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IFMA WORLD WORKPLACE 2012SESSION 6.11THE VALUE OF BIM FOR LIFECYCLE MANAGEMENT IN CRITICAL FACILITIES WHENTIME, QUALITY & ...
These innovative, forward thinking AEC firms typically used their own funds for the VirtualDesign & Construction (VD&C) pr...
No doubt BIM can provide value for office buildings as well. Where I believe the mostsignificant value lies is in Energy m...
•   127,500sf Medical Research & Education Building       •   GC invested $250,000 of their own money to build a BIM model...
BIM RELATED RESOURCES• buildingSMARTalliance   http://www.buildingsmartalliance.org•      U.S. General Services Administra...
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White Paper: The Value Of Bim For Lifecycle Management In Critical Facilities When Time Quality & Cost Matter Fuhrman

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White Paper: The Value Of Bim For Lifecycle Management In Critical Facilities When Time Quality & Cost Matter Fuhrman

  1. 1. IFMA WORLD WORKPLACE 2012SESSION 6.11THE VALUE OF BIM FOR LIFECYCLE MANAGEMENT IN CRITICAL FACILITIES WHENTIME, QUALITY & COST MATTERAndy Fuhrman, IFMA Fellow – FUHRMAN CONSULTINGIf you were doing space planning, CAD/CAFM back to the early 1990’s you may have usedboxes of floppy disks provided by Haworth, Herman Miller or Steelcase that contained 3DCAD objects that you could insert into your 2D floor plans. By adjusting the view you couldsee your modular furniture plan in three dimensions from different angles. We could also dosome basic rendering which we could either print out or do screen captures in order to sharethe proposed design with the intended occupants who traditionally have a hard timevisualizing designs from floor plans, elevations and cut-sheets, often times signing off onthe project, only to be disappointed with the actual deliverable.The 3D objects representing panels, work surfaces, storage task lighting, chairs and all themiscellaneous components contained specification information such as part and modelnumber, size, color, voltage, etc., that could be extracted from the CAD plan to create a listyou could order from.Another application way ahead of our industry’s ability to recognize its value and adopt itsconcept was SimCity first released in 1989, going far beyond the single building modelconcept by having gamers build and design a city. The player could mark land as beingzoned as commercial, industrial, or residential, add buildings, change the tax rate, build apower grid, build transportation systems and take many other actions, in order to enhancethe city. Once able to construct buildings in a particular area, residents, known as Sims,may choose to construct and upgrade houses, apartment blocks, light or heavy industrialbuildings, commercial buildings, hospitals, churches, and other structures. The Sims makethese choices based on such factors as traffic levels, adequate electrical power, crime levels,and proximity to other types of buildings—for example, residential areas next to a powerplant will seldom appreciate to the highest grade of housing.Also, the player may face disasters including flooding, tornadoes, fires, earthquakes andattacks by monsters. In addition, monsters and tornadoes can trigger train crashes byrunning into passing trains. Sounds like something Federal Emergency Management Agency(FEMA) should have been using for Hurricane Katrina.Leveraging these ideas just didn’t catch on in the real world of Facility Management andReal Estate. Use gaming software developers for the professional world must have been toofar out of the norm for the Traditionalist and the Baby Boomer generations.Meanwhile in the Construction industry where productivity improvements was headed in thewrong direction compared with other industry types1, a few innovative construction, designand software companies began testing and advancing the use and capabilities of 3Dsoftware to minimize the risk associated with constructing a new building, which typically isa one-off unique design, where you’re not really sure of the best sequence or fit-up ofconstruction, not to mention how the building will actually perform.                                                                                                                1  http://www.aecbytes.com/buildingthefuture/2009/InnovativeTechnologies.html     1  
