Joaquin Damoso, 1864, governor, congressman, and senator
Antonio, I866, writer and general of the Philippine Revolution Army.</li></li></ul><li>AS A STUDENT<br />
<ul><li>Early in his life, his family moved to Manila and lived in Trozo He went to Ateneo Municipal de Manila where he received his Bachelor of Arts degree.
He excelled in painting and drawing and is influenced greatly by his brother, Manuel.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Later went to EscuelaNautica de Manila, he became an apprentice officer and travelled to different Asian Ports
While in port, he took up landscape painting at the Academia de Dibujo y Pintura of Fr. Agustin Saiz. He even received personal tutoring from Lorenzo Guerrero in drawing.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>After sometime, Fr. Saiz became displeased with Juan’s vigorous brush strokes and therefore discharged from the academy. On the other hand, Guerrero urged him to travel to and continue his studies in Spain.</li></li></ul><li>ABROAD<br />
<ul><li>Upon sailing to Spain, he entered the Escuela de BellasArtes de San Fernando in Madrid where he received accesut (outstanding) in color composition and antique studies.
He did not stayed long in the academy; instead, he apprenticed himself with Alejo Vera who took him to Rome to undertake certain commissions. </li></li></ul><li><ul><li> Luna became exposed to the immortal works of Renaissance masters upon arriving in Rome.
In 1871, his artistic talents were exposed in the ExposicionNacional de BellasArtes. From then on he produced a collection of paintings that exhibited in 1881 Exposition. He won a silver medal for “La Muerte de Cleopatra.”</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>His growing popularity won him a pensionado through the Ayuntamiento de Manila. The condition was that he was obliged to paint captured scenes on Philippine History.</li></li></ul><li>AS AN ARTIST<br />
<ul><li>It was while still in Rome when he worked on the “Spolarium”. He had to ship the large canvas on its way to Madrid for the year’s ExposicionNacional de BellasArtes.
He became the first recipient of three gold medals awarded in the exposition. Filipinos in Spain gathered to honor them (Luna and Felix Hidalgo).One was Rizal who made a speech for his friend.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Having attained fame, he developed a friendly relationship with the King of Spain and was later commissioned by the Spanish Senate to paint a large canvas which was called “La Batalla de Lepanto”, “Peuple et Rois” and “España y Filipinas”.
He moved to Paris in 1885, befriended Hidalgo, and a year after he finished “El Pacto de Sangre” (The Blood Compact) in accordance with the said scholarship.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>Though only one painting Is required for the pensionado, he made two additional paintings which are portraits of Lopez de Legaspi and Ramon Blanco.
Luna’s canvases show more drama and bravura. He has his personality marked on every canvas of his as a forceful dynamic man. His power and cheerfulness were distinct characteristics of his works.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>One of Luna’s artworks, “Spolarium”, was identified by Rizal as an allusion to the exploitation of the Philippines by Spain.
He sought inspiration from Romantic Delacroix, Rembrandt, and Daumier from whom he learned imparting and mysticism to his works.</li></li></ul><li>AS A LOVER<br />
<ul><li>1886, he married Maria de la Paz Pardo de Tavera. They settled in Paris. They had one son, Andres, and a daughter nicknamed Bibi who died in infancy.
He is fond of painting his wife, however, the marriage ended in tragedy. He killed his wife and mother in law, Trinidad Pardo de Tavera, and wounded his brother-in-law and friend, Felix, because of jealousy to a certain Monsieur Dussaq.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>He was arrested and murder charges were filed against him. Later, he was acquitted of charges on grounds of temporary insanity. He was ordered to pay the interest of damages.</li></li></ul><li>AS A REVOLUTIONIST<br />
<ul><li>Luna went back to the Philippines and traveled to Japan in 1896, returning during the Philippine Revolution of the Cry of Balintawak.
September 16, he was arrested, along with his brother Antonio, for complicity in the Katipunan revolt. Despite imprisonment, he was still able to produce artworks which he gave to a visiting priest.</li></li></ul><li><ul><li>He was pardoned during the birthday of King Alfonso XIII, May27, 1897. The following month, he left for Spain.
He was appointed as a member of the Paris delegation which was working on the diplomatic recognition of the Philippines. When the treaty of Paris was signed on December 10, 1899, he was named a member of the delegation to Washington to press for the recognition of the Philippine government.</li></li></ul><li>PAINTINGS<br />