Roots of Human Creativity

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Creativity & Innovation are the two buzzwords floating around in almost every sphere of life. Everyone wants to be creative and wants to know more about creativity.
Most of us have some ideas about what is creativity and what are the sources of creativity. However, many times these anecdotal concepts may be misconcepts.
Mastering any skill requires basic understanding of original sources of that particular skill.
So is the case for creativity.
When I facilitate my flagship program on “Creativity @ Workplace”, which is conducted in Five weekends, invariably a discussion pops up regarding original source of Creativity.
Recently I delivered a two hours seminar on “Roots of Human Creativity” at local Chamber of Commerce.
Sharing the Presentation of the same.
Hope you would like it.
Please do drop I a few lines of feedback/comments.
Dr Anil Saraogi
Strategic Business Solutions
91-9825077678
Anil.saraogi@gmail.com

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Roots of Human Creativity

  1. 1. Why is Human race the best?orRoots of Human CreativityByDr Anil Saraogi
  2. 2. Outline• Advances in Creativity Training• Putting things in perspective– Context of Content• MAIN CONTENT• Take Home
  3. 3. Advances in Creativity Training• 50-60 years• Scare Resources…Humongous Problems• Only Creative Solutions …Ray of Hope• Importance well recognized andinstitutionalized across sectors• Two Models
  4. 4. Creativity can be Enhanced• Two models– Deficit Model…• Assumptions: Creative skills not present• Cognitive Skills..redefinition, ideation, divergent– Barrier model• Assumptions: Creative skills inherently present• Motivation, Attitude, efforts• 2001 onwards.– Balanced Holistic approach
  5. 5. Problems of living beings• Threats of predators• Attack of diseasecausing organisms• Hunger• Sexual deprivation• Camouflages• Immune system• Methods of foodprocurement• Attracting matingpartners
  6. 6. Nature as unending source ofcreativity• Flying mechanisms ofinsects & birds• Deep diving of fish &whales• Use of solar energyby plants• Flying machine• Submarines• Greenhouses• Solar cookers
  7. 7. • What do we know about evolution ofHuman beings?• We will see some aspects that areimportant to us.
  8. 8. • Universe->Galaxies-> Milky Way(16 B) ->solar System• How old is planet earth?– 4.57 billion years = 4,570,000,000 years• When did life start on it?– Not sure..– But around 3.5 billion years ago• Our distant cousins: Homo Erectus ?– Around 2,00,000 years agoPutting things in Perspective
  9. 9. • How old are we on this earth?– Around 2,00,000 years ago– Homo Sapiens Sapiens….1,00,000 years ago– Geologically this is a TRICE of time• Both on TIME & SPACE• we are minuscule
  10. 10. What have we achieved in thisfraction of time?– Tool makers -> artist -> scientist -> writer ->…– Citizen -> saint… -> sinner– From caves -> skyscrapers– Roots & raw meat -> infinite global delicacies– From average life span of 25 years -> 75 &above
  11. 11. Era Life ExpectancyNeolithic[13]10200 BC 20Bronze Age and Iron Age[14]26Classical Greece[15]28Classical Rome[15]28Pre-Columbian N America[16]25–30Medieval Islamic Caliphate[17]35+Medieval Britain[18][19]30Early Modern Britain[14]25–40Early 20th Century[21][22]312010 world average[23] 67.2
  12. 12. From marginal species -> onlysuper species
  13. 13. • How do we explain this variegatedprogress?• What makes us different than othercreatures?• What is within us and indeed betweenus that propels this tornado ofcreation??????
  14. 14. This surge can be traced to fourroots: Anthropology–Biological–Mental–Social–SpiritualWithin usBetween us
  15. 15. • Nature encourages , rather forces a livingbeing to exploration and adaptation…ifnot creativity.• In humans Novelty and Curiosity arepowerful motivators of exploratorybehavior… Berlyn• Biological Design & Functioning of humanbody has only facilitated this urge• We discuss only three organs of humanbodyBiology of Human Progress