  2. 2. These innovative, forward thinking AEC firms typically used their own funds for the VirtualDesign & Construction (VD&C) process as it was too new to get owners to pay. Generalcontractors, their subcontractors and engineering firms began creating their scope of workusing software that best fir their needs. Structural engineers and fabricators may have usedTekla Structures, Bentley Structural Modeler or Revit Structures, while HVAC contractorsmay have used CADduct, Duct Designer 3D, Bentley Building Mechanical or Revit MEP.There are over 200 BIM related software products in the market being used in their specificdomain space.Not only do these applications create 3D images, many of the Mechanical, Electrical andPlumbing (MEP) and Structural applications are used in conjunction with computernumerical control (CNC) machines, like laser, plasma and high pressure water cutters aswell as drills, lathes, grinders and pipe benders. These advanced technologies and processesare used in creating the new breed of high performance aircraft and wild looking buildingssuch as the ones designed by Frank Gehry2, where the only straight lines are the floors.The main point you need to be aware of here is that AEC firms constructing newbuildings or retrofitting existing, where they’re using Building Information Models(the updated term for VD&C), may not all be using one single product like Revitand that all the associated electronic data and documentation doesn’t necessarilyexist in a single database or repository – at least on the majority of projects I’mfamiliar with. This is an extremely important point if you’re thinking about integrating BIMwith your Integrated Workplace Management System (IWMS) and/or ComputerizedMaintenance Management System (CMMS) and/or Electronic Document ManagementSystem (EDMS). It is my understanding that some Gehry projects required all trades to useCATIA and the single data repository model.CRITICAL FACILITIES VS. OFFICE BUILDINGSHealth Care, Labs, High Tech R&D and Manufacturing, Data Centers and Communicationfacilities are typically much more of a challenge and of greater risk to builders who have tofit electrical and communication conduits, cable trays, process gas pipes, HVAC duct andcomponents along with fire sprinklers and plumbing between the structural elements of thefloor and roof above and the suspended ceiling and within the confines of walls.Getting pumps, chillers, boilers, generators, electrical control panels, CRAC units, PDU’s,server cabinets, battery racks and other critical infrastructure into a space wheremaintenance personnel can maintain, repair and replace them tends to be a greaterchallenge in critical facilities than in office buildings just because there so much more of it,all fighting for a finite amount of space.And because there’s so much more of it along with all the components used to power andconnect them, time which equals money - as does quality of workmanship which impactscommissioning and total cost of ownership over the long term; BIM, IPD, Bar Code, RFID,Lean Construction practices all have the ability to significantly impact total cost of ownershipas well as the really big ticket – which is cost avoidance of impacting occupant productivityassociated with down time, indoor air quality issues, poor lighting, noise, and other businessdisruptions.                                                                                                                2  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Frank_Gehry     2  
  3. 3. No doubt BIM can provide value for office buildings as well. Where I believe the mostsignificant value lies is in Energy modeling of the proposed building. This includes:• A analyzing the suns impact on the orientation of the building, including the roof, shell, windows and floor (heat gain and loss);• Modeling and analyzing the HVAC system and airflow through the building with the proposed hardwall offices and modular furniture in place;• Modeling and analyzing day-lighting and the buildings lighting system.Owners/Operators/FM’s need to start considering inserting requirements into their newconstruction RFP’s and pay the smaller dollars for this work to avoid the higher cost ofoperations over the long term.WHY SHOULD OWNERS/OPERATORS/FACILITY MANAGERS CARE ABOUT BIMDURING THE PLANNING, DESIGN & BUILD PHASE?• You hire the AEC firms – they work for you.• Using BIM helps them reduce overall cost of the job from traditional methods and can reduce delivery & occupancy time.• If you want a BIM for FM operations, you need to find AEC firms who are experienced in creating and using one as a team that not only provides value during the design/build phase, but also during commissioning and handover for FM operations.