IFMA World Workplace 2012 Session 6.11 \'The Value Of BIM For Lifecycle Management in Critical Facilities When Time Quality & Cost Matter\' presented by Andy Fuhrman, FUHRMAN Consulting on November 2, 2012
The Value Of BIM For Lifecycle Management in Critical Facilities When Time Quality & Cost Matter
THE VALUE OF BIM FOR LIFE CYCLEMANAGEMENT IN CRITICAL FACILITIES:WHEN TIME, QUALITY & COST MATTER Andy Fuhrman, IFMA Fellow President, FUHRMAN CONSULTING
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FIVE-QUESTION ASSESSMENT1. BIM only provides value for critical, high tech facilities such as labs, data/communication centers and health care facilities2. BIM is only used on new construction projects3. BIM projects may be developed with more than one type of software application4. During the design & construction phase, BIM only provides value to the Architects, Engineers & Construction firms, not the Owner/Operator/Facility Manager5. An Integrated Project Delivery (IPD) approach is essential to ensure Facility Managers have the information they need out of the BIM post construction
Meet Our Presenter:Andy Fuhrman, IFMA Fellow 20 Years Fast Track Commercial Construction for Silicon Valley High Tech Sector 20 Years Applying Technology for Construction, Real Estate & Facilities Management CAFM Services Consulting Services Bay Area Smart Permitting Project CEO, Open Standards Consortium for Real Estate Director, Cisco Smart+Connected Communities VP Product Development, Bricsnet Software FUHRMAN CONSULTING – Focusing on BIM for FM Operations
LEARNING OBJECTIVES Quick look at Office vs. High Reliability Builds and Costs Demystifying BIM: Review different types of models for different purposes. Identify the value proposition for FMs during the design, build and operate phases – Case Study: DPR Construction at Sutter Medical Center Review current opportunities & challenges facing the BIM stakeholder supply chain BIM resources
RESPONSE TO A RECENT EMAIL QUESTION“Andy, question on BIM. I have heard that implementing BIM in smallprojects, say 50ksf and under may not be cost effective and/or provide thehighest economic value. Also, whether you own or lease may be anotherfactor to consider.Question, is there a size below which the cost of the project does not justifyimplementation of BIM with the current state of the technology? also like tounderstand in terms of economic value and $$ examples.”My Response: It depends on what youre trying to accomplish with the BIM and the skills your internal/external resources have. Critical need to find the right team of GCs & Subs who know how to use these new tools and methods - in particular Integrated Project Delivery Approach (IPD) and Lean Construction practices. I dont believe the Own/Lease issue is a real factor. Its more about the complexity of what your building, minimizing the risk & potentially optimizing operating performance. The smaller the footprint, potentially the less there is to model which should minimize project cost. Complexity will increase BIM time/cost and lower risk. You just need to have the right qualified resources.
Why are there greater benefitsapplying BIM and related processes to Critical Facilities?
CONSTRUCTION COSTS: LABSSource: http://www.dgs.virginia.gov/LinkClick.aspx?fileticket=4FvFwgnGLH8%3D&tabid=1209
CONSTRUCTION COSTS: CLEAN ROOMS CONSTRUCTION $/SF ~ $260/sq ft for Class 100,000** ~ $525/sq ft for Class 100**Manufacturing facilitieshousing final sterileformulation and fillingprocessing steps for parenteralproducts that are designed toaccommodate the sterilecontrol methodologies ofaseptic processing cost on theorder of $700 - $900 per squarefoot.Source:http://www.cemag.us/article/life-sciences-aseptic-processing-vs-clean-manufacturing-biotech ** Source: http://www.mddionline.com/article/environmental-control-building-right-cleanroom-environment
COST AND INFRASTRUCTURE COMPARISON$185-$231/SF~ $525/SF
Demystifying BIMReview different types of models for different purposesIdentify the value proposition for FMs during the design, build and operate phases.
