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  1. 1. Actors and Actresses –™ Rogelio de la Rosa™ Leopoldo Salcedo™ Rosa del Rosario™ Mira del Sol™ Rosario Moreno™ Carlos Padilla™ Jose Padilla, Jr.™ Fernando Poe, Lucita Goyena
  2. 2. Tatlong Maria –™ Based on an novel by Jose Esperanza Cruz™ Starred by Carmen Rosales, Jose Padilla, Jr., Norma Blancaflor, Liwayway Arceo and Fernando Poe, Sr.
  3. 3. The Opium War –™ Only English movie allowed™ Showed the Americans and British as villains in international trafficking with dope
  4. 4. Jose Nepomuceno –™ Assigned by the Path News to film Japanese activities™ Hand-operated Eye- Mo camera™ Films shot were transported to the American authorities by submarine
  5. 5. Fernando Poe, Sr. –Cross medal™ Member of an underground movement™ Officer in the USAFFE, Gold awardee™ Was a guerilla in Manila and the suburbs Gregorio Ticman
  6. 6. Bert Leroy –™ Was tortured by the JapaneseØ Movie stars, directors, technicians and the bit players and extras turned to the stage ü 2nd Golden Age of Vaudeville
  7. 7. Alfonso Torrente –™ Provided the Japanese soldiers’ uniforms, weapons, sound effects, make up™ Were discovered by Jose Nepumuceno™ “country’s top special effects artist” – Cry Freedom – Sunset Over Corregidor – Isang Dakot na Bigas
  8. 8. Alfonso Torrente –™ Hollywood – Huk – Blackburn’s Gurerillas – Marco Polo
  9. 9. •  December 8, 1941 Japanese bombs fellon Intramuros• Some movie houses closed but manyopted to stay open• Manila was declared an open city• Japanese moved in on January 2, 1942
  10. 10. • Movie companies were allowed to operateby the Japanese high command under thesupervision of the Central Booking Exchange• Mostly reruns of unpolitical Hollywood andTagalog films• 1943- German and Japanese feature films aswell as documentaries were brought in-“The Sky is Blue”,”Currents of Youth”,“Women of Japan”
  11. 11. • There were several movies nearing completion just before the warbut whose productions were halted. These were shown eithercompleted or unfinished-“Caviteno”,”Anong Ganda Mo”, “Caballero”, “Nina, Bonita”,“Princesa Urduja”,”Landas na Ginto”• Two films were produced: LVN’s “Tiya Juana” and “Prinsipe Tenoso”• Another film was shown right after the war: Sampaguita’s “AngTagala”
  12. 12. • Japanese demanded that movies, stage plays and vaudevillecarried some form of Japanese propaganda• Most movies were transferred to the stage• This was “the golden age of Philippine theater” according toLamberto Avellana• Some of the directors who worked on plays:Lamberto Avellana, Gerardo De Leon, Manuel Conde, RamonEstella, Manuel Sillos, Tor Villano and Gregorio Fernandez
  13. 13. Some of the plays eventually got produced as movies in the postwar era:“Limpia Bota” story of Ernesto Bohol’s life.“Ikaw kasi” by Manuel CondeDecember 21, 1942-the Japanese decided to centralize the distributionand production of films in one agency: Eiga Haikyusha-Responsible for the importation of foreign films, mostly Japanese andGerman and later, Japanese propaganda for local consumption.The agency was launched with the screening of “Toyo noGaika” (documentary)-“United States Routed from the Philippines”, “Stars and stripes downedforever in East Asia”,” A war epic which will live long in your memory”were some of the film’s claims.
