SlideShare a Scribd company logo

Overlooked women

Angela DeHart
Angela DeHart
Angela DeHartFounder & CEO at STEM Impressionists

Looking at women's history, when you are Black, needs an extra layer of research so that you can contextualize when someone lived and the social forces that influenced their lives.

Overlooked women

1 of 4
Download to read offline
# Women Race Time Description African-AmericanHistoryi
1
German
Hrostsvitha
White 935AD-1002
Born in Gandersheim to Saxon nobles Hrotsvitha was a German
secular canoness, who wrote dramas and poems during the rule of
the Ottonian dynasty. Hrotsvitha lived at Gandersheim Abbey.
It is commonlysaidthat"Columbus discovered America."It would bemoreaccurate,perhaps,
to say that heintroducedtheAmericas toWestern Europeduring his four voyages to theregion
between1492and1502.
2
Harriet
Tubman
Black unknown-1913
Harriet Tubman was an American abolitionist and political activist.
Born into slavery, Tubman escaped and subsequently made some
13 missions to rescue approximately 70 enslaved people, including
family and friends, using the network of antislavery activists and
safe houses known as the Underground Railroad.
1 . Founded at Jamestown in 1 607, the Virginia Colony was home to about 7 0 0 people by
1 6 1 9 . The first enslaved Africans to arrive there dis embarked at Point Comfort, in
what is today known as H ampton Roads. Most of their names, as well as the exact
number who remained at Point Comfort, have been lost to history, but much is known
about their journey.ii
2 . Slavery officially ended in America with the ratificationof the 13th Amendment in 1865.iii
3 . Slavery Abolition Act, (1833), in Britishhistory, act ofParliament that abolishedslavery in most British
colonies, freeing more than 800,000 enslaved Africans in the Caribbean andSouth Africa as well as a
small number in Canada. It received Royal Assent onAugust 28, 1833, and took effect onAugust 1,
1834.iv
4 . LAW: The 1793 law enforced Article IV, Section 2, ofthe U.S. Constitution in authorizing any federal
district judge or circuit court judge, or any state magistrate, to decide finally and without a jury trial the
status of an alleged fugitive slave.v
5 . LAW: As early as 1810 individual dissatisfactionwith the law of 1793 had taken the formof systematic
assistance rendered to black slaves escaping from the Southto New England or Canada—via
the Underground Railroad.
6 . Harriet Tubman is perhaps the most well-known ofall the UndergroundRailroad's "conductors." During
a ten-year span she made 19 trips intothe Southand escortedover 300 slaves to freedom. And, as she
once proudly pointed out toFrederick Douglass, in all ofher journeys she "never lost a single
passenger."vi
7 . Ada Lovelace was an aristocratic girl in the mid-1800s. In 1835, Ada married William King, who became
the Earl of Lovelace three years later. She then took the title ofCountess of Lovelace. They shared a love
of horses and had three children together. vii
8. From 1854 to1857 Clara Barton was employed as a clerk in the Patent Office until her anti-
slavery opinions made her toocontroversial.viii
9 . Susan B. Anthony was born in1820 into a Quaker family full of activist traditions. According tothe Susan
B. Anthony House, in 1845, after moving to Rochester the family became very active in the anti-slavery
movement. Ignoring oppositionandabuse, she traveled and campaigned for the abolitionofslavery and
women's rights to their own property andearnings. She alsocampaigned for women's labor
organizations fromthe 1840s until her death in 1906.ix
10 . Ada Kepley: The family were intense haters of the institutionofslavery. William Temple Coles, sr.,
even refused to have a slave in his house, and brought over white servants from England.x
11 . LAW: The demand from the South for more effective legislationresulted in enactment ofa second
Fugitive Slave Act in 1850. Under this law fugitives could not testify ontheir own behalf, nor were they
permitted a trial by jury. Heavy penalties were imposed upon federal marshals who refusedto enforce
the law or from whom a fugitive escaped; penalties were also imposed on individuals who helped slaves
to escape.
12 . Kate Chopin’s family were slave holders and supported the South. In1870, she married Oscar Chopin,
the son of a wealthy cotton-growing family in Louisiana. When her husbanddied Kate tookover the
running of his general store andplantationfor over a year.xi
13 . Born into slavery in Mississippi, Ida B Wells was freed by the Emancipation Proclamation during the
American Civil War. She used her skills as a journalist toshed light on the conditions ofAfrican
Americans throughout the South.xii
3
Ada
Lovelace
White 1815-1852
Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace was an English
mathematician and writer, chiefly known for her work on Charles
Babbage's proposed mechanical general-purpose computer, the
Analytical Engine.
4
Susan B.
Anthony
White 1820-1906
Susan B. Anthony was an American social reformer and women's
rights activist who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage
movement. Born into a Quaker family committed to social equality,
she collected anti-slavery petitions at the age of 17.
5 Clara Barton White 1821-1912
Clarissa Harlowe Barton was a pioneering American nurse who
founded the American Red Cross. She was a hospital nurse in the
American Civil War, a teacher, and patent clerk. Nursing education
was not very formalized at that time and she did not attend
nursing school, so she provided self-taught nursing care.
6
Emily
Warren
Roebling
White 1843-1903
Emily Warren Roebling is known for her contribution to the
completion of the Brooklyn Bridge after her husband Washington
Roebling developed caisson disease. Her husband was a civil
engineer and the chief engineer during the construction of the
Brooklyn Bridgexiii
7 Ada Kepley White 1847-1925
Ada Harriet Miser Kepley was the first American woman to
graduate from law school. She graduated in 1870 with a law
degree, from what is today Northwestern University School of Law.
At that time she was prohibited from legal practice by state law
that denied women licence to the "learned professions".
8 Kate Chopin White 1850-1904
Kate Chopin was born Kate O’Flaherty in St. Louis, Missouri in 1850
to Eliza and Thomas O’Flaherty. She was the third of five children,
but her sisters died in infancy and her brothers (from her father’s
first marriage) in their early twenties. She was the only child to live
past the age of twenty-five.
9 Ida B Wells Black 1862-1931
Ida Bell Wells-Barnett was an American investigative journalist,
educator, and an early leader in the civil rights movement. She was
one of the founders of the National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People.
# Women Race Time Description African-AmericanHistoryi
10
Madam CJ
Walker
Black 1867-1919
Madam C. J. Walker was an Americanentrepreneur,
philanthropist, and politicaland social activist.She is
recordedas thefirst femaleself-mademillionairein
America intheGuinness Book ofWorldRecords.
1. Recons truction (1 8 6 5-1 87 7), the turbulent era following the Civil War, was the
effort to reintegrate Southern s tates from the Confederacy and 4 million newly -
freed s laves into the United States . Under the adminis tration of Pres ident
Andrew Johns on in 1 8 6 5 and 1 8 6 6 , new s outhern s tate leg is latures pas s ed
res trictive “black codes ” to control the labor and behavior of former s laves and
other African Americans .xiv
2. Madam CJ Walker, born Sarah Breedlove was born to two former slaves on a plantation in Delta,
La. Sarah was free. But by 7, she was an orphan toiling in those same cotton fields. Living on
$1.50 a day as a laundress and cook. During the early 1900s, when most Americans lacked indoor
plumbing and electricity, bathing was a luxury. As a result, Sarah and many other women were
going bald because they washed their hair so infrequently, leaving it vulnerable to environmental
hazards such as pollution, bacteria and lice.”xv
11
Eleanor
Roosevelt
White 1884-1962
Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was an Americanpoliticalfigure,
diplomat and activist.She served as the First Ladyofthe
United States from March4, 1933, toApril12, 1945,
during her husband PresidentFranklin D.Roosevelt’s four
terms in office,making herthelongest-serving First Lady
ofthe United States.
1. Jim Crow (1877-1965) laws were state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the
Southern United States. All were enacted in the late 19th and early 20th centuries by white
Democratic-dominated state legislatures after the Reconstruction period. The term "Jim Crow"
originally referred to a black character in an old song, and was the name of a popular dance in
the 1820s. Around 1828, Thomas "Daddy" Rice developed a routine in which he blacked his face,
dressed in old clothes, and sang and danced in imitation of an old and decrepit black man. Rice
published the words to the song, "Jump, Jim Crow," in 1830. In 1964, President Lyndon B.
Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act, which legally ended the segregation that had been
institutionalized by Jim Crow laws. And in 1965, the Voting Rights Act halted efforts to keep
minorities from voting..xvi
2. Eleanor Roosevelt’s support of African American rights was one of the highlights of her activities
as first lady. Her fearless advocacy for justice pulled her into political controversies that were
unprecedented for the wife of a president. Eleanor joined the NAACP during FD R’s firs t
term in 1 9 3 4 and began working with leader Walter White to outlaw lynching.
This work earned her a lot of enemies , as well as s ome death threats . Critics of
her hus band like J. Edgar H oover s pread racis t rumors that s he was mixed race;
and in the 1 9 5 0 s , th e Ku Klux Klan put a $ 2 5 ,0 0 0 bounty on her head. H er work
als o caus ed a rift between her and her hus band, whom s he could never convince
