Lec 2: Paraphrasing


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Lec 2: Paraphrasing

  1. 1. Do you get these? • Halim (2008) stated that students are poor writers because they lack ideas and have poor writing skills. • Halim (2008) discovered that students are unable to write well because they do not have the knowledge and a good command of the language.
  2. 2. Do you get these? • Some businessmen believe that the location of the office building plays an important role in deciding their fortune. • To some entrepreneurs, one key factor that determines their fortunes is where their office is situated.
  3. 3. Do you get these? • The people in the country will support the new policy because it will bring a lot of good to the poor. • The citizens shall be in favour of the new scheme as they believe that it will benefit the less fortunate.
  4. 4. 1. Expressing someone else’s ideas using own words 3. Researched based papers PARAPHRASING 4. Acknowledging the authors 2. Retained original meaning
  5. 5. Example Statements that appear pleasing in one context may be inappropriate in another. For example, women in business are usually uncomfortable if male colleagues or superiors compliment them on their appearance. The remarks suggest that the women are being regarded as decorative items rather than as contributing workers. Ashraf, Learning Etiquette (2004)
  6. 6. • uncomfortable • male colleagues • compliment • suggest A. Decoration B. carry an implied meaning C. being thought of D. uneasy E. positive comments • being regarded • decorative items • contributing workers F. productive employees G. male co-workers
  7. 7. PARAPHRASED According to Ashraf (2004), women in business may feel uneasy upon receiving ordinary, positive comments on their appearance from male co-workers or supervisors. He adds that, to these women, the remarks carry an implied meaning and instead of being thought of as productive employees, they are actually being viewed as decoration.
  8. 8. Is that food unhealthy? WHY?
  9. 9. Fast food hamburgers are high in calories but low in nutritional value.
  10. 10. Junk food is food that is calorie-dense and nutrient poor. In recent decades, junk food, fast food and convenience food consumption in the United States have increased dramatically, with 25 percent of people now consuming predominantly junk food diets. This trend has occurred concurrently with rising epidemics of numerous chronic diseases and accounts for a long list of reasons why eating junk food is bad.
  11. 11. Your PARAPHRASED sentences
  12. 12. Junk food contains high calorie but low nutrient. Junk food is food containing high calorie and low nutritional value. Junk food refers to food which is high in calories and low in nutritional value.