Poetry<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
- A term applied to the many forms in which human beings have given rhythmic expression to their most imaginative and inte...
- Deals with emotions as they are aroused by some scene, experience, attachment; often rich in sentiment and passion; imag...
-	The language of the imagination, almost entirely figurative, and also a musical literary language.<br />English 7 – SY: ...
Forms:<br />Couplet<br />- Two lines of verse with similar end-rhymes.<br />
- A two-line stanza with both grammatical structure and idea complete within itself.<br />Sample:<br />More relative than ...
Tercet<br />- A triplet in which each line ends with the same rhyme.<br />
Sample:<br />When as in silks my Julia goes,<br />Then, then, methinks, how sweetly flows<br />The liquefaction of her clo...
Quatrain<br />- A stanza of four lines.<br />
- A complete poem consisting of four lines only: any one of many four-line stanza forms.<br />
- The possible rhyme schemes vary from an unrhymed quatrain to almost any arrangement of one-rhyme, two-rhyme, or three-rh...
Diction<br />- Choice of words is of great importance in poetry.<br />
- Words or combinations of words are painstakingly chosen by the poet for their exactness as well as suggestiveness.<br />
- The connotative value of a word is particularly important to the poet.<br />
Tone<br />- The attitude of the poet or the persona or the speaker in the poem.<br />
- The tone of voice varies according to the emotional state of the speaker.<br />
- In order to identify tone in poetry, one should be sensitive to the inner state of the speaker.<br />
<ul><li>The usual themes in poetry are love, death, brotherhood, inhumanity, loneliness, and joy.</li></li></ul><li>Poetry...
1.	Move an individual to tears or 	laughter.<br />2.	Stir the insights of the 	readers.<br />3.	Stimulate the 	imagination...
4.	Lift the burden of a 	heavy heart.<br />5.	Ease and relax tension 	in a troubled world.<br />
A. Narrative<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
- A nondramatic poem that tells a story or presents a narrative, whether simple or complex, long or short. Epics, ballads,...
a. Metrical Tale:<br /><ul><li>A series of events or facts told or presented based on the metric system as a standard of m...
Sample text:<br />Edmund and Helen<br />Come, sit thee by me, love, and thou shalt hearA tale may win a smile and claim a ...
And bade the burning words in numbers roll;--They were the light in which I learned to sing;And still to thee will kindlin...
b. Epic:<br /><ul><li>A story about heroic deeds of an individual written in verse.
- Epics without certain authorship are called Folk Epics.</li></ul>English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
Characteristics of an Epic<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
<ul><li>HERO - a figure of imposing stature, of national or international importance, and of great history or legendary si...
SETTING - vast, covering great nations, the world, or the universe.</li></ul>English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
<ul><li>SUPERNATURAL FORCES – gods, angels, and demons – interest themselves in the action and intervene from time to time.
STYLE – sustained elevation and grand simplicity is used.
ACTION – consists of deeds of great valor or requiring superhuman courage</li></ul>English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
Sample Text:<br />The Epic of LabawDonggon<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
1<br />The Birth<br />Odoyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy<br />Let us narrate with care<br />Take note much in detail<br />All about Lab...
BuyungLabawDonggon<br />Not long after he was delivered,<br />Hardly noticed by anyone<br />Became a mature person,<br />A...
2<br />Wooing of AbyangGinbitinan<br />Odoyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy<br />LabawDongon said<br />To his respected parents<br />A...
“Open, please open<br />The great wooden chest<br />Whose heavy cover<br />Is elaborately carved.<br />English 7 – SY: 201...
Then select from there<br />Very carefully<br />My treasured possessions and<br />My fine clothes.”<br />English 7 – SY: 2...
Ballad<br />- Oneof the earliest forms 	of literature.<br /><ul><li>The narration of a story 	in poetry form.
Form of verse to be sung or recited and characterized by its presentation of a dramatic or exciting episode in simple narr...
-	Essentially a narrative poem originally intended to be sung.<br />-	The traditional ballad consists of four lines with a...
Characteristics of Ballad:<br /><ul><li>The supernatural is likely to play an important part in events.
Physical courage and love are frequent themes.
Slight attention is paid to characterization/description.</li></ul>English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
<ul><li>Transitions are abrupt.
Action is largely developed through dialogue.
Tragic situations are presented with the utmost simplicity.</li></ul>English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
The Mermaidby Author Unknown<br />'Twas Friday morn when we set sail, And we had not got far from land, When the Captain, ...
Chorus Oh the ocean waves may roll, And the stormy winds may blow, While we poor sailors go skipping aloft And the land lu...
Then up spoke the Captain of our gallant ship, And a jolly old Captain was he; "I have a wife in Salem town, But tonight a...
Lyric:<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
-	A brief subjective poem strongly marked by imagination, melody, and emotion, and creating a single, unified impression.<...
-	“Choric” – verses that were the expression of a group and were sung by a chorus.<br />-	Individual and personal emotion ...
Ode:<br />-	A single, unified strain of exalted lyrical verse, directed to a single purpose, and dealing with one theme.<b...