• By incorporating an Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) approach, your FM/RE team will have the opportunity to review the model design, equipment layout, fit and functionality prior to construction where changing electrons on a computer screen is far more cost effective than when the asset is actually installed.Here are four case studies obtained from McGraw-Hill’s document ‘THE BUSINESS VALUE OFBIM - GETTING BUILDING INFORMATION MODELING TO THE BOTTOM LINE3’RESEARCH 2 - UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO – DENVER HEALTH SCIENCES CENTER• GENERAL CONTRACTOR: Mortenson Construction• PROJECT COST: $201 Million Project• PROJECT SCOPE: 11 Floors - 540,000sf Bio-Medical Facility• TECHNOLOGY: Used 3D & 4D BIM• BUSINESS VALUE REALIZED • 74% Reduction in RFI’s during the Foundation phase • 47% Reduction in RFI’s during Steel Erection phase • Completed 2 months ahead of schedule & 6 months ahead of similar building for same client not using BIM • Mechanical Sub (U.S. Engineering) realized 50% reduction in labor and 50% reduction in schedule.TEXAS A&M HEALTH SCIENCE CENTER• GENERAL CONTRACTOR: Satterfield & Pontikes• PROJECT COST: $103.5 Million• PROJECT SCOPE: Two buildings • 128,000sf Health Professions Education Building                                                                                                                3  http://images.autodesk.com/adsk/files/final_2009_bim_smartmarket_report.pdf     3  
  4. 4. • 127,500sf Medical Research & Education Building • GC invested $250,000 of their own money to build a BIM model prior to the bid. They were awarded the bid and were $10 Million lower than the next bidderSUTTER HEALTH MEDICAL CENTER CASTRO VALLEY• GENERAL CONTRACTOR: DPR Construction• PROJECT COST: $320 Million• PROJECT SCOPE: 130-bed, acute care hospital, 230,000sf• Integrated Project Delivery (IPD): The team is using an 11-party Integrated Form of Agreement (IFOA) contract.• $1.2 Million savings in Actual Cost vs. Budget• Shaved 2.25 years off Design & Permit process• EXPECTED COMPLETION: 2013U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY• ARCHITECT CH2M-HILL• PROJECT COST: $100 Million• PROJECT SCOPE: 45,000sf High Explosives Pressing Facility • Blast resistant concrete • Extensive process piping • Eight separate electrical systems• BIM model uncovered over 500 serious design problems• Independent Cost Estimators calculated $10 million savings using BIMWHAT’S NEXT?IFMA members have taken the initiative to launch the BIM Lifecycle Operations Communityof Practice (BIMLO COP) to collaborate on and establish Best Practices and gather LessonsLearned on the use of technology, processes and policies for the built environment,primarily pertaining to BIM, which is evolving quickly incorporating live – real time datafrom Building Automation and Management Systems (BAS/BMS), connecting withIWMS/CMMS, EDMS, Geographic Information Systems (GIS), local weather data providersand 3rd party cloud based real estate data.IFMA’s BIMLO COP Vision Statement:To assist the Facility Management professional deliver optimal operating performance of thebuilt environment and its occupantsMisison Statement:To collaborate with other AEC non-profit organizations to develop BIM related best practicesand case studies used to educate IFMA members, enhancing the knowledge and value of theFacility ManagerYou’re welcome and encouraged to participate with other industry professionals of variouslevels in both our public facing social media portal on LinkedIn athttp://www.linkedin.com/groups/IFMA-Building-Information-Modeling-BIM-4552551 as wellas our IFMA Members Only website which you can access athttp://www.ifma.org/communities/bim/   4  
  5. 5. BIM RELATED RESOURCES• buildingSMARTalliance http://www.buildingsmartalliance.org• U.S. General Services Administration: 3D-4D Building Information Modeling http://www.gsa.gov/portal/category/21062• GSA Bim Guide For Facility Management http://www.gsa.gov/graphics/pbs/BIM_Guide_Series_Facility_Management.pdf• Construction Operations Building Information Exchange (COBie) www.wbdg.org/resources/cobie.php• IFMA http://www.ifma.org/resources/bim/• U.S. Army Corps Of Engineers CAD-BIM Center https://cadbim.usace.army.mil/%5C• The International Institute For Sustainable Laboratories (I2SL) http://www.i2sl.org/working/labfm.html• Stanford University Center For Integrated Facility Engineering (CIFE) http://cife.stanford.edu/publicationsFor more information, contact Andy Fuhrman, IFMA Fellow – FUHRMAN CONSULTINGandy.fuhrman.799@gmail.com   5  

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