to s upport her caus e.xvii
a. New Deal programs (1933-1939) were channeled away from the poorest people,
including millions of blacks, who lived in the South.xviii
3. Alice Ball was an African American chemist who discovered the most effective treatment for
leprosy during the 20th century. She became the first woman and the first African American to
receive a master’s degree from the University of Hawaii. In addition, at just 23 years old, she was
the university’s first female chemistry professor. Arthur Dean, the College of Hawaii president,
initially took credit for Alice Ball’s innovative leprosy treatment. He even published her findings
on extracting the active ingredient in chaulmoogra oils and called it the “Dean Method.”xix
4. Rosa Parks was arrested on December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama for failing to give up her
bus seat—so that it would be available for white passengers—when instructed to do so by the
bus’s driver.xx
5. The structure of DNA, the molecule of life, was discovered in the early months of 1953. Nine
years later, three men were jointly awarded a Nobel Prize for this achievement. The third man
honored, Maurice Wilkins claimed credit work that was actually completed by his estranged
colleague, Rosalind Franklin, who had died four years before the prize was awarded.xxi
6. Rosalyn Sussman Yalow was an American medical physicist and winner of the 1977 Nobel Prize in
Physiology or Medicine for the development of the radioimmunoassay (RIA) technique. RIA is a
technique used to measure minute quantities of hormones and other antigens in the human
body.xxii
12 Alice Ball Black 1892-1916
Alice Augusta Ball was anAmerican chemist who
developed the "BallMethod", themosteffective
treatmentfor leprosyduring the early 20th century.
13 Rosa Parks Black 1913-2005
Rosa Louise McCauley Parks was an American activist in
the civil rights movementbestknown for her pivotalrole
in the Montgomerybus boycott. TheUnited States
Congress has calledher "the firstlady ofcivilrights"and
"the mother ofthe freedom movement"
14
Rosalind
Franklin
White 1920-1958
Rosalind ElsieFranklin was anEnglishchemist and X-ray
crystallographer whosework was central tothe
understanding ofthe molecular structures ofDNA, RNA,
viruses, coal, andgraphite.
15
Rosalyn
Yalow
White 1921-2011
Rosalyn SussmanYalow was an American medical
physicist, and a co-winnerofthe 1977 NobelPrize in
Physiology or Medicine for development ofthe
radioimmunoassay technique. Shewas thesecond
woman, and the firstAmerican-born woman, tobe
awarded theNobelPrize inphysiology or medicine.
16 Kip Tiernan White 1926-2005
Kip Tiernan was a social activist.She was born Mary Jane
Tiernan inConnecticut and raisedby hergrandmother,
and cameto Boston inher early 20s.
17
Maya
Angelou
Black 1928-2014
Maya Angelou was an American poet, singer,
memoirist, and civil rights activist. She published seven
autobiographies, threebooks ofessays,several books
of poetry, and is credited with a list ofplays, movies,
and television shows spanning over 50 years.
18 Vera Rubin White 1928-2016
Vera FlorenceCooper Rubin was an American astronomer
who pioneered work on galaxy rotation rates. She
uncoveredthediscrepancy between the predicted angular
# Women Race Time Description African-AmericanHistoryi
motion ofgalaxies andtheobserved motion, by studying
galactic rotationcurves.
7. Best known for founding Rosie’s Place, Kip Tiernan was at the center of the fight for economic
and social justice for nearly three decades. In the mid-60s Kip she was involved in the civil rights
and anti-war movements.xxiii
8. Throughout her writing, Maya. Angelou explored the concepts of personal identity and resilience
through the multifaceted lens of race, sex, family, community and the collective past. As a whole,
her work offered a cleareyed examination of the ways in which the socially marginalizing forces
of racism and sexism played out at the level of the individual.xxiv
9. Vera Rubin was a groundbreaking female astronomer. She broke the glass ceilings in
astronomy and her pioneering astronomical research. After getting an undergraduate
degree in astronomy from Vassar College, and an M.S. from Cornell, she got her Ph.D. in
astronomy from Georgetown University in 1954. She had applied to Princeton
University after Vassar, but the Princeton graduate astronomy program did not admit
women until 1975.xxv
10. Nina Simone realized what it was to be Black in America in 1963 when she heard about the
bombing of the little girls in Alabama and the murder of Medgar Evers. An hour later, Nina
Simone had composed a song called “Mississippi Goddam.” Crisply honest, it is a pure expression
of rage and an indictment of inequality. “It was my first civil rights song,” she recalled. It
redirected her career. xxvi
19 Nina Simone Black 1933-2003
Eunice Kathleen Waymon, known professionallyas Nina
Simone, was an Americansinger, songwriter, musician,
arranger, and civil rights activist. Her musicspanned a
broad rangeofmusicalstyles including classical, jazz,
blues, folk, R&B, gospel,and pop.
20
Gabby
Douglas
Black 1995-present
GabrielleChristina Victoria Douglas is an American artistic
gymnast. She is the 2012 Olympic allaround champion
and the 2015World all-around silver medalist.
1. Racial Inequality/Racism (1965-present) Racism is the belief that groups of humans possess
different behavioral traits corresponding to physical appearance and can be divided based on the
superiority of one race over another.
2. In Pulas ki, Tennessee, a group of Confederate veterans convenes to form a s ecret
s ociety that they chris ten the “ Ku Klux Klan .” The KKK rapidly grew from a s ecret
s ocial fraternity to a paramilitary force bent on revers ing the federal
government’s progres s ive Reconstruction Era-activities in the South, es pecially
policies that elevated the rights of the local African American population. xxvii
3. Gabby D ouglas was the first African-American to win gold in the individual all-around in girls
gymnastics. . "I was just, you know, kind of getting racist jokes, kind of being isolated from the
group. So it was definitely hard. I would come home at night and just cry my eyes out. Like, 'What
did I do to deserve this?'"xxviii
4. Simone Biles opens up about competing in a sport with few black athletes While promoting her
partnership with the skincare brand SK-II, Biles spoke at length about her struggles with social-
media trolls, the public fixation on her appearance, and the effect race had on both.xxix
21 Simone Biles Black 1997-present
Simone ArianneBiles is an Americanartisticgymnast.With
a combined total of30Olympic and World Championship
medals, Biles is themost decoratedAmericangymnast and
the world's third mostdecorated gymnast, behindBelarus'
Vitaly Scherboand Russia's Larisa Latynina.
i
https://www.history.com/topics/black-history/slavery, https://www.britannica.com/event/Fugitive-Slave-Acts
ii
https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-african-slave-ship-arrives-jamestown-colony
iii
https://www.nationalgeographic.org/interactive/slavery-united-states/
iv
https://www.britannica.com/topic/Slavery-Abolition-Act
v
https://www.britannica.com/event/Fugitive-Slave-Acts
vi
https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p1535.html
vii
https://www.biography.com/scholar/ada-lovelace
viii
https://www.battlefields.org/learn/biographies/clara-barton, https://www.nps.gov/clba/learn/historyculture/cbcongress.htm
ix
https://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes /view/4524
x
https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Woman_of_the_Century/Ada_Miser_Kepley
xi
https://archive.vcu.edu/english/engweb/webtexts /hour/katebio.html, https://mirjamsessays.wordpress.com/2015/06/06/discovering-kate-chopins-views-on-southern-slaveholding-society-an-analysis-of-speech-and-thought-
presentation-in-desirees-babymirjam-holleman-termpaper-may-8-2009-acc-22/
xii
https://www.womenshistory.org/education-resources/biographies/ida-b-wells-barnett
xiii
https://www.history.com/topics/landmarks/brooklyn-bridge
xiv
https://www.history.com/topics/american-civil-war/reconstruction, https://www.history.com/topics/black-history/black-codes, https://www.pbs.org/tpt/slavery-by-another-name/themes /black-codes/,
https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/us-history/the-gilded-age/south-after-civil-war/v/jim-crow-part-2
xv
https://www.pbs.org/wnet/african-americans-many-rivers-to-cross/history/100-amazing-facts/madam-walker-the-first-black-american-woman-to-be-a-self-made-millionaire/
xvi
https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/kkk-founded, https://u-s-history.com/pages/h1559.html
xvii
https://www.socialstudies.org/system/files/publications/articles/se_750511245.pdf, https://www.history.com/news/fdr-eleanor-roosevelt-anti-lynching-bill
xviiixviii
https://www.cato.org/publications/commentary/why-did-fdrs-new-deal-harm-blacks
xix
https://now.northropgrumman.com/celebrating-alice-ball
xx
https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/us-history/postwarera/civil-rights-movement/a/the-montgomery-bus-boycott, https://u-s-history.com/pages/h1559.html
xxi
https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2002/10/28/photo-finish-2
xxii
https://www.beyondcurie.com/rosalyn-sussman-yalow
xxiii
http://www.rosiesplace.org/mural
xxiv
https://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/29/arts/maya-angelou-lyrical-witness-of-the-jim-crow-south-dies-at-86.html
xxv
https://wtop.com/the-space-place/2016/12/groundbreaking-astronomer-vera-rubin-roots-dc/
xxvi
https://longreads.com/2017/04/20/a-history-of-american-protest-music-when-nina-simone-sang-what-everyone-was-thinking/
xxvii
https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/kkk-founded
xxviii
https://www.businessinsider.com/gabby-douglas-racism-2012-8
xxix
https://www.insider.com/simone-biles-on-black-gymnasts-and-inspiring-young-african-americans-2020-3
Ad

