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21st Century
Skills
Technology and
Education
Group Members
▸ Aniqa Amir
▸ Farwa Iqbal
▸ Misbah Dil Muhammad
▸ Amaila Rubab
3
Content
▸ 21st Century Skills
▹ Categorize of Skills
▹ 12 Skills
▹ Framework of 21st Century Skills
▸ Technology and Education
▹ What is technology?
▹ Examples of Technology
▹ What is Education?
▹ Relation of Technology and Education
4
Objectives
▸ Describe the 21st Century skills
▸ Explain about the categories of skills
▸ Explain their importance in every career of life
▸ Define Technology
▸ Describe about education
▸ Explain the relation of technology and education
5
“
We are currently preparing
students for jobs and
technologies that don’t yet
exist… in order to solve
problems that we don’t even
know are problems yet.
“Did you know”, widely circulated YouTube
posting
6
21st Century
Skills
Let’s start with the first set of slides
1
What are 21st
Century Skills?
▸ 21st Century skills are 12 abilities that today’s
students need to succeed in their careers
during the Information Age (digital age)
▸ These skills are intended to help students keep
up with the lightning-pace of today’s modern
markets. Each skill is unique in how it helps
students, but they all have one quality in
common
8
9
“This is a story about … whether an
entire generation of kids will fail to
make the grade in the global economy
because they can’t think their way
through abstract problems, work in
teams, distinguish good information
from bad, or speak a language other
than [their own]”
How to Build a Student for the 21st Century, TIME
Magazine, December 18, 2006
The twelve 21st
Century skills are:
▸ Critical thinking
▸ Creativity
▸ Collaboration
▸ Communication
▸ Information literacy
▸ Media literacy
▸ Technology literacy
▸ Flexibility
▸ Leadership
▸ Initiative
▸ Productivity
▸ Social skills
10
11
BIG
CONCEPT
These twelve 21st century skills are
essential in the age of the Internet
but there are three categories that
21st Century skills fall into.
▸ Learning skills
▸ Literacy skills
▸ Life skills
12
LITERACY SKILLS
LEARNING SKILLS
LIFE SKILLS
The Three 21st Century Skill
Categories
13
Learning Skills
▸ Learning skills teaches students about the
mental processes required to adapt and
improve upon a modern work environment
▸ The four C’s are by far the most popular 21st
Century skills. These skills are also
called learning skills
▹ Critical thinking: Finding solutions to problems
▹ Creativity: Thinking outside the box
▹ Collaboration: Working with others
▹ Communication: Talking to others
14
▸ More educators know about these skills because
they’re universal needs for any career. They also
vary in terms of importance, depending on an
individual’s career aspirations
▸ Critical thinking is essential to improvement. It’s
the mechanism that weeds out problems and
replaces them with fruitful endeavors
▸ It’s what helps students figure stuff out for
themselves when they don’t have a teacher at their
disposal
15
▸ Creativity is equally important as a means of
adaptation. This skill empowers students to see
concepts in a different light, which leads to
innovation
▸ Learning creativity as a skill requires someone to
understand that “the way things have always been
done” may have been best 10 years ago — but
someday, that has to change
16
▸ Collaboration means getting students to work
together, achieve compromises, and get the best
possible results from solving a problem
▸ The key element of collaboration is willingness. All
participants have to be willing to sacrifice parts of
their own ideas and adopt others to get results for the
company
▸ That means understanding the idea of a “greater
good,” which in this case tends to be company-wide
success
17
▸ Communication is the glue that brings all of these
educational qualities together
▸ Communication is a requirement for any company to
maintain profitability. It’s crucial for students to learn
how to effectively convey ideas among different
personality types
▸ Without understanding proper communication,
students in the 21st Century will lack a pivotal skill to
progress their careers
18
19
Literacy Skills
▸ Literacy skills focuses on how students can
discern facts, publishing outlets, and the
technology behind them
▸ There’s a strong focus on determining
trustworthy sources and factual information to
separate it from the misinformation that floods
the Internet
20
▸ They’re sometimes called IMT skills
▹ Information Literacy: Understanding facts, figures,
statistics, and data
▹ Media literacy: Understanding the methods and outlets in
which information is published
▹ Technology literacy: Understanding the machines that make
the Information Age possible
21
22
▸ Information literacy is the foundational skill. It helps
students understand facts, especially data points,
that they’ll encounter online
▸ More importantly, it teaches them how to separate
facts from fiction
▸ In an age of chronic misinformation, finding truth
online has become a job all on its own. It’s crucial that
students can identify honesty on their own.
