“The teacher is a diplomat and ambassador of tact
and sensitivity, as he/she facilitates productive, positive
interactions among the multiplicity of personalities,
cultures, beliefs and ideals”.
A teacher is a facilitator of learning and of the
development of the youth; he shall, therefore, render the
best services by providing an environment conducive to
such learning and growth.
-Code of Ethics for Professional Teachers, Article III-
The teacher has two communities.
consists of his/her fellow teachers, colleagues and
Community outside the school
Includes the parents of his/her learners, local
officials, alumni/alumnae and other members of the
society in which the school is located
To function well in the classroom and in the community,
he/she must be equipped with competencies.
Along with the:
• Commission on Higher education (CHED),
• Teacher Education Institutes (TEIs),
• Philippine Regulatory Commission (PRC),
• Department of Education (DepEd) and the
• Civil Service Commission (CSC) in partnership
• different academic institution,
Teacher Standards (NCBTS)
What is National Competency-Based Teacher Standards
• It is an integrated theoretical framework that defines the
different dimensions of effective teaching
• result of the societal change, a reflection of what is
happening in the society and adopting our curriculum
into the 21st century globally competent education.
• A set of competencies (behaviors, attitudes, and skills)
• “The core values of Filipino teachers and on the principles of
effective teaching learning.”
Provides a single framework that define effective
teaching in all aspects of a teacher’s professional life
and in all phases of teacher development.
Minimize confusion about what effective teaching is.
Provides a better guide for all teacher development
programs and projects form the school-level up to the
Why do we need the NCBTS?
1. Social Regard for Learning (SRFL)
• It focuses on the ideal that teachers serve as positive
and powerful role models.
• Teacher’s actions demonstrate value for learning.
implements school policies and procedures;
maintains appropriate appearance; and
is careful about the effects of one’s behavior
on the students
2. Learning Environment (LE)
• It focuses on importance of providing a
social, psychological and physical environment
2.1 The Teacher creates an environment that
maintains an environment of courtesy and
respect for different learners’ abilities,
culture, and gender;
provides a gender-fair opportunities for
recognizes that every learner has strengths.
2.2 The Teacher makes the classroom environment
conducive to learning.
maintains a safe, clean and orderly clean
classroom free from distractions; and
arranges challenging activities given the
2.3 The Teacher communicates higher learning
expectations to each learner.
uses individual and cooperative learning
activities to improve capacities of learner’s for
encourages learners to ask questions; and
provides learners of variety of learning
2.4 The Teacher establishes and maintains consistent
standards learners’ behavior.
handles behavior problems quickly and with
due respect to children’s rights;
gives timely feedback to reinforce appropriate
to learners behavior;
guides individual learner requiring
development of appropriate social and learning
communicates school policies and procedures
for classroom behavior and see to it that they are
3. Diversity of Learners (DOL)
• It emphasizes the ideal that teachers can facilitate the
learning process even with diverse learners.
3.1 The Teacher is familiar with the children’s background
knowledge and experiences.
uses information on the learning styles and needs of
the learners to design and select learning experiences;
establishes goals that define appropriate expectations
for all learners;
paces lessons appropriate to needs and/ or abilities of
provides differentiated activities for learners.
initiates other learning approaches for learners whose
needs have not been met by usual approaches; and
shows sensitivity to multi-cultural backgrounds of the
3.2 The Teacher demonstrates concern for holistic
development of learners.
sets clear, challenging and achievable
expectations on the holistic development of all
identifies learning gaps and takes action to
enable learners to catch up;
employs integrative and interactive strategies
for meaningful and holistic development of
is sensitive to unusual behavior of learners
and takes appropriate action; and
provides opportunities to enhance learners
growth in all aspects.
4. Curriculum (Curr.)
• It refers to all elements of the teaching-learning
process that work in convergence.
