Smart Fabrics &       Interactive Clothing <br />By<br />Akhil K<br />1<br />
Definition<br />Smart textiles are defined as textiles that can sense and react to environmental conditions or stimuli fro...
Classifications<br />Passive Smart Fabrics<br />Sense environmental conditions or stimulus<br />Active Smart Fabrics<br />...
Smart materials used<br />Thermo regulating material<br />Shape memory materials<br />Chromic materials<br />Luminescent m...
Thermo regulating material<br /><ul><li> Paraffin phase change material
 Absorbs heat and stores it
 Change state to retain heat
 Paraffin enclosed into small plastic spheres with diameters of only a few micrometers to prevent dissolution
 Provide a thermal balance between the heat generated by the body while engaging in a sport and the heat released into the...
Shape memory material<br />Materials stable at two or more temperature states<br />Different temperature states, they have...
Chromic Materials<br />Change their colour reversibly according to external environmental conditions<br />Photochromic: ex...
Luminescent Materials<br />Emits lights according to external environmental conditions<br />Photoluminescence: external st...
Conductive materials<br />Two types of materials, the metals and the polymers<br />High wicking finishes (ink) with a high...
Membranes<br />Membranes are constituted of polymers and their structure could be made of one or more layers<br />Used in ...
Voltaic materials<br />Storage of energy for electronic parts<br />Use of solar cells<br />Research underway to produce an...
Electronic textiles<br />Textiles that sensor the body for military or medical uses<br />Smart shirt by the Professor Sund...
Military textiles<br />Smart shirt by the Professor Sundaresan Jayaraman<br />Uses optical fibres to detect bullet wounds<...
Medical textiles<br />The sensory Baby Vest<br />To detect cardiac, pulmonary or other defects in newborn child<br />The l...
Interactive Fabrics<br />Keyboard made in a single layer of fabric using capacitive sensing<br />Some famous products are ...
Comfort and security<br />Tightens and loosens the garments automatically according to needs<br />Security tools developed...
Wearable computers<br />Objective is the integration of a complete computer screen, CPU and keyboard in a wearable garment...
Advantages<br />Light weight<br />Durable<br />Washable<br />Integratable with human body<br />Pierce resistant<br />Water...
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Smart Fabrics &amp; Interactive Fabrics

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  • @ Akhil Kadangode We've Innovated the World's 1st INTERACTIVE WASHABLE LED T-Shirt which is to be paired with your Smartphone &amp; you can publish Text/Draw even Bounce Equalizers on the LED Panel of the TShirt as per the Music Playing on your Phone many other Models https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JeckFzVtA5M
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  • My dear, How are you today? i will like to be your friend My name is Sheikha Ghunaim , am a 43 years old divorcee. Please write to me in my email ( Sheikhaghunaim2@hotmail.com ). im honest and open mind single woman. im going to tell more when i see your response. Regards Sheikha.
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  • hey do you have the report
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Smart Fabrics &amp; Interactive Fabrics

