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14. review (Intro to linguistics: unit 1 to 13)


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14. review (Intro to linguistics: unit 1 to 13)

  1. 1. REVIEW
  2. 2. Choose the Correct Answer 10 items
  3. 3. 1. The branch of linguistics that studies the stock of words in a language is called ……. a. lexicology c. morphology b. lexicography d. syntaxAnswer: a. lexicology2. The words which are the result of method of representing words that is considering word form only (not meaning) is known as ………. a. orthographic words c. lexical words b. morphological words d. semantic wordsAnswer: b. morphological words
  4. 4. 3. A phrase that modifies a noun and built upon an adjective which functions as the headword of the phrase is …… a. verb phrase c. noun phrase b. adjective phrase d. preposition phraseAnswer: b. adjective phrase4. The underlined words in the sentence “he talked very slowly” is the example of ……… a. noun phrase b. adjective phrase b. adverb phrase d. verb phraseAnswer: b. adverb phrase
  5. 5. 5. The process or result of forming new words, which derived from words or group of words with the same root, is called ……. a. word classes c. word order b. word formation d. backformationAnswer: b. word formation6. The process of joining two words together by taking parts of both words and combining the parts into a new whole is called ….. a. compounding c. acronymy b. clipping d. blendingAnswer: d. blending
  6. 6. 7. The process of joining two or more words into an integrated single word is…… a. coining (invention) c. compounding b. backformation d. blendingAnswer: c. compounding8. The underlined words in the sentence “she has been talking to me for two hours” is the example of …… a. verb phrase c. preposition phrase b. adverb phrase d. adjective phraseAnswer: a. verb phrase
  7. 7. 9. The process of putting one or more constituents inside a sentence is known as …… a. deletion c. transposition b. insertion d. substitutionAnswer: b. insertion10. Which of the following does not represent the example of a declarative sentence? a. He put a book on the table. b. He is a good student. c. Don’t walk on the grass. d. The girl is very attractive.Answer: c. Don’t walk on the grass.
  8. 8. Feel in the Blanks withAppropriate terminologies 10 items
  9. 9. (1) Arbitrary system of creative vocal symbols used as a means of communication is called ________. language(2) A cluster is when two consonants of different places of ______ articulation are produced together in the same syllable.(3) Based on whether there is a change of word class or meaning, morpheme can be classified into _________ derivational morpheme and inflectional morpheme. _________(4) In the sentence I want to know who you are, the word class of the underlined word is _______. pronoun(5) Consonant is described based on the three classifications. They are: manner of articulation, place of articulation, and voicing. _______________________________________
  10. 10. (6) The study of speech sounds is further divided into the study of _________ phonetics, _______ phonetics, and _______ phonetics. articulatory auditory acoustic Morpheme(7) ___________ is the smallest meaningful morphological unit of a language that cannot be further divided or analyzed. Allomorph(8) _________ is one of two or more complementary morphs which manifest a morpheme in its different phonological or morphological environments.(9) The three categories of antonym are implicitly graded antonym, complementary antonym, and ____________________ relational pairs / converseness antonym. Hyponym(10) ________ is the state or phenomenon that shows the relationship between more general term (lexical representation) and the more specific instances of it.
  11. 11. Match the sentence on the left column with theterminologies on the right columnby writing the corresponding letter on the spaces. 10 items
  12. 12. (1) Very quickly and every year are the examples of …  (a) Synonym(2) …… is when the words have the same or identical  (b) noun clause meaning as another word or phrase.(3) An adjective clause is also known as …..  (c) simple sentence(4) A sentence in the form of question, which is used to  (d) taxonomy request information, is called …..(5) Sentence which consists of one independent clause with  (e) adverb phrases no dependent clause is called a ……(6) The state or phenomenon in which the word that has more  than one meaning and is considered to be related (f) compound sentence etymologically is the definition of …… (7) “I don’t know what you want” is the example of …. (g) relative clause(8) A sentence that gives orders, makes requests, and usually  (h) imperative sentence has no obvious subject is known as …..(9) A sentence consists of two or more independent clauses  (i) interrogative sentence with no dependent clause; usually linked by the coordinating conjunction is called ……(10) The relationship between the general term and the  specific instances is often described using a hierarchical (j) Polysemy …….
  13. 13. Identify the word class (part of speech) of the following underlined words. 5 items
  14. 14. (1) The students who are in my class come from many countries. my (pronoun) come (verb)(2) She spoke slowly to the stranger. slowly (adverb) stranger (noun)(3) We will go to the bookstore tomorrow. the (determiner) tomorrow (adverb)(4) I’d be happy to make a sandwich for you. happy (adjective) for (preposition)(5) I don’t know whether they like the cake. whether (conjunction) they (pronoun)
  15. 15. Identify the kind of sentence based on its grammatical structure (simple, compound, complex, or compound-complex) of the following sentences: 5 items
  16. 16. 1. Some imported goods are very expensive because the taxes on them are high. COMPLEX SENTENCE2. She cleans the room and brushes her teeth every day. COMPOUND SENTENCE3. Mary went to the library to study. SIMPLE SENTENCE4. Although I like to go camping, I haven’t had the time to go lately, and I haven’t found anyone to go with. COMPOUND-COMPLEX SENTENCE5. I’m very tired but I have to stay up late tonight. COMPOUND SENTENCE
  17. 17. Answer the following questions completely.
  18. 18. 1. What is a clause? Mention types of clauses, and give an example of each type.2. What is antonym? Mention the kinds of antonyms, and give examples.3. What is phrase? Mention the kinds of phrases, and give examples.