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Universal Access Kapb Presentation


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Presentation on the Knowledge Attitudes, Practices ane Beliefs Survey

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Universal Access Kapb Presentation

  1. 1. Universal Access – Collaborative Approaches in HIV Prevention & CommunicationJuly 2010<br />
  2. 2. Setting the Stage On HIV, Sexual Practices and Behaviour<br />One Year Transitional National Strategic Plan 2010 – 2011<br /><ul><li>Patterns of Infection</li></ul>KAPB<br />Behaviour Change Perceptions of Risk<br />MSM<br />Sex Work<br />
  3. 3. One Year Transitional National Strategic Plan 2010 – 2011<br />Behaviour Change<br />Psycho-Social Factors<br />Behaviour Change Communication<br />Increase the Availability, Accessibility of Condoms<br />
  4. 4. Patterns of Newly Diagnosed HIV Infection<br />
  5. 5. Highlighting the Gaps – Summary of KAPB Findings<br />Behaviour Change - Perceptions of Risk<br />How Serious is the HIV Problem<br />Crisis 26.8%<br />Very Serious 63.7%<br />Chances of Catching HIV<br />No Chance 40%<br />Little Chance 46.4%<br />
  6. 6. Highlighting the Gaps – Interesting Observations<br />Behaviour Change – Why do you have no chance of contracting HIV<br />Condoms – People of which faith indicated? – Use condoms all the time<br />Abstinence – In which town did the majority indicate - no sexual activity <br />
  7. 7. Highlighting the Gaps – Perceptions of Risk – Sexual Partners last 12 mths<br />
  8. 8. Highlighting the Gaps – MSM<br />MSM – What does the KAPB Say about MSM?<br />Only 6 (0.78%) of the males admitted to having sexual intercourse with a male partner in the last 6 months. Two admitted using condoms with their last male partners and 2 reported using condoms almost every time over the last 6 months. Two males admitted receptive anal sex in the last 2 months<br />
  9. 9. Highlighting the Gaps – MSM<br />MSM – What does Lee Say about MSM?<br />Prevalence – 20%<br />Knowledge is high<br />Behaviour – Younger men exhibit behaviours that reduce HIV Transmission.<br />High Risk Sub Groups<br />
  10. 10. Highlighting the Gaps – MSM HIV Prevalence by Age. Lee<br />
  11. 11. Highlighting the Gaps – KAPB and Sex Work<br />CSW – What does the KAPB Say about Sex Work?<br />4.7% admitted sex with commercial partner<br />14% did not respond – 60% female <br />Condom use was extremely low<br />
  12. 12. Highlighting the Gaps – KAPB Other Indicators<br />
  13. 13. KAPB<br />Behaviour<br />Was a condom used the first time you had sex – 44.3% - similar between M & F<br />15-24 62.2%<br />25-49 38.9%<br />Sexual Debut Older Partner<br />F 87.1% M 39.9%<br />F 15-19 partner 10+ years 85%<br />F 15-24 partner 10+ years 91%<br />
  14. 14. KAPB<br />Behaviour<br />Regular Partners – use of condom M 35.1% F 30.7% overall 32.6%<br />Condom every time – M14.2% F10.7% Overall 12.2%<br />Why not use a condom – monogamous relationship 24.3%, trust 21.5%<br />Non Regular partners – 14.5% use condom every time (81.8% have no non regular partner) 53.8% non respondent<br />
  15. 15. Recommendations<br />Address perception of risk especially younger population<br />Segment IEC material to the characteristics of the target group<br />Cannot assume the population is heterosexual<br />Sex Workers reporting low condom use<br />Extent of sex work<br />
  16. 16. Thank you for your input!<br />