Otherwise, they can fall prey to myths,
misconceptions, and outright lies
23
▸ Technology literacy goes another step further to teach students
about the machines involved in the Information Age
▸ As computers, cloud programming, and mobile devices become
more important to the world, the world needs more people to
understand those concepts
▸ Technology literacy gives students the basic information they
need to understand what gadgets perform what tasks and why
▸ Technology literacy unmasks the high-powered tools that run
today’s world
▸ As a result, students can adapt to the world more effectively. They
can play an important role in its evolution
24
▸ Media literacy is the practice of identifying
publishing methods, outlets, and sources while
distinguishing between the ones that are credible
and the ones that aren’t
▸ Just like the previous skill, media literacy is helpful
for finding truth in a world that’s saturated with
information
▸ This is how students find trustworthy sources of
information in their lives. Without it, anything
that looks credible becomes credible
25
Life Skills
▸ Life Skills take a look at intangible elements of a
student’s everyday life. These intangibles focus
on both personal and professional qualities
▸ It is the final category also called FLIPS
▸ These skills all pertain to someone’s personal
life, but they also bleed into professional
settings
26
▸ Flexibility: Deviating from plans as needed
▸ Leadership: Motivating a team to accomplish a goal
▸ Initiative: Starting projects, strategies, and plans on
one’s own
▸ Productivity: Maintaining efficiency in an age of
distractions
▸ Social skills: Meeting and networking with others for
mutual benefit
27
▸ Flexibility is the expression of someone’s ability to
adapt to changing circumstances
▸ This is one of the most challenging qualities to learn
for students because it’s based on two
uncomfortable ideas:
▹ Your way isn’t always the best way
▹ You have to know and admit when you’re wrong
▸ Flexibility requires them to show humility and accept
that they’ll always have a lot to learn — even when
they’re experienced
28
• set goals
• seek answers
• navigate
information
• collaborate with
others
• share it with
the world
Flexibility
▸ Leadership is someone’s penchant for setting goals, walking
a team through the steps required, and achieving those goals
collaboratively
▸ Whether someone’s a seasoned entrepreneur or a fresh hire
just starting their careers, leadership applies to career
▸ Entry-level workers need leadership skills for several
reasons. The most important is that it helps them understand
the decisions that managers and business leaders make
▸ As they lead individual departments, they can learn the ins
and outs of their specific careers. That gives ambitious
students the expertise they need to grow professionally and
lead whole corporations
29
• Identify goals
• Inspire others to share
those goals
• Organize a group so that
all members can
contribute according to
their abilities
• Resolve conflicts among
members
• Encourage the group to
reach their goals
• Help group members solve
problems and improve
performance
• Give credit where it is due
Leadership
▸ Initiatives only comes naturally to a handful of people.
As a result, students need to learn it to fully succeed
▸ This is one of the hardest skills to learn and practice.
