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Slums By Andrezz16  pls mention when you next use it..!!!
<ul><li>Contents </li></ul><ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Facts </li></ul><ul><li>...
Definition Of Slums <ul><li>A  slum , as defined by the United Nations agency UN-HABITAT, is a run-down area of a city cha...
Characteristics of Slums <ul><li>Slums are characteristics that vary from place to place </li></ul><ul><li>Slums are usual...
Facts on slums <ul><li>25% of India’s population live on less than one dollar a day </li></ul><ul><li>49% of Mumbai’s popu...
Comments on Slums <ul><li>ANAK DESA says that  India should arrest the Huge gap between the industrialization and poverty ...
Comments on Slums <ul><li>Danny  Boyle was fascinated by the vibrant spirit of the people, who live there.  </li></ul><ul>...
Dharavi <ul><li>Dharavi  is a slum and administrative ward, over parts of Sion, Bandra(E), Kurla and Kalina suburbs of Mum...
 
 
What Causes Slums in the Cities in the First Place? Population  Slow economic growth Poverty More opportunities in cities ...
What Causes Slums in the Cities in the First Place? <ul><li>It is vicious cycle of population growth, people migrate to ci...
International experience <ul><li>USA </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial revolution created much needed jobs while </li></ul><ul>...
 
Population contro l More Housing Education Incentives More and even growth Proper Planning Swift implementation Awareness ...
Conclusion <ul><li>Poverty, slums and urban squat are not going to go away in next 20 to 25 years </li></ul><ul><li>Revers...
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Slums in India

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Slums in India!!!!!!!!

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Slums in India

  1. 1. Slums By Andrezz16 pls mention when you next use it..!!!
  2. 2. <ul><li>Contents </li></ul><ul><li>Definition </li></ul><ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Facts </li></ul><ul><li>Comments </li></ul><ul><li>Dharavi </li></ul><ul><li>Arial view of the slums </li></ul><ul><li>Conditions in the slum area </li></ul><ul><li>Causes </li></ul><ul><li>Methods taken </li></ul><ul><li>Statistics of slums </li></ul><ul><li>Brainstorming </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusion </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definition Of Slums <ul><li>A slum , as defined by the United Nations agency UN-HABITAT, is a run-down area of a city characterized by substandard housing and squalor and lacking in tenure security . </li></ul><ul><li>According to the UN one billion people live in slums. </li></ul><ul><li>The term has traditionally referred to housing areas that were once respectable but which deteriorated as the original dwellers moved on to newer and better parts of the city, but has come to include the vast informal settlements found in cities in the developing world. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Characteristics of Slums <ul><li>Slums are characteristics that vary from place to place </li></ul><ul><li>Slums are usually characterized by urban decay, high rates of poverty, and unemployment </li></ul><ul><li>They are commonly seen as &quot;breeding grounds&quot; for social problems such as crime, drug addiction, alcoholism, high rates of mental illness, and suicide </li></ul><ul><li>In many slums, especially in poor countries, many live in very narrow alleys that do not allow vehicles to pass </li></ul>
  5. 5. Facts on slums <ul><li>25% of India’s population live on less than one dollar a day </li></ul><ul><li>49% of Mumbai’s population live in Slums </li></ul><ul><li>There are 5,072 slums in Kolkata </li></ul><ul><li>Total surface area of the 5,072 slums is 25 square km, equivalent to 16 per cent of the entire surface area of Kolkata. </li></ul><ul><li>(Total area of the city is 187 sq km) </li></ul><ul><li>Forty per cent of Pune's population, an estimated 14 lakh people, live in slums. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Comments on Slums <ul><li>ANAK DESA says that India should arrest the Huge gap between the industrialization and poverty </li></ul><ul><li>The Government and particularly the politicians must have the political will to change the landscape of India instead of political baggage’s </li></ul>
  7. 7. Comments on Slums <ul><li>Danny Boyle was fascinated by the vibrant spirit of the people, who live there. </li></ul><ul><li>He calls them inspirational because they have very little, but what they do with it defines them </li></ul><ul><li>He found the sense of life in slums, not only resourceful but addictive - a sense of being in the centre of life </li></ul>
  8. 8. Dharavi <ul><li>Dharavi is a slum and administrative ward, over parts of Sion, Bandra(E), Kurla and Kalina suburbs of Mumbai, India </li></ul><ul><li>Sandwiched between Mahim in the west and Sion in the east, is Dharavi </li></ul><ul><li>Spread over an area of 175 hectares, </li></ul><ul><li>Dharavi has a population of more than 600,000 people according to the Time Magazine </li></ul><ul><li>In the expensive Mumbai, Dharavi provides a cheap alternative where rents can be as low as 4 US dollars per month </li></ul>
  9. 11. What Causes Slums in the Cities in the First Place? Population Slow economic growth Poverty More opportunities in cities Inadequate housing in cities Government connivance Slums Urban Migration
  10. 12. What Causes Slums in the Cities in the First Place? <ul><li>It is vicious cycle of population growth, people migrate to cities for job opportunities but are not well educated and get low income. </li></ul><ul><li>Unable to find housing which they can afford, they decide to build their own shelter close to office. First one shelter then two and then ten thousand. </li></ul><ul><li>Conniving governments look at slums as vote bank. They provide electricity and drinking water. They organise unauthorised dwellers into political purposes hence slums took a bit of a permanent shape. </li></ul><ul><li>The key reason for slums is the slow economic progress </li></ul>
  11. 13. International experience <ul><li>USA </li></ul><ul><li>Industrial revolution created much needed jobs while </li></ul><ul><li>first world war provided a boost to the US economy </li></ul><ul><li>Briton </li></ul><ul><li>Colonization and Industrial revolution helped UK </li></ul><ul><li>eradicate slums </li></ul><ul><li>Key </li></ul><ul><li>Wide spread economic growth </li></ul>
  12. 15. Population contro l More Housing Education Incentives More and even growth Proper Planning Swift implementation Awareness Print Media Electronic Media Adequate budget depoliticisation Brainstorming
  13. 16. Conclusion <ul><li>Poverty, slums and urban squat are not going to go away in next 20 to 25 years </li></ul><ul><li>Reversal of this phenomenon will begin after sufficient economic progress has been made </li></ul><ul><li>Eight percent GDP growth is a good sign. With quadrupled GDP in 25 years, there is a good chance that the new and upcoming generation may stay away from slum dwelling </li></ul><ul><li>It may take another 25 years before the slums are extinct </li></ul>
  14. 17. Thank you

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