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Presentation of Joao Pedro Dominigues at the EAAP conference


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Past intensification of livestock let to mixed benefits for social and environmental sustainability.
Joao Pedro Dominigues presented this at the 69th conference of the European Federation of Animal Science.

Published in: Environment
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Presentation of Joao Pedro Dominigues at the EAAP conference

  1. 1. PAST INTENSIFICATION OF LIVESTOCK LED TO MIXED BENEFITS FOR SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY Domingues, J.P. Gameiro, A.H. Gabrielle, B. Tichit, M. Best oral presentation from Livestock Farming System commission 69th Annual Meeting of the European Federation of Animal Science - Dubrovnik, Croatia - September 2018
  2. 2. SETTING THE SCENE WHY SHOULD WE FOCUS ON SERVICES? ▸ Definition: positive contributions that livestock provides to society ▸ Different categories of positive contributions ▸ Environmental, social and cultural ▸ Bundle of services: a set of services that repeatedly appears in time and space (Raudsepp-Hearne et al., 2010) ▸ Pioneering approach (Ryschawy et al., 2017) ▸ rural vitality, cultural services ▸ in addition to food provisioning, environmental services 2
  3. 3. To what extent the current bundles of services provided by livestock are determined by past intensification? OBJECTIVE 3 ▸ “Need to understand socio-economic determinants of the composition of bundles of servies” Ryschawy et al., 2017 ▸ Is the provision of bundle of services explained by current characteristics of livestock systems or rather by past transformations?
  4. 4. Intensification changes Livestock Land use Socioeconomic 4 DATA BASIS COMPILATION GENERAL APPROACH 1938 2010 60 NUTS3 Services indicators Ryschawy et al. 2017 Agrotourism Landscape quality Product quality Biodiversity High Nature Value Water quality % of livestock employ. Employment at farm Employment at industry Cultural Rural vitality Environmental Co-inertia analysis
  5. 5. 5 RESULTS
  6. 6. 6RESULTS SERVICES PROVISION ASSEMBLED AROUND THREE INTENSIFICATION TRAJECTORIES HIGH DEGREE OF CO-STRUCTURE RV coefficient = 0.57, p-value < 0.05 - intensification trajectories - services provisioning Correlations between tables’ variables - 17 moderate to strong (/90) - 10 livestock variables - 5 land use variables - 2 socioeconomic THREE DIVERSE PATHS
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  10. 10. DISCUSSION 10
  11. 11. TEXT SYNTHESIS OF SOCIOECONOMIC FACTORS 11 Initial farm size Feed industry Breed Supply chain Land suitability Extensive Intensive subs.local
  12. 12. CONSEQUENCES: INTENSIFICATION OF LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION ▸ Relative gains ▸ Increased productivity trough adoption of technology ▸ High rural vitality services ▸ Externalization of land needed for feed production ▸ Increased dependence on external resourcess ▸ Local and global impacts ▸ Does it pay off??? 12PERSPECTIVES
  13. 13. PATHS TO BETTER SERVICES PROVISION ▸ Grazing based areas offered more balanced bundle of services ▸ Moderate stocking rates ▸ Higher share of ruminants ▸ Better valorisation of marginal land and higher reliance on local feed resources 13PERSPECTIVES
  14. 14. COMPLEMENTARITY BTW TWO REGIONS IN TERMS OF THE WHOLE SET OF SERVICES High provision of animal source food and employment 14 Provision of labelled animal products Biodiversity conservation High nature value and water quality PERSPECTIVES Extensive Intensive
  15. 15. CONCLUSION IN A NUTSHELL ▸ A compromise is needed between food production and environmental quality and socioeconomic services ▸ Extensive areas deserves more attention, as they provide multifunctional bundle of social, cultural and environmental services to society. 15
  16. 16. STEERING ANIMAL PRODUCTION SYSTEMS TOWARDS SUSTAINABLE FUTURE This research was supported by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 Research & Innovation Programme under grant agreement no 696231 [SusAn] (project ANIMALFUTURE). ‣ Thank you for your attention!