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EDTECH & EQUITY
Andrew Campbell (@acampbell99)
Robbie McKay (@RobbJMacKay)
THOUGHT EXPERIMENT
If a pedestrian jumped in front of your car and you couldn’t stop in time what would you do?
Would you ...
DO AUTONOMOUSVEHICLES HAVE A MORAL COMPASS?
If a pedestrian runs out in front of a self-driving car, and the car can eithe...
Do We Make Our Tools, Or Do They Make Us??
THE WAY
HUMANS MAKE
AND USETOOLS
IS PERHAPS WHAT
SETS OUR SPECIES
APART MORE
THAN ANYTHING
ELSE.
Homo Habilis- The Tool Ma...
TECHNOLOGICAL
PROGRESS WITHOUT
AN EQUIVALENT
PROGRESS IN HUMAN
INSTITUTIONS CAN
DOOM US.THE
SCIENTIFIC
REVOLUTION
REQUIRES...
JOHN HANKE, CEO OF NIANTIC
Born in Cross Plains,Texas (1967)
Worked on Meridian 59 (first MMORPG)
Co-Founded data visualiza...
• A FREE LOCATION-BASED
AUGMENTED REALITY GAME
• RELEASED IN SELECTED COUNTRIES
IN JULY 2016
• PLAYERS USE A MOBILE DEVICE...
KENDRA JAMES
Writer & Pokemon Go Player
On July 13 rode the bus from
Irvington NJ to NYC
Fewer or no Pokestops in
predomin...
• CROWDSOURCE #MYPOKEHOOD
• PLACESTHAT HAVE PEOPLE OF
COLOR INTHEM DON’T HAVE
POKESTOPS
• CONFIRMED BY RESEARCH.WHITE
AREA...
“A DEATH SENTENCE IFYOU ARE
A BLACK MAN”
“The premise of Pokemon GO
asks me to put my life in danger
if I chose to play it...
HOW DIDTHIS HAPPEN??
Pokemon Go was superimposed on
top of the location based sites
selected for Ingress
The locations in ...
TECHNOLOGY IS MOSTLY
CREATED BY WHITE MEN
More white and male than the rest
of the private sector (EOC, 2016)
68.5% vs 63....
TECHNOLOGY PREDOMINANTLY BENEFITSTHE
WEALTHY
Statistics Canada’s 2010 Canadian Internet Use Survey found education, income...
TECHNOLOGY BENEFITSTHE WEALTHY
“Only 60 per cent of those in the lowest household income
bracket (below $25,000) reported ...
THE I IN EQUITY
I’m responsible for equity in
digital technology in
elementary classrooms.
Systemic Action
Not more $$$, smarter $$
$
Not more $$$, smarter $$
$
• High quality
Not more $$$, smarter $$
$
• High quality
• Well-supported
Not more $$$, smarter $$
$
• High quality
• Well-supported
• Needed
In my classroom
In my classroom
Explicit teaching
In my classroom
Explicit teaching
• Basic skills (keyboarding, speech to text)
In my classroom
Explicit teaching
• Basic skills (keyboarding, speech to text)
• Critical use (research, triangulaltion,
b...
Find your people.
Find your people.
@alicekeeler

@MatthewOldridge
@audreywatters

@zbpipe

@fryed
@murray_deem
@acampbell99
@jessysaurusrex...
TECHNOLOGY AND GENDER
COLOSSUS:THE WORLD’S FIRST “MODERN” COMPUTER
Developed at Bletchley Park by Alan Turing as part of the Allies effort to br...
A LONG HISTORY OF WOMEN
ANDTECHNOLOGY
8,000 women worked at Bletchley Park, far outnumbering the men.
ORIGINAL PROGRAMMERS OF ENIAC
The first electronic general purpose computer was programmed by Betty Jennings, Betty Snyder,...
MARGARET HAMILTON
Margaret Hamilton wrote the code for Apollo 11’s on-board flight software, received NASA’s
Exceptional Sp...
GRACE HOPPER
The “Mother of COBOL” was a United States Navy officer and the first programmer of the Harvard Mark I. She
popu...