DEFINITION OF BIMBuilding Information Modeling (BIM) is a digital representation of physical andfunctional characteristics of a facility. A BIM is a shared knowledge resource forinformation about a facility forming a reliable basis for decisions during its life-cycle;defined as existing from earliest conception to demolition.The vision for NBIMS is “an improved planning, design, construction, operation,and maintenance process using a standardized machine-readable informationmodel for each facility, new or old, which contains all appropriate informationcreated or gathered about that facility in a format useable by all throughout itslifecycle.” Source: National Institute of Building Sciences
TRADITIONAL ARCHITECTURAL PROJECT DESIGN METHODS 2D CAD
INTELLIGENT BUILDING OBJECTS HVAC Total Estimated Demand http://www.generac.com/genApps/Libraries/Manuals/ Installation Manual ViewManual.aspx?ItemNbr=0H8218&dtMO=07/20/201 0&typ=m GRAPHIC 36” if against a non-combustible wall per Interference Offset NFPA37, otherwise 60” offsetName: Generator_60k-Watts_Single-Phase_Guardian- Length 76.77Series_QT06024_Generac MainsCategory: ElectricalEquipment Manufacturer Generac Power Systems, Inc.Parameters AVSX - 120/240 Volts Max #1 Pole Breakers04 CSI 26 32 13 Model95 CSI 16230 Model Number QT06024AVSXAmps LPG 250 ModificationsAmps NG 250 Mounting OmniClass Code 22-26 32 13Apparent Load Phase A http://www.generac.com/genApps/Libraries/Manuals/Apparent Load Phase B OWNERS MANUAL ViewManual.aspx?ItemNbr=0H7320&dtMO=08/09/201Apparent Load Phase C 0&typ=m Panel NameAssembly Code D5090200 Power Total Connected Clearance of 60” from any point Power Total Estimated recommended from windows, doors,Clearance Note 1 Demand any opening in the wall, and shrubs http://www.generac.com/Residential/Guardian/Produc or vegetation over 12” in height. Product URL ts/Guardian_Series_60_kW/Cost Rated Power (LPG/NG) 60,000 Watts/ 60,000 Wattsdb(A) at exercise 65dB(A) Short Circuit Ratingdb(A) at normal operating load 72dB(A) Show InterferenceDefault Elevation 0 http://www.mygenerac.com/PublicPDFs/0172610SBY.pDescription 60kW Standby Generator Sizing Guide dfDimensions 76.77x33.5x45.1 SMARTBIM Contact mailto:SMARTBIM@smartbim.comDistribution System SmartBIM Object Created SMARTBIM, LLCEnclosure Steel ByEngine 2.4L Inline 4 - Turbo SmartBIM Object Version 3Engine/Alternator RPM 3600 RPM SMARTBIM URL http://www.SMARTBIM.comFuel Consumption LPG cu ft/hr Technical Information http://www.generac.com/SpecSheets/0187700SBY.pdf 9 Total Connected(gal/hr) Total Estimated DemandFuel Consumption NG cu ft/hr 862 UnitGas Line Inlet 0.75 URL http://www.generac.com/Generator Weight 1441 Pounds Voltage 277/480 Three PhaseHeight 45.1 WattageHVAC Total Connected Width 33.5
PROJECT DELIVERY THESE APPLICATIONS PROVIDE SIGNIFICANT LIGHTING OPERATIONAL VALUE BYAEC FIRMS MAY USE MODELING DESIGNA VARIETY OF CONCEPTS THATSOFTWARE RESULT IN LOWERAPPLICATIONS IN LIFECYCLE ENERGYTHE CREATION OF A COST.BIM MODEL. SPEND $ UPFTRONTYOU MUST TAKE TO RECEIVE $$$$$THIS INTO SAVINGS OVER THECONSIDERATION AT LONG TERMTHE BEGINNING OFTHE PROJECT AS ITIMPACTS WHATINFORMATION WILLBE AVIALABLE FOROPERATIONS ANDTHE EFFORT/COSTREQUIRED TO GET IT THIS IS WHERE YOU WANT TO INTEGRATE THE BMS FM/RE TOOLS WITH THE BIM MODEL, THOUGH YOU NEED IWMS CMMS TO KNOW WHAT YOU WANT &NOTE: Though this is an COORDINATE WITHoutdate image, it does a THE AEC FIRMSgood job conveying thevariety of software DURING THEapplications that can be use CONTRACT, DESIGN-with BIM BUILD PHASE
INFORMATION TYPES Graphical images created by BIM• GRAPHICAL Software, GIS Systems, Manufacturers Catalogs Data created either in the BIM by AEC/FM stakeholders or created• DATABASE & LIVE SYSTEMS externally exchanged via Systems Integration methods including Web Services & COBie. Linked information may come as part of a document repository (different from a database), or linked to external web-based• HYPERLINKS sources such as the manufacturers equipment manuals, websites and external data sources . REMEMBER –Website URL’s tend to change over time.