Recommended

The Sectional Crises
The Sectional CrisesThe Sectional Crises
The Sectional CrisesOnthemellow
 
Valentines Day Black History (14)
Valentines Day Black History (14)Valentines Day Black History (14)
Valentines Day Black History (14)labordsmalls
 
Group 1 presentation douglass
Group 1 presentation douglassGroup 1 presentation douglass
Group 1 presentation douglassmrsboncal
 
W3 readings and authors
W3 readings and authorsW3 readings and authors
W3 readings and authorsslinne
 
A Small Glimpse of African American History
A Small Glimpse of African American HistoryA Small Glimpse of African American History
A Small Glimpse of African American HistoryViolette Meier
 
Unit four project complete Period 3
Unit four project complete Period 3Unit four project complete Period 3
Unit four project complete Period 3ushistorythompson
 
American Dream Week 3 Part 1
American Dream Week 3 Part 1American Dream Week 3 Part 1
American Dream Week 3 Part 1slinne
 
Celebrating black history
Celebrating black historyCelebrating black history
Celebrating black historyann rundle
 

More Related Content

What's hot

American Dream Week 3 Part 2
American Dream Week 3 Part 2American Dream Week 3 Part 2
American Dream Week 3 Part 2slinne
 
American Dream Week 2 Part 1
American Dream Week 2 Part 1American Dream Week 2 Part 1
American Dream Week 2 Part 1slinne
 
Lecture 4 ethnic and racial diversity
Lecture 4 ethnic and racial diversityLecture 4 ethnic and racial diversity
Lecture 4 ethnic and racial diversitybflood
 
Slavery and abolition movement in USA
Slavery and abolition movement in USASlavery and abolition movement in USA
Slavery and abolition movement in USAY
 
Ap US Unit 5 Study Guide
Ap US Unit 5 Study GuideAp US Unit 5 Study Guide
Ap US Unit 5 Study Guideguest702db95
 
We Didnt Start The Fire
We Didnt Start The FireWe Didnt Start The Fire
We Didnt Start The Firemicdshistory
 
The Abolition Of Slavery
The Abolition Of SlaveryThe Abolition Of Slavery
The Abolition Of SlaveryClassifed
 
American Slavery
American Slavery American Slavery
American Slavery Onthemellow
 
Slavery in America
Slavery in AmericaSlavery in America
Slavery in AmericaR. Scudder
 
Civil War Catalysts
Civil War CatalystsCivil War Catalysts
Civil War CatalystsMrs. Sharbs
 
2020 american dream week 1
2020 american dream week 12020 american dream week 1
2020 american dream week 1slinne
 
Bcr Pre 1954
Bcr  Pre 1954Bcr  Pre 1954
Bcr Pre 1954M King
 
Causes of civil war 1 detailed
Causes of  civil war 1 detailedCauses of  civil war 1 detailed
Causes of civil war 1 detailedvirtualcampus
 
Civil war unit lesson 2 - abolitionist movement - power point
Civil war unit   lesson 2 - abolitionist movement - power pointCivil war unit   lesson 2 - abolitionist movement - power point
Civil war unit lesson 2 - abolitionist movement - power pointGAMagnolia
 
Top Ten Abolitionists
Top Ten AbolitionistsTop Ten Abolitionists
Top Ten AbolitionistsMissWilber
 
Manifest destiny jeff jack asy review
Manifest destiny jeff jack asy reviewManifest destiny jeff jack asy review
Manifest destiny jeff jack asy reviewSandra Waters
 
The underground railroad
The underground railroadThe underground railroad
The underground railroadservingdlord
 

What's hot (20)

Frederick douglass 2011
Frederick douglass 2011Frederick douglass 2011
Frederick douglass 2011
 
American Dream Week 3 Part 2
American Dream Week 3 Part 2American Dream Week 3 Part 2
American Dream Week 3 Part 2
 
American Dream Week 2 Part 1
American Dream Week 2 Part 1American Dream Week 2 Part 1
American Dream Week 2 Part 1
 
Lecture 4 ethnic and racial diversity
Lecture 4 ethnic and racial diversityLecture 4 ethnic and racial diversity
Lecture 4 ethnic and racial diversity
 
Slavery and abolition movement in USA
Slavery and abolition movement in USASlavery and abolition movement in USA
Slavery and abolition movement in USA
 
Ap US Unit 5 Study Guide
Ap US Unit 5 Study GuideAp US Unit 5 Study Guide
Ap US Unit 5 Study Guide
 
Sectional crisis
Sectional crisisSectional crisis
Sectional crisis
 
We Didnt Start The Fire
We Didnt Start The FireWe Didnt Start The Fire
We Didnt Start The Fire
 
The Abolition Of Slavery
The Abolition Of SlaveryThe Abolition Of Slavery
The Abolition Of Slavery
 