• DR. GRACE HOPPER :
“PROGRAMMING IS JUST LIKE
PLANNING A DINNER.YOU HAVE
TO PLAN AHEAD AND SCHEDULE
EVERYTHING SOTHAT IT’...
WHAT HAPPENED?? SEXISM
Male Programmers created
professional associations and
educational requirements to
increase prestig...
ANTI-SOCIAL COMPUTER GEEK
Companies started to hire programmers with personality profiles that showed “disinterest in
peopl...
WHAT’STHE RESULT?
In 1985 40% of Computer
Science undergraduates where
female
Today only 17% are women.
According to U.S. ...
ARE WOMEN BETTER CODERS?
Study results released in February
2016
1.4 million users, the largest scale
study of gender bias...
• Supporting girls development in math
and science
• Ladies Learning Code
(ladieslearningcode.com)
• Teach coding in eleme...
TECHNOLOGY AND RACE
• one of the first black
technologists
• developed high-speed
semiconductor computer-
memory systems at Fairchild
Semicondu...
ROY CLAY
a SiliconValley pioneer
worked as the research and
development director of Hewlett-
Packard (HP)'s computer divis...
LESSTHAN 1% OF
OFTECHNICAL
EMPLOYEES AT
GOOGLE,
FACEBOOK, ETC.
ARE PEOPLE OF
COLOUR
WHERE ARETHE CODERS
OF COLOUR?
MOVINGTOWARDS DIVERSITY
After 2010 media and employees
started to ask why tech
companies weren’t more diverse
Now most tec...
TECHNOLOGY & EQUITY
If the potential of technology to transform classroom learning is ever to
be realized, we must also ha...
Equity of Access
Ensuring that all students have the
resources and opportunity to develop the
tech skills they need to be ...
THANKYOU
Andrew Campbell (@acampbell99)
Robbie McKay (@RobbJMacKay)
Ed tech and equity
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Ed tech and equity

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Ed tech and equity

  1. 1. EDTECH & EQUITY Andrew Campbell (@acampbell99) Robbie McKay (@RobbJMacKay)
  2. 2. THOUGHT EXPERIMENT If a pedestrian jumped in front of your car and you couldn’t stop in time what would you do? Would you hit the pedestrian or swerve off the road and hit the wall? Why?
  3. 3. DO AUTONOMOUSVEHICLES HAVE A MORAL COMPASS? If a pedestrian runs out in front of a self-driving car, and the car can either hit the pedestrian or swerve into a wall, what will it do? Who decides what it will do? On what basis?
  4. 4. Do We Make Our Tools, Or Do They Make Us??
  5. 5. THE WAY HUMANS MAKE AND USETOOLS IS PERHAPS WHAT SETS OUR SPECIES APART MORE THAN ANYTHING ELSE. Homo Habilis- The Tool Maker (2.6 million years ago)
  6. 6. TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESS WITHOUT AN EQUIVALENT PROGRESS IN HUMAN INSTITUTIONS CAN DOOM US.THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION REQUIRES A MORAL REVOLUTION AS WELL. Barack Obama (Hiroshima, JP. May 27, 2016)
  7. 7. JOHN HANKE, CEO OF NIANTIC Born in Cross Plains,Texas (1967) Worked on Meridian 59 (first MMORPG) Co-Founded data visualization firm Keyhole, which was bought by Google Helped develop Google Earth and Maps Started a gaming unit within Google ~ Niantic Created location based AR game Ingress In 2015 split Niantic from Google & partnered with Nintendo.
