INDUSTRIAL ESTATES Industrial estates are specific areas zoned for industrial activity where infrastructure (such as roads, power and other utility services) is provided to facilitate the growth of industries and to minimize the impacts on the environment.
Industrial estates may include :- effluent treatment; solid and toxic waste collection, treatment, and disposal; air pollution technical services on pollution prevention; quality management (quality assurance and control); laboratory services.
SELECTION OF SITES FOR INDUSTRIAL ESTATES SHOULDTAKE INTO ACCOUNT SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES,AS WELL AS ECONOMIC CONSIDERATIONS . Details of the location Layout and design Transport services Fuel storage Air quality management Solid waste management, including recycling Management of hazardous materials and hazardous wastes Noise control
OBJECTIVES Provide infrastructure. To encourage the small scale industries. To create entrepreneurship by creating a good climate to run the business in these estates. To decentralize industries to the rural and backward areas
ANDHRA PRADESH The Andhra Pradesh Industrial Infrastructure Corporation has been entrusted with the responsibility of setting-up industrial estates throughout the State, providing basic infrastructure such as sheds, internal roads, power, drainage etc. A common complaint of the SSI entrepreneurs is that the cost of developed plots sold by APIIC is high compared to the cost of similar property and facilities that can be privately acquired. Moreover, there is widespread criticism that the infrastructure in the industrial estates is not properly maintained by the APIIC.
The Government will introduce a scheme to be called the "Critical Infrastructure Balancing Scheme" under which funds will be made available to industrial estates to identify the Development Programme for the establishment of some critical infrastructure in the existing industrial estates.
POLICY…. The policy to provide infrastructure support to SSIs through industrial estates will be continued and strengthened. Theme Parks such as Software Park, Apparel Export Park, Biotech Park Leather Park etc. Captive mini-power plants special industrial water supply schemes for the new industrial estates, besides the normal infrastructure such as roads, sanitation, street lighting etc., will be made integral parts of the projects wherever found necessary.
A State level organization to be called the Andhra Pradesh Small Scale Industries Development Authority will be set up to promote the development of small scale industries in the State . One of the important tasks of the Authority will be to coordinate the activities of all the agencies involved in the development of infrastructure for industries. The task of this Authority in the area of infrastructure will be to: Ensure that all essential facilities are provided in an integrated manner to the industrial estates. Check if the cost of the developed land and services is reasonable
To encourage exports, the State Government will strengthen infrastructure such as international airports, sea ports, warehouses, cold storage chains, modern cargo handling facilities and container services. While identifying the requirements of the industry and preparing feasibility reports, the State Government will encourage private investment in this sector to the extent possible apart from stepping up its own investments.
INDUSTRIAL INFRASTRUCTURE: Industrial Estates: There are 272 Industrial estates and industrial development areas in the State, covering an area of 14700 hectares. The State Government is in the process of developing Industrial Parks at different places. Software Park at Hyderabad, Hitec city for software units, Apparel Park at Gundlapochampalli, Export Promotion Park at Pashamylaram, Visakhapatnam Export Processing Zone, Bio-technology park at Turkapally.
Many other parks are proposed, such as leather parks at various places in the districts; food parks - one each in the 3 regions of Telangana (processing of poultry products/processing of coarse grain & millets/spices); Coastal Andhra and in Rayalseema region (processing of vegetables - onion, tomatoes, fruits, spices - coriander, edible oils, labour oriented, export oriented industry. Agri Export Zones for the following produce are proposed at the places mentioned against them: mangoes - Krishna district, gherkins – Mahaboobnagar, Rangareddy, Medak, Karimnagar, Warangal, Anantapur, Nalgonda, mangoes and grapes – Hyderabad, Rangareddy, Medak, Mahaboobnagar, mango pulp and fresh vegetables – Chittoor Other parks coming up are Gems and Jewellery park, Visakhapatnam Exim park,
POOR PERFORMANCE OF DIEDUE TO…… Lack of infrastructure. Lack of common facilities. Lack of clear objective. Lack of active participation in activities.