Cyclone in india


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The Cyclone Aila had devastating effects on eastern India..... Pls Comment and make it your favourite.

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Cyclone in india

  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>Formed: 23 May 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Dissipated: 26 May 2009 </li></ul><ul><li>Highest Winds: 120km/h (1m sustained) </li></ul><ul><li>Lowest Pressure: 968hPa </li></ul><ul><li>Fatalities: 325 total, >8000 missing </li></ul><ul><li>Damage: $552.6 million </li></ul><ul><li>Areas Affected: India, Bangladesh </li></ul>
  3. 3. Meteorogical History <ul><li>On 21 May 2009, the Joint Typhoon Warning Center reported a Tropical Disturbance had persisted about 950 kilometres (590 mi) to the south of Kolkata, in India and had developed. </li></ul><ul><li>During 22 May 2009, the disturbance developed further with a Tropical Cyclone Formation Alert being issued early the next day by the JTWC as the low level circulation center had become stronger and more defined. </li></ul><ul><li>Later that day, RSMC New Delhi reported that the deep depression had intensified into a Cyclonic storm and had been named as Aila whilst located about 350 kilometres (220 mi) to the southeast of Sagar Island. </li></ul><ul><li>Aila became a severe cyclonic storm at 06UTC on May 25 and made landfall at its peak intensity (60kt, 967hPa) between 08 and 09UTC. </li></ul>
  5. 5. PREPARATIONS <ul><li>Officials in India evacuated thousands of residents from coastal areas ahead of Cyclone Aila. </li></ul><ul><li>In addition, several warning alerts were issued before the cyclone hit Kolkata; however, no alarm bells were rung. </li></ul><ul><li>In the Bhola District of Bangladesh, an estimated 500,000 people evacuated to higher areas and shelters as Aila neared landfall. </li></ul><ul><li>Tourists were advised to stay in their hotels due to the short amount of time to prepare for the storm. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Resultant Damage Large number of water resources were contaminated by salination Crops were destroyed, parts of the land were waterlogged or effected by salination. Extensive loss of livestock and draught animals 80% of the forest cover as damaged badly along with plantations.
  7. 7. IMPACT ON INDIA <ul><li>In India, at least 149 people were killed, and hundreds others were left homeless as torrential rains led to flooding. </li></ul><ul><li>In northern areas of the state, heavy rains triggered numerous landslides in that killed 22 people and left 6 others missing. At least 50,000 hectares of agricultural land was lost during the storm, costing an estimated Rs. 125 crore (US$26.3 million). </li></ul><ul><li>Throughout the state, an estimated 40,000 homes were destroyed and 132,000 others were damaged. At least 350,000 people affected by Aila. </li></ul>
  8. 8. IMPACT ON INDIA <ul><li>The storm also produced torrential rains and high winds in eastern portions of Orissa state. An estimated 1,000 acres of Orissa cropland were lost due to Aila. </li></ul><ul><li>The remnants of Aila produced gusty winds and heavy rains in the eastern Indian state of Meghalaya between 25 and 26 of May. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Environmental Impact <ul><li>The Sunderbans, a region which houses 265 of the endangered Bengal Tiger, was inundated with 6.1 m (20 ft) of water. </li></ul><ul><li>Dozens of the tigers are feared to have drowned in Aila's storm surge along with deer and crocodiles. </li></ul><ul><li>As of 27 May 2009 (2009 -05-27), one tiger has been found alive; it was found in a waterlogged cowshed following the cyclone's landfall. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Environmental Impact <ul><li>Additionally the forest remains under an estimated 2.4 m (7.9 ft) of water. On 27 May, conservationists have begun a search for the tigers throughout the forest. </li></ul><ul><li>The search teams were supplied with fresh drinking water for the tigers as their natural water source was inundated with salt water from Aila's storm surge. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Aftermath of the Cyclone <ul><li>Army was deployed to the affected areas. The next day, the army used helicopters to provide food to the affected population. </li></ul><ul><li>About 2,500 troops were deployed to West Bengal on 26 May 2009. </li></ul><ul><li>Several naval relief teams were deployed to the Sunderbans region where an estimated 400,000 people were marooned by flooding. </li></ul><ul><li>Roughly 100 relief camps were established in West Bengal shortly after the storm passed. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Aftermath of the Cyclone <ul><li>On 27 May, 400 troops form the National Disaster Response Force were deployed to the state for relief operations. </li></ul><ul><li>The Government of India released Indian rupee 10,000,000 (US $209,775) in relief funds to the affected areas on 26 May. </li></ul><ul><li>Two MI-17 helicopters were also sent to air-drop food supplies to the worst affected areas in West Bengal. </li></ul>
  13. 13. THE SUNDERBANS <ul><li>In the Sunderbans delta zone, gigantic waves caused by the cyclone have destroyed around 400 kilometers of embankments, flooding hundreds of the villages </li></ul><ul><li>Brackish water entering farmlands has ruined crops and wiped out all stocks of freshwater fish and shrimp. </li></ul>
  14. 14. THE SUNDERBANS <ul><li>Village after village lay submerged. According to experts, Sunderbans has never been hit by such a destructive storm in the last three decades. </li></ul><ul><li>Apart from the human tragedy, the cyclone and subsequent floods has badly affected the mangrove forests of Sunderbans and presumably caused a sizable damage to its animal life by sweeping away a large number of highly endangered Bengal tigers, crocodiles, wild boars and spotted deer. </li></ul>
  15. 15. THANK YOU