  8. 8. • A FREE LOCATION-BASED AUGMENTED REALITY GAME • RELEASED IN SELECTED COUNTRIES IN JULY 2016 • PLAYERS USE A MOBILE DEVICE'S GPS CAPABILITYTO LOCATE, CAPTURE, BATTLE,ANDTRAINVIRTUAL CREATURES, CALLED POKÉMON • AUGMENTED REALITY/LOCATION BASED • RELEASEDTO MIXED REVIEWS • GLOBAL PHENOMENON:AND WAS ONE OFTHE MOST USED AND PROFITABLE MOBILE APPS IN 2016 ($2M/DAY) • DOWNLOADED MORETHAN 500 MILLIONTIMES WORLDWIDE, Pokemon Go
  9. 9. KENDRA JAMES Writer & Pokemon Go Player On July 13 rode the bus from Irvington NJ to NYC Fewer or no Pokestops in predominantly black neighbourhoods and lots in mostly white neighbourhoods Tweeted her journey
  10. 10. • CROWDSOURCE #MYPOKEHOOD • PLACESTHAT HAVE PEOPLE OF COLOR INTHEM DON’T HAVE POKESTOPS • CONFIRMED BY RESEARCH.WHITE AREAS 55 PS, MINORITY AREAS 19 PS • PEOPLE OF COLOR HAVETOTRAVEL TO AREASTHAT ARE NOT ALWAYS SAFE FORTHEM • WOMEN HAVE A DIFFERENT RELATIONSHIPTO PUBLIC SPACE • WHAT WOULD POKEMON GO LOOK LIKE IF IT WERE MOSTLY CREATED BY WOMEN? • EXCLUDES DISABLED, SICK, RURAL AREAS, RESERVATIONS &THOSE WITHOUTTECHNOLOGY Aura Bogado:Writer at Grist
  11. 11. “A DEATH SENTENCE IFYOU ARE A BLACK MAN” “The premise of Pokemon GO asks me to put my life in danger if I chose to play it as it is intended and with enthusiasm. Let’s just go ahead and add Pokemon GO to the extremely long list of things white people can do without fear of being killed, while Black people have to realistically be wary.” Omar Akil, writer
  12. 12. HOW DIDTHIS HAPPEN?? Pokemon Go was superimposed on top of the location based sites selected for Ingress The locations in Ingress were crowd sourced by early players of Ingress. The majority of those early adopters of Ingress were affluent white males which skewed the sample of locations in Pokemon Go Digital Redlining
  13. 13. TECHNOLOGY IS MOSTLY CREATED BY WHITE MEN More white and male than the rest of the private sector (EOC, 2016) 68.5% vs 63.5% Only 7% Black and 8% Hispanic Only 36% female (48% private sector). 83% of executives were white and 80% were men
  14. 14. TECHNOLOGY PREDOMINANTLY BENEFITSTHE WEALTHY Statistics Canada’s 2010 Canadian Internet Use Survey found education, income, age and location were all linked with significant disparity in people’s digital competency
  15. 15. TECHNOLOGY BENEFITSTHE WEALTHY “Only 60 per cent of those in the lowest household income bracket (below $25,000) reported Internet use in the previous year compared to 95 per cent of those in the highest ($100,000-plus)”
  16. 16. THE I IN EQUITY
  17. 17. I’m responsible for equity in digital technology in elementary classrooms.
  18. 18. Systemic Action
  19. 19. Not more $$$, smarter $$ $
  20. 20. Not more $$$, smarter $$ $ • High quality
  21. 21. Not more $$$, smarter $$ $ • High quality • Well-supported
  22. 22. Not more $$$, smarter $$ $ • High quality • Well-supported • Needed
  23. 23. In my classroom
  24. 24. In my classroom Explicit teaching
  25. 25. In my classroom Explicit teaching • Basic skills (keyboarding, speech to text)
  26. 26. In my classroom Explicit teaching • Basic skills (keyboarding, speech to text) • Critical use (research, triangulaltion, building bibliographies, etc.)
  27. 27. Find your people.
  28. 28. Find your people. @alicekeeler
 @MatthewOldridge @audreywatters
 @zbpipe
 @fryed @murray_deem @acampbell99 @jessysaurusrex @stepanpruch @royanlee @zephoria
 #edtechchat My suggestions:
  29. 29. TECHNOLOGY AND GENDER
  30. 30. COLOSSUS:THE WORLD’S FIRST “MODERN” COMPUTER Developed at Bletchley Park by Alan Turing as part of the Allies effort to break the German’s Enigma code.
  31. 31. A LONG HISTORY OF WOMEN ANDTECHNOLOGY 8,000 women worked at Bletchley Park, far outnumbering the men.
  32. 32. ORIGINAL PROGRAMMERS OF ENIAC The first electronic general purpose computer was programmed by Betty Jennings, Betty Snyder, Fran Bilas, Kay McNulty, Marlyn Wescoff, and Ruth Lichterman.
  33. 33. MARGARET HAMILTON Margaret Hamilton wrote the code for Apollo 11’s on-board flight software, received NASA’s Exceptional Space Act Award and is credited with coining the term “software engineering.”
  34. 34. GRACE HOPPER The “Mother of COBOL” was a United States Navy officer and the first programmer of the Harvard Mark I. She popularized the term “debugging” – a reference to finding a moth in a relay in the Harvard Mark II computer!.
  35. 35. • DR. GRACE HOPPER : “PROGRAMMING IS JUST LIKE PLANNING A DINNER.YOU HAVE TO PLAN AHEAD AND SCHEDULE EVERYTHING SOTHAT IT’S READY WHENYOU NEED IT….WOMEN ARE ‘NATURALS’AT COMPUTER PROGRAMMING.” • JAMES ADAMS,THE DIRECTOR OF EDUCATION FORTHE ASSOCIATION FOR COMPUTING MACHINERY,:“I DON’T KNOW OF ANY OTHER FIELD, OUTSIDE OF TEACHING,WHERETHERE’S AS MUCH OPPORTUNITY FOR A WOMAN.” “The Computer Girls” (Cosmopolitan, 1967)
  36. 36. WHAT HAPPENED?? SEXISM Male Programmers created professional associations and educational requirements to increase prestige. Computer industry ad campaigns linked women staffers to human error and inefficiency Increased use of aptitude tests to select programmers that favoured men (math, problem solving).
  37. 37. ANTI-SOCIAL COMPUTER GEEK Companies started to hire programmers with personality profiles that showed “disinterest in people” and that they disliked “activities involving close personal interaction.”
  38. 38. WHAT’STHE RESULT? In 1985 40% of Computer Science undergraduates where female Today only 17% are women. According to U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 73% of all jobs in Computer Scince were held by men
  39. 39. ARE WOMEN BETTER CODERS? Study results released in February 2016 1.4 million users, the largest scale study of gender bias to date Women actually have their requests accepted at a higher rate than men, 78.6 percent of the time compared to 74.6 percent of the time for men.
  40. 40. • Supporting girls development in math and science • Ladies Learning Code (ladieslearningcode.com) • Teach coding in elementary school • Teacher’s Learning Code (www.teacherslearningcode.com) • Hour of Code (hourofcode.com) WHAT CAN WE DO??
  41. 41. TECHNOLOGY AND RACE
  42. 42. • one of the first black technologists • developed high-speed semiconductor computer- memory systems at Fairchild Semiconductor R&D Labs • one of 63 inductees into the SiliconValley Engineering Hall of Fame FRANK GREENE
  43. 43. ROY CLAY a SiliconValley pioneer worked as the research and development director of Hewlett- Packard (HP)'s computer division design and produced HP's first computers in the 1960s.
  44. 44. LESSTHAN 1% OF OFTECHNICAL EMPLOYEES AT GOOGLE, FACEBOOK, ETC. ARE PEOPLE OF COLOUR WHERE ARETHE CODERS OF COLOUR?
  45. 45. MOVINGTOWARDS DIVERSITY After 2010 media and employees started to ask why tech companies weren’t more diverse Now most tech companies have executives and teams responsible for making them more diverse Actively recruiting more people of colour Internships/Residencies
  46. 46. TECHNOLOGY & EQUITY If the potential of technology to transform classroom learning is ever to be realized, we must also have technological equity.
  47. 47. Equity of Access Ensuring that all students have the resources and opportunity to develop the tech skills they need to be successful Equity of Creation Ensuring that the unique characteristics of all different kinds of students are considered and represented in the technological tools used in the classroom EDTECH EQUITY
  48. 48. THANKYOU Andrew Campbell (@acampbell99) Robbie McKay (@RobbJMacKay)

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