Actors and Actresses Rogelio de la Rosa Leopoldo Salcedo Rosa del Rosario Mira del Sol Rosario Moreno Carlos Padilla Jose Padilla, Jr. Fernando Poe, Lucita Goyena
Tatlong Maria Based on an novel by Jose Esperanza Cruz Starred by Carmen Rosales, Jose Padilla, Jr., Norma Blancaflor, Liwayway Arceo and Fernando Poe, Sr.
The Opium War Only English movie allowed Showed the Americans and British as villains in international trafficking with dope
Jose Nepomuceno Assigned by the Path News to film Japanese activities Hand-operated Eye- Mo camera Films shot were transported to the American authorities by submarine
Fernando Poe, Sr. Cross medal Member of an underground movement Officer in the USAFFE, Gold awardee Was a guerilla in Manila and the suburbs Gregorio Ticman
Bert Leroy Was tortured by the JapaneseØ Movie stars, directors, technicians and the bit players and extras turned to the stage ü 2nd Golden Age of Vaudeville
Alfonso Torrente Provided the Japanese soldiers’ uniforms, weapons, sound effects, make up Were discovered by Jose Nepumuceno “country’s top special effects artist” Cry Freedom Sunset Over Corregidor Isang Dakot na Bigas
Alfonso Torrente Hollywood Huk Blackburn’s Gurerillas Marco Polo
• December 8, 1941 Japanese bombs fellon Intramuros• Some movie houses closed but manyopted to stay open• Manila was declared an open city• Japanese moved in on January 2, 1942
• Movie companies were allowed to operateby the Japanese high command under thesupervision of the Central Booking Exchange• Mostly reruns of unpolitical Hollywood andTagalog films• 1943- German and Japanese feature films aswell as documentaries were brought in-“The Sky is Blue”,”Currents of Youth”,“Women of Japan”
• There were several movies nearing completion just before the warbut whose productions were halted. These were shown eithercompleted or unfinished-“Caviteno”,”Anong Ganda Mo”, “Caballero”, “Nina, Bonita”,“Princesa Urduja”,”Landas na Ginto”• Two films were produced: LVN’s “Tiya Juana” and “Prinsipe Tenoso”• Another film was shown right after the war: Sampaguita’s “AngTagala”
• Japanese demanded that movies, stage plays and vaudevillecarried some form of Japanese propaganda• Most movies were transferred to the stage• This was “the golden age of Philippine theater” according toLamberto Avellana• Some of the directors who worked on plays:Lamberto Avellana, Gerardo De Leon, Manuel Conde, RamonEstella, Manuel Sillos, Tor Villano and Gregorio Fernandez
Some of the plays eventually got produced as movies in the postwar era:“Limpia Bota” story of Ernesto Bohol’s life.“Ikaw kasi” by Manuel CondeDecember 21, 1942-the Japanese decided to centralize the distributionand production of films in one agency: Eiga Haikyusha-Responsible for the importation of foreign films, mostly Japanese andGerman and later, Japanese propaganda for local consumption.The agency was launched with the screening of “Toyo noGaika” (documentary)-“United States Routed from the Philippines”, “Stars and stripes downedforever in East Asia”,” A war epic which will live long in your memory”were some of the film’s claims.
• It was the Japanese policy to push Greater East Asia Co-ProsperitySphere-Film was used as an instrument-The Japanese had three aims: -To unmask the Americans as real enemies -To emphasize Japan’s role as the leader of Asia -To recover the native character lost due to years ofOccidental colonization• The Japanese propaganda corps planned a major film to push thethree goals-“Ano Hatte O Utte” or “The Dawn of Freedom” (“Liwayway ngKalayaan”)
• Discord and criminal activity?• Or Dearth of imagination? (T.D. Agcaoili in Literary Song Movie ) 21
Films shout be about… Restoration of the normal andpeaceful deportments and thoughts ofpeople – Foster friendliness and goodwill – Emphasize the virtues and beauty of life (Jose Crisostomo in Literary Song ) 22
Euphoria over the end of war and victory over the Japanese • Heroism of Filipino guerrillas • Atrocities inflicted on guerrillas and civilians – Intramuros (The Rape of a City) • Heroism of media practitioners 25
The image of the guerrilla returning to his hometown and experiencing hardships gripped filmmakers and audiences alike.Film has unwittingly captured the tragedy of the post-war era, the festering decay of morality, the growing corruption, the amnesia of history.