DATA COLLECTION AND INTEGRATIONThe Construction-Operations Buildinginformation exchange (COBie)delivers building asset information.COBie provides a vendor-neutralinterchange format that allowsbuilding asset information to flowwithout the multiple stages ofrediscovery and rekeying requiredtoday. COBie is an international dataexchange specification called theIndustry Foundation Class (IFC)Facility Management HandoverModel View Definition (MVD).Source: http://www.wbdg.org/resources/cobie.php
DATA COLLECTION AND INTEGRATION COBie CHALLENGE Company Product Market Event Producer Consumer Method ARCHIBUS, Inc. ARCHIBUS FM Dec 2011 X COBie Spreadsheet v. 2.40 AssetWORKS AiM FM Mar 2010 X COBie Spreadsheet v. 2.26 AutoDesk Revit Design Jul 2008 X IFC 2x3 Coordination View AutoDesk Revit Design Jun 2010 COBie Spreadsheet v. 2.26 Bentley Architecture Design Mar 2010 X IFC 2x3 Coordination View DDS DDS-CADD MEP Design Dec 2009 X IFC 2x3 Coordination View EagleCMMS Proteus MMX FM Mar 2012 X COBie Spreadsheet v. 2.40 EcoDomus EcoDomus Construction Mar 2010 X X COBie Spreadsheet v. 2.26 FaME FaME FM Dec 2009 X IFC 2x3 Coordination View FM: Systems FM: Interact FM Mar 2012 X COBie Spreadsheet v. 2.40 Granlund RYHTI FM Dec 2009 X IFC 2x3 Coordination View Graphisoft ArchiCAD Design Dec 2009 IFC 2x3 Coordination View IBM MAXIMO FM Dec 2011 X COBie Spreadsheet v. 2.40 LATISTA LATISTA Field Construction Dec 2010 X X COBie Spreadsheet v. 2.26 MicroMain MicroMain FM Mar 2009 X COBie Spreadsheet v. 1.00 Nemetscheck VectorWorks Design Mar 2009 IFC 2x3 Coordination View Project BluePrint ProjectBluePrint FM Dec 2009 COBie Spreadsheet v. 1.00 Onuma Onuma System Multiple Mar 2012 X X COBie Spreadsheet v. 2.40 SMB Morada FM Dec 2009 X COBie Spreadsheet v. 2.24 TMA Systems TMA FM Mar 2012 X COBie Spreadsheet v. 2.40 VELA VELA Software Commissioning Mar 2010 X X COBie Spreadsheet v. 2.26 Vizelia Facility Online FM Dec 2009 X IFC 2x3 Coordination View The purpose of the March 2012 COBie Challenge was for CAFM/CMMS softwareSource: http://www.wbdg.org/resources/cobie.php vendors to demonstrate their products ability to consume COBie data
DATA COLLECTION AND INTEGRATION - WEB SERVICES
Opportunities & Challenges FacingThe BIM Stakeholder Supply Chain CASE STUDY:DPR Construction & Sutter Medical Center
SYSTEM THINKINGDr. W. Edwards Deming system’s thinking value stream
CASE STUDIES – DESIGN/BUILD RESEARCH 2 - UNIVERSITY OF COLORADO – DENVER TEXAS A&M HEALTH SCIENCE CENTER HEALTH SCIENCES CENTER • GENERAL CONTRACTOR: Satterfield & Pontikes • GENERAL CONTRACTOR: Mortenson Construction • PROJECT COST: $103.5 Million • PROJECT COST: $201 Million Project • PROJECT SCOPE: Two buildings • PROJECT SCOPE: 11 Floors - 540,000sf Bio-Medical • 128,000sf Health Professions Education Building Facility • 127,500sf Medical Research & Education Building • TECHNOLOGY: Used 3D & 4D BIM • GC invested $250,000 of their own money to build a BIM • BUSINESS VALUE REALIZED model prior to the bid. They were awarded the bid and • 74% Reduction in RFI’s during the Foundation phase