA Grounds in Coimbatore. The accident occurred alleg- edly because the organiz- ers of the adventure sport failed to fasten his belt to the paragliding gears. der Security Forces (BSF) are killed in a surprise at- tack by militants in the Kupwara district of North Kashmir. The attack was followed by an hour long ceasefire violation by Paki- stani troops. One militant is killed by the retaliatory fire. yy A suicide bomber explodes in a Pakistani hospital in Quetta, killing at least 70 people and injuring over 100 people. Most of the vic- tims were lawyers who had gathered at the hospital af- ter the fatal shooting of a senior local lawyer earlier in the day. 10/08/2016 by a court for raping a U.S. researcher in New Delhi last year. The court also im- poses a fine of Rs.50, 000 on the film maker. yy Suthahar Subburaj an In- dian chief in Omaha, Ne- braska is punched repeat- edly in the face and called “ISIS” by an unidentified man, in an alleged hate crime incident. 06/08/2016 yy At least 14 people includ- ing one militant are killed, and over 20 injured when suspected Bodo militants attack BalajanTiniati mar- ket of Kokrajhar district in Assam. yy A Pakistan-American cou- ple Nazia and Faizal Ali claim that they were re- moved from a U.S. bound flight from Paris as an on- board crew member felt “uncomfortable” after no- ticing that the couple was “sweating”, saying “Allah” and texting. 07/08/2016 yy Breaking his silence on cow vigilantes in the coun- try, Prime Minister Nar- endraModi strongly con- demned their actions, say- ing most of them were anti- social elements masquerad- ing as “gaurakshaks”. yy South African athlete and convicted murderer Oscar Pistorius is returned to his cell after being treated in hospital for injuries from a fall, prison officials say. Pistorias was reportedly hospitalised for alleged cuts on his wrists. 09/08/2016 yy Three Jawans of the Bor- yy Forty four years old Irom- Chanu Sharmila ends her 16-year fast protesting the Armed Forces Special Pow- ers Act of 1958 imposed in Manipur. Ms. Sharmila started her fast aged 28, following a massacre in Imphal in which 10 persons were killed. yy Israel says that it had ar- rested and charged a U.N. employee, engineer Wa- heed Borsh, for allegedly aiding Islamist movement | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201636
  37. 37. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 37 Hamas, in the Second such case involving a humani- tarian worker in a week. 11/08/2016 Bank loan default case. yy A pipeline explosion at a power station in China kills at least 21 people and injures five more according to the Xinhua news agency. 13/08/2016 yy A magistrate, an SSP of police and three other po- lice officers are among 47 people injured as stone pelting incidents spill over from Kashmir to the Doda district of Jammu. yy A 36 year old Sikh man Amanjeet Singh Toor is shot dead by a masked gun- man during an armed rob- bery at a convenience store in Arizona, U.S. 14/08/2016 yy Forty-one people said to be members of the outlawed Communist Party of India (Maoist) surrender to the police in the insurgency- hit Narayanpur district of South Chhattisgarh, ac- cording to police sources. yy Five Pakistanis and a Rus- sian who were captured by the Afghan Taliban after their Government helicop- ter crashed in eastern Af- ghanistan are released and returned to Pakistan ac- cording to the foreign min- istry in Islamabad. 15/08/2016 yy A President, Prime Minis- ter and a Chief Minister sit- ting in three different cities meet virtually to dedicate the first unit of the Ku- dankulam Nuclear Power Project to the Nation. PM Narendra Modi, Russian President Vladimir Putin and TN Chief Minister Jay- alalithaa did it through a video conference organized from Moscow, Delhi, Chen- nai and Kudankulam. yy A fire blazes through the maternity ward of one of Baghdad’s largest hospi- tals, killing at least 12 pre- mature babies according to medical and security offi- cials. 12/08/2016 yy The Enforcement Direc- torate is to ready a formal request to be sent to the United Kingdom under the Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty for the “transfer” of Kingfisher Airlines pro- moter Vijay Mallya to India in the Rs. 900 Crore IDBI yy Congress President Sonia Gandhi is discharged from the Sir Ganga Ram Hospital where she was admitted on Aug 3 with fever, dehydra- tion and a shoulder injury. yy Protesters fire gunshots, hurl bricks and set a gas station on fire in the U.S. mid-western city of Mil- waukee hours after a patrol officer shot dead an armed suspect. 17/08/2016 yy Two children die in iden- tical incidents in Delhi as their throats are slit by kite strings. The first victim was a three-year-old, Sanchi Goyal and the second was a four-year-old boy Hari. In addition, nearly a thou- sand birds are injured by the glass shreds encrusted maanja strings, according to the Jain Temple charita- ble Bird Hospital opposite the Red Fort. yy Russia announces for the first time that it has flown bombing raids against je- | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 37