  14. 14. • It was the Japanese policy to push Greater East Asia Co-ProsperitySphere-Film was used as an instrument-The Japanese had three aims: -To unmask the Americans as real enemies -To emphasize Japan’s role as the leader of Asia -To recover the native character lost due to years ofOccidental colonization• The Japanese propaganda corps planned a major film to push thethree goals-“Ano Hatte O Utte” or “The Dawn of Freedom” (“Liwayway ngKalayaan”)
  15. 15. – 16  
  16. 16. First  films  were  about…   –•  HEROISM / BRAVERY OF FILIPINO SOLDIER•  WAR 17  
  17. 17. –™ 20 out of 34 films about bravery of fighting troops 18  
  18. 18. Orasang  Ginto   –The  first  Post-­‐war  Filipino  movie  or  the  first  movie  to  come  out  aAer  World  War  II   19  
  19. 19. –PATRIOTISM?   20  
  20. 20. –•  Discord and criminal activity?•  Or Dearth of imagination? (T.D. Agcaoili in Literary Song Movie ) 21  
  21. 21. Films  shout  be  about…   –Restoration of the normal andpeaceful deportments and thoughts ofpeople – Foster friendliness and goodwill – Emphasize the virtues and beauty of life (Jose Crisostomo in Literary Song ) 22  
  22. 22. –EUPHORIA   23  
  23. 23. –™ Americans like Deities 24  
  24. 24. Euphoria  over  the  end  of  war  and  victory  over  the  Japanese   – • Heroism of Filipino guerrillas • Atrocities inflicted on guerrillas and civilians –  Intramuros (The Rape of a City) • Heroism of media practitioners 25  
  25. 25. –™ “hanggang pier lamang” ™ Jeep girl 26  
  26. 26. Also euphoria over the departure of Americans –™  So Long America™  Victory Joe™  Honeymoon™  GI Fever (Ay Kano)™  “Magkaibang Lahi” 27  
  27. 27. Euphoria over the Return of troops from Japan – Sa  Tokyo  Ikinasal   (1949)   28  
  28. 28. –AMNESIA   29  
  29. 29. Amnesia   –•  Memory blackouts•  Exchanges of Identities•  Emotional traumas May umaga Pang Darating (1954) Isumpa Mo Giliw (1947) Isang Libong Pisong Kagandahan (1947) “Ulilang Bituin” (1956) 30  
  30. 30. COLLABORATION –
  31. 31. – Collaborator depicted in the darkest of colors; despicable and loathsome;villain deserving his most dastardly fate
  32. 32. – Joseph Cordovadepicts collaborators in many of his movies (particularly in "Hantik")
  33. 33. Eddie– Romeropresented collaboration with respect to its complexity and with a modicum of sympathy (example is "Apoy sa Langit")
  34. 34. –Examples of Movies Showing Collaboration
  35. 35. – Hantik(Joseph Cordova)
  36. 36. –Apoy sa Langit(Eddie Romero)
  37. 37. –Walang Kamatayan (Tor Villano)
  38. 38. CORRUPTION –
  39. 39. – Corruptionnon-payment of back pay (guerrilla benefits)
  40. 40. –people realized that corruption had settled in the new government; guerrillas maimed in the war and pinned hopes for a new life
  41. 41. –Examples of Movies Showing Corruption
  42. 42. –Back pay
  43. 43. –Huk sa Bagong Pamumuhay
  44. 44. REBELLION –
  45. 45. HUKBALAHAP came to national – prominence;movies pounced on the new material but censors stopped it; Luis Nolasco’s "Luis Taruc Ang Supremo” was halted in its early shooting phase
  46. 46. –Films Showing Post-War Agrarian Problems
  47. 47. –Ako Raw ay Huk
  48. 48. –Labi ng Bataan
  49. 49. –Baril o Araro
  50. 50. –Bisig ng Manggagawa
  52. 52. –rancour among the guerrillas
  53. 53. –Palaboy ng Tadhana
  54. 54. –Anak Dalita
  55. 55. –Lupang Pangako
  56. 56. CONCLUSION –
  57. 57. – The image of the guerrilla returning to his hometown and experiencing hardships gripped filmmakers and audiences alike.Film has unwittingly captured the tragedy of the post-war era, the festering decay of morality, the growing corruption, the amnesia of history.
  58. 58. –End
  59. 59. Sources –Quirino, J. (1983). History of the Philippine cinema.Quezon City: Phoenix Pub.