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Fall11 Day 7- SM Revolutions


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There have been several major examples of how SM is fueling global, cultural change whether it's in disaster response or in cultural revolutions. This week we talked about several of these.

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Fall11 Day 7- SM Revolutions

  1. 1. Social Media Revolutions Changing The Conversation 10.25.11 - Fall 2011 Instructor: Andrew HoffmanThursday, October 27, 2011
  2. 2. Revolution - Definition A revolution (from the Latin revolutio, "a turn around") is a fundamental change in power or organizational structures that takes place in a relatively short period of time., October 27, 2011
  3. 3. 3 Types of Revolution Political Revolution Sudden & Violent Revolution Slow but Sweeping Transformation, October 27, 2011A political revolution, in the Trotskyist theory, is an upheaval in which the government is replaced, or the form of government altered, but in which property relations are predominantly leftintact. The revolutions in France in 1830 and 1848 are often cited as political revolutions.2) sudden and violent revolutions that seek not only to establish a new political system but to transform an entire society and 3) slow but sweeping transformations of the entire society thattake several generations to bring about (ex. religion)
  4. 4. Dictatorship - Definition A dictatorship is defined as an autocratic form of government in which the government is ruled by an individual, October 27, 2011An autocracy is a form of government in which one person is the supreme power within the state.In contemporary usage, dictatorship refers to an autocratic form of absolute rule by leadership unrestricted by law, constitutions, or other social and political factors within thestate.
  5. 5. Iran Elections - 2009 The “Twitter Revolution” #IranElectionThursday, October 27, 2011Protests following the 2009 Iranian presidential election against the disputed victory of Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and in support of opposition candidates Mir-HosseinMousavi and Mehdi Karroubi occurred in major cities in Iran and around the world[34] starting June 13, 2009. The protests were given several titles by their proponents including GreenRevolution, Green Wave or Sea of Green, reflecting presidential candidate Mousavis campaign color
  6. 6. Iran Elections - SM Timeline Mashable Timeline Timeline of events via multiple platforms, October 27, 2011The US State Dept even contacted Twitter to postpone a network update in order to not stop the flow of info coming out of Iran
  7. 7. Why Twitter? “So what exactly makes Twitter the medium of the moment? Its free, highly mobile, very personal and very quick. Its also built to spread, and fast. Twitterers like to append notes called hashtags — #theylooklikethis — to their tweets, so that they can be grouped and searched for by topic; especially interesting or urgent tweets tend to get picked up and retransmitted by other Twitterers, a practice known as retweeting, or just RT. And Twitter is promiscuous by nature: tweets go out over two networks, the Internet and SMS, the network that cell phones use for text messages, and they can be received and read on practically anything with a screen and a network connection.”,8599,1905125,00.htmlThursday, October 27, 2011The US State Dept even contacted Twitter to postpone a network update in order to not stop the flow of info coming out of Iran
  8. 8. The Weaknesses As is so often the case in the media world, Twitters strengths are also its weaknesses. The vast body of information about current events in Iran that circulates on Twitter is chaotic, subjective and totally unverifiable. Its impossible to authenticate sources.,8599,1905125,00.htmlThursday, October 27, 2011Twitter didnt start the protests in Iran, nor did it make them possible. But theres no question that it has emboldened the protesters, reinforced their conviction that they are not alone andengaged populations outside Iran in an emotional, immediate way that was never possible before.
  9. 9. Haiti earthquake Twitter Rundown As Earthquake Was Happening, October 27, 2011
  10. 10. Haiti earthquake Dedicated Website to Coverage, October 27, 2011
  11. 11. Haiti earthquake According to the Twitter-tracking service Sysomos, 2.3 million Tweets included the word "Haiti" or "Red Cross" between January 12 and January 14. There were also 189,024 tweets that included "90999," the number that could be used to text message a donation to the Red Cross., October 27, 2011
  12. 12. Haiti earthquake Other online entities played a role as well. On Facebook, a number of Haiti-related groups materialized. According to, the largest group-Earthquake Haiti-had nearly 170,000 members by Thursday., October 27, 2011
  13. 13. Haiti earthquake News organizations also used their Web sites to provide real- time information and ways visitors could help. MSNBC, for example, created a list of organizations that were providing aid and encouraged donations. But many news sites made use of information initially posted by social media., October 27, 2011
  14. 14. Haiti earthquake Ultimately, according to CNN, the use of social media helped raise $8 million by the end of the first week., October 27, 2011
  15. 15. Haiti earthquake Twitter became the megaphoneThursday, October 27, 2011
  16. 16. Haiti earthquake Facebook became the connectorThursday, October 27, 2011
  17. 17. Haiti earthquake Facebook became the place for charityThursday, October 27, 2011
  18. 18. Haiti earthquake Facebook became the place for charityThursday, October 27, 2011