-	An elaborate lyric, expressed in language dignified, sincere, and imaginative and intellectual in tone.<br />-	No defini...
-	The elegy dwells on death and the sorrow that comes with the contemplation of loss.<br />-	Addresses an object in lofty ...
Sample Text:<br />Ode to My Angel<br />Michael Flores<br /> <br />Fly me to your heavenly garden of peace<br />With your p...
Bless my mornings with your comforting touch<br />And feed me with your sweetest smiles<br />I’ll drink your tears to heal...
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Philippine Literature - Poetry

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Philippine Literature - Poetry

  1. 1. Poetry<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  2. 2. - A term applied to the many forms in which human beings have given rhythmic expression to their most imaginative and intense perceptions of the world, themselves, and the relation of the two.<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  3. 3. - Deals with emotions as they are aroused by some scene, experience, attachment; often rich in sentiment and passion; imaginative.<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  4. 4. - The language of the imagination, almost entirely figurative, and also a musical literary language.<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  5. 5. Forms:<br />Couplet<br />- Two lines of verse with similar end-rhymes.<br />
  6. 6. - A two-line stanza with both grammatical structure and idea complete within itself.<br />Sample:<br />More relative than this. The play’s the thing<br />Wherein I’ll catch the conscience of the King.<br />
  7. 7. Tercet<br />- A triplet in which each line ends with the same rhyme.<br />
  8. 8. Sample:<br />When as in silks my Julia goes,<br />Then, then, methinks, how sweetly flows<br />The liquefaction of her clothes.<br />
  9. 9. Quatrain<br />- A stanza of four lines.<br />
  10. 10. - A complete poem consisting of four lines only: any one of many four-line stanza forms.<br />
  11. 11. - The possible rhyme schemes vary from an unrhymed quatrain to almost any arrangement of one-rhyme, two-rhyme, or three-rhyme lines (abab, aabb,abba, aaba, abcb).<br />
  12. 12. Diction<br />- Choice of words is of great importance in poetry.<br />
  13. 13. - Words or combinations of words are painstakingly chosen by the poet for their exactness as well as suggestiveness.<br />
  14. 14. - The connotative value of a word is particularly important to the poet.<br />
  15. 15. Tone<br />- The attitude of the poet or the persona or the speaker in the poem.<br />
  16. 16. - The tone of voice varies according to the emotional state of the speaker.<br />
  17. 17. - In order to identify tone in poetry, one should be sensitive to the inner state of the speaker.<br />
  18. 18. <ul><li>The usual themes in poetry are love, death, brotherhood, inhumanity, loneliness, and joy.</li></li></ul><li>Poetry can do the following:<br />
  19. 19. 1. Move an individual to tears or laughter.<br />2. Stir the insights of the readers.<br />3. Stimulate the imagination of the reader.<br />
  20. 20. 4. Lift the burden of a heavy heart.<br />5. Ease and relax tension in a troubled world.<br />
  21. 21. A. Narrative<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  22. 22. - A nondramatic poem that tells a story or presents a narrative, whether simple or complex, long or short. Epics, ballads, Metrical romances are among the many kinds of narrative poems.<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  23. 23. a. Metrical Tale:<br /><ul><li>A series of events or facts told or presented based on the metric system as a standard of measurement.</li></ul>- Tendencies of romanticism in its freedom of technique and its preference for remote settings as well as its essential qualities.<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  24. 24. Sample text:<br />Edmund and Helen<br />Come, sit thee by me, love, and thou shalt hearA tale may win a smile and claim a tear-A plan and simple story, told in rhyme,As sang the minstrels of the olden time.No idle Muse I'll needlessly invoke-No patron's aid to steer me from the rockOf cold neglect round which oblivion lies;But loved one, I will look into thine eyes,From which young poesy first touched my soul,<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  25. 25. And bade the burning words in numbers roll;--They were the light in which I learned to sing;And still to thee will kindling fancy cling-Glow at thy smile, as when, in younger years,I've seen thee smiling through thy maiden tears,Like a fair floweret bent with morning dew;While sunbeams kissed its leaves of loveliest hue.<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  26. 26. b. Epic:<br /><ul><li>A story about heroic deeds of an individual written in verse.
  27. 27. - Epics without certain authorship are called Folk Epics.</li></ul>English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  28. 28. Characteristics of an Epic<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  29. 29. <ul><li>HERO - a figure of imposing stature, of national or international importance, and of great history or legendary significance.
  30. 30. SETTING - vast, covering great nations, the world, or the universe.</li></ul>English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  31. 31. <ul><li>SUPERNATURAL FORCES – gods, angels, and demons – interest themselves in the action and intervene from time to time.
  32. 32. STYLE – sustained elevation and grand simplicity is used.