American Slavery
American Slavery American Slavery
American Slavery
 
Slavery in America
Slavery in AmericaSlavery in America
Slavery in America
 
Civil War Catalysts
Civil War CatalystsCivil War Catalysts
Civil War Catalysts
 
Abolitionists
AbolitionistsAbolitionists
Abolitionists
 
2020 american dream week 1
2020 american dream week 12020 american dream week 1
2020 american dream week 1
 
Bcr Pre 1954
Bcr  Pre 1954Bcr  Pre 1954
Bcr Pre 1954
 
Causes of civil war 1 detailed
Causes of  civil war 1 detailedCauses of  civil war 1 detailed
Causes of civil war 1 detailed
 
Civil war unit lesson 2 - abolitionist movement - power point
Civil war unit   lesson 2 - abolitionist movement - power pointCivil war unit   lesson 2 - abolitionist movement - power point
Civil war unit lesson 2 - abolitionist movement - power point
 
Top Ten Abolitionists
Top Ten AbolitionistsTop Ten Abolitionists
Top Ten Abolitionists
 
Manifest destiny jeff jack asy review
Manifest destiny jeff jack asy reviewManifest destiny jeff jack asy review
Manifest destiny jeff jack asy review
 
The underground railroad
The underground railroadThe underground railroad
The underground railroad
 

Similar to Overlooked women

Black History Is American History Bhm 2009
Black History Is American History   Bhm 2009Black History Is American History   Bhm 2009
Black History Is American History Bhm 2009ojohnson1
 
Liberty daughters
Liberty daughtersLiberty daughters
Liberty daughterststewart118
 
Frederick Douglass Advantages
Frederick Douglass AdvantagesFrederick Douglass Advantages
Frederick Douglass AdvantagesLindsey Williams
 
The Midnight Ride Of Paul Revere Essay
The Midnight Ride Of Paul Revere EssayThe Midnight Ride Of Paul Revere Essay
The Midnight Ride Of Paul Revere EssayJamie Akers
 
Differences Between 1865-1900
Differences Between 1865-1900Differences Between 1865-1900
Differences Between 1865-1900Jill Crawford
 
Essay On Racism, Racial Profiling And Segregation In America
Essay On  Racism, Racial Profiling And Segregation In AmericaEssay On  Racism, Racial Profiling And Segregation In America
Essay On Racism, Racial Profiling And Segregation In AmericaKaren Alvarez
 
The Underground Railroad
The Underground RailroadThe Underground Railroad
The Underground RailroadJennifer Graham
 
The Influences And Strategies Of Female Abolitionists
The Influences And Strategies Of Female AbolitionistsThe Influences And Strategies Of Female Abolitionists
The Influences And Strategies Of Female AbolitionistsAngie Willis
 
The Underground Railroad Essay
The Underground Railroad EssayThe Underground Railroad Essay
The Underground Railroad EssayJoyce Williams
 
Racial Violence and the Politics of the Color Line
Racial Violence and the Politics of the Color LineRacial Violence and the Politics of the Color Line
Racial Violence and the Politics of the Color Linedaltonj
 
Freedom Is Never Equal By Harriet Jacobs
Freedom Is Never Equal By Harriet JacobsFreedom Is Never Equal By Harriet Jacobs
Freedom Is Never Equal By Harriet JacobsAlicia Johnson
 
5. Gone with the Wind The Invisibility ofRacism in Americ.docx
5. Gone with the Wind The Invisibility ofRacism in Americ.docx5. Gone with the Wind The Invisibility ofRacism in Americ.docx
5. Gone with the Wind The Invisibility ofRacism in Americ.docxalinainglis
 
Most Dangerous Game Movie Vs Book
Most Dangerous Game Movie Vs BookMost Dangerous Game Movie Vs Book
Most Dangerous Game Movie Vs BookNicole Young
 
Essay On African Americans After The Civil War
Essay On African Americans After The Civil WarEssay On African Americans After The Civil War
Essay On African Americans After The Civil WarTammy Lacy
 
Obituary of John AdamsOctober 30, 1735-July 4, 1826 John .docx
Obituary of John AdamsOctober 30, 1735-July 4, 1826     John .docxObituary of John AdamsOctober 30, 1735-July 4, 1826     John .docx
Obituary of John AdamsOctober 30, 1735-July 4, 1826 John .docxvannagoforth
 
Frederick Douglass Abolitionist Essay
Frederick Douglass Abolitionist EssayFrederick Douglass Abolitionist Essay
Frederick Douglass Abolitionist EssayJulie Moore
 

Similar to Overlooked women (20)

Black History Is American History Bhm 2009
Black History Is American History   Bhm 2009Black History Is American History   Bhm 2009
Black History Is American History Bhm 2009
 
Liberty daughters
Liberty daughtersLiberty daughters
Liberty daughters
 
Frederick Douglass Advantages
Frederick Douglass AdvantagesFrederick Douglass Advantages
Frederick Douglass Advantages
 
Abraham Lincoln As The Greatest President Essay
Abraham Lincoln As The Greatest President EssayAbraham Lincoln As The Greatest President Essay
Abraham Lincoln As The Greatest President Essay
 
The Midnight Ride Of Paul Revere Essay
The Midnight Ride Of Paul Revere EssayThe Midnight Ride Of Paul Revere Essay
The Midnight Ride Of Paul Revere Essay
 
Differences Between 1865-1900
Differences Between 1865-1900Differences Between 1865-1900
Differences Between 1865-1900
 
Essay On Racism, Racial Profiling And Segregation In America
Essay On  Racism, Racial Profiling And Segregation In AmericaEssay On  Racism, Racial Profiling And Segregation In America
Essay On Racism, Racial Profiling And Segregation In America
 
The Underground Railroad
The Underground RailroadThe Underground Railroad
The Underground Railroad
 
Abraham Licoln Outline Essay Example
Abraham Licoln Outline Essay ExampleAbraham Licoln Outline Essay Example
Abraham Licoln Outline Essay Example
 
The Influences And Strategies Of Female Abolitionists
The Influences And Strategies Of Female AbolitionistsThe Influences And Strategies Of Female Abolitionists
The Influences And Strategies Of Female Abolitionists
 
Chapter 4 Terms
Chapter 4 TermsChapter 4 Terms
Chapter 4 Terms
 
The Underground Railroad Essay
The Underground Railroad EssayThe Underground Railroad Essay
The Underground Railroad Essay
 
Racial Violence and the Politics of the Color Line
Racial Violence and the Politics of the Color LineRacial Violence and the Politics of the Color Line
Racial Violence and the Politics of the Color Line
 
Freedom Is Never Equal By Harriet Jacobs
Freedom Is Never Equal By Harriet JacobsFreedom Is Never Equal By Harriet Jacobs
Freedom Is Never Equal By Harriet Jacobs
 
5. Gone with the Wind The Invisibility ofRacism in Americ.docx
5. Gone with the Wind The Invisibility ofRacism in Americ.docx5. Gone with the Wind The Invisibility ofRacism in Americ.docx
5. Gone with the Wind The Invisibility ofRacism in Americ.docx
 
Most Dangerous Game Movie Vs Book
Most Dangerous Game Movie Vs BookMost Dangerous Game Movie Vs Book
Most Dangerous Game Movie Vs Book
 
Essay On African Americans After The Civil War
Essay On African Americans After The Civil WarEssay On African Americans After The Civil War
Essay On African Americans After The Civil War
 
Obituary of John AdamsOctober 30, 1735-July 4, 1826 John .docx
Obituary of John AdamsOctober 30, 1735-July 4, 1826     John .docxObituary of John AdamsOctober 30, 1735-July 4, 1826     John .docx
Obituary of John AdamsOctober 30, 1735-July 4, 1826 John .docx
 