were $10 Million lower than the next bidder • 47% Reduction in RFI’s during Steel Erection phase • Completed 2 months ahead of schedule & 6 months ahead of similar building for same client not using BIM • Mechanical Sub (U.S. Engineering) realized 50% reduction in labor and 50% reduction in schedule.SUTTER HEALTH MEDICAL CENTER CASTRO VALLEY U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY• GENERAL CONTRACTOR: DPR Construction • ARCHITECT CH2M-HILL• PROJECT COST: $320 Million • PROJECT COST: $100 Million• PROJECT SCOPE: 130-bed, acute care hospital, • PROJECT SCOPE: 45,000sf High Explosives Pressing Facility 230,000sf • Blast resistant concrete• Integrated Project Delivery (IPD): The team is using an • Extensive process piping 11-party Integrated Form of Agreement (IFOA) contract. • Eight separate electrical systems• $1.2 Million savings in Actual Cost vs. Budget • BIM model uncovered over 500 serious design problems• Shaved 2.25 years off Design & Permit process • Independent Cost Estimators calculated $10 million• EXPECTED COMPLETION: 2013 savings using BIM Source: McGraw-Hill: THE BUSINESS VALUE OF BIM - Getting Building Information Modeling to the Bottom Line
DATA EXCHANGE USE CASE: BIM IWMS WORK ORDER FULFILLMENT VIDEO DEMOS:AEC FIRMS Integrating Bricsnet Enterprise IWMS with BIM and GIS for FacilitiesOWNER & Lifecycle Management DATA ORIGINATION http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MJxAgVwIu-A Pasadena City College and Energy Sensors http://vimeo.com/43099369 ONUMA GRAPHICAL AND BIM MODEL GIS QUERIES & ANALYTICS BUILDING BRICSNET FLOOR SPACE WORK ORDERS ORGANIZATION ASSET
DATA EXCHANGE USE CASE: BIM FOR ACCELERATED DEPRECIATION AEC FIRMS BIM MODEL BUILDING BRICSNET FLOOR ASSET SPACE SEGREGATION ASSETOWNERS FINANCIAL SOFTWARE ASSET DEPRECIATION
DATA EXCHANGE USE CASE: BIM FOR ACCELERATED DEPRECIATION 5-7 Yr 39.5 Yr Align CSI Master Format Codes with IRS Schedule of Asset A building, termed "section (§) 1250 property", is generally 39-year property eligible for straight-line depreciation. Equipment, furniture and fixtures, termed "section (§) 1245 property", are tangible personal property. Tangible personal property has a short recovery period (e.g., 5 or 7 years) and is also eligible for accelerated depreciation (e.g., double declining balance). Thus, a faster depreciation write-off (and tax benefit) can be obtained by allocating property costs to § 1245 property, or by reallocating § 1250 property costs to § 1245 property. See IRS Accelerated Depreciation Publication 946 http://www.irs.gov/pub/irs-pdf/p946.pdfSource: http://www.cambridge-partners.com/IRS%20Cost%20Segregation%20Audit%20Techniques.pdf
