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Exploring concepts of „collection‟ in the digital worldAngharad Roberts12/12/12ALISS Christmas Seminar
This presentation:• Overview of the research• Interview findings• Initial survey findings• Conclusion• Discussion14/12/201...
Conceptualising thelibrary collection for thedigital world :A case study of social enterprise
Creative Commons image by jeffmikels from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/jeffmikels/3845418669/14/12/2012 © The University ...
What is social enterprise?                                           (based on Social Enterprise Alliance, 2012)14/12/2012...
Social enterprise and librarycollections• Interdisciplinary subject• Communities of practice / interest• Diverse stakehold...
Main research question:    What constitutes the concept of the library    collection in the digital world?14/12/2012 © The...
Research design• Strand 1: British Library case study• Strand 2: Catalogue searches• Strand 3: Interviews followed by surv...
Initial findings: interviews
Interviews• 24 June 2011 – 28 June 2012• 18 interviewees:      • 5 involved with social enterprise      • 6 library and in...
Definitions of collection• Collection as process      • selection      • search      • service• Collection as store or thi...
Collection as processFrom the interviews:    “collection... feels like a journey, doesn‟t it?” – social enterprise    prac...
Collection as store or thingFrom the interviews:    “you‟d still have to have some concept of the whole and I think    col...
Collection as accessFrom the interviews:    “the term collection can mean anything that we provide access to for    both t...
Collection as lifeboat?Online resource which preserves e-documents:“sort of lifeboat for information”library and informati...
Creative Commons image by Pittpics from:   http://www.flickr.com/photos/pittpics/25552447314/12/2012 © The University of S...
Creative Commons image by OZinOH from:   http://www.flickr.com/photos/75905404@N00/3576061204/14/12/2012 © The University ...
Collection and the impact ofdigital• Digital is global:           “the market easily becomes global as long           as.....
• Digital adds complexity:           “digital allows you to have an awful lot more           depth” – publisher• Digital –...
• Digital and the order of collection  processes• Digital and “free” information:           “people think that digital is ...
“I suppose a really good collection is...    where you take content and you can    merge it, you can cross-fertilise it, y...
Initial findings: surveys
Two surveys:• Library and information practitioners:      • 338 invitations, 103 responses (30.5%)• Social enterprise stak...
Question                        LIP responses   SE responses                               Group of materials on          ...
Question                        LIP responses   SE responsesImportance of      Libraries: Very                            ...
Some other findings:• Terms for library resources• Community analysis and social enterprise• Small minority have no collec...
Conclusion
Conclusion • Collection and searching • Shared understandings of “collection” • Interpret “collection” in a dynamic way • ...
Acknowledgements    Thanks to Sheila Corrall, Sheila Webber,    Peter Marsh, Sue Ashpitel for their expert    guidance and...
ReferencesBritish Library (2006). The British Librarys Content Strategy – Meeting the    Knowledge Needs of the Nation [On...
Lee, H.-L. (2005). The concept of collection from the user‟s perspective. The   Library Quarterly, 75(1), 67-85.Social Ent...
Thank you!Any questions?angharad.roberts@sheffield.ac.ukhttp://digitalworldcollections.blogspot.com14/12/2012 © The Univer...
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ALISS Christmas Seminar 2012

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ALISS Christmas Seminar 2012