Frederick Douglass Abolitionist Essay
Frederick Douglass Abolitionist EssayFrederick Douglass Abolitionist Essay
Frederick Douglass Abolitionist Essay
 
Abraham Lincoln A Hero Essay
Abraham Lincoln A Hero EssayAbraham Lincoln A Hero Essay
Abraham Lincoln A Hero Essay
 

More from Angela DeHart

ISTE Presentation Resource List
ISTE Presentation Resource ListISTE Presentation Resource List
ISTE Presentation Resource ListAngela DeHart
 
AldiEliminatingPlasticBage2023.pdf
AldiEliminatingPlasticBage2023.pdfAldiEliminatingPlasticBage2023.pdf
AldiEliminatingPlasticBage2023.pdfAngela DeHart
 
IbelongInCSsample.pdf
IbelongInCSsample.pdfIbelongInCSsample.pdf
IbelongInCSsample.pdfAngela DeHart
 
CSTA Teacher Standards (2021)
CSTA Teacher Standards (2021)CSTA Teacher Standards (2021)
CSTA Teacher Standards (2021)Angela DeHart
 
Starting early: Developing 21st Century Skills for Your Next Step in STEM: Co...
Starting early: Developing 21st Century Skills for Your Next Step in STEM: Co...Starting early: Developing 21st Century Skills for Your Next Step in STEM: Co...
Starting early: Developing 21st Century Skills for Your Next Step in STEM: Co...Angela DeHart
 
HackSIP2: The Extended Class Poster
HackSIP2: The Extended Class PosterHackSIP2: The Extended Class Poster
HackSIP2: The Extended Class PosterAngela DeHart
 
HackSIP2: The Extended Class
HackSIP2: The Extended ClassHackSIP2: The Extended Class
HackSIP2: The Extended ClassAngela DeHart
 
Tanisha Dhami's resume
Tanisha Dhami's resumeTanisha Dhami's resume
Tanisha Dhami's resumeAngela DeHart
 
Pallab Layak's resume
Pallab Layak's resumePallab Layak's resume
Pallab Layak's resumeAngela DeHart
 
HackSIP 2 Activity Flyer
HackSIP 2 Activity FlyerHackSIP 2 Activity Flyer
HackSIP 2 Activity FlyerAngela DeHart
 
Class #7: Here's the Scoop
Class #7: Here's the ScoopClass #7: Here's the Scoop
Class #7: Here's the ScoopAngela DeHart
 
Register for the Coolest Project Competition!
Register for the Coolest Project Competition!Register for the Coolest Project Competition!
Register for the Coolest Project Competition!Angela DeHart
 
Class #8: Kites, Cookies, or Samosas
Class #8: Kites, Cookies, or SamosasClass #8: Kites, Cookies, or Samosas
Class #8: Kites, Cookies, or SamosasAngela DeHart
 
Class #6: Fun-ctions
Class #6: Fun-ctionsClass #6: Fun-ctions
Class #6: Fun-ctionsAngela DeHart
 
Coolest Project Competition
Coolest Project CompetitionCoolest Project Competition
Coolest Project CompetitionAngela DeHart
 

More from Angela DeHart (20)

ISTE Presentation Resource List
ISTE Presentation Resource ListISTE Presentation Resource List
ISTE Presentation Resource List
 
AldiEliminatingPlasticBage2023.pdf
AldiEliminatingPlasticBage2023.pdfAldiEliminatingPlasticBage2023.pdf
AldiEliminatingPlasticBage2023.pdf
 
IbelongInCSsample.pdf
IbelongInCSsample.pdfIbelongInCSsample.pdf
IbelongInCSsample.pdf
 
CSTA Teacher Standards (2021)
CSTA Teacher Standards (2021)CSTA Teacher Standards (2021)
CSTA Teacher Standards (2021)
 
Starting early: Developing 21st Century Skills for Your Next Step in STEM: Co...
Starting early: Developing 21st Century Skills for Your Next Step in STEM: Co...Starting early: Developing 21st Century Skills for Your Next Step in STEM: Co...
Starting early: Developing 21st Century Skills for Your Next Step in STEM: Co...
 
Focus Resources
Focus ResourcesFocus Resources
Focus Resources
 
HackSIP2: The Extended Class Poster
HackSIP2: The Extended Class PosterHackSIP2: The Extended Class Poster
HackSIP2: The Extended Class Poster
 
HackSIP2: The Extended Class
HackSIP2: The Extended ClassHackSIP2: The Extended Class
HackSIP2: The Extended Class
 
Tanisha Dhami's resume
Tanisha Dhami's resumeTanisha Dhami's resume
Tanisha Dhami's resume
 
Pallab Layak's resume
Pallab Layak's resumePallab Layak's resume
Pallab Layak's resume
 
2020 Noora Aabed
2020 Noora Aabed2020 Noora Aabed
2020 Noora Aabed
 
STEM Calendar
STEM CalendarSTEM Calendar
STEM Calendar
 
HackSIP 2 Activity Flyer
HackSIP 2 Activity FlyerHackSIP 2 Activity Flyer
HackSIP 2 Activity Flyer
 
Class #7: Here's the Scoop
Class #7: Here's the ScoopClass #7: Here's the Scoop
Class #7: Here's the Scoop
 
Register for the Coolest Project Competition!
Register for the Coolest Project Competition!Register for the Coolest Project Competition!
Register for the Coolest Project Competition!
 
Class #8: Kites, Cookies, or Samosas
Class #8: Kites, Cookies, or SamosasClass #8: Kites, Cookies, or Samosas
Class #8: Kites, Cookies, or Samosas
 
Class #6: Fun-ctions
Class #6: Fun-ctionsClass #6: Fun-ctions
Class #6: Fun-ctions
 
Coolest Project Competition
Coolest Project CompetitionCoolest Project Competition
Coolest Project Competition
 
Abia Zahir
Abia ZahirAbia Zahir
Abia Zahir
 
Class #3: Sounds
Class #3: SoundsClass #3: Sounds
Class #3: Sounds
 

Recently uploaded

Website Fixer-Upper Series to Boost your Online Presence
Website Fixer-Upper Series to Boost your Online PresenceWebsite Fixer-Upper Series to Boost your Online Presence
Website Fixer-Upper Series to Boost your Online PresenceSamantha Russell
 
mean stack mean stack mean stack mean stack
mean stack mean stack  mean stack  mean stackmean stack mean stack  mean stack  mean stack
mean stack mean stack mean stack mean stackNuttavutThongjor1
 
skeletal system details with joints and its types
skeletal system details with joints and its typesskeletal system details with joints and its types
skeletal system details with joints and its typesMinaxi patil. CATALLYST
 
Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptx
Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptxPractical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptx
Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptxKatherine Villaluna
 
Digital Storytelling Community Launch!.pptx
Digital Storytelling Community Launch!.pptxDigital Storytelling Community Launch!.pptx
Digital Storytelling Community Launch!.pptxJisc
 
Cardiovascular Pathophysiology- Hypertension
Cardiovascular Pathophysiology- HypertensionCardiovascular Pathophysiology- Hypertension
Cardiovascular Pathophysiology- HypertensionVISHALJADHAV100
 
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley Discussion
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley DiscussionShapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley Discussion
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley DiscussionTushar Tank
 
FILIPINO 7 IKATLO AT IKAAPAT NA LINGGO 3RD QUARTER.pptx
FILIPINO 7 IKATLO AT IKAAPAT NA LINGGO 3RD QUARTER.pptxFILIPINO 7 IKATLO AT IKAAPAT NA LINGGO 3RD QUARTER.pptx
FILIPINO 7 IKATLO AT IKAAPAT NA LINGGO 3RD QUARTER.pptxmarielouisemiranda1
 
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptxPractical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptxKatherine Villaluna
 
Detailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptx
Detailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptxDetailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptx
Detailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptxDrOsiaMajeed
 
50 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TIẾNG ANH 2024 CÓ GIẢI CHI TIẾT - GIỚI HẠN KHO...
50 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TIẾNG ANH 2024 CÓ GIẢI CHI TIẾT - GIỚI HẠN KHO...50 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TIẾNG ANH 2024 CÓ GIẢI CHI TIẾT - GIỚI HẠN KHO...
50 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TIẾNG ANH 2024 CÓ GIẢI CHI TIẾT - GIỚI HẠN KHO...Nguyen Thanh Tu Collection
 
Narrative Exploration of New Categories at Mondelēz
Narrative Exploration of New Categories at MondelēzNarrative Exploration of New Categories at Mondelēz
Narrative Exploration of New Categories at MondelēzRay Poynter
 
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with ExamplesBayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with ExamplesTushar Tank
 
ACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 - SOPA DE LETRAS
ACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 - SOPA DE LETRASACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 - SOPA DE LETRAS
ACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 - SOPA DE LETRASMaria Lucia Céspedes
 
Chromatography-Gas chromatography-Principle
Chromatography-Gas chromatography-PrincipleChromatography-Gas chromatography-Principle
Chromatography-Gas chromatography-Principleblessipriyanka
 
Grantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff PDF.pdf
Grantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff  PDF.pdfGrantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff  PDF.pdf
Grantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff PDF.pdfTechSoup
 
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic LeukemiaBTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic LeukemiaFaheema Hasan
 
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptxMaryPotorti1
 
John See - Narrative Story
John See - Narrative StoryJohn See - Narrative Story
John See - Narrative StoryAlan See
 

Recently uploaded (20)

Website Fixer-Upper Series to Boost your Online Presence
Website Fixer-Upper Series to Boost your Online PresenceWebsite Fixer-Upper Series to Boost your Online Presence
Website Fixer-Upper Series to Boost your Online Presence
 
mean stack mean stack mean stack mean stack
mean stack mean stack  mean stack  mean stackmean stack mean stack  mean stack  mean stack
mean stack mean stack mean stack mean stack
 
skeletal system details with joints and its types
skeletal system details with joints and its typesskeletal system details with joints and its types
skeletal system details with joints and its types
 
Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptx
Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptxPractical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptx
Practical Research 1: Qualitative Research and Its Importance in Daily Life.pptx
 
Digital Storytelling Community Launch!.pptx
Digital Storytelling Community Launch!.pptxDigital Storytelling Community Launch!.pptx
Digital Storytelling Community Launch!.pptx
 
Cardiovascular Pathophysiology- Hypertension
Cardiovascular Pathophysiology- HypertensionCardiovascular Pathophysiology- Hypertension
Cardiovascular Pathophysiology- Hypertension
 
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley Discussion
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley DiscussionShapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley Discussion
Shapley Tech Talk - SHAP and Shapley Discussion
 
FILIPINO 7 IKATLO AT IKAAPAT NA LINGGO 3RD QUARTER.pptx
FILIPINO 7 IKATLO AT IKAAPAT NA LINGGO 3RD QUARTER.pptxFILIPINO 7 IKATLO AT IKAAPAT NA LINGGO 3RD QUARTER.pptx
FILIPINO 7 IKATLO AT IKAAPAT NA LINGGO 3RD QUARTER.pptx
 
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptxPractical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
Practical Research 1: Nature of Inquiry and Research.pptx
 
Detailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptx
Detailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptxDetailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptx
Detailed Presentation on Human Rights(1).pptx
 
50 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TIẾNG ANH 2024 CÓ GIẢI CHI TIẾT - GIỚI HẠN KHO...
50 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TIẾNG ANH 2024 CÓ GIẢI CHI TIẾT - GIỚI HẠN KHO...50 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TIẾNG ANH 2024 CÓ GIẢI CHI TIẾT - GIỚI HẠN KHO...
50 ĐỀ THI THỬ TỐT NGHIỆP THPT TIẾNG ANH 2024 CÓ GIẢI CHI TIẾT - GIỚI HẠN KHO...
 
Caldecott Medal Book Winners and Media Used
Caldecott Medal Book Winners and Media UsedCaldecott Medal Book Winners and Media Used
Caldecott Medal Book Winners and Media Used
 
Narrative Exploration of New Categories at Mondelēz
Narrative Exploration of New Categories at MondelēzNarrative Exploration of New Categories at Mondelēz
Narrative Exploration of New Categories at Mondelēz
 
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with ExamplesBayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
Bayesian Analysis Fundamentals with Examples
 
ACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 - SOPA DE LETRAS
ACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 - SOPA DE LETRASACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 - SOPA DE LETRAS
ACTIVIDAD DE CLASE No 1 - SOPA DE LETRAS
 
Chromatography-Gas chromatography-Principle
Chromatography-Gas chromatography-PrincipleChromatography-Gas chromatography-Principle
Chromatography-Gas chromatography-Principle
 
Grantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff PDF.pdf
Grantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff  PDF.pdfGrantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff  PDF.pdf
Grantseeking Solo- Securing Awards with Limited Staff PDF.pdf
 
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic LeukemiaBTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
BTKi in Treatment Of Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
 
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx
2.15.24 Making Whiteness -- Baldwin.pptx
 
John See - Narrative Story
John See - Narrative StoryJohn See - Narrative Story
John See - Narrative Story
 