  38. 38. | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201638 | |GYAN VitaranamAugust 15 - September 14, 2016 38 hadist groups in Syria from an airbase in Iran. Tu-22 M3 long range bombers and Su-34 frontline bombers flying with full bomb loads conduct group airstrikes. 18/08/2016 yy At least 13 people die after consuming spurious liquor in the Goplagunj district of Bihar where stringent pro- hibition is in place. The in- cident unfolded in different neighbourhoods of Gopal- gunj when people mostly daily wage labourers and street vendors, came home drunk on country made li- quor. yy The Southern California wild fire that began as a small mid-morning patch of flame next to interstate 15 in the Cajone pass turns into a 28 square mile mon- ster that has burned untold number of homes displac- ing 82,000people from over 34,000 homes. 19/08/2016 kg free style wrestling event in the Rio Olympics. P.V. Sindhu enters the final of the badminton tournament with a 21-19, 21-14 victory over the high-ranked Nozo- miOkuhara of Japan. yy Syrian and Russian aircraft launch intense air strikes on opposition strongholds in northern Syria to prevent rebels sending reinforce- ments to a crucial battle in Aleppo. The air strikes kill 25 people including 15 civil- ians in Idlib city. 20/08/2016 65-year old woman being mauled to death by a large pack on a suburban beach of Thiruvananthapuram. The hapless woman Silvvamma (65) succumbed to deep in- juries she suffered. Her son who tired to rescue her had to jump in to the sea to es- cape the pack which turned on him. Kerala’s stray dog population is estimated at 2.5 lakh. yy Indian-Canadian Sikh MP Bardish Chagger is named as the new Leader of the gov- ernment in Canada’s House of Commons, becoming the first woman to hold the post in the country’s history. 22/08/2016 yy Actor Kamal Haasan is to be awarded the prestigious- Chevalier de L’Ordre Arts et Lettres(The knight of the order of Arts and Letters) by the French Government. He is only the second actor after the legendary SivajiGanesan to be chosen for the honour. yy A suicide bomber as young as 12, kills at least 51 people at a wedding in Turkey ac- cording to President Recep- Tayyip Erdogan, pointing the finger at the IS group. 23/08/2016 yy Tamil Nadu clears the decks for trans-genders to enter its Police force. Those opting for “third gender” would be un- der the female category for educational qualifications, physical fitness and reserva- tion. yy Singapore’s former Presi- dent, the Indian origin S.R.Nathan and longest serving president dies at yy Sakshi Malik of India bags the bronze medal in the 58 yy P.V Sindu becomes the first woman from India to clinch an Olympic silver medal. The Badminton star played an intense final at the Rio Olympics against two-time world champion Carolina Marin of Spain and had to settle for silver. yy Indian-American Congress man Ami Bera’s father Ba- bulal Bera is jailed for one year and a day for organizing a money-laundering scheme that illegally funded around $ 2,60,000 to his son’s con- gressional campaigns in vio- lation of the U.S. federal law. 21/08/2016 yy The stray dog menace in Kerala takes its toll with a | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201638
  39. 39. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 39 a hospital in Singapore af- ter suffering a stroke. He was 92. 24/08/2016 yy A video of two policemen an- nouncing their resignations amid pro-freedom and pro- Islam slogans goes viral in the Valley. Firdous Ahmed and Waseem Ahmed Sheikh of the Special Operations- Group announces their res- ignation during what is be- lieved to be an anti-govern- ment rally at Behrampora Village in North Kashmir. yy Two Indian-American wom- en are selected for the pres- tigious White House Fellow Programme that offers first- hand experience of working at the highest levels of the U.S. federal government. The women are Astrophysi- cist Anjali Tripathi from California and physician Tina R. Shah from Chicago. 25/08/2016 yy More than 22,400 pages of secret data on the capabili- ties of six highly advanced submarines, being built for the Indian Navy in Mum- bai in Collaboration with a French Company DCNS are leaked. The Navy termed it a “serious matter”. yy A powerful earthquake rat- tles a remote area of central Italy leaving at least 250 people dead and scenes of carnage in mountain villag- es. 368 people are injured. 26/08/2016 yy A farmer from Karanjgaon Village of Nashik claims he got the rate of 5 paise per quintal of Onions prompt- ing him to dump his produce of 13 quintals in his field in protest. yy Sixteen people are killed af- ter militants stormed the American University of Af- ghanistan in Kabul. Explo- sions and gunfire rocked the campus for over 10 hours. 27/08/2016 yy “Women be permitted to en- ter the sanctum sanctorum of the Haj Ali Darga at par with men” rules the Bombay High Court in a landmark verdict. yy Top secret documents of the Scorpene Submarines have been out in the open for the past several years, accord- ing to ‘The Australian’. The reports in the newspaper give details of how the se- crets surfaced in Australia in April 2013. 28/08/2016 yy Myanmar President U.H. Tin Kyaw arrives at Bodh Gaya in Bihar. During his two-day visit Mr.Kyaw will offer prayers at the Mahabo- dhi Temple. yy Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s recent comments on Balochistan seek to brig in- ternational attention to hu- man rights violations in the Pakistan’s Province. 29/08/2016 yy Train Services in Kerala are thrown into disarray after 12 coaches of train Num- ber 16347 Thiruvanantha- puram-Mangalore express derailed in the vicinity of Karukutty railway station near Angamaly. yy Four Lashkar-e-Jhangvi militants allegedly involved in the 2009 attack on the visiting Sri Lankanteam are shot dead by Pakistani Po- lice in Lahore. 30/08/2016 yy Curfew lifted in Kashmir as situation eases after 51 days. Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh set to visit Kashmir Valley soon. yy China flags off its second train to Afghanistan - This time to the commercial hub of Mazar-e-Sharif-as part of its deepening economic and security engagement with Kabul. 31/08/2016 yy European Union anti-trust regulators order Apple to pay up to $ 13 billion in taxes and interest to the Irish government after rul- ing that a special scheme to route profits through Ire- land was illegal state aid. yy India and U.S. sign the Lo- gistics Exchange Memoran- dum of Agreement that will give the militaries of both countries access to each other’s facilities for sup- plies and repairs. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 39