• These elements include the teacher’s knowledge
of subject matter and the learning
process, teaching-learning approaches and
activities, instructional materials and learning
4.1 The Teacher demonstrates mastery on the
delivers accurate and updated content
knowledge using appropriate
methodologies, approaches and strategies;
Integrates language, literacy and
quantitative skill development and values in
his/her subject area;
Explains learning goals, instructional
procedures and content clearly and accurately
Links the current content with past and
Aligns with lesson objectives the teaching
methods, learning activities and instructional
materials or resources appropriate to learners
Creates situations that encourages
learners to use high order thinking skills
Engages and sustains learners’ interest in
the subject by making content meaningful
and relevant to them
Integrates relevant scholarly works and
ideas to enrich the lesson as needed
Integrates content of subject area with
4.2 Communicates clear learning goals for the lessons
that are appropriate for learners
Sets appropriate learning goals
Understands the learning goals
4.3 Makes good use of allotted instructions time.
establishes routines and procedures to
maximize instructional time
plans lessons to fit within available
4.4 Selects teaching methods, learning activities and
instructional materials or resources appropriate to
learners and aligned materials or to the objectives if
Translates learning competencies to
selects, prepares and utilizes instructional
materials appropriate to the learners and to the
provides activities and uses materials which
fit the learners’ learning styles, goals and
uses a variety of teaching approaches and
techniques appropriate to the subject matter
and the learners
utilizes information derived from assessment
to improve teaching and learning
Provides activities and uses materials which
involve students in meaningful learning
4.5 Teacher recognizes general learning processes as
well as unique processes of individual learners.
Design and utilizes teaching methods that
take into account the learning process
4.6 Teacher promotes purposive study.
Cultivates good study habits through
appropriate activities and projects.
4.7 Teacher demonstrates skills in the use of
information and Communication Technology in
teaching and learning.
Utilizes Information and Communication
Technology to enhance teaching and learning
5. Planning, Assessing Reporting (PAR)
• It refers to the alignment of assessment and
• It focuses on the :
(1) use of assessment data to plan and revise
(2) integration of assessment procedures in the
plan and implementation of teaching-learning
(3) reporting of the learners’ actual
achievement and behaviour.
5.1 Communicates promptly and clearly to
learners, parents and superiors about the progress of
Shows proofs of instructional planning
Implements instruction as plan
Demonstrates ability to cope with varied
Prepares formative and summative tests in
line with the curriculum
employs non-traditional assessment
techniques (portfolio, journals, rubrics, etc.)
interprets and uses assessment results to
improve teaching and learning
Identifies teaching-learning difficulties and
possible causes and takes appropriate action
to address them
uses tools for assessing authentic learning
5.2 Develops and uses a variety of appropriate
assessment strategies to monitor and evaluate
5.3 Monitors regularly and provides feedback on
learners’ understanding of content.
provides timely and accurate feedback to
learners to encourage them to reflect on and
monitor their own learning growth
keeps accurate records of grades
performance levels of learners
conducts regular meetings with learners
and parents to report learners’ progress
involves parents to participate in school
activities that promote learning
6. Community Linkages (CL)
refers to the ideal that classroom activities are
meaningfully linked to the experiences and
aspirations of the learners in their homes and
6.1 Establishes learning environments that respond to
the aspirations of the community.
involves community in sharing accountability
for the learners’ achievement
uses community resources (human, material) to
Uses the community as a laboratory for learning
participates in community activities that
Uses community networks to publicize school
events and achievements
7. Personal Growth & Professional Development
It emphasizes the ideal that teachers value
having a high personal regard for the
teaching profession, concern for professional
development, and continuous improvement
7.1 Takes pride in the nobility of teaching as a
Maintains stature and behavior that upholds
the dignity of teaching
Allocates time for personal and professional
participation in educational seminars and
Reading educational materials regularly
Engaging in educational research
manifests personal qualities such as
enthusiasm, flexibility and caring
articulates and demonstrates one’s personal
philosophy of teaching
7.2 Builds professional links with colleagues to enrich
Keeps abreast with recent developments in
Links with other institutions, organizations for
sharing best practices
7.3 Reflects on the extent of the attainment of
professional development goals.