Initiative often means working on projects outside of
regular working hours
▸ initiative is an attribute that earns rewards. It’s
especially indicative of someone’s character in terms
of work ethic and professional progress
▸ That goes double when initiative is practiced with
qualities like flexibility and leadership
30
• question
• plan
• research
• create,
• present
Initiative
▸ 21st Century skills require students to learn
about productivity. That’s a student’s ability to
complete work in an appropriate amount of time
▸ In business terms, it’s called “efficiency.” The common
goal of any professional — from entry-level employee to
CEO — is to get more done in less time
▸ By understanding productivity strategies at every level,
students discover the ways in which they work best
while gaining an appreciation for how others work as
well
▸ That equips them with the practical means to carry out
the ideas they determine through flexibility,
leadership, and initiative
31
• Goal setting
• Planning
• Time
management
• Research
• Development
• Evaluation
• Revision
• Application
Productivity
▸ Social skills are crucial to the ongoing success of a
professional. Business is frequently done through the
connections one person makes with others around
them
▸ This concept of networking is more active in some
industries than others, but proper social skills are
excellent tools for forging long-lasting relationships
▸ While these may have been implied in past generations,
the rise of social media and instant communications
have changed the nature of human interaction
▸ As a result, today’s students possess a wide range of
social skills. Some are more socially adept than others.
Some are far behind their peers. And some lucky few
may be far ahead, as socializing comes naturally to
them
32
• cooperation
• compromise
• decision
making
• communicating
• using
emotional
intelligence
• using
constructive
criticism
Social Skills
Framework of 21st Century Skills
33
“
Success in the 21st century requires knowing how to
learn. Students today will likely have several careers in
their lifetime. They must develop strong critical thinking
and interpersonal communication skills in order to be
successful in an increasingly fluid, interconnected, and
complex world. Technology allows for 24/7 access to
information, constant social interaction, and easily
created and shared digital content. In this setting,
educators can leverage technology to create an engaging
and personalized environment to meet the emerging
educational needs of this generation. No longer does
learning have to be one-size-fits-all or confined to the
classroom. The opportunities afforded by technology
should be used to re-imagine 21st- century education,
focusing on preparing students to be learners for life
34
Karen Cator
CEO of Digital Promise
Technology and
Education
Let’s start with the first set of slides
2
“
Technology is not just a tool.
It can give learners a voice
that they may not have had
before
George Couros
Leading Educator
What is
Technology?
▸ Technology is the skills, methods, and processes
used to achieve goals. People can
use technology to:
▹ produce goods or service
▹ carry out goals, such as scientific
investigation or sending a spaceship to the
moon
▹ solve problems, such as disease or disaster
37
38
▸ In modern life, we are surrounded by technology. It's
integral to everything we do, big or small. We can find
examples of technology in our homes and personal
spaces, in industry, in business, and in the medical
profession
▸ Technology is the way we apply scientific knowledge for
practical purposes
▸ It includes machines (like computers) but also
techniques and processes (like the way we produce
computer chips)
Technology in Everyday Life
▸ Let's consider some examples of how
technology is integral to our daily lives
▸ When you get up in the morning, you
probably get out of a bed. The synthetic
materials of the mattress upon which you
were sleeping, and springs underneath, are
both examples of technology
39
▸ If it's still early, you might turn on the light first.
Both the light bulbs and the electrical systems
that power them are also technology
▸ Later, when you brush your teeth, the system
that brings you water to the sink, the bathroom
fan, the toothbrush - and the toilet, for that
matter - are technology
40
41
▸ A computer is one of the most advanced pieces of
technology we've ever come up with as humans, and
the processes of making the computer's parts are all
also technology
▸ Whether it's practical (like washing machines, tumble dryers, refrigerators,
cars, flooring materials, windows, or door handles) or for leisure (like
televisions, Blu-ray players, games consoles, reclining chairs, or toys), all
these things are examples of technology
42
What is Education?