  16. 16. First ?????– Large Brain???– Questionable– Brain to body mass ratio? .022– Highest in humans?– Controversial– Shrew 0.10…Dolphins.016
  17. 17. What Else ????
  18. 18. –May be yes.. Pic–We the only PURELY BIPEDALS…–Lions.. etc. more powerful…but theirforelimbs are not free….i.e. quadrupeds–Even our cousins …the great apes canonly clumsily and vulnerably shuffle on twofeet.Our Limbs?
  19. 19. • Huge advantage:– makes our hands free for other usages…like•Climb,•seize ,•strike, crawl…others also.Advantages of being purely bipedal
  20. 20. What more ????
  21. 21. Killing combination: Bipedal +Opposable thumb– Carry,– gesture,– shape tools,– paint,– carve,– sculpt– And much lateron…..WRITE
  22. 22. Symbiosis of hands and Brain• With brain driving the hand to newer andmore complex uses• And• The complex and varied actions of hands…differentiating the brain more & more interms of increasing numerous braincenters housing the skills of hands• No wonder….
  23. 23. – Vocal Chords….– Other animals/apes :• scream,• chatter,• whimper,• grunt & groan and• roar• but they cannot speak–Our lips+ tongue+ teeth + vocal chord ->• Enable us communicate in a number of ways• Thru words, sentences & inflections / intonationsSecond:??
  24. 24. This UNIQUE Communicationopened up a PANDORA’s Box– Led to ‘Language’ -> vocabulary-> culture ->government -> organizations– Speech-> pass on the past work /experiences/ creativity to NEXT Generations– & thus ever rising pyramid of inventions gotbuilt for the entire race
  25. 25. • Third?• Of course : Brain:– Brain: Body– Complex structure– Large Cortex– Seat of intellective activities :• recalling, reasoning, analyzing, associating,categorizing, etc.– Differentiated cortex: Specialized halves• Left: analysis, reasoning,• Right: Synthesis, integration, intuition, visualize, dream– But not isolated: 200 m cables : corpus callosum
  26. 26. • Howard Gardner (1984): Sync of all partsof brain is root to human superiority /creativity.– L& R Hemi– F & Temporal Lobe– Cortex & Limbic system
  27. 27. • Hence: Three organs– separately and in combination– blessed us with superior capacity andcreativity1.Bipedal along with opposable thumb2.Vocal apparatus3.Very complex brain
  28. 28. • Other roots• Mental:– Psychoanalysis: Sigmund Freud(1890): Sub Consciousmind– Carl Jung (1920): collective unconsciousness• Archetype : DNA of human psyche• Social– Conservative(why?) v/s liberal/ entrepreneurial (why not ?)– Democratic / autocratic / authoritarian 20thcentury• Spiritual– Society of Jesus– Swadhyaya Pariwar: Swadhyaya villages: No filth, nocrime, no wife beating???
  29. 29. • Recognize the Nature’s Design• Involve in ACTIVITIES/ Doing– New– Varied– Interesting– Stimulating• Build on Experience• Express yourself– Communicate– Write…better still speakTake Home
  30. 30. • Give Varied Food to Mind• Make friends with creative people whomyou like• Regular exposure to fresh content onCreativity–Literature–TrainingTake Home
  31. 31. • Is a totally autonomous body• Only diploma…no accreditation• Collaboration with HBS• Faculties offer their own courses…depending on contemporary issues ….– Doing business with Nordic countries– CBBS, CINE, CB, Comp Finance,• Compulsory on campus stay• Strong IT BackboneEssence from IIM, Ahmedabad
  32. 32. • Collegial system…• No hierarchy .. Totally flat system• Area system• Some figures: Faculties : around 80• Programs: PGP, FPM, PGPX, DGR, MDP,FDP, PMP• On campus community : Around 1000
  33. 33. • Totally case based…. good????• Students are made to spend more time on selfstudy….• On an average 3 lectures a day• Trimester system…25 sessions per module…very fast paced• Not all courses have prescribed text books• Rather very few have prescribed text books• Every faculty develops his / her own coursemat.• Lot of international faculty exposure
  34. 34. Other Sessions on Creativity• Can one be trained to be CREATIVE?Or• Can Creativity be Enhanced?• Various Forms of Creativity• Lifelong Creativity• Mastering Creative Problem Solving• Acquiring Creative Persona• Designing Creative Environment

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