DATA EXCHANGE USE CASE: BIM FOR ACCELERATED DEPRECIATION Present Value of Tax Savings Building, Construction and Year 1 Years 1 to 6 Facility TypeVALUE PROPOSITION Acquisition Cost ($ USD) ($ USD)• ASSETS - FF&E considered ($ USD) Personal Property and Restaurant 5,000,000 102,500 2.05% 410,500 8.21% qualifies for Accelerated Light Manufacturing 10,000,000 205,000 2.05% 821,000 8.21% Depreciation (5, 7, 10, 15, 20 years vs. 39.5) Distribution Center 10,000,000 82,000 0.82% 344,000 3.44% Distribution Center (REIT) 10,000,000 185,000 1.85% 774,000 7.74%• LABOR SAVINGS - Information quickly available Class A Office Building 10,000,000 126,500 1.27% 600,000 6.00% for analysis and modeling Senior Living Facility 10,000,000 132,500 1.33% 538,000 5.38% before construction begins. Auto Dealership 2,000,000 25,000 1.25% 107,000 5.35%• FINANCIAL ROI – Significant Bank 2,000,000 32,000 1.60% 136,000 6.80% Tax Savings and Building Cold Storage 2,000,000 46,000 2.30% 182,000 9.10% Owners charge more rent for Laboratories 10,000,000 164,000 1.64% 681,000 6.81% Building Improvements and Computer Data Center 10,000,000 220,000 2.20% 950,000 9.50% captures the federal tax depreciation benefit High Technology 10,000,000 239,000 2.39% 966,000 9.66% Golf Course 10,000,000 126,000 1.26% 672,000 6.72% Hotel 10,000,000 164,000 1.64% 681,000 6.81% Strip Mall 10,000,000 107,500 1.08% 450,000 4.50% Medical Office Building 10,000,000 88,500 0.89% 442,500 4.43% Multifamily 10,000,000 91,000 0.91% 341,000 3.41% Class C Office Building 10,000,000 82,500 0.83% 395,000 3.95%
CBRE CASE STUDIES: DATA CENTER COST SEGREGATION ACQUISITION – SUPERCOMPUTER LLC A real estate investor acquired a 103,000 square foot multi- tenant data center & office building in Minneapolis for $4,300,000. Through a CBRE Cost Segregation analysis they moved $1,000,000 from 39 year life to 5 year life. This resulted in a $343,000 reduction of corporate income taxes owed over first six years of ownership (deferred to future years). A net present value benefit of $203,000 was achieved. NEW CONSTRUCTION – US BANK• TIER I DATA CENTER (99.671% availability—about 28.8 hours of downtime per year): $450 per square foot US Bank built a Tier 3, 138,000 square foot data center in Olathe, KS for $76,500,000.• TIER II DATA CENTER (99.749% availability—about 22.0 hours of downtime per year): $600 per square foot Through a CBRE Cost Segregation analysis they were able to assign $46,300,000 (60% of construction costs) to a 5 year tax• TIER III DATA CENTER (99.982% availability—about 1.6 hours depreciation life. of downtime per year): $900 per square foot As compared to putting the entire cost in a 39-year tax life, this• TIER IV DATA CENTER (99.995% availability—about 0.4 hours reduced their tax obligations over the first six years of ownership of downtime per year): $1,100 per square foot by $16,500,000 (deferred to future years).http://www.datacenterjournal.com/design/the-price-of-data-center-availability A net present value benefit of more than $10,000,000 was achieved. Source CBRE: http://www.cbre.us/services/office/critical-environment/Pages/cost-segregation.aspx
PROJECT DELIVERY LIGHTING BMS IWMS CMMSNOTE: Though this is anoutdated image, it does agood job conveying thevariety of softwareapplications that can be usewith BIM