▸ Education in its general sense is a form of learning
in which the knowledge, skills, and habits of a
group of people are transferred from one
generation to the next through teaching, training,
or research
▸ Education is “Preparing a person to face everyday
life”
▸ Education is a systematic process- It refers to
transact its activities through a systematic
institution and regulation
43
“ Education is the process of
living through a continuous
reconstruction of
experiences
44
John Dewey
American philosopher,
psychologist and educational
reformer
Educational Technology
▸ The term educational technology refers to the
use of technology in educational settings,
whether it be elementary and secondary
schools, colleges and universities, corporate
training sites, or independent study at home
▸ As a field of study, it covers the human ability
to shape and change the physical world to
meet needs, by manipulating materials and
tools with techniques
45
“
Educational Technology
involves the disciplined
application of knowledge
for the purpose of
improving learning,
instruction and/or
performance
46
Michael Specter
American Journalist
▸ The second meaning of educational technology is the mechanization of
educational process. The mechanization is done in all the three process
of human knowledge;
▹ Preservation of knowledge: First knowledge was orally transmitted
by teachers to their students. But with the advent of printing
machine knowledge is preserved in books
47
Preservation
of knowledge
Transmission
of knowledge
Advancement
of knowledge
▹ Transmission of knowledge: A large numbers of
students sitting at far distant places can be taught
with the help of radio and television. The Open
University, corresponding education are the major
contributions of this innovation
▹ Advancement of knowledge: The function of
research process is to advance new knowledge. The
scientific researches are encouraged in the present
time because their findings are based on the
collection of data
48
Important functions of
Educational Technology
▸ Improvement of Teaching
▸ Analysis of the Teaching- Learning Process
▸ Improvement of Learning
▸ Enhancing Goals of Education
▸ Training to Teachers
▸ Development of Curriculum
49
▸ Development of Teaching- Learning Materials
▸ Teaching-Learning Strategies
▸ Development Audio-visual Aids
▸ Help in Overall Improvement
▸ Identification of needs of the Community
50
Conclusion
▸ The 21st century has become the central part of educational
thinking and planning for the future
▸ Creating a 21st century education system is about making sure
that all students are prepared to succeed in a competitive
world- a world with plenty of opportunities for highly skilled
individuals and limited options for everyone else
▸ Globalization has opened up the world and allowed people to
connect in new and exciting ways. We blend traditions and
create unique belief system that are not taught in any
classroom, but are developed through our life experiences and
passion
51
52

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21st Century Skills, Technology and Education

  • 2.
  • 3. Group Members ▸ Aniqa Amir ▸ Farwa Iqbal ▸ Misbah Dil Muhammad ▸ Amaila Rubab 3
  • 4. Content ▸ 21st Century Skills ▹ Categorize of Skills ▹ 12 Skills ▹ Framework of 21st Century Skills ▸ Technology and Education ▹ What is technology? ▹ Examples of Technology ▹ What is Education? ▹ Relation of Technology and Education 4
  • 5. Objectives ▸ Describe the 21st Century skills ▸ Explain about the categories of skills ▸ Explain their importance in every career of life ▸ Define Technology ▸ Describe about education ▸ Explain the relation of technology and education 5
  • 6. “ We are currently preparing students for jobs and technologies that don’t yet exist… in order to solve problems that we don’t even know are problems yet. “Did you know”, widely circulated YouTube posting 6
  • 7. 21st Century Skills Let’s start with the first set of slides 1
  • 8. What are 21st Century Skills? ▸ 21st Century skills are 12 abilities that today’s students need to succeed in their careers during the Information Age (digital age) ▸ These skills are intended to help students keep up with the lightning-pace of today’s modern markets. Each skill is unique in how it helps students, but they all have one quality in common 8
  • 9. 9 “This is a story about … whether an entire generation of kids will fail to make the grade in the global economy because they can’t think their way through abstract problems, work in teams, distinguish good information from bad, or speak a language other than [their own]” How to Build a Student for the 21st Century, TIME Magazine, December 18, 2006
  • 10. The twelve 21st Century skills are: ▸ Critical thinking ▸ Creativity ▸ Collaboration ▸ Communication ▸ Information literacy ▸ Media literacy ▸ Technology literacy ▸ Flexibility ▸ Leadership ▸ Initiative ▸ Productivity ▸ Social skills 10