Reflects on the quality of his/her own teaching
Improves teaching performance based on
feedback from students, peers and superior and
Accepts personal accountability to learners’
achievement and performance
Uses self-evaluation to recognize and enhance
one’s strengths and correct one’s weaknesses.
SUMMARY OF LESSON 1
The NCBTS are the standards of good teaching in the Philippines. It consists of 7
domains, 21 strands and 80 performance indicators.
The ideal teacher functions well in the classroom as well as in the community.
He/she does the following:
serves as a positive and powerful model of learning and living;
provides a social, psychological, and physical environment that is conducive for
learning because students from varied backgrounds are treated with
respect, engaged in different learning activities and are motivated to work towards
high standards of learning;
facilitates the learning process by considering diversity of learners;
implements curriculum effectively by making students understand curriculum goals
and standards, by his/her mastery of subject matter and skillful use of teaching-
learning strategies and activities and learning resources;
aligns assessment to curricular goals, objectives and standards, uses assessment
results to improve teaching-learning, and report assessment results to those
links with communities to help attain curricular goals; and
demonstrates a high regard for the teaching profession and embarks in a continuing
The Code of Ethics for Professional Teachers comprising of a Preamble and 13
Articles spells out how the teacher should relate to the state, the community, the teaching
profession itself, the teaching community, higher authorities in the Philippines, school
officials, fellow teachers and other personnel, the learners, and the parents. It also states how
the teacher should conduct himself/herself as a person at all places at all times including
his/her business and financial matters.
You are a Teacher
If I speak interestingly , effectively, and well,
But do not understand my students
I am a noisy gong or a clanging cymbal.
If I know all of the methods and techniques of teaching,
If I have complete faith that they will work,
So that I use the completely.
But think only of materials or techniques
Instead of how they ca8n help my students,
IU0 count for nothing.
If I go the second mile in my teaching,
Give up many activities,
But do not it without understanding,
It does no good
Love is very patient, very kind;
Love is not jealous, it does not put on airs;
It is never tyrannic, never;
Yet does insist on truth;
It does not become angry;
It is not resentful.
Love always expects the best of others;
It is gladdened when they live up to these expectations,
Slow to lose faith when they do not.
It will bear anything,
Hope for anything,
This kind of love will never fail
If there are teaching methods, they will change;
If there are curricula, they will be revised.
For our knowledge is imperfect,
And we are always looking for the better ways
Which an infinite God has placed ahead of us.
When I began to teach, I fumbled and failed;
Now I have put away some of my childish ways.
At present I am learning bit by bit;
But if I keep on seeking, I shall at last understand
As all long I myself have been understood.
So faith, hope and love endure.
These are the great three
But the greatest of them is love.
School and Community Relations
“It takes a village to raise a child.”
A.The Teachers, Parents and the Community
Parents are the first teachers in the home.
Teachers in the school continue to enrich the
students’ experiences at home, thus
strengthening the valuable, personal traits
and characteristics initially developed.
The members of the community, in addition
to the parents, include the local government
units, the non-government agencies, civic
organizations and all residents.
Teachers are endowed with a caring and compassionate
attitude that are expressed in their love and unending
sacrifice in guiding the young.
Despite conscious effort, children experience difficulties
and problems regarding:
ability to accomplish assignments,
Study habits in school,
negative attitudes, and
problem with self-discipline
The best way to thresh out causes and come
up with solutions is to conduct a dialogue wherein
parents may be invited to drop by the school or the
teacher may pay a visit to their home.
A calm and friendly face-to-face exchange of
Positive attitudes of kindheartedness and
patience are developed through modeling.
Regularity in attendance and doing daily
Letters and praises to parents for
Extremes of behavior
3. Values Developed
respect for elders and for the rights of others,
Willingness to share,
deep sense of responsibility, and
Students exhibiting exemplary traits must be
given due recognition.