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Types of research

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Types of research

  1. 1. Types of Research BY ANKIT BIST SAURAV SUMAN VAIBHAV GOYAL VARUN 1
  2. 2. What is a RESEARCH ? 2
  3. 3. Research Explanatory Evaluative Research Research Purpose Method Quantitative Qualitative Basic Applied Deductive InductivePure Experimental 3
  4. 4. BASIC RESEARCHAim: To discover basic truths & laws To find solution to fundamental problemsApproach: Knowledge for knowledge sake’ Done out of mere curiosity An attempt to arrive at new discovery An improvement over an existing theory 4
  5. 5. BASIC RESEARCH (contd)Area concerned : psychology, sociology and philosophyExamples : pure math and human behaviorResults : Cannot be applied immediately in a field situation 5
  6. 6. APPLIED RESEARCHAim: To improve a product by testing theoretical concepts in actual problem situationsApproach: Testing basic research theories in actual field settingExamples : Research in medicine 6
  7. 7. BASIC APPLIEDAddition to knowledge Solution to existing problemsDiscovery / Invention Innovation / application Mere academic Practical use in solving a problem Extensive in nature Intensive in nature 7
  8. 8. DEDUCTIVE RESEARCHTHEORY HYPOTHESIS OBSERVATION CONFIRMATION 8
  9. 9. INDUCTIVE RESEARCH THEORY TENTATIVE HYPOTHESIS PATTERNOBSERVATION 9
  10. 10. DEDUCTIVE INDUCTIVE Logic Experiments Inferences Actual Observations General to specific Specific to generalDescriptive research Hypothesis Testing 10
  11. 11.  For a Program or Activity that we want to evaluate, assess or appraise Choosing a Method to Evaluate  Quantitative Methods  Benefit/Cost Analysis  Cost Effectiveness Analysis  Qualitative Methods  Case Study  Focus groups ( perceptions, opinions, beliefs and attitudes )  Narratives  Grounded Theory( a description of the steps of the process)  Ethnography ( scientific research strategy) 11
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