  33. 33. ACTION – consists of deeds of great valor or requiring superhuman courage</li></ul>English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  34. 34. Sample Text:<br />The Epic of LabawDonggon<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  35. 35. 1<br />The Birth<br />Odoyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy<br />Let us narrate with care<br />Take note much in detail<br />All about LabawDonggon<br />Who was born in the womb<br />Of AnggoyAlunsina.<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  36. 36. BuyungLabawDonggon<br />Not long after he was delivered,<br />Hardly noticed by anyone<br />Became a mature person,<br />A sturdy young man.<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  37. 37. 2<br />Wooing of AbyangGinbitinan<br />Odoyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyyy<br />LabawDongon said<br />To his respected parents<br />AbyangAlunsina.<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  38. 38. “Open, please open<br />The great wooden chest<br />Whose heavy cover<br />Is elaborately carved.<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  39. 39. Then select from there<br />Very carefully<br />My treasured possessions and<br />My fine clothes.”<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  40. 40. Ballad<br />- Oneof the earliest forms of literature.<br /><ul><li>The narration of a story in poetry form.
  41. 41. Form of verse to be sung or recited and characterized by its presentation of a dramatic or exciting episode in simple narrative form.</li></ul>English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  42. 42. - Essentially a narrative poem originally intended to be sung.<br />- The traditional ballad consists of four lines with an abcb rhyme scheme and may employ a refrain.<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  43. 43. Characteristics of Ballad:<br /><ul><li>The supernatural is likely to play an important part in events.
  44. 44. Physical courage and love are frequent themes.
  45. 45. Slight attention is paid to characterization/description.</li></ul>English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  46. 46. <ul><li>Transitions are abrupt.
  47. 47. Action is largely developed through dialogue.
  48. 48. Tragic situations are presented with the utmost simplicity.</li></ul>English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  49. 49. The Mermaidby Author Unknown<br />'Twas Friday morn when we set sail, And we had not got far from land, When the Captain, he spied a lovely mermaid, With a comb and a glass in her hand.<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  50. 50. Chorus Oh the ocean waves may roll, And the stormy winds may blow, While we poor sailors go skipping aloft And the land lubbers lay down below, below, below And the land lubbers lay down below.<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  51. 51. Then up spoke the Captain of our gallant ship, And a jolly old Captain was he; "I have a wife in Salem town, But tonight a widow she will be."<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  52. 52. Lyric:<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  53. 53. - A brief subjective poem strongly marked by imagination, melody, and emotion, and creating a single, unified impression.<br />- (GREEK) Expression of the emotion of a single singer accompanied by a lyre.<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  54. 54. - “Choric” – verses that were the expression of a group and were sung by a chorus.<br />- Individual and personal emotion of the poet still holds.<br />- Most broadly inclusive of all the various types of verse.<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  55. 55. Ode:<br />- A single, unified strain of exalted lyrical verse, directed to a single purpose, and dealing with one theme.<br />- Connotes certain qualities of both manner and form.<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  56. 56. - An elaborate lyric, expressed in language dignified, sincere, and imaginative and intellectual in tone.<br />- No definite pattern.<br />- Each is distinguished by its subject matter.<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  57. 57. - The elegy dwells on death and the sorrow that comes with the contemplation of loss.<br />- Addresses an object in lofty terms.<br />- More complicated than most of the lyric types.<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  58. 58. Sample Text:<br />Ode to My Angel<br />Michael Flores<br /> <br />Fly me to your heavenly garden of peace<br />With your pure and perfect pallid wings<br />Carry me to my fairest hopes and dreams<br />And put my feet up on your red rose’s bed.<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  59. 59. Bless my mornings with your comforting touch<br />And feed me with your sweetest smiles<br />I’ll drink your tears to heal my pains<br />And live with you forevermore.<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  60. 60. Guide me to my future successes<br />With your eyes so angelic and divine<br />Sing your most romantic melodies<br />Erase my worries and perplexities.<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  61. 61. O my dearly beloved angel of heavens<br />Your smell I breathe awakens me<br />Embrace me with your warmest arms<br />Forever I will live with thee.<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  62. 62. Song:<br />- A lyric poem adapted to musical expression.<br />- Usually short, simple, sensuous, emotional – the most spontaneous lyric form.<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  63. 63. Sample Text:<br />I HAVE BECOME LIGHTER<br />I have become lighter than a basket<br />of beaten cotton in the presence<br />of so many relatives all heavily adorned<br />with double necklaces of gold and precious beads;<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  64. 64. heavy earrings of gold hung<br />like leaves upon their ears;<br />but I sit in their midst with a necklace of lasa seeds<br />interspersed with the humble seed of the tugitugi<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  65. 65. and cheap green beads of glass, adorned with a cross<br />made of squash shell because I know not<br />how to tie properly a string around my neck,<br />which is the proper and decorous thing for a young<br />woman<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  66. 66. Sources:<br />Holman, Hugh, et al.:A Handbook to Literature.C.Macmillan Publishing Company.1986<br />Tomeldan, Yolanda V., Prism: An Introduction to Literature. National Bookstore.1986<br />Senatin, Ruby B.,Centenera, Fe G.:Introduction to Literature English 104 (Textbook-Workbook).National Bookstore.2003<br />Eugenio,DamianaL.Philippine Folk Literature: an Anthology.<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />
  67. 67. Prepared by:<br />Ms. Mingel P. Rico<br />English 7 – Don Bosco School (Salesian Sisters), Inc. - Manila<br />English 7 – SY: 2011-2012<br />

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