  1. 1. Smart Fabrics & Interactive Clothing <br />By<br />Akhil K<br />1<br />
  2. 2. Definition<br />Smart textiles are defined as textiles that can sense and react to environmental conditions or stimuli from mechanical, thermal, chemical, electrical or magnetic sources.<br />2<br />
  3. 3. Classifications<br />Passive Smart Fabrics<br />Sense environmental conditions or stimulus<br />Active Smart Fabrics<br />Actuators and sensors<br />Central control unit present<br />Ultra Smart Fabrics<br />Sense, react and adapt themselves to envt.<br />Cognition, reasoning and activating capacities<br />3<br />
  4. 4. Smart materials used<br />Thermo regulating material<br />Shape memory materials<br />Chromic materials<br />Luminescent materials<br />Conductive material<br />Membranes<br />Voltaic materials<br />4<br />
  5. 5. Thermo regulating material<br /><ul><li> Paraffin phase change material
  6. 6. Absorbs heat and stores it
  7. 7. Change state to retain heat
  8. 8. Paraffin enclosed into small plastic spheres with diameters of only a few micrometers to prevent dissolution
  9. 9. Provide a thermal balance between the heat generated by the body while engaging in a sport and the heat released into the environment</li></ul>5<br />
  10. 10. Shape memory material<br />Materials stable at two or more temperature states<br />Different temperature states, they have the potential to assume different shapes<br />Electro active polymers which can change shape in response to electrical stimuli<br />Produce substantial change in size or shape and force generation for actuation mechanisms<br />6<br />
  11. 11. Chromic Materials<br />Change their colour reversibly according to external environmental conditions<br />Photochromic: external stimulus is light. <br />Thermochromic: external stimulus is heat. <br />Electrochromic: external stimulus is electricity. <br />Piezorochromic: external stimulus is pressure. <br />Solvatechromic: external stimulus is liquid or gas.<br />7<br />
  12. 12. Luminescent Materials<br />Emits lights according to external environmental conditions<br />Photoluminescence: external stimulus is light<br />Electroluminescence: external stimulus is electricity<br />Chemioluminescence: external stimulus is a chemical reaction<br />Triboluminescence: external stimulus is friction<br />8<br />
  13. 13. Conductive materials<br />Two types of materials, the metals and the polymers<br />High wicking finishes (ink) with a high metallic content that still retains the comfort<br />Direct use of conductive yarns<br />Applications are electromagnetic interface (EMI) shielding and conducting<br />Thermal conduction allows distribution of heat throughout the entire garment or suit<br />9<br />
  14. 14. Membranes<br />Membranes are constituted of polymers and their structure could be made of one or more layers<br />Used in sportswear for the manufacture of breathable and impermeable clothes<br />More breathability and extreme water repellence<br />Lotus effectprovides repellence of the aqueous products and also of the oleic product – useful for self cleaning garments<br />10<br />
  15. 15. Voltaic materials<br />Storage of energy for electronic parts<br />Use of solar cells<br />Research underway to produce and store electricity from body movements and wrist rotation<br />11<br />
  16. 16. Electronic textiles<br />Textiles that sensor the body for military or medical uses<br />Smart shirt by the Professor Sundaresan Jayaraman<br />The sensory Baby Vest<br />The life shirt by Vivometrics<br />Interactive Fabrics<br />Comfort & Security<br />The wearable computer<br />12<br />
  17. 17. Military textiles<br />Smart shirt by the Professor Sundaresan Jayaraman<br />Uses optical fibres to detect bullet wounds<br />Medical sensing devices that are attached to the body plug into the computerised shirt<br />Helps to determine who needs immediate attention within the first hour of combat<br />Types of sensors used can be varied depending on the wearer&apos;s needs<br />13<br />
  18. 18. Medical textiles<br />The sensory Baby Vest<br />To detect cardiac, pulmonary or other defects in newborn child<br />The life shirt by Vivometrics<br />LifeShirt System gathers data during the subject&apos;s daily routine, providing pharmaceutical and academic researchers with a continuous &quot;movie&quot; of the subject&apos;s health in real-life situations (work, school, exercise, sleep), rather than the &quot;snapshot&quot; generated during a typical clinic visit<br />14<br />
  19. 19. Interactive Fabrics<br />Keyboard made in a single layer of fabric using capacitive sensing<br />Some famous products are the KENPO jacket that possesses an integrated MP3 lectors and the IPods jeans by Levis<br />A Swedish R&D team has developed a glove that incorporates a phone<br />15<br />
  20. 20. Comfort and security<br />Tightens and loosens the garments automatically according to needs<br />Security tools developed using Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags<br />RFID tags are miniscule microchips - half the size of a grain of sand<br />Listen for a radio query and respond by transmitting their unique ID code<br />Automating the garment handling process, including: check-in, sorting, and checkout<br />integration of GPS in garments for the detection of user position in case of disappearance or kidnapping<br />16<br />
  21. 21. Wearable computers<br />Objective is the integration of a complete computer screen, CPU and keyboard in a wearable garment<br />Universities and research organisations are developing a wearable computer system that is a better powered computer system worn on the user&apos;s body (on a belt, backpack or vest)<br />17<br />
  22. 22. Advantages<br />Light weight<br />Durable<br />Washable<br />Integratable with human body<br />Pierce resistant<br />Water resistant yet breathable<br />Tracking/communication systems<br />Monitoring systems<br />Usable in security authentication <br />18<br />
  23. 23. Drawbacks<br />Needs to be charged<br />Bulky<br />Expensive<br />Yet to be commercially recognized <br />19<br />
  24. 24. Conclusion<br />Smart textiles were presented as imaginary products and as a non competitive market<br />Nowadays SFIT are an implanted customer interest and are presented as the future of the textile industry<br />A lot of scientist are developing new solutions, ideas and concrete products<br />Some approximations announce a market of 1 billion dollars by 2010 which certainly explains the current passion for these news topics<br />20<br />
  25. 25. Reference<br />http://health.howstuffworks.com/bionic-arm.htm<br />http://www.smartextiles.co.uk/_wearcomp.htm<br />http://www.luminex.it/<br />http://www.eleksen.com/<br />http://science.howstuffworks.com/ffw.htm<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exoskeletons<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brain-computer_interface#Human_BCI_research<br />http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/4411591.stm<br />http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/165596.stm<br />http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/5140090.stm<br />21<br />
  26. 26. Questions<br />&<br />Comments<br />22<br />

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