  • 11. 11 BIG CONCEPT These twelve 21st century skills are essential in the age of the Internet but there are three categories that 21st Century skills fall into. ▸ Learning skills ▸ Literacy skills ▸ Life skills
  • 13. The Three 21st Century Skill Categories 13
  • 14. Learning Skills ▸ Learning skills teaches students about the mental processes required to adapt and improve upon a modern work environment ▸ The four C’s are by far the most popular 21st Century skills. These skills are also called learning skills ▹ Critical thinking: Finding solutions to problems ▹ Creativity: Thinking outside the box ▹ Collaboration: Working with others ▹ Communication: Talking to others 14
  • 15. ▸ More educators know about these skills because they’re universal needs for any career. They also vary in terms of importance, depending on an individual’s career aspirations ▸ Critical thinking is essential to improvement. It’s the mechanism that weeds out problems and replaces them with fruitful endeavors ▸ It’s what helps students figure stuff out for themselves when they don’t have a teacher at their disposal 15
  • 16. ▸ Creativity is equally important as a means of adaptation. This skill empowers students to see concepts in a different light, which leads to innovation ▸ Learning creativity as a skill requires someone to understand that “the way things have always been done” may have been best 10 years ago — but someday, that has to change 16
  • 17. ▸ Collaboration means getting students to work together, achieve compromises, and get the best possible results from solving a problem ▸ The key element of collaboration is willingness. All participants have to be willing to sacrifice parts of their own ideas and adopt others to get results for the company ▸ That means understanding the idea of a “greater good,” which in this case tends to be company-wide success 17
  • 18. ▸ Communication is the glue that brings all of these educational qualities together ▸ Communication is a requirement for any company to maintain profitability. It’s crucial for students to learn how to effectively convey ideas among different personality types ▸ Without understanding proper communication, students in the 21st Century will lack a pivotal skill to progress their careers 18
  • 19. 19
  • 20. Literacy Skills ▸ Literacy skills focuses on how students can discern facts, publishing outlets, and the technology behind them ▸ There’s a strong focus on determining trustworthy sources and factual information to separate it from the misinformation that floods the Internet 20
  • 21. ▸ They’re sometimes called IMT skills ▹ Information Literacy: Understanding facts, figures, statistics, and data ▹ Media literacy: Understanding the methods and outlets in which information is published ▹ Technology literacy: Understanding the machines that make the Information Age possible 21
  • 22. 22
  • 23. ▸ Information literacy is the foundational skill. It helps students understand facts, especially data points, that they’ll encounter online ▸ More importantly, it teaches them how to separate facts from fiction ▸ In an age of chronic misinformation, finding truth online has become a job all on its own. It’s crucial that students can identify honesty on their own. Otherwise, they can fall prey to myths, misconceptions, and outright lies 23
  • 24. ▸ Technology literacy goes another step further to teach students about the machines involved in the Information Age ▸ As computers, cloud programming, and mobile devices become more important to the world, the world needs more people to understand those concepts ▸ Technology literacy gives students the basic information they need to understand what gadgets perform what tasks and why ▸ Technology literacy unmasks the high-powered tools that run today’s world ▸ As a result, students can adapt to the world more effectively. They can play an important role in its evolution 24
  • 25. ▸ Media literacy is the practice of identifying publishing methods, outlets, and sources while distinguishing between the ones that are credible and the ones that aren’t ▸ Just like the previous skill, media literacy is helpful for finding truth in a world that’s saturated with information ▸ This is how students find trustworthy sources of information in their lives. Without it, anything that looks credible becomes credible 25
  • 26. Life Skills ▸ Life Skills take a look at intangible elements of a student’s everyday life. These intangibles focus on both personal and professional qualities ▸ It is the final category also called FLIPS ▸ These skills all pertain to someone’s personal life, but they also bleed into professional settings 26
