Introduction to Communication20128005Ganbat Angirmaa
A film, also called a movie or motion picture, is a series of still or movingimages. It is produced by recording photographic images with cameras, or bycreating images using animation techniques or visual effects. The process offilmmaking has developed into an art form and industry. Films are cultural artifacts created by specific cultures, which reflectthose cultures, and, in turn, affect them. Film is considered to be animportant art form, a source of popular entertainment and a powerful methodfor educating – or indoctrinating – citizens. The visual elements of cinema givemotion pictures a universal power of communication. Some films have becomepopular worldwide attractions by using dubbing or subtitles that translate thedialogue into the language of the viewer.
The history of film (known variously as film, motion pictures or movies)began in the late 1890s, with the invention of the movie camera. Motion pictures were initially exhibited as a carnival novelty and developedto one of the most important tools of communication and entertainment,and mass media in the 20th century and into the 21st century. Most filmsbefore 1930 were silent. Motion picture films have substantially affected thearts, technology, and politics. The movie theatre was considered a cheaper, simpler way to provideentertainment to the masses. Movies became the most popular visual artform of the late Victorian age. It was simpler because of the fact that beforethe cinema people would have to travel long distances to see major dioramasor amusement parks. With the advent of the cinema this changed. During thefirst decade of the cinemas existence, inventors worked to improve themachines for making and showing films.
Cinema, the miracle of the 20th century, came to Mongolia in the 1910s.First movies were shown in the capital city, at the American Consulate andRussian Stock Exchanges hotel. In 1913 the Mongolian prince Namnansurenis known to have brought some films from Russia to show at the residence ofthe Bogd Khan. After the revolution of 1921, films and film equipment werepurchased and film students trained in Russia. Thus Mongolian people acquired access to cinema. At that time, cinema inMongolia was called "Shadow show,", and it was free of charge until the firstcinema theatre "Ard" was built in the 1930s. In 1935, under the decision of theCouncil of Ministers, a movie production company "Mongol kino" was set upwith Soviet assistance.
→continous The first production of the company was a documentary "74th Celebrationof the 1st of May." In 1936, the first feature movie was created with thetechnical assistance of the Soviet "Lenfilm".Mongolias first movie directors, cameramen, editors and other personnelwere trained on the job by professionals from the Soviet Union.In 1938 Mongolians independently made "Norjmaas Way" and then"Wolves" in 1939. Movies directed by the famous Mongolian film directorD.Jigjid, such as "Tsogt taij" (1945), "Peoples messenger" (1959), "Flood,""Son-in-law," and others have became classics of Mongolian cinema.