Overlooked women

  • 1. # Women Race Time Description African-AmericanHistoryi 1 German Hrostsvitha White 935AD-1002 Born in Gandersheim to Saxon nobles Hrotsvitha was a German secular canoness, who wrote dramas and poems during the rule of the Ottonian dynasty. Hrotsvitha lived at Gandersheim Abbey. It is commonlysaidthat"Columbus discovered America."It would bemoreaccurate,perhaps, to say that heintroducedtheAmericas toWestern Europeduring his four voyages to theregion between1492and1502. 2 Harriet Tubman Black unknown-1913 Harriet Tubman was an American abolitionist and political activist. Born into slavery, Tubman escaped and subsequently made some 13 missions to rescue approximately 70 enslaved people, including family and friends, using the network of antislavery activists and safe houses known as the Underground Railroad. 1 . Founded at Jamestown in 1 607, the Virginia Colony was home to about 7 0 0 people by 1 6 1 9 . The first enslaved Africans to arrive there dis embarked at Point Comfort, in what is today known as H ampton Roads. Most of their names, as well as the exact number who remained at Point Comfort, have been lost to history, but much is known about their journey.ii 2 . Slavery officially ended in America with the ratificationof the 13th Amendment in 1865.iii 3 . Slavery Abolition Act, (1833), in Britishhistory, act ofParliament that abolishedslavery in most British colonies, freeing more than 800,000 enslaved Africans in the Caribbean andSouth Africa as well as a small number in Canada. It received Royal Assent onAugust 28, 1833, and took effect onAugust 1, 1834.iv 4 . LAW: The 1793 law enforced Article IV, Section 2, ofthe U.S. Constitution in authorizing any federal district judge or circuit court judge, or any state magistrate, to decide finally and without a jury trial the status of an alleged fugitive slave.v 5 . LAW: As early as 1810 individual dissatisfactionwith the law of 1793 had taken the formof systematic assistance rendered to black slaves escaping from the Southto New England or Canada—via the Underground Railroad. 6 . Harriet Tubman is perhaps the most well-known ofall the UndergroundRailroad's "conductors." During a ten-year span she made 19 trips intothe Southand escortedover 300 slaves to freedom. And, as she once proudly pointed out toFrederick Douglass, in all ofher journeys she "never lost a single passenger."vi 7 . Ada Lovelace was an aristocratic girl in the mid-1800s. In 1835, Ada married William King, who became the Earl of Lovelace three years later. She then took the title ofCountess of Lovelace. They shared a love of horses and had three children together. vii 8. From 1854 to1857 Clara Barton was employed as a clerk in the Patent Office until her anti- slavery opinions made her toocontroversial.viii 9 . Susan B. Anthony was born in1820 into a Quaker family full of activist traditions. According tothe Susan B. Anthony House, in 1845, after moving to Rochester the family became very active in the anti-slavery movement. Ignoring oppositionandabuse, she traveled and campaigned for the abolitionofslavery and women's rights to their own property andearnings. She alsocampaigned for women's labor organizations fromthe 1840s until her death in 1906.ix 10 . Ada Kepley: The family were intense haters of the institutionofslavery. William Temple Coles, sr., even refused to have a slave in his house, and brought over white servants from England.x 11 . LAW: The demand from the South for more effective legislationresulted in enactment ofa second Fugitive Slave Act in 1850. Under this law fugitives could not testify ontheir own behalf, nor were they permitted a trial by jury. Heavy penalties were imposed upon federal marshals who refusedto enforce the law or from whom a fugitive escaped; penalties were also imposed on individuals who helped slaves to escape. 12 . Kate Chopin’s family were slave holders and supported the South. In1870, she married Oscar Chopin, the son of a wealthy cotton-growing family in Louisiana. When her husbanddied Kate tookover the running of his general store andplantationfor over a year.xi 13 . Born into slavery in Mississippi, Ida B Wells was freed by the Emancipation Proclamation during the American Civil War. She used her skills as a journalist toshed light on the conditions ofAfrican Americans throughout the South.xii 3 Ada Lovelace White 1815-1852 Augusta Ada King, Countess of Lovelace was an English mathematician and writer, chiefly known for her work on Charles Babbage's proposed mechanical general-purpose computer, the Analytical Engine. 4 Susan B. Anthony White 1820-1906 Susan B. Anthony was an American social reformer and women's rights activist who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement. Born into a Quaker family committed to social equality, she collected anti-slavery petitions at the age of 17. 5 Clara Barton White 1821-1912 Clarissa Harlowe Barton was a pioneering American nurse who founded the American Red Cross. She was a hospital nurse in the American Civil War, a teacher, and patent clerk. Nursing education was not very formalized at that time and she did not attend nursing school, so she provided self-taught nursing care. 6 Emily Warren Roebling White 1843-1903 Emily Warren Roebling is known for her contribution to the completion of the Brooklyn Bridge after her husband Washington Roebling developed caisson disease. Her husband was a civil engineer and the chief engineer during the construction of the Brooklyn Bridgexiii 7 Ada Kepley White 1847-1925 Ada Harriet Miser Kepley was the first American woman to graduate from law school. She graduated in 1870 with a law degree, from what is today Northwestern University School of Law. At that time she was prohibited from legal practice by state law that denied women licence to the "learned professions". 8 Kate Chopin White 1850-1904 Kate Chopin was born Kate O’Flaherty in St. Louis, Missouri in 1850 to Eliza and Thomas O’Flaherty. She was the third of five children, but her sisters died in infancy and her brothers (from her father’s first marriage) in their early twenties. She was the only child to live past the age of twenty-five. 9 Ida B Wells Black 1862-1931 Ida Bell Wells-Barnett was an American investigative journalist, educator, and an early leader in the civil rights movement. She was one of the founders of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
  • 2. # Women Race Time Description African-AmericanHistoryi 10 Madam CJ Walker Black 1867-1919 Madam C. J. Walker was an Americanentrepreneur, philanthropist, and politicaland social activist.She is recordedas thefirst femaleself-mademillionairein America intheGuinness Book ofWorldRecords. 1. Recons truction (1 8 6 5-1 87 7), the turbulent era following the Civil War, was the effort to reintegrate Southern s tates from the Confederacy and 4 million newly - freed s laves into the United States . Under the adminis tration of Pres ident Andrew Johns on in 1 8 6 5 and 1 8 6 6 , new s outhern s tate leg is latures pas s ed res trictive “black codes ” to control the labor and behavior of former s laves and other African Americans .xiv 2. Madam CJ Walker, born Sarah Breedlove was born to two former slaves on a plantation in Delta, La. Sarah was free. But by 7, she was an orphan toiling in those same cotton fields. Living on $1.50 a day as a laundress and cook. During the early 1900s, when most Americans lacked indoor plumbing and electricity, bathing was a luxury. As a result, Sarah and many other women were going bald because they washed their hair so infrequently, leaving it vulnerable to environmental hazards such as pollution, bacteria and lice.”xv 11 Eleanor Roosevelt White 1884-1962 Anna Eleanor Roosevelt was an Americanpoliticalfigure, diplomat and activist.She served as the First Ladyofthe United States from March4, 1933, toApril12, 1945, during her husband PresidentFranklin D.Roosevelt’s four terms in office,making herthelongest-serving First Lady ofthe United States. 1. Jim Crow (1877-1965) laws were state and local laws that enforced racial segregation in the Southern United States. All were enacted in the late 19th and early 20th centuries by white Democratic-dominated state legislatures after the Reconstruction period. The term "Jim Crow" originally referred to a black character in an old song, and was the name of a popular dance in the 1820s. Around 1828, Thomas "Daddy" Rice developed a routine in which he blacked his face, dressed in old clothes, and sang and danced in imitation of an old and decrepit black man. Rice published the words to the song, "Jump, Jim Crow," in 1830. In 1964, President Lyndon B. Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act, which legally ended the segregation that had been institutionalized by Jim Crow laws. And in 1965, the Voting Rights Act halted efforts to keep minorities from voting..xvi 2. Eleanor Roosevelt’s support of African American rights was one of the highlights of her activities as first lady. Her fearless advocacy for justice pulled her into political controversies that were unprecedented for the wife of a president. Eleanor joined the NAACP during FD R’s firs t term in 1 9 3 4 and began working with leader Walter White to outlaw lynching. This work earned her a lot of enemies , as well as s ome death threats . Critics of her hus band like J. Edgar H oover s pread racis t rumors that s he was mixed race; and in the 1 9 5 0 s , th e Ku Klux Klan put a $ 2 5 ,0 0 0 bounty on her head. H er work als o caus ed a rift between her and her hus band, whom s he could never convince to s upport her caus e.xvii a. New Deal programs (1933-1939) were channeled away from the poorest people, including millions of blacks, who lived in the South.xviii 3. Alice Ball was an African American chemist who discovered the most effective treatment for leprosy during the 20th century. She became the first woman and the first African American to receive a master’s degree from the University of Hawaii. In addition, at just 23 years old, she was the university’s first female chemistry professor. Arthur Dean, the College of Hawaii president, initially took credit for Alice Ball’s innovative leprosy treatment. He even published her findings on extracting the active ingredient in chaulmoogra oils and called it the “Dean Method.”xix 4. Rosa Parks was arrested on December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama for failing to give up her bus seat—so that it would be available for white passengers—when instructed to do so by the bus’s driver.xx 5. The structure of DNA, the molecule of life, was discovered in the early months of 1953. Nine years later, three men were jointly awarded a Nobel Prize for this achievement. The third man honored, Maurice Wilkins claimed credit work that was actually completed by his estranged colleague, Rosalind Franklin, who had died four years before the prize was awarded.xxi 6. Rosalyn Sussman Yalow was an American medical physicist and winner of the 1977 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the development of the radioimmunoassay (RIA) technique. RIA is a technique used to measure minute quantities of hormones and other antigens in the human body.xxii 12 Alice Ball Black 1892-1916 Alice Augusta Ball was anAmerican chemist who developed the "BallMethod", themosteffective treatmentfor leprosyduring the early 20th century. 13 Rosa Parks Black 1913-2005 Rosa Louise McCauley Parks was an American activist in the civil rights movementbestknown for her pivotalrole in the Montgomerybus boycott. TheUnited States Congress has calledher "the firstlady ofcivilrights"and "the mother ofthe freedom movement" 14 Rosalind Franklin White 1920-1958 Rosalind ElsieFranklin was anEnglishchemist and X-ray crystallographer whosework was central tothe understanding ofthe molecular structures ofDNA, RNA, viruses, coal, andgraphite. 15 Rosalyn Yalow White 1921-2011 Rosalyn SussmanYalow was an American medical physicist, and a co-winnerofthe 1977 NobelPrize in Physiology or Medicine for development ofthe radioimmunoassay technique. Shewas thesecond woman, and the firstAmerican-born woman, tobe awarded theNobelPrize inphysiology or medicine. 16 Kip Tiernan White 1926-2005 Kip Tiernan was a social activist.She was born Mary Jane Tiernan inConnecticut and raisedby hergrandmother, and cameto Boston inher early 20s. 17 Maya Angelou Black 1928-2014 Maya Angelou was an American poet, singer, memoirist, and civil rights activist. She published seven autobiographies, threebooks ofessays,several books of poetry, and is credited with a list ofplays, movies, and television shows spanning over 50 years. 18 Vera Rubin White 1928-2016 Vera FlorenceCooper Rubin was an American astronomer who pioneered work on galaxy rotation rates. She uncoveredthediscrepancy between the predicted angular
  • 3. # Women Race Time Description African-AmericanHistoryi motion ofgalaxies andtheobserved motion, by studying galactic rotationcurves. 7. Best known for founding Rosie’s Place, Kip Tiernan was at the center of the fight for economic and social justice for nearly three decades. In the mid-60s Kip she was involved in the civil rights and anti-war movements.xxiii 8. Throughout her writing, Maya. Angelou explored the concepts of personal identity and resilience through the multifaceted lens of race, sex, family, community and the collective past. As a whole, her work offered a cleareyed examination of the ways in which the socially marginalizing forces of racism and sexism played out at the level of the individual.xxiv 9. Vera Rubin was a groundbreaking female astronomer. She broke the glass ceilings in astronomy and her pioneering astronomical research. After getting an undergraduate degree in astronomy from Vassar College, and an M.S. from Cornell, she got her Ph.D. in astronomy from Georgetown University in 1954. She had applied to Princeton University after Vassar, but the Princeton graduate astronomy program did not admit women until 1975.xxv 10. Nina Simone realized what it was to be Black in America in 1963 when she heard about the bombing of the little girls in Alabama and the murder of Medgar Evers. An hour later, Nina Simone had composed a song called “Mississippi Goddam.” Crisply honest, it is a pure expression of rage and an indictment of inequality. “It was my first civil rights song,” she recalled. It redirected her career. xxvi 19 Nina Simone Black 1933-2003 Eunice Kathleen Waymon, known professionallyas Nina Simone, was an Americansinger, songwriter, musician, arranger, and civil rights activist. Her musicspanned a broad rangeofmusicalstyles including classical, jazz, blues, folk, R&B, gospel,and pop. 20 Gabby Douglas Black 1995-present GabrielleChristina Victoria Douglas is an American artistic gymnast. She is the 2012 Olympic allaround champion and the 2015World all-around silver medalist. 1. Racial Inequality/Racism (1965-present) Racism is the belief that groups of humans possess different behavioral traits corresponding to physical appearance and can be divided based on the superiority of one race over another. 2. In Pulas ki, Tennessee, a group of Confederate veterans convenes to form a s ecret s ociety that they chris ten the “ Ku Klux Klan .” The KKK rapidly grew from a s ecret s ocial fraternity to a paramilitary force bent on revers ing the federal government’s progres s ive Reconstruction Era-activities in the South, es pecially policies that elevated the rights of the local African American population. xxvii 3. Gabby D ouglas was the first African-American to win gold in the individual all-around in girls gymnastics. . "I was just, you know, kind of getting racist jokes, kind of being isolated from the group. So it was definitely hard. I would come home at night and just cry my eyes out. Like, 'What did I do to deserve this?'"xxviii 4. Simone Biles opens up about competing in a sport with few black athletes While promoting her partnership with the skincare brand SK-II, Biles spoke at length about her struggles with social- media trolls, the public fixation on her appearance, and the effect race had on both.xxix 21 Simone Biles Black 1997-present Simone ArianneBiles is an Americanartisticgymnast.With a combined total of30Olympic and World Championship medals, Biles is themost decoratedAmericangymnast and the world's third mostdecorated gymnast, behindBelarus' Vitaly Scherboand Russia's Larisa Latynina. i https://www.history.com/topics/black-history/slavery, https://www.britannica.com/event/Fugitive-Slave-Acts ii https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/first-african-slave-ship-arrives-jamestown-colony iii https://www.nationalgeographic.org/interactive/slavery-united-states/ iv https://www.britannica.com/topic/Slavery-Abolition-Act v https://www.britannica.com/event/Fugitive-Slave-Acts vi https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p1535.html vii https://www.biography.com/scholar/ada-lovelace viii https://www.battlefields.org/learn/biographies/clara-barton, https://www.nps.gov/clba/learn/historyculture/cbcongress.htm ix https://historyengine.richmond.edu/episodes /view/4524 x https://en.wikisource.org/wiki/Woman_of_the_Century/Ada_Miser_Kepley
  • 4. xi https://archive.vcu.edu/english/engweb/webtexts /hour/katebio.html, https://mirjamsessays.wordpress.com/2015/06/06/discovering-kate-chopins-views-on-southern-slaveholding-society-an-analysis-of-speech-and-thought- presentation-in-desirees-babymirjam-holleman-termpaper-may-8-2009-acc-22/ xii https://www.womenshistory.org/education-resources/biographies/ida-b-wells-barnett xiii https://www.history.com/topics/landmarks/brooklyn-bridge xiv https://www.history.com/topics/american-civil-war/reconstruction, https://www.history.com/topics/black-history/black-codes, https://www.pbs.org/tpt/slavery-by-another-name/themes /black-codes/, https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/us-history/the-gilded-age/south-after-civil-war/v/jim-crow-part-2 xv https://www.pbs.org/wnet/african-americans-many-rivers-to-cross/history/100-amazing-facts/madam-walker-the-first-black-american-woman-to-be-a-self-made-millionaire/ xvi https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/kkk-founded, https://u-s-history.com/pages/h1559.html xvii https://www.socialstudies.org/system/files/publications/articles/se_750511245.pdf, https://www.history.com/news/fdr-eleanor-roosevelt-anti-lynching-bill xviiixviii https://www.cato.org/publications/commentary/why-did-fdrs-new-deal-harm-blacks xix https://now.northropgrumman.com/celebrating-alice-ball xx https://www.khanacademy.org/humanities/us-history/postwarera/civil-rights-movement/a/the-montgomery-bus-boycott, https://u-s-history.com/pages/h1559.html xxi https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2002/10/28/photo-finish-2 xxii https://www.beyondcurie.com/rosalyn-sussman-yalow xxiii http://www.rosiesplace.org/mural xxiv https://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/29/arts/maya-angelou-lyrical-witness-of-the-jim-crow-south-dies-at-86.html xxv https://wtop.com/the-space-place/2016/12/groundbreaking-astronomer-vera-rubin-roots-dc/ xxvi https://longreads.com/2017/04/20/a-history-of-american-protest-music-when-nina-simone-sang-what-everyone-was-thinking/ xxvii https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/kkk-founded xxviii https://www.businessinsider.com/gabby-douglas-racism-2012-8 xxix https://www.insider.com/simone-biles-on-black-gymnasts-and-inspiring-young-african-americans-2020-3