  1. 1. Exploring concepts of „collection‟ in the digital worldAngharad Roberts12/12/12ALISS Christmas Seminar
  2. 2. This presentation:• Overview of the research• Interview findings• Initial survey findings• Conclusion• Discussion14/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  3. 3. Conceptualising thelibrary collection for thedigital world :A case study of social enterprise
  4. 4. Creative Commons image by jeffmikels from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/jeffmikels/3845418669/14/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  5. 5. What is social enterprise? (based on Social Enterprise Alliance, 2012)14/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  6. 6. Social enterprise and librarycollections• Interdisciplinary subject• Communities of practice / interest• Diverse stakeholders• Material in all library sectors14/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  7. 7. Main research question: What constitutes the concept of the library collection in the digital world?14/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  8. 8. Research design• Strand 1: British Library case study• Strand 2: Catalogue searches• Strand 3: Interviews followed by survey14/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  9. 9. Initial findings: interviews
  10. 10. Interviews• 24 June 2011 – 28 June 2012• 18 interviewees: • 5 involved with social enterprise • 6 library and information practitioners • 2 researchers • 2 policymakers • 2 publishers • 1 administrator14/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  11. 11. Definitions of collection• Collection as process • selection • search • service• Collection as store or thing • groups • sub-groups • quantity• Collection as access14/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  12. 12. Collection as processFrom the interviews: “collection... feels like a journey, doesn‟t it?” – social enterprise practitioner “a body of work that has been brought together using a particular set of criteria” – academicFrom the literature: “Consider what a collection does rather than what a collection is” – Horava, 2010, p. 150 “A collection is logically defined as a set of criteria for selecting resources from the broader information space” – Lagoze and Fielding, 199814/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  13. 13. Collection as store or thingFrom the interviews: “you‟d still have to have some concept of the whole and I think collection just does make it a whole” – librarian “collection to me seems special and thought through and... like I say with a theme or a kind of motif around it.” – policy maker “How many sub-groups of collection are there within a collection?” – academic “More than one and relating to a theme” – academicFrom the literature: “subcollections” and groupings of material on a subject – Lee, 2005, pp. 73, 7614/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  14. 14. Collection as accessFrom the interviews: “the term collection can mean anything that we provide access to for both teaching and research to do with the university” – librarian “access to material via an online resource” – research administratorFrom the literature: Collection “can also be taken to include all the information resources to which a library has access, including those available through physical and virtual networks” – Feather and Sturges, 2003, pp. 80-81 Lee, 2005 describes customer priorities of access and availability versus librarian priorities of control and management14/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  15. 15. Collection as lifeboat?Online resource which preserves e-documents:“sort of lifeboat for information”library and information practitionerChallenge of deciding what to preserve:“like choosing who gets in the lifeboat”librarian14/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  16. 16. Creative Commons image by Pittpics from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/pittpics/25552447314/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  17. 17. Creative Commons image by OZinOH from: http://www.flickr.com/photos/75905404@N00/3576061204/14/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  18. 18. Collection and the impact ofdigital• Digital is global: “the market easily becomes global as long as... your work‟s relevant” – publisher• Digital is personal: “it used to be that... you‟d be seeking to digitize the paper world whereas now the paper world is a route into building up your digital world” – academic14/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  19. 19. • Digital adds complexity: “digital allows you to have an awful lot more depth” – publisher• Digital – lack of physical space constraints• Echoing Dempsey (2012, 8): inside – out versus outside – in: “I think if we can organise our assets and get them out there we can actually affect the pedagogy” – librarian14/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  20. 20. • Digital and the order of collection processes• Digital and “free” information: “people think that digital is free, which you‟ll see it really isn‟t... with any digital product.” – publisher “I would love to recommend students here to go down and access those free of charge instead of complaining that we don‟t have something that they want.” – librarian14/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  21. 21. “I suppose a really good collection is... where you take content and you can merge it, you can cross-fertilise it, you can... discover easily” – publisher14/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  22. 22. Initial findings: surveys
  23. 23. Two surveys:• Library and information practitioners: • 338 invitations, 103 responses (30.5%)• Social enterprise stakeholders: • 445 invitations, 46 responses (10.3%)14/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  24. 24. Question LIP responses SE responses Group of materials on 95% 80%Defining a subject or themecollection: options Provision of access to 48% 52%ranked 1, 2 or 3 resources Set of results created 37% 43% through searching 14/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  25. 25. Question LIP responses SE responsesImportance of Libraries: Very 57% 33%information important or essentialsources for socialenterprise Google: Very 53% 80% important or essential Preserving print: very 53% 68% important or essentialSignificance of Preserving digital:library very important or 47% 64%preservation role essential Preserving customer publications: very 39% 52% important or essential 14/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  26. 26. Some other findings:• Terms for library resources• Community analysis and social enterprise• Small minority have no collection policy document• Views about the purpose of collection policy documentation• Sectoral differences in selection methods14/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  27. 27. Conclusion
  28. 28. Conclusion • Collection and searching • Shared understandings of “collection” • Interpret “collection” in a dynamic way • A new collection development hierarchy? 14/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  29. 29. Acknowledgements Thanks to Sheila Corrall, Sheila Webber, Peter Marsh, Sue Ashpitel for their expert guidance and supervision of this project. Thanks to the interview and survey participants who gave their time to participate in this research. Thanks to the British Library for supporting this research.14/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  30. 30. ReferencesBritish Library (2006). The British Librarys Content Strategy – Meeting the Knowledge Needs of the Nation [Online]. London: British Library. http://www.bl.uk/reshelp/findhelpsubject/busmanlaw/contentstrategy.pdf [Accessed 26 November 2012]Dempsey, L. (2012). Libraries and the informational future: some notes. In G. Marchionini & B. Moran (Eds.), Information Professionals 2050: Educational Possibilities and Pathways (pp. 113-125). Chapel Hill: School of Information and Library Science, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 4 December 2012, from: http://www.oclc.org/resources/research/publications/library/2012/dempsey- informationalfutures.pdfFeather, J., & Sturges, P. (Eds.). (2003). International Encyclopedia of Information and Library Science. 2nd ed. London: Routledge.Horava, T. (2010). Challenges and possibilities for collection management in a digital age. Library Resources & Technical Services, 54(3), 142-152.Lagoze, C., & Fielding, D. (1998). Defining collections in distributed digital libraries. D-Lib Magazine. Retrieved 29 October, 2012 from: http://www.dlib.org/dlib/november98/lagoze/11lagoze.html14/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  31. 31. Lee, H.-L. (2005). The concept of collection from the user‟s perspective. The Library Quarterly, 75(1), 67-85.Social Enterprise Alliance. (2012). The case for Social Enterprise Alliance. Minnetonka: Social Enterprise Alliance. Retrieved 29 October 2012, from: https://www.se-alliance.org/why#whatsasocialenterprise14/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield
  32. 32. Thank you!Any questions?angharad.roberts@sheffield.ac.ukhttp://digitalworldcollections.blogspot.com14/12/2012 © The University of Sheffield

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