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In the Midst of Hardship, Qwertyuiop, Poetic Devices


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In the Midst of Hardship, Qwertyuiop, Poetic Devices

  1. 1. Poetic Devices The technique behind the words
  2. 2. Figurative Language <ul><li>What is figurative language? Language using figures of speech (a way of saying one thing and meaning another) </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why use figurative language? <ul><li>Figurative language helps a writer show meaning and expression. If a writer does not create an image in the reader’s mind, he will lose the reader’s attention. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Simile <ul><li>A figure of speech that creates a comparison between two things usually unalike. The comparison is made by using such words or phrases as like, as, than, similar to, resembles, appears, or seems. </li></ul><ul><li>EX: “Her eyes are like stars!” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Life is like a box of chocolate.” </li></ul>
  5. 5. Metaphor <ul><li>A figure of speech that creates a comparison between two things usually unalike. Doesn’t use connective words such as like or as. </li></ul><ul><li>EX: “Her eyes are jewels!” </li></ul><ul><li> “ Life is a game.” </li></ul>
  6. 6. Personification <ul><li>is giving human traits (qualities, feelings, action, or characteristics) to non-living objects (things, colors, qualities, or ideas). </li></ul><ul><li>EX: “The diamonds are jealous of your beauty!” </li></ul><ul><li>&quot;The wind whispered through the night.&quot; </li></ul>
  7. 7. Stanza <ul><li>A stanza is a group of lines that act like sentences. The sentences combine together to make stanzas, or paragraphs, of poetry. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Repetition <ul><li>Poets can utilize this technique to repeat sounds, vowels, consonants, words, single lines, or in fact whole stanzas. This repetition can help create images and feelings for the reader. </li></ul><ul><li>EX: “Quoth the Raven, ‘Nevermore.’ ” </li></ul>
  9. 9. Rhyme Scheme <ul><li>The pattern established by the arrangement of rhymes in a stanza or poem, generally described by using letters of the alphabet to denote the recurrence of rhyming lines, such as the ababbcc </li></ul><ul><li>I put a piece of cantaloupe a </li></ul><ul><li>Underneath the microscope a </li></ul><ul><li>I saw a million strange things sleepen’ b </li></ul><ul><li>I saw a zillion weird things creepen’ b </li></ul>
  10. 10. Alliteration <ul><li>Also called head rhyme or initial rhyme , the repetition of the initial sounds (usually consonants) of stressed syllables in neighboring words or at short intervals within a line or passage, usually at word beginnings </li></ul><ul><li>&quot; w ild and w oolly,&quot; </li></ul><ul><li>I bear l ight shade for the l eaves when l aid </li></ul>
  11. 11. ASSONANCE <ul><li>The relatively close juxtaposition of the same or similar vowel sounds, but with different end consonants in a line or passage, thus a vowel rhyme, as in the words, date and fade </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>ASSONANCE </li></ul><ul><li>One shade the more, one ray the less,     Had half impair'd the nameless grace Which waves in every raven tress,     Or softly lightens o'er her face; Where thoughts serenely sweet express </li></ul><ul><li>How pure, how dear their dwelling-place </li></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><li>SETTING </li></ul><ul><li>The setting of the poem is in the house. </li></ul><ul><li>THEMES </li></ul><ul><li>Stoicism in life </li></ul><ul><li>Family love </li></ul><ul><li>Acceptance of way of life </li></ul><ul><li>MORAL VALUES </li></ul><ul><li>We should learn to accept problems in life with a positive outlook. </li></ul><ul><li>We must attempt to face and solve problems. </li></ul><ul><li>Failure is part of growing up. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not despair in the face of failure. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>TONE, MOOD, ATMOSPHERE </li></ul><ul><li>Understanding and sympathetic </li></ul><ul><li>Dismal </li></ul><ul><li>Acceptance of situation </li></ul><ul><li>POINT OF VIEW </li></ul><ul><li>Third person point of view. </li></ul><ul><li>LANGUAGE & STYLE </li></ul><ul><li>Language is simple and easy to understand. </li></ul><ul><li>The style is simple with no rhyming scheme. </li></ul><ul><li>POETIC DEVICES </li></ul><ul><li>Imagery – Gives picture of poet’s thoughts e.g ‘soaky clothes torn’ and ‘legs full of wounds’ </li></ul><ul><li>Alliteration – e.g. ‘but on their brows’ </li></ul><ul><li>Symbols – e.g. ‘horrendous flood’ and ‘bloated carcasses’ </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>VISUAL IMAGES </li></ul><ul><li>soaky clothes torn </li></ul><ul><li>limbs marked by scratches </li></ul><ul><li>legs full of wounds </li></ul><ul><li>bloated carcasses </li></ul><ul><li>tiny chips of tree barks </li></ul><ul><li>rolling cigarette leaves </li></ul><ul><li>SYMBOL </li></ul><ul><li>albino buffalo - symbol of something that should treasured </li></ul><ul><li>horrendous flood - symbol of terrible trials </li></ul><ul><li>stove - symbol of warmth and sustenance </li></ul><ul><li>bloated carcasses - symbol of death and decay </li></ul>
  17. 18. ‘ QWERTYUIOP’ by Vivien Alcock is about a young graduate, Lucy Beck who has just finished her ‘O’ levels at Belmont Secretarial College. Being a slow typist, her principal has no confidence that she will find a job. Fortunately, she is offered a job by Mr. Ross, the Manager of Ross and Bannister’s. On her first day in office, as she sets down to work, she encounters peculiar incidents . Later, she discovers the ghost of Miss Broome, a previous long-time secretary, who now haunts her typewriter. Towards the end of the story, Lucy gets rid of the spirit, which is adamant in holding on to her position as the company’s secretary. She communicates with ‘Miss Broome’ through the typewriter and suggests that Mr. Bannister who has passed away needs her service ‘up there’ and bids her farewell.
  18. 20. Characters
  19. 22. Do not judge a book by its cover. Do not judge a person by his/her physical appearance or qualification.   When we really want something , we should persevere   Problems can be solved effectively through thoughtful actions and compassion
  20. 23. Diction (the choice of words used in the story) use of vocabulary to create eerie, paranormal atmosphere … There was something odd! A sudden wrongness felt by her fingers, a tingling, an icy pricking simple vocabulary; short dialogues; lots of exclamation marks (!) to show emotion; different fonts to indicate typed messages – e.g. capital letters to indicate Miss Broome’s anger in her typed message; use of italics ( her) to show emphasis
  21. 24. Simile The story has many interesting similes e.g . shot off like a scalded cat; with your fingers flying over the keys like white butterflies; straight as a rule;, like a squat, ugly monster; like badly fitting false teeth; like melting ice-cream; eyes like currants, etc. Metaphor e.g. You’re not the timid mouse you look, Miss Beck. You’re a right little lion .; mouse-colored Onomatopoeia The word imitates and echoes the sounds it tries to describe e.g. rattle, snapping, tapping , etc. Colloquial language e.g. the old bag (the elderly lady); who would get the chop (who would be dismissed from the job) Imagery e.g. –grey hair - a thick icing of white hair