  • 27. ▸ Flexibility: Deviating from plans as needed ▸ Leadership: Motivating a team to accomplish a goal ▸ Initiative: Starting projects, strategies, and plans on one’s own ▸ Productivity: Maintaining efficiency in an age of distractions ▸ Social skills: Meeting and networking with others for mutual benefit 27
  • 28. ▸ Flexibility is the expression of someone’s ability to adapt to changing circumstances ▸ This is one of the most challenging qualities to learn for students because it’s based on two uncomfortable ideas: ▹ Your way isn’t always the best way ▹ You have to know and admit when you’re wrong ▸ Flexibility requires them to show humility and accept that they’ll always have a lot to learn — even when they’re experienced 28 • set goals • seek answers • navigate information • collaborate with others • share it with the world Flexibility
  • 29. ▸ Leadership is someone’s penchant for setting goals, walking a team through the steps required, and achieving those goals collaboratively ▸ Whether someone’s a seasoned entrepreneur or a fresh hire just starting their careers, leadership applies to career ▸ Entry-level workers need leadership skills for several reasons. The most important is that it helps them understand the decisions that managers and business leaders make ▸ As they lead individual departments, they can learn the ins and outs of their specific careers. That gives ambitious students the expertise they need to grow professionally and lead whole corporations 29 • Identify goals • Inspire others to share those goals • Organize a group so that all members can contribute according to their abilities • Resolve conflicts among members • Encourage the group to reach their goals • Help group members solve problems and improve performance • Give credit where it is due Leadership
  • 30. ▸ Initiatives only comes naturally to a handful of people. As a result, students need to learn it to fully succeed ▸ This is one of the hardest skills to learn and practice. Initiative often means working on projects outside of regular working hours ▸ initiative is an attribute that earns rewards. It’s especially indicative of someone’s character in terms of work ethic and professional progress ▸ That goes double when initiative is practiced with qualities like flexibility and leadership 30 • question • plan • research • create, • present Initiative
  • 31. ▸ 21st Century skills require students to learn about productivity. That’s a student’s ability to complete work in an appropriate amount of time ▸ In business terms, it’s called “efficiency.” The common goal of any professional — from entry-level employee to CEO — is to get more done in less time ▸ By understanding productivity strategies at every level, students discover the ways in which they work best while gaining an appreciation for how others work as well ▸ That equips them with the practical means to carry out the ideas they determine through flexibility, leadership, and initiative 31 • Goal setting • Planning • Time management • Research • Development • Evaluation • Revision • Application Productivity
  • 32. ▸ Social skills are crucial to the ongoing success of a professional. Business is frequently done through the connections one person makes with others around them ▸ This concept of networking is more active in some industries than others, but proper social skills are excellent tools for forging long-lasting relationships ▸ While these may have been implied in past generations, the rise of social media and instant communications have changed the nature of human interaction ▸ As a result, today’s students possess a wide range of social skills. Some are more socially adept than others. Some are far behind their peers. And some lucky few may be far ahead, as socializing comes naturally to them 32 • cooperation • compromise • decision making • communicating • using emotional intelligence • using constructive criticism Social Skills
  • 33. Framework of 21st Century Skills 33
  • 34. “ Success in the 21st century requires knowing how to learn. Students today will likely have several careers in their lifetime. They must develop strong critical thinking and interpersonal communication skills in order to be successful in an increasingly fluid, interconnected, and complex world. Technology allows for 24/7 access to information, constant social interaction, and easily created and shared digital content. In this setting, educators can leverage technology to create an engaging and personalized environment to meet the emerging educational needs of this generation. No longer does learning have to be one-size-fits-all or confined to the classroom. The opportunities afforded by technology should be used to re-imagine 21st- century education, focusing on preparing students to be learners for life 34 Karen Cator CEO of Digital Promise
  • 35. Technology and Education Let’s start with the first set of slides 2
  • 36. “ Technology is not just a tool. It can give learners a voice that they may not have had before George Couros Leading Educator
