Upcoming SlideShare
×

(5) diphthongs

64,919 views

Published on

115 Likes
Statistics
Notes
• Full Name
Comment goes here.

Are you sure you want to Yes No
• thank you

Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
• Well-done!

Are you sure you want to  Yes  No

Are you sure you want to  Yes  No

Are you sure you want to  Yes  No

Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
Views
Total views
64,919
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
18
Actions
Shares
0
0
11
Likes
115
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

(5) diphthongs

1. 1. Diphthong Presentation FormatTranscriptionPronunciationDIPHTHONGShttp://www.slideshare.net/Andriyanieka12
2. 2. What is a diphthong? “Diphthong is a vowel sound in which the tonguechanges position to produce the sound of twovowels”.(Cambridge Advanced Learner’s Dictionary)• “Diphthong is a single sound produced when twovowels (one dominant in duration and stress, andone reduced in duration and stress), are pairedtogether in a sequence”.(Linda I. House: Introductory Phonetics and Phonology).
3. 3.  There are eight diphthongs commonlyused in English. They are: /eɪ/, /aɪ/,/əʊ/, /aʊ/, /ɔɪ/, /ɪə/, /eə/, and /ʊə/.
4. 4.  It is important to note that the close combination ofthe two vowels causes each of the vowels to lose itspure quality. For instance, the /ɪ/ in [aɪ] is quitedifferent from the /ɪ/ in [ɪt]. In phonological patterns, diphthongs are labeledusing a single “V” (not “V V”) because they actas one sound. Although diphthongs are considered as thecombination of two vowels, never put the lengthmarker (ː) when combine and transcribe them inphonetic symbols.
5. 5. PRESENTATION FORMAT:Diphthongs:The First Vowels: The Second Vowels:Closeness: Frontness: Rounding: Closeness: Frontness: Rounding:[eɪ] open-mid front unrounded near-close near-front unrounded[aɪ] open back unrounded near-close near-front unrounded[əʊ] mid central unrounded near-close near-back rounded[aʊ] open back unrounded near-close near-back rounded[ɔɪ] open-mid back rounded near-close near-front unrounded[ɪə] near-close near-front unrounded mid central unrounded[eə] open-mid front unrounded mid central unrounded[ʊə] near-close near-back rounded mid central unrounded
6. 6.  Because diphthongs are composed of vowels, theyare also described using the parameters ofcloseness (height), frontness, and rounding. The parameters are listed using vowel closeness(height), frontness, and rounding of the first voweland then followed by the second vowel.Thus, to make a sound parameter of /eɪ/ for example, we candescribe it as:“/eɪ/ is an open-mid, front, unrounded vowel moving tonear-close, near-front, unrounded vowel ”.
7. 7. The Phonetic Transcriptions of theEnglish Diphthongs in Words:Diphthong: Word: Phonetic Transcription:[eɪ] pay /peɪ/[aɪ] five /faɪv/[əʊ] home /həʊm/[aʊ] now /naʊ/[ɔɪ] join /dʒɔɪn/[ɪə] near /nɪə(r)/[eə] hair /heə(r)/[ʊə] pure /pjʊə(r)/
8. 8. /aI/ The /a/ is longer in duration and formsthe nucleus of the diphthong, while /ɪ/ isshorter and unstressed. Time /taɪm/ Fly /flaɪ/ Tie /taɪ/(1)
9. 9. /aʊ/ The /a/ is longer in duration and formsthe nucleus of the diphthong, while the/ʊ/ is shorter and unstressed. Cow /kaʊ/ Loud /laʊd/ How /haʊ/(2)
10. 10. /ɔɪ/ The /ɔ/ in longer in duration and formsthe nucleus of the diphthong, while the/ɪ/ is shorter and unstressed. Boy /bɔɪ/ Boil /bɔɪl/ Oil /ɔɪl/(3)
11. 11. /eɪ/ The /e/ is longer in duration and formsthe nucleus of the diphthong, while the/ɪ/ is shorter and unstressed. Say /seɪ/ Brain /breɪn/ Game /geɪm/(4)
12. 12. /eə/ The /e/ is longer in duration and formsthe nucleus of the diphthong, while the/ə/ is shorter and unstressed. There /ðeə(r)/ Bear /beə(r)/ Share /ʃeə(r)/(5)
13. 13. /ɪə/ The /ɪ/ is longer in duration and formsthe nucleus of the diphthong, while /ə/ isshorter and unstressed. Here /hɪə(r)/ Dear /dɪə(r)/ Gear /gɪə(r)/(6)
14. 14. /ʊə/ The /ʊ/ is longer in duration and formsthe nucleus of the diphthong, while /ə/ isshorter and unstressed. Pure /pjʊə(r)/ Purify /pjʊərɪfaɪ/ You’re /jʊə(r)/(7)
15. 15. /əʊ/ The /ə/ is longer in duration and formsthe nucleus of the diphthong, while /ʊ/ isshorter and unstressed. Toast /təʊst/ Coke /kəʊk/ Globe /gləʊb/(8)
16. 16.  Diphthongs can appear in the initial, medial, or finalposition of words, such as in:aisle /aIl/ → initial positionbear /beə(r)/ → medial positionbuy /baɪ/ → final positionTo label the combinations and the order of phonemes in asyllable or a word, the phonological patterns are used.For examples:aisle /aIl/ = VC (Vowel-Consonant)bear /beə(r)/ = CVC (Consonant-Vowel-Consonant)buy /baɪ/ = CV (Consonant-Vowel)
17. 17. EXERCISE: Transcribe the following contrast intophonetics and label the phonological pattern(remember the diphthong counts as one V(vowel)).For example: night [nait] = CVC (n ai t)C V C
18. 18. WORD:PHONETICTRANSCRIPTIONLABEL:WORD:PHONETICTRANSCRIPTIONLABEL:mice ……………… ? mouse ……………… ?bye ……………… ? bout ……………… ?high ……………… ? how ……………… ?file ……………… ? fowl ……………… ?find ……………… ? found ……………… ?type ……………… ? taste ……………… ?bite ……………… ? bound ……………… ?dine ……………… ? down ……………… ?nine ……………… ? noun ……………… ?ply ……………… ? plow ……………… ?
19. 19. WORD:PHONETICTRANSCRIPTIONLABEL:WORD:PHONETICTRANSCRIPTIONLABEL:toy ……………… ? tie ……………… ?say ……………… ? brain ……………… ?boy ……………… ? buy ……………… ?voice ……………… ? vise ……………… ?point ……………… ? pain ……………… ?oil ……………… ? aisle ……………… ?poise ……………… ? pie ……………… ?coke ……………… ? globe ……………… ?dear ……………… ? hear ……………… ?