  40. 40. | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201640
  41. 41. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 41 I t has become a fashion to monitor our physical functions with innovative electronic gadgets. Wearable devices are wrapping up our body. They have proliferated in recent years, triggered by the social media. One esti- mate puts the total number of wearables at 200 million and it is expected to reach 88 mil- lion in the next three years. Wearbles are changing the lifestyle of people although slowly. The Apple watch best il- lustrates the changing atti- tude to wearables. Initially there was some doubt if a watch should indeed be expected to carry out some of the functions now available in the new gadget. It is reported that as many as 10,000 apps can be used, though it would be difficult to find one using even half of it! The market has accepted the watch and experts have picked up some popular apps. Some of the more popular ones indicate the user preferences whatever the pundits may predict. For instance, there is a cheat sheet, which comes in handy to remind users of things like pass words for wi-fi and telephone numbers. Another app reminds the bills due for payment. There is also provision for Google Maps, BBC News, weather forecast with easily seen colours to depict the inten- sity of rain and display of emoticons. Some 18 of the popular 25 apps are free while the rest is subscription-based. The apps would need an accompanying iPhone. Attempts are be- ing made to make the watch more independent of the iPhone. Life in the age of WearablesThe quantified self may well become an all- consuming obsession,thanks to wearables. Discovery and New Inventions cover story | Prof. Mohan Sundara Rajan | | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 41
  42. 42. | |GYAN Vitaranam September 15 - October 14, 201642 Apple’s new version of its smartwatch, announced on September 7th , is described as the ultimate fitness device.  It is water resistant up to 50m with a built-in GPS location tracker, displaying   running routes to be tracked without carrying a separate phone. Nike announced a new run- ning app and a strap for the watch. People prefer only basic notifications and basic alerts and not many other features of a smartphone. The technology that un- derpins the wearable drive is generally known as flexible electronics. Unlike the stiff solid pieces of electronics to- day, the new devices will be flexible, stretchable and even imperceptible. Some of them are mounted directly on the skin so as to monitor one’s temperature, blood pressure and heart and pulse rate etc. Apps aplenty in the Apple Watch Nike’s new running app Apple Watch showing the weather graphically Each punch can be timed in training sessions Such devices are biodegrad- able. The most familiar wear- able is the one which counts the number of steps taken by the wearer during his or her walk. One can thus evaluate one’s performance and ad- just the exercise according to medical advice. Wearables have become smart devices capable of taking certain de- cisions based on monitored inputs. The Linkoping Uni- versity in Sweden has devel- oped implantable sensors, which are really smart. For instance, they are designed
  43. 43. | |GYAN VitaranamSeptember 15 - October 14, 2016 43 to detect the onset of epilep- tic fits and automatically de- liver drugs. Such proactive devices would become multi- functional and go beyond one specific medical condition. A whole range of body functions like sleep disorders, obesity and cardiac conditions can be monitored. Protecting Women The Innovation Lab of Harvard Medical School has designed a unique wear- able for protection of women against assault. It is de- signed by women who had suffered sexual violence. It is meant to prevent, alert, and record attempts against women. The moment an as- sault begins, the victim needs to press a button on a brace- let-like device which will set off a loud alarm and alert the emergency services through GPS-based system which would automatically give the location details. The record to capture the evidence is a big advantage in bringing cul- prits to book. However, the device is only part of a system dedicated for the purpose. Wearables have helped sportspersons monitor their training and improve their An Activity tracker A typical wearable that can be designed to protect women performance. For example, boxers have been using devices, kept inside the fighters’ wraps, to calculate the force of each punch and the time interval between punches, so that im- proved strategy could be drawn up. Pokemon GO Pokemon Go Plus, which is spreading fast among Internet game addicts, has become a fashionable wearable, almost an obsession. You may wear it on your wrist or keep it clipped to your jacket or shirt. It will work with your smartphone. It is a Wearables are a mixed blessing; access to personal data collected by them is easy but so is the risk of misuse of the data, often without your knowledge.

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