SOFTWARE USE BY BUILDING INFORMATION MODEL STAKEHOLDER ARCHITECT • BENTLEY BUILDING • BENTLEY NAVIGATOR • AUTODESK NAVISWORKS • TEKLA BIMSIGHT • CMIC • NEWFORMA STRUCTURAL ENGINEER MEP ENGINEERCIVIL ENGINEER • REVIT STRUCTURE • REVIT MEP• AUTOCAD CIVIL 3D FIRE PROTECTION ENGINEER INFORMATION & COMMUNICATION SECURITY SYSTEM ENGINEER • MAGICAD SPRINKLER TECHNOLOGY ENGINEER • AUTOCAD • REVIT MEP • AUTOCAD GENERAL CONTRACTOR • AUTODESK AUTOCAD • AUTODESK BIM 360 GLUE • AUTODESK NAVISWORKS STEEL FABRICATION & HVAC • AUTODESK REVIT ERECTION CONTRACTOR CONTRACTOR • AUTODESK • TEKLA 3D BIM • CADDUCT • CMIC • AUTOCAD • GOOGLE SKETCHUP • PRIMAVERA P6 PLUMBING CONTRACTOR • PROJECTWISE • CADPIPE • SYNCHRO • TEKLA • TIMBERLINE • VELA SYSTEMS ELECTRICAL CONTRACTOR • AUTOCAD MEP GLAZING CONTRACTOR • RHINO FIRE SPRINKLER • AUTODESK INVENTOR CONTRACTOR • REVIT • AUTOCAD PLANT 3D ROOFING CONTRACTOR • REVIT STRUCTURE BIM REPOSITORY BENTLEY PROJECTWISE BIM COLLABORATION PLATFORM BOX DOCUMENT REPOSITORY
SOFTWARE USE BY BUILDING INFORMATION MODEL STAKEHOLDER
DATA INTEGRATION: BIM IWMS/CMMS/EAMS/BMS• How do we get information from all these AEC applications to FM/RE?• What information do you really need?• Will you use traditional IWMS/CMMS applications or new tools?• Do you have right workforce who can use BIM authoring tools?• Is your organization capable and willing to embrace the Change required to adopt new methods, NEW AEC policies and technologies? TOOLS• What’s the maturity level of our industry and ability to integrate these applications?
BIM LIFECYCLE OPERATIONS COMMUNITY OF PRACTICE
BIM RESOURCES• VELA – NAVISWORKS COMMISSIONING VIDEO http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CnXaMtrM1ug• THE BUSINESS VALUE OF BIM - Getting Building Information Modeling to the Bottom Line - McGraw-Hill: http://images.autodesk.com/adsk/files/final_2009_bim_smartmarket_report.pdf• BUILDINGSMART ALLIANCE http://www.buildingsmartalliance.org• ONUMA http://onuma.com/ Full Video Available @ http://vimeo.com/43099369• ECODOMUS http://www.ecodomus.com/ Check out their PowerPoints at http://www.slideshare.net/brownkr111/ecodomus-bimfm- presentation-chicago-bim-ipd-group-april-2012• U.S. GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION: 3D-4D BUILDING INFORMATION MODELING http://www.gsa.gov/portal/category/21062• GSA BIM GUIDE FOR FACILITY MANAGEMENT http://www.gsa.gov/graphics/pbs/BIM_Guide_Series_Facility_Management.pdf• CONSTRUCTION OPERATIONS BUILDING INFORMATION EXCHANGE (COBie) www.wbdg.org/resources/cobie.php• IFMA http://www.ifma.org/resources/bim/• U.S. ARMY CORPS OF ENGINEERS CAD-BIM CENTER https://cadbim.usace.army.mil/%5C• THE INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTE FOR SUSTAINABLE LABORATORIES (I2SL) http://www.i2sl.org/working/labfm.html• STANFORD UNIVERSITY CENTER FOR INTEGRATED FACILITY ENGINEERING (CIFE) http://cife.stanford.edu/publications
Thank You! Be sure to evaluate the session at theregistration kiosk or online at http://ceu.experient- inc.com/WWC121 Thanks to DPR Construction for use of their case study material For more information please contact: Andy Fuhrman, IFMA Fellow FUHRMAN CONSULTING firstname.lastname@example.org +1.831.458.3346