  • 37. What is Technology? ▸ Technology is the skills, methods, and processes used to achieve goals. People can use technology to: ▹ produce goods or service ▹ carry out goals, such as scientific investigation or sending a spaceship to the moon ▹ solve problems, such as disease or disaster 37
  • 38. 38 ▸ In modern life, we are surrounded by technology. It's integral to everything we do, big or small. We can find examples of technology in our homes and personal spaces, in industry, in business, and in the medical profession ▸ Technology is the way we apply scientific knowledge for practical purposes ▸ It includes machines (like computers) but also techniques and processes (like the way we produce computer chips)
  • 39. Technology in Everyday Life ▸ Let's consider some examples of how technology is integral to our daily lives ▸ When you get up in the morning, you probably get out of a bed. The synthetic materials of the mattress upon which you were sleeping, and springs underneath, are both examples of technology 39
  • 40. ▸ If it's still early, you might turn on the light first. Both the light bulbs and the electrical systems that power them are also technology ▸ Later, when you brush your teeth, the system that brings you water to the sink, the bathroom fan, the toothbrush - and the toilet, for that matter - are technology 40
  • 41. 41 ▸ A computer is one of the most advanced pieces of technology we've ever come up with as humans, and the processes of making the computer's parts are all also technology
  • 42. ▸ Whether it's practical (like washing machines, tumble dryers, refrigerators, cars, flooring materials, windows, or door handles) or for leisure (like televisions, Blu-ray players, games consoles, reclining chairs, or toys), all these things are examples of technology 42
  • 43. What is Education? ▸ Education in its general sense is a form of learning in which the knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, or research ▸ Education is “Preparing a person to face everyday life” ▸ Education is a systematic process- It refers to transact its activities through a systematic institution and regulation 43
  • 44. “ Education is the process of living through a continuous reconstruction of experiences 44 John Dewey American philosopher, psychologist and educational reformer
  • 45. Educational Technology ▸ The term educational technology refers to the use of technology in educational settings, whether it be elementary and secondary schools, colleges and universities, corporate training sites, or independent study at home ▸ As a field of study, it covers the human ability to shape and change the physical world to meet needs, by manipulating materials and tools with techniques 45
  • 46. “ Educational Technology involves the disciplined application of knowledge for the purpose of improving learning, instruction and/or performance 46 Michael Specter American Journalist
  • 47. ▸ The second meaning of educational technology is the mechanization of educational process. The mechanization is done in all the three process of human knowledge; ▹ Preservation of knowledge: First knowledge was orally transmitted by teachers to their students. But with the advent of printing machine knowledge is preserved in books 47 Preservation of knowledge Transmission of knowledge Advancement of knowledge
  • 48. ▹ Transmission of knowledge: A large numbers of students sitting at far distant places can be taught with the help of radio and television. The Open University, corresponding education are the major contributions of this innovation ▹ Advancement of knowledge: The function of research process is to advance new knowledge. The scientific researches are encouraged in the present time because their findings are based on the collection of data 48
  • 49. Important functions of Educational Technology ▸ Improvement of Teaching ▸ Analysis of the Teaching- Learning Process ▸ Improvement of Learning ▸ Enhancing Goals of Education ▸ Training to Teachers ▸ Development of Curriculum 49
  • 50. ▸ Development of Teaching- Learning Materials ▸ Teaching-Learning Strategies ▸ Development Audio-visual Aids ▸ Help in Overall Improvement ▸ Identification of needs of the Community 50
  • 51. Conclusion ▸ The 21st century has become the central part of educational thinking and planning for the future ▸ Creating a 21st century education system is about making sure that all students are prepared to succeed in a competitive world- a world with plenty of opportunities for highly skilled individuals and limited options for everyone else ▸ Globalization has opened up the world and allowed people to connect in new and exciting ways. We blend traditions and create unique belief system that are not taught in any classroom, but are developed through our life experiences and passion 51
  • 52. 52