  19. 19. Thursday, October 27, 2011How many of you texted a donation to the Red Cross during the earthquake in Haiti or another cause during?As you can see, these advances in technology are radically changing the way we interact with each other and with the causes/crisis’ that affect the people of the world.
  20. 20. Japan Earthquake For the week of March 14-18, 2011, a full 64% of blog links, 32% of Twitter news links and the top 20 YouTube news videos were about that subject, according to the New Media Index from the Pew Research Centers Project for Excellence in Journalism., October 27, 2011
  21. 21. Japan Earthquake "Events like this are no longer just stories that happen to foreign people in a far foreign land. They happen right here, right now, in our own living rooms in every place on Earth," said Andy Mayhew at Weather & Earth Science News., October 27, 2011
  22. 22. Japan EarthquakeThursday, October 27, 2011
  23. 23. Japan Earthquake Ann Curry, NBC, helps make connection via Twitter. Curry took a photo of Purdy, 25, to her former school, where several other teachers recognized the popular American and directed Curry to another evacuation shelter.Thursday, October 27, 2011
  24. 24. Egyptian Crisis On January 25 2011 after a successful revolution had occurred in Tunisia, many Egyptians took to the streets protesting government corruption, unemployment, poverty as well as the country’s 30 – year autocratic rule by former President Hosini Mubarak. Emilio Morenatti/APThursday, October 27, 2011
  25. 25. Egyptian Crisis Did social media like Facebook and Twitter cause the revolution?, October 27, 2011
  26. 26. Egyptian Crisis Did social media like Facebook and Twitter cause the revolution? No. But these tools did speed up the process by helping to organize the revolutionaries, transmit their message to the world and galvanize international support., October 27, 2011
  27. 27. Egyptian Crisis “In the same way that pamphlets didn’t cause the American Revolution, social media didn’t cause the Egyptian revolution,” said Sascha Meinrath, director of the New America Foundation’s Open Technology Initiative. “Social media have become the pamphlets of the 21st century, a way that people who are frustrated with the status quo can organize themselves and coordinate protest, and in the case of Egypt, revolution.”, October 27, 2011
  28. 28. Egyptian Crisis “One of the things that social media does is transmission of hope across these countries,” Ali added, referring to Tunisia, Egypt and other repressed countries in the Middle East. Rafat Ali, a social media expert and founder of PaidContent, October 27, 2011
  29. 29. Egyptian Crisis Piggipedia Collection of pictures of accused human rights violators, which is a Flickr collection of pictures of policemen, soldiers, and other officialdom.Thursday, October 27, 2011
  30. 30. Egyptian Crisis-By The Numbers • Egypt gained 632,120 new Facebook users from January-February, 2011 an increase of 12.16% • On February 1 (the day the Internet was turned back on) Egypt gained 100,000 new Facebook users • Globally there were 1,317,233 Egyptian related Tweets between January 24-30 • Egypt leads African nations with ~5.2M Facebook users, despite having only 6.46% of the country’s Internet population on Facebook. • Egyptian Twitter adoption grew 10X in January American University in CairoThursday, October 27, 2011
  31. 31. Egyptian Crisis-By The Numbers American University in CairoThursday, October 27, 2011
  32. 32. Egyptian Crisis Wael Ghonim Middle East & North Africa Marketing Manager at Google It generally acknowledged that Ghonims Facebook page first sparked the protests. Titled "We Are all Khaled Said" -- it memorialized an Egyptian businessman who had been beaten to death by police after threatening to expose corruption. Ghonims was arrested on January 28th by Egyptian authorities and release 12 days later only added to his legend.Thursday, October 27, 2011
  33. 33. Has The Internet Killed Print Journalism?Thursday, October 27, 2011
  34. 34. Has The Internet Killed Print Journalism?Thursday, October 27, 2011
  35. 35. Newspaper StatisticsThursday, October 27, 2011
  36. 36. What’s Killing Newspapers? Lots of ThingsThursday, October 27, 2011Google searchbloggingcraigslist - - online adversiting
  37. 37. Citizen Journalism TweetNadwa a gathering that combines both real and virtual worlds. Nadwa means ”forum” in Arabic.Thursday, October 27, 2011 ine
  38. 38. Citizen Journalism "Citizen journalism has the most impact when the stories get picked up by the mainstream media. Citizen journalism reaches only a tiny segment of the society,"Thursday, October 27, 2011
  39. 39. Citizen Journalism "Transparency is a weapon against corruption. The more information there is about the span of the problem, the bigger possibility there is for a change. And when people know which police stations are corrupted, they can be prepared for that and, for example, hide video cameras and shoot incidents at the station," said Kamal Sedra, a digital activist.Thursday, October 27, 2011
  40. 40. Not All LostThursday, October 27, 2011
  41. 41. Not All LostThursday, October 27, 2011
  42. 42. Bottom Line “We have to be realistic, though: new media isn’t going to stop censorship, overthrow oppressive regimes, or heal the people of Haiti alone. Social media has transformed communication, media, and the transmission of information, but it still takes people on the ground to pull people out of the rubble or to fight for freedom.” Ben Parr - MashableThursday, October 27, 2011
  43. 43. assignments Blog Online Participation - Keep